What is the difference between
definite and indefinite
articles?
 Definite:

oThe
o Definitely points to a

specific thin...
Read the
examples

 A teacher
 An English

teacher

 An immigrant

RULES:
 A / an before a









singular no...
Pay attention to these examples
 A university – singular noun with a

u

 An European city – singular noun

beginning wi...
When do we use the definite and
the indefinite articles?
 Definite article:

 Indefinite article:

a/ an
 To talk about...
You should also use the when you
have already mentioned the thing
you are talking about.
Example.:

 "She has two childre...
We use the to talk about
geographical points on the globe.
 Examples:

 the North Pole
 the equator
We use the to talk ...
Zero article
 We don’t use THE with:










First names
Names of meals
Colors
Sports
Names of days of the week...
 You do not use an article before the names of
countries except where they indicate multiple
areas or contain the words (...
1. I bought ………………. pair of shoes.
2. I saw ……………………. movie last night.
3. They are staying
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.

at ………………………....
1. John traveled to ……… Mexico.
2. Juan is …………………..Spanish.

3. I read ……………….. amazing story yesterday.
4. My brother do...
Choose 'a', 'an', 'the' or no
article for the following sentences
in the paragraph
I was born in Seattle, Washington. Seat...
















Write a or an in the spaces.
1 ……..unreasonable decision
2 ……..unit of work
3 ………honorable ...
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  1. 1. What is the difference between definite and indefinite articles?  Definite: oThe o Definitely points to a specific thing. o The book. o The desk  Indefinite: a/an  Not pointing to a general thing.  A book.  A desk.
  2. 2. Read the examples  A teacher  An English teacher  An immigrant RULES:  A / an before a        singular noun. Ex. A native speaker ⇒ A before a consonant sound. Ex. A foreign language ⇒ An before a vowel sound. Ex. An official language
  3. 3. Pay attention to these examples  A university – singular noun with a u  An European city – singular noun beginning with eu  An hour – silent h  An NBA player – consonant with a vowel sound
  4. 4. When do we use the definite and the indefinite articles?  Definite article:  Indefinite article: a/ an  To talk about a person or thing that is not specific. Example:  English is an official language in India  (there are other official languages besides English) the  To talk about a specific person or thing. Example:  English is the official language in Australia  (English is the only official language in Australia)
  5. 5. You should also use the when you have already mentioned the thing you are talking about. Example.:  "She has two children; a girl and a boy. The girl's eight and the boy's fourteen."
  6. 6. We use the to talk about geographical points on the globe.  Examples:  the North Pole  the equator We use the to talk about rivers, oceans and seas • The Amazon river • The Pacific Ocean
  7. 7. Zero article  We don’t use THE with:         First names Names of meals Colors Sports Names of days of the week Names of months Countries / cities Festivities
  8. 8.  You do not use an article before the names of countries except where they indicate multiple areas or contain the words (state(s), kingdom, republic, union). Kingdom, state, republic and union are nouns, so they need an article.  No article - Italy, Mexico, Bolivia, England  Use the the UK (United Kingdom), the USA (United States ofAmerica), the Irish Republic  Multiple areas! the Netherlands, the Philippines, the Ballestas Isles.
  9. 9. 1. I bought ………………. pair of shoes. 2. I saw ……………………. movie last night. 3. They are staying 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. at ……………………….. hotel. I think …….. man over there is very unfriendly. I do not like……………….. basketball. That is ------------------ problem I told you about. ………………. night is quiet. Let's take a walk! ……………………..price of gas keeps rising.
  10. 10. 1. John traveled to ……… Mexico. 2. Juan is …………………..Spanish. 3. I read ……………….. amazing story yesterday. 4. My brother doesn't eat ………………chicken. 5. ……. love is such ……………beautiful thing. 6. I live in ………… apartment. …………………. apartment is new. 7. I would like …………………..piece of cake. 8. I was in ……. Japanese restaurant. ………..restaurant served good food. 9. Sara can play ………………. Guitar.
  11. 11. Choose 'a', 'an', 'the' or no article for the following sentences in the paragraph I was born in Seattle, Washington. Seattle is ……. city in the United States. It is near ……..border of Canada. I live in …….town called Olympia, in …………… house in …………street in the countryside. ………street is called "Bear Street" and ……..house is beautiful but very old more than 200 years old! I am …………..English teacher at ……school in the center of …… town. I like books and taking photographs. I usually have ….. lunch at 1pm and go home by car. We have all kinds of food in Olympia. I like ….. Italian food very much. Sometimes, I go to ….Italian restaurant in Seattle.……restaurant is called "Luigi's". Italian food is great!
  12. 12.                Write a or an in the spaces. 1 ……..unreasonable decision 2 ……..unit of work 3 ………honorable man 4 ………UFO 5 ………happy girl 6 ………elephant 7 ………...BBC program 8………..universal problem 9. ……….eucalyptus tree 10. …….X-ray 11. …….T-shirt 12. …….H-bomb 13. ……..hospital 14. ……..UNESCO worker

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