Islam
sciences,  population, & architecture
Introduction
Tauhid
the only God
He does not have parents and child
He, the most gracious and the most merciful
who creates and maintai...
The Prophet Muhammad
Born in Mecca in Arabia
Raised by merchants 
Received a revelation         from Allah (God) during th...
The Holy Quran
Muslims believe the Quran is the direct word of Allah revealed to Muhammad
Written and read in Arabic
al-Khwarizmi
the Founder of zero (0)
the Founder of Algebra
"Algebra" is derived from al-jabr, one of the two op...
Avicenna
The writer of The Canon of Medicine (1025)
Also known as the Qanun, which means "law" in both 
Arabic a...
Spread of Islam
The Islamic Caliphate
After the death of Muhammad, caliphs (leaders) controlled the Muslim world.
Most famous caliphates: ...
The Muslim World
Major groups of Muslims: Sunnis and Shi’ites
Most Muslims are Sunnis
Shi’ites are the majority in Iraq an...
The principal Islamic architectural types are: 
the Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace and the Fort
Turkey 
http://en.wikipedia....
Spain
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mosque_of_Cordoba_Spain.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sultanahmet_Camii_2006.JPG
Lahore
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Badshahi_Mosque_July_1_2005_pic32_by_Ali_Imran_(1).jpg
Iran
China
Colombo
Marocco
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Morocco_Africa_Flickr_Rosino_December_2005_82664690.jpg
Palestine
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_architecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canon_of_Medicine
http://en.wikipedia.org/w...
Islam: science,population,architecture
Islam: science,population,architecture
Islam: science,population,architecture
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Islam: science,population,architecture

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Islam: science,population,architecture

  1. 1. Islam sciences, population, & architecture
  2. 2. Introduction
  3. 3. Tauhid the only God He does not have parents and child He, the most gracious and the most merciful who creates and maintains the world
  4. 4. The Prophet Muhammad Born in Mecca in Arabia Raised by merchants Received a revelation from Allah (God) during the month of Ramadan Tension between Muhammad’s monotheism and the polytheism of the people of Mecca
  5. 5. The Holy Quran Muslims believe the Quran is the direct word of Allah revealed to Muhammad Written and read in Arabic
  6. 6. al-Khwarizmi the Founder of zero (0) the Founder of Algebra "Algebra" is derived from al-jabr, one of the two operations he used to solve quadratic equations. Algorism and algorithm stem from Algoritmi, the Latin form of his name.[1] the Founder of Trigonometric Function
  7. 7. Avicenna The writer of The Canon of Medicine (1025) Also known as the Qanun, which means "law" in both Arabic and Persian, the Canon of Medicine remained a medical authority up until the 18th century. It set the standards for medicine in Europe and the Islamic world The principles of medicine described by the Canonten centuries ago are still taught at UCLA and Yale University among others, as part of the history of medicine The importance of Quarantine, Clinical pharmacology Neuropsychiatry, Physiological psychology
  8. 8. Spread of Islam
  9. 9. The Islamic Caliphate After the death of Muhammad, caliphs (leaders) controlled the Muslim world. Most famous caliphates: the Umayyad dynasty and the Abbasid dynasty. Umayyad capital city: Damascus (in Syria). Abbasid capital: Baghdad (in Iraq).
  10. 10. The Muslim World Major groups of Muslims: Sunnis and Shi’ites Most Muslims are Sunnis Shi’ites are the majority in Iraq and Iran
  11. 11. The principal Islamic architectural types are: the Mosque, the Tomb, the Palace and the Fort Turkey http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Selimiye_Mosque,_Dome.jpg
  12. 12. Spain http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mosque_of_Cordoba_Spain.jpg
  13. 13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sultanahmet_Camii_2006.JPG
  14. 14. Lahore http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Badshahi_Mosque_July_1_2005_pic32_by_Ali_Imran_(1).jpg
  15. 15. Iran
  16. 16. China
  17. 17. Colombo
  18. 18. Marocco http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Morocco_Africa_Flickr_Rosino_December_2005_82664690.jpg
  19. 19. Palestine
  20. 20. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_architecture http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canon_of_Medicine http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad_ibn_ M%C5%ABs%C4%81_al-Khw%C4%81rizm%C4%AB http://pewforum.org/

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