Are You an
Accidental or
Intentional
Architect?
IASA – AN ASSOCIATION FOR ALL IT
ARCHITECTS
UTAH CHAPTER

Randy Ynchausti
...
Motivation
INDUSTRY CHANGE
Market Direction
“CIOs are experimenting successfully with internally
and externally sourced capacity on demand. Within
10...
Direction Change Takes
Time
“Despite all this change, in the short term IT will be
more or less stable. Many traditional I...
Architect and Plan for
Capability on Demand
“The first step in preparing for capability on
demand is to set up for capacit...
Architecture Is The
Competitive Advantage
“Largely because of the trend toward
externalization of capacity, almost all CIO...
How Did You/Do
You Become A
Software
Architect?
SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE DISCIPLINE
Online Step By Step
Instructions:
1.

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Use Unified Modeling Language (UML) to model the business
situation
...
CS Degree With
Experience

This page is intentionally blank.
Online Degree
University Programs

This page should intentionally not be blank.
Certification
George Mason University
Software
Architecture
Graduate
Certificate

http://catalog.gmu.edu/preview_program.php?catoid=15&p...
SEI – Carnegie Mellon
Software Architecture Certificate Programs
SEI Software Architecture Professional Certificate
◦ Cand...
IASA
WORLDWIDE ARCHITECT COMMUNITY AND
CERTIFICATIONS

Clipart courtesy of Microsoft Corp.
IASA
60K architect Network
Foundation
(CITA-F)

Pillars

Associate
(CITA-A)

CITA-P

75 Questions
with Online
Delivery

Co...
The Open
Group
VENDOR-NEUTRAL ENTERPRISE
ARCHITECTURE STANDARDS AND
CERTIFICATIONS
The Open Group
27K architect Network
Open CA

Open CITS

Archimate
2

Global

Certification
Package

Professional
Certific...
Software
Architecture
DEFINITION
Software Architecture
Structure, elements and properties of the system that make it better

Long-lived blueprint for imple...
Software Architecture is
Also…
System Integrity

Operations

Evolution

Support

Key and cross-cutting concerns

System de...
Software
Architect
PROMOTION VS PROFESSION
Software
Architect
:
Intentional?
or
Accidental?
You may
be an
Intentional
Software
Architect –

You study and employ industry standards in your
work:
You have defined you...
You may
be an
Intentional
Software
Architect –

You use architecture frameworks and approaches
to do your job:
You have st...
You may
be an
Intentional
Software
Architect –

You advance and apply rigor and discipline in
your enterprise:
You have de...
You may
be an
Intentional
Software
Architect –
If …

You use professional processes and tactics to
accomplish your archite...
You may
be an
Intentional
Software
Architect –

(2) You use professional processes and tactics to
accomplish your architec...
You may
be an
Intentional
Software
Architect –

You develop and use a breadth of knowledge in
your work:
You talk about th...
You may
be an
Intentional
Software
Architect –
If …

You keep your architecture skills sharp through
continuous improvemen...
You may
be an
Intentional
Software
Architect –
If …

You believe principle should drive your wrok:
Law of Demeter
The Lisk...
You may
be an
Intentional
Software
Architect –
If …

You have created a presentation about what
architecture is:
CONCLUSION
S
WHAT DO YOU WANT TO BE?
Great Software Architects
Ray Ozzie – Chief Software Architect, Microsoft

“From my vantage point, being an architect is
r...
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Are You an Accidental or Intention Software Architect

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This presentation challenges viewers to consider what knowledge body and skills base a professional software architect possesses. It was presented originally at the UT IASA Chapter meeting November 21, 2013.

Published in: Technology, Business

Are You an Accidental or Intention Software Architect

  1. 1. Are You an Accidental or Intentional Architect? IASA – AN ASSOCIATION FOR ALL IT ARCHITECTS UTAH CHAPTER Randy Ynchausti FamilySearch (www.familysearch.org) Software Architect - Family Tree Group ynchaustira@familysearch.org
  2. 2. Motivation INDUSTRY CHANGE
  3. 3. Market Direction “CIOs are experimenting successfully with internally and externally sourced capacity on demand. Within 10 years, they and their enterprises will be able to acquire complex outcomes— capabilities —on demand. This will dramatically change enterprise IT organizations and the software industry that serves them.” http://www.gartner.com/id=1508715
  4. 4. Direction Change Takes Time “Despite all this change, in the short term IT will be more or less stable. Many traditional IT roles, such as change and configuration management, will continue unaffected as the capability-on-demand scenario unfolds. Over time, however, service management, architecture and other “generalist” roles will replace the technical specialists in IT. Already under way, this change will become widespread over the next decade.” http://www.gartner.com/id=1508715
  5. 5. Architect and Plan for Capability on Demand “The first step in preparing for capability on demand is to set up for capacity on demand, but this can only occur after a CIO gets the IT house in order operationally. An IT organization that cannot manage operations effectively because it lacks understanding of costs relating to business performance and outcomes will have trouble evaluating the price-for-performance trade-offs offered by external suppliers.” http://www.gartner.com/id=1508715
  6. 6. Architecture Is The Competitive Advantage “Largely because of the trend toward externalization of capacity, almost all CIOs will find in the next decade that the price-for-performance competitiveness of IT organizations is directly comparable within and across industries. They will also find that achieving maximum competitiveness in IT price for performance requires strict adherence to standards and architecture, as well as tightly managed partnerships with external vendors.” http://www.gartner.com/id=1508715
  7. 7. How Did You/Do You Become A Software Architect? SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE DISCIPLINE
  8. 8. Online Step By Step Instructions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Use Unified Modeling Language (UML) to model the business situation Use a software methodology for implementing change Initiate the project or develop a feasibility study Design the software Test the software Maintain and iterate http://www.ehow.com/how_7928065_software-architect-tutorial.html
  9. 9. CS Degree With Experience This page is intentionally blank.
  10. 10. Online Degree
  11. 11. University Programs This page should intentionally not be blank.
  12. 12. Certification
  13. 13. George Mason University Software Architecture Graduate Certificate http://catalog.gmu.edu/preview_program.php?catoid=15&poid=6189&bc=1
  14. 14. SEI – Carnegie Mellon Software Architecture Certificate Programs SEI Software Architecture Professional Certificate ◦ Candidates for Software Architecture certificates are required to pass an objective assessment of their knowledge of Software Architecture: Principles and Practices SEI SOA Architect Professional Certificate SEI Architecture Tradeoff Analysis Method (ATAM) Evaluator Certificate http://www.sei.cmu.edu/training/certificates/architecture/
  15. 15. IASA WORLDWIDE ARCHITECT COMMUNITY AND CERTIFICATIONS Clipart courtesy of Microsoft Corp.
  16. 16. IASA 60K architect Network Foundation (CITA-F) Pillars Associate (CITA-A) CITA-P 75 Questions with Online Delivery Coursework Mastery Program Exam Evaluation Process 8K Paid Members Full-time Operational and Executive Staff Experience Review Knowledgebased Exam CITA-M Board-Level Certification CommunityRecognition Program Active Leadership Committees Training, Certification, Chapters, Content, Research, Outreach Smartart courtesy of Microsoft Corp.
  17. 17. The Open Group VENDOR-NEUTRAL ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATIONS
  18. 18. The Open Group 27K architect Network Open CA Open CITS Archimate 2 Global Certification Package Professional Certification TOGAF 9 Foundation Certification Package Peer Review Initial Review Board Evaluation Full-time Operational and Executive Staff Active Leadership Committees Tools Certification Training Course Certification 409K Corporation Members Certified Training, Certification, Content, Research, Outreach
  19. 19. Software Architecture DEFINITION
  20. 20. Software Architecture Structure, elements and properties of the system that make it better Long-lived blueprint for implementing strategy
  21. 21. Software Architecture is Also… System Integrity Operations Evolution Support Key and cross-cutting concerns System decomposition Business objectives Form Value Communication User experience Negotiating and bargaining Development Skillful Technology Agile Documentation Better world
  22. 22. Software Architect PROMOTION VS PROFESSION
  23. 23. Software Architect : Intentional? or Accidental?
  24. 24. You may be an Intentional Software Architect – You study and employ industry standards in your work: You have defined your organization’s governance in line with ISO/IEC 38500:2008 You have identified the project quality attributes according to ISO/IEC 25010 You apply practices and approaches specified in ISO/IEC/IEEEE 42010:20011, Systems and Software Engineering – Architectural description If … You use ISO 15504 to assess the software process in your organization You apply ISO 9241-210 for user experience designs and concerns
  25. 25. You may be an Intentional Software Architect – You use architecture frameworks and approaches to do your job: You have studied TOGAF, Zachman, Federal Enterprise Architecture, Gartner Methodology and other architecture frameworks You use ATAM or other formal methodology to prove your architectures are suitable You have studied ITIL and apply it for continuous improvement and capability If … You have studied and apply COBIT for IT governance in your enterprise You apply and practice six sigma at work You use the SPICE [Software Process Improvement Capability Determination, ISO/IEC 15504 Information Technology — Process Assessment] framework for the assessment of software processes
  26. 26. You may be an Intentional Software Architect – You advance and apply rigor and discipline in your enterprise: You have defined your organization’s architecture principles You have architect role definitions You measure and document the value of architecture for your project and organization You believe the organization is faster and better using a formalized process for architecture If … You identify the ROI for every project You are creating a repository of architecture patterns and principles You care about making value-based tradeoffs
  27. 27. You may be an Intentional Software Architect – If … You use professional processes and tactics to accomplish your architecture work: You identify the project stakeholders and formally manage them You perform the project risk assessment You create and maintain the project traceability matrix You identify at least four project viewpoints and specify four views for each viewpoint on your project You use a benefit dependency network to link your project to the business activities being changed You have and maintain a view/viewpoints template database
  28. 28. You may be an Intentional Software Architect – (2) You use professional processes and tactics to accomplish your architecture work: You know what triggers a TQA review and what happens upstream and downstream You enjoy filling out work breakdown structure templates You use a value realization process including templates You measure software complexity If … You map out data center costs for people, machines and services You draw and use at least five different types of UML diagrams You know what Archimate is
  29. 29. You may be an Intentional Software Architect – You develop and use a breadth of knowledge in your work: You talk about the enterprise model (Commit, Build and Run, Exploit) You know the lifecycle phases and other aspects of SDLC 3.0 You recite the OSI layers in your sleep If … You base architecture on software design patterns and enterprise integration patterns You understand and identify cross-cutting concerns and factor their impact into the architecture
  30. 30. You may be an Intentional Software Architect – If … You keep your architecture skills sharp through continuous improvement: You can rationalize the discrepancy between architecture rigor and agile/lean development methodologies You are a Certified Information Systems Security Professional You read Roger Session books and white papers; Software Fortresses: Modeling Enterprise Architectures, Modeling Software Architectures and Platform Choices, The IT Complexity Crisis: Danger and Opportunity, The Mathematics of IT Simplification, etc. You have read Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA): Concepts, Technology, and Design by Thomas Erl
  31. 31. You may be an Intentional Software Architect – If … You believe principle should drive your wrok: Law of Demeter The Liskov principle Integration/interface principles Application protocol principles Release reuse equivalency principle Common closure principle Common reuse principle Model-view-controller principle Model-view-presenter principle Stable abstractions principle Moore's Law -- A.K.A. Macro Levels Usability/Performance Principle Trade-offs and Sensitivity
  32. 32. You may be an Intentional Software Architect – If … You have created a presentation about what architecture is:
  33. 33. CONCLUSION S WHAT DO YOU WANT TO BE?
  34. 34. Great Software Architects Ray Ozzie – Chief Software Architect, Microsoft “From my vantage point, being an architect is really about pattern matching. It’s about being exposed to enough tools and techniques of the trade that over time you start to develop a toolkit of different patterns that work in different situations.” http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb906064.aspx

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