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 Phenomenon of fake news, and what we as news
consumers can do about it.
 Changes in the news industry, politics and new...
 Fake news, and news media credibility are
not new issues
 Continuum: propaganda, hype,
bias. What’s in common?They misl...
What is Fake
News?
• Deliberately false
• Spread via social
media
• Not just politics,
also business,
science
Link
“The most-read news articles are usually the ones containing the click-
bait words," Dimitri says. “The click bait words, ...
Fake news and more
Fake News
Satire
Extreme Bias
Conspiracy Theory
Rumor Mill
State News
Junk Science
Hate News
Clickbait
...
https://www.newyorkjournal.us/category/us/
Link
Hype
• A grain of truth
• Misleading
Link
Erroneous reporting
FROMTHE EDITORS;TheTimes and Iraq
MAY 26, 2004
“But we have found a number of instances of coverage
th...
“Information, especially of a biased or
misleading nature, used to promote or
publicize a particular political cause or po...
Link
Propaganda
Link
• “Influence operations”
• Twitter bots
• Facebook targeting
• Big data-based – billions
of data points
Hamilton
 Who published it ?
 URL: Brand, com.co, newslo, politicot.com
 Date
 Who wrote it?
 Ads
 “About” section
 Is it the original story?
 Is the headline supported?What are the quotes?
 How are facts attributed?
 Are there named...
 Multiple outlets
 Multiple points of view
 AllSides.com
Source: University of
Missouri study, based on
user survey of 28 news
sources
Aggregators
 Flipboard
 Apple News
Wire services
 Reuters
 Associated Press
Newsletters
 Boston Globe
 NewYorkTimes
...
 Snopes
 Politifact
 b
Link
Link
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017
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Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017

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This is the slide deck for a library presentation I have been giving on fake news and how to be a wise news consumer in an era of misinformation.

Published in: News & Politics
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Fake News: What's the Real Story - Randall Mikkelsen August 29, 2017

  1. 1.  Phenomenon of fake news, and what we as news consumers can do about it.  Changes in the news industry, politics and news consumption.  Wide range of misleading news.  How to evaluate news and fight fake news.
  2. 2.  Fake news, and news media credibility are not new issues  Continuum: propaganda, hype, bias. What’s in common?They mislead  Different from rhetoric, persuasion  Different from erroneous
  3. 3. What is Fake News? • Deliberately false • Spread via social media • Not just politics, also business, science Link
  4. 4. “The most-read news articles are usually the ones containing the click- bait words," Dimitri says. “The click bait words, as you know, are, 'Oh my god, breaking news, wow.‘” “Say you produce ten lies a day, [the audience] is not going to believe ten lies, they are going to believe probably one or maximum two," he says. “Usually the lies about [Clinton's] emails and the lies about Hillary. The anti-Hillary posts were really good.” Dimitri, 17, VELES, Macedonia - "Fake News: How a Partying Macedonian Teen Earns Thousands Publishing Lies, NBC news")
  5. 5. Fake news and more Fake News Satire Extreme Bias Conspiracy Theory Rumor Mill State News Junk Science Hate News Clickbait Website Labels for OpenSources.co:
  6. 6. https://www.newyorkjournal.us/category/us/
  7. 7. Link Hype • A grain of truth • Misleading
  8. 8. Link
  9. 9. Erroneous reporting FROMTHE EDITORS;TheTimes and Iraq MAY 26, 2004 “But we have found a number of instances of coverage that was not as rigorous as it should have been. In some cases, information that was controversial then, and seems questionable now, was insufficiently qualified or allowed to stand unchallenged. Looking back, we wish we had been more aggressive in re-examining the claims as new evidence emerged -- or failed to emerge.”
  10. 10. “Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.”
  11. 11. Link
  12. 12. Propaganda Link
  13. 13. • “Influence operations” • Twitter bots • Facebook targeting • Big data-based – billions of data points
  14. 14. Hamilton
  15. 15.  Who published it ?  URL: Brand, com.co, newslo, politicot.com  Date  Who wrote it?  Ads  “About” section
  16. 16.  Is it the original story?  Is the headline supported?What are the quotes?  How are facts attributed?  Are there named sources?  Correct news style?  Balance – does it acknowledge another viewpoint?
  17. 17.  Multiple outlets  Multiple points of view  AllSides.com
  18. 18. Source: University of Missouri study, based on user survey of 28 news sources
  19. 19. Aggregators  Flipboard  Apple News Wire services  Reuters  Associated Press Newsletters  Boston Globe  NewYorkTimes  AXIOS  POLITICO
  20. 20.  Snopes  Politifact  b
  21. 21. Link
  22. 22. Link

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