These colors are made by adding a complimentary color
(opposite on the color wheel) to a hue. Neutralized hues
are called tones.
Value is the lightness or darkness of a color. Value
makes objects appear more real because it imitates
natural light. When showing value in a work of art,
you will need a LIGHT SOURCE.
A light source is the
place where the light is
coming from, the
darkest areas are
always on the opposite
side of the light.
Shape is created when a line becomes
connected and encloses space. It is the
outline or outward appearance of something.
Shapes are 2 Dimensional- which means
you can measure its HEIGHT and its
There are two basic types of shapes:
Geometric shapes have smooth
even edges and are measurable.
The include the square, the circle,
the triangle and the rectangle.
Organic shapes have more
complicated edges and are
usually found in nature- such
as leaves and flowers.
A Form is a shape that has become 3Dimensional (3-D) Form has
HEIGHT, WIDTH and DEPTH. Depth shows
the thickness of the object. Forms are NOT
flat like shapes are!
S p a c e
Space is the area in, around, above, below, etc. in a
composition. It is basically divided into 3 parts:
Foreground, Middle Ground, and Background.
S p a c e
Positive (filled with something) and Negative (empty areas)
S p a c e
Perspective is when the artist uses a vanishing
point on the horizon and then creates a sense of
deep space by showing objects getting
progressively smaller as they get closer to the
The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its
smoothness, roughness, softness, etc.
Implied – texture that has been
simulated in drawing and
painting on a smooth surface
Actual – texture that you can feel
with your sense of touch
This presentation is a mash up of 3 different sources. They
Dkotopoulis. S ( 2010) The Elements of Art, the ingredients
for a great composition
Accessed on 05 March 2014
Duckworth. S (2013) Elements of Art
http://www.slideshare.net/ShawnDuckworth/elements-ofart-26721998 Accessed on 05 March 2014
Restrepo. N (2011) Elements of Art
http://www.slideshare.net/maunilpatel766/elements-of-art9747693 Accessed on 05 March 2014