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‫ﻣﴫ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﲈء‬ ‫ﳌﺪوﱐ‬ ‫ﻳﱯ‬‫ر‬‫ﺘﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﱪانﻣﺞ‬
“‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺳﺎ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﺮﺣةل‬”
‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﶈﻮر‬
‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﶈﻮر‬ ‫ﺘﻮى‬‫ﳏ‬:‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬
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‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫اب‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
‫ا؟‬ً‫ﳑﲒ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺒﻨﯩﻲ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫ﻣﺼﺎدرك؟‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺪرج‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫ﻣﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫ﲣﱲ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻴﺢ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫ﺛﻮﻗﺔ؟‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫ﲣﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫ا؟‬ً‫ﻣﻘﺮوء‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺢ‬‫ﺗﻔ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻴﺢ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬‫ا‬
‫ﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬
‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع؟‬
‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬
‫اﻟﻨﻘﺪ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻖ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻄ‬ ‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ا‬
‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫اب‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬
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‫ﰷﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺛﻮﻗﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳊﻘﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﲡﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﳣﺪ‬‫ﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬
‫ﴪد‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﳑﲒ‬ ‫ﳕﻂ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ُﻌﺮض‬‫ﺗ‬ ،‫اﻟﺮﲰﻴﺔ‬ ‫ٕﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎت‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﺌﺎت‬‫ﻟﻬ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫وﻣ‬ ‫ﲝﺎث‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬
‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﳑﺜةل‬ ‫اﻟﲀﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻮهجﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣﺼﺤ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫وﻗﺪ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫وﻋﺮض‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﺎﲤﺔ‬.
‫اﻟﻨﻮع‬ ‫ﻫﺬا‬ ‫ﲢﺖ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬‫ﺗﺼﻨ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬ ‫اب‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﻮي‬ ‫ﻧﺔ‬‫و‬‫اﳌﺪ‬:‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬-‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬
-‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬-‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬-‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬-‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬-‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬-‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬
‫ا؟‬ً‫ﳑﲒ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
4444
‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻤﲒ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﲆ‬ ،‫ﲢﻘﻘﻪ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﺣﺪة‬‫و‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻌﺐ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺻﻔﺎت‬ ‫ﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫اﻓﺮ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬:
.١‫ﺟﺎذب‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬
.٢‫ﺘﺸﻌﺐ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫وﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺪل‬ ‫ﻃﻮهل‬
.٣‫اﲵﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬
.٤‫ﻣﺸﻮق‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮب‬ٔ‫ا‬
.٥‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ّ‫ﻜ‬‫ﲤ‬
.٦‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬
.٧‫اﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻞ‬‫ﻟ‬‫اب‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻋﺮض‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳉﻮدة‬
.٨‫دةل‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫اﻫﺪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ابﻟﺸ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬
.٩‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﲥ‬ ‫ﲱﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺟﻮدة‬‫ﺎ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
5555
ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬ً‫ﲚ‬‫دا‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺴﻚ‬ ‫ل‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫اﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬“‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻫﺬا‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺐ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳌﺎذا‬”..‫ﰐ‬ٓ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺤﺪد‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫اﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺘﻚ‬‫ا‬:
.١‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬
.٢‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ‬‫و‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﻌﻨﺎ‬
.٣‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬ ‫م‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﺣﺪ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬
.٤‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬‫ﻓﲀرك‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬‫ﻓﲀرك‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺒﺤﺚ‬
.٥‫اذل‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬‫ي‬‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ابﰶ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﳰﲒﻩ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬
.٦‫ـﳤﺪف‬‫ﺴ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺪ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺎﻃﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮب‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬
‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫اﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﱰ‬‫اﺣ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻬﻨﺎك‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﳐﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎوهل‬ ‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﻔﺮض‬
‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪاهمﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺟﺪت‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺣﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﳑﺘﺎزة‬ ‫ﻣﺆﴍات‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻚ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻳﻨﺎ‬:Google trends – Google
search - Google Keyword tool
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
6666
‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬http://www.google.com/trends/‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﲝﺚ‬‫و‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬http://www.google.com/‫اﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﲝﺚ‬‫و‬Videos
‫ﺧﺒﺎر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬News‫اﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬‫و‬Booksٍ‫ﰷف‬ ٍ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ﺣﺪ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﳫﻢ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬‫و‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
8888
‫ﻋﲆ‬ ً‫ﺣﺴﺎاب‬ ‫ﻧﴚء‬ٔ‫ا‬:https://adwords.google.com
‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫كل‬ ‫ﺘﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫و‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
9999
‫اﺧﱰ‬Tools‫ﰒ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬Keyword planner
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﳇﲈﺗﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫كل‬ ‫ﺘﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
11111111
‫اﺿﻐﻂ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬
Get search volume
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫ﻣﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ‬ ‫م‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ذكل‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺎﻓﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﰷ‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ـﺘﻌﺮف‬‫ﺳ‬‫و‬ ‫ﳇﲈﺗﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳈﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺎﻓﺴﺔ‬ ً‫ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫وﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎول‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎول‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫الا‬ ‫ﳰﻜﻨﻚ‬‫ﻓ‬
‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﺟﺬب‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﻗﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ادلﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫ﲨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪك‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻜﻮن‬
‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫اﻛﻴﺐ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫اﺣامتﻻت‬
‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺘﲔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬
‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳈﻴﺔ‬ ‫ـﺘﻌﺮف‬‫ﺳ‬
‫اﳌﺪﳎﺔ‬ ‫ابﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬‫اﳌﺪﳎﺔ‬ ‫ابﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬
‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺿﻐﻄﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬Get
search volume
‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎت‬ ‫ـﺘﻌﺮف‬‫ﺳ‬‫و‬
‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺿﻐﻄﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬
Get forecasts
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫ادلﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺛﲑ‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫اﻻ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﶍﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫ﻛﱪ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ٕﻧ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺜﲑ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻞ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﻴﺎت‬‫ﻟﺘﻘ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬
‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﺜﻴهل‬‫ﲟ‬ ‫ﻧﺔ‬‫ر‬‫ﻣﻘﺎ‬ ‫ادلﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﴍات‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﳑﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻋ‬‫ﺗﻨﻮ‬ ‫ﺛﺮ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻤ‬‫ﲩ‬
‫ﺷﻬﺮة‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫اﻻ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳰﻜﻨﻚ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻨ‬‫ﳣﻜ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬
‫ﲢﺘﺎﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻋﺎﳌﻲ‬ ‫ـﺘﻮى‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬‫ﲢﺘﺎﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻋﺎﳌﻲ‬ ‫ـﺘﻮى‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬
‫اﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﴩوﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﰷﻣةل‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﲻﻠﻴﺔ‬)‫اﻟﴩح‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪﻣﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻴﺌﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻬ‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻳﺮ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗﻄ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻋﺎة‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬(
dc8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JSCcUTeK
،‫ﺗﺪري‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫دون‬ ‫ﺛﻴﺔ‬‫ر‬‫ﰷ‬ ً‫ﺧﻄﺎء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺐ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣﻌ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺪون‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻪ‬‫ﺗﻜ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻧﻚ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﲚ‬‫دا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬
‫ﺗﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﲈ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫ٕﻻ‬‫ا‬ ً‫ة‬‫ﳑﲒ‬ َ‫ﰀ‬‫ﻧﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻣ‬‫ﲻﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻦ‬
‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ٕﻧ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ٕﳚﺎد‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﳫﺔ‬ ‫اﺟﻪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬
‫ﻳﺘﺠﺎوز‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ﻧ‬‫الا‬٣%‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺳﲈء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻋﱶت‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳊﻆ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﳚﻌكل‬ ‫ﳑﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺎح‬ ‫اﻟﻮرﰶ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺧﻼل‬Google books‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫و‬‫ٕﻟﻜﱰ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﻣﻜ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬.
‫ﺑﺰايدة‬ ‫ﺗﺰداد‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ا‬‫ﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫زاي‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﱐ‬ ‫ﳎﻬﻮد‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻏﻠﺐ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫و‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬
‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اهجﺎ‬‫ر‬‫ٕد‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻏﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬.
‫ﺑﺰايدة‬ ‫ﺗﺰداد‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ا‬‫ﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫زاي‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﱐ‬ ‫ﳎﻬﻮد‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻏﻠﺐ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫و‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬
‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اهجﺎ‬‫ر‬‫ٕد‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻏﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬.
‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ت‬ٓ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﺸ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ،‫اﳉﺎﻣﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎت‬‫ﻣﻜ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ،‫اﻟﻮاثﺋﻖ‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ودار‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎت‬‫ﳌﻜ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﺰايرة‬ ‫ﲢﺘﺎج‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬
‫ٕﱁ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﺪارس‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﻨﲔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ا‬ ‫دور‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺸﻔﻴﺎت‬‫ﺴﺘ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﰷ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬
‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﺛﻮﻗﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﺎﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻏﻠﳢﺎ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﻜﻮن‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫و‬‫ٕﻟﻜﱰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬
‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬
‫ﺛﻮﻗﺔ؟‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫ﺻﻞ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻘﻮل‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫ي‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫وﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺪاي‬‫ﻳﻜﻴ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫وﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﺟﻊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳈﺼﺎدر‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬
‫ﻣﺆﻛﺪة‬ ‫ﳈﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻫﺎ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﳏﺘ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫اﳋﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺐ‬‫ا‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳉ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻬﻢ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬ ،‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬.
‫ﻓﻴﺪﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻄﻊ‬ ً‫ﺣﻴﺎان‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻨﺸﻮرة‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫رﺳﺎةل‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻨﺸﻮر‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﲝﺚ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎب‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﳣﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬ُ‫ﻣ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﲚ‬‫دا‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻀﻞ‬
‫ﺑﺸﺨﺼﻪ‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﺎﺣﺐ‬.
‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺪاد‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫رﲰﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﲟ‬ ‫ﻧﺔ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ـﺘﻌ‬‫ﺳ‬‫الا‬ ‫ﻳﱲ‬ ،‫ﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎت‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻋﺪاد‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺎد‬‫ﺳﺘ‬‫الا‬ ‫ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ،‫ﺣﻴﺎن‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﰲ‬
‫اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬ ‫ﱈ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﳈ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اخملﺘﺼﺔ‬ ‫اﳊﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳉﻬﺎت‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﺌﺎت‬‫ﻟﻬ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ٕﺣﺼﺎء‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬
‫ٕﱁ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎانت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﺎﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬‫و‬
‫ﺑـ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدرك‬ ‫ﲢﲒ‬ ‫رﲟﺎ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫دﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺪى‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﲢﲂ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻄﻴﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬“domain type”
).com = commercial) (.org = organization) (.gov = government) (.edu = education) (
.net = network(
‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫ﲣﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬::::‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺘﻘﺪﻣﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫وﻣﺎ‬ ،‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﺣﺪد‬.‫ﻓﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳎﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﲢﺎول‬ ‫ﻻ‬
‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫اثﻧ‬‫اث‬‫اث‬‫اث‬::::‫ﻗﴡ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﲝﺪ‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬٣-٥‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻄﻰ‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ر‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬
‫ان‬‫ر‬‫ﺘﻴﺎ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻚ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳊﺎةل‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫وﰱ‬ ‫اﺣﺪ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻌﺐ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫ذكل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫اﺣﺘﺠﺖ‬ ‫اذا‬:‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ٕﻣﺎ‬‫ا‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻄﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑة‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ر‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎط‬ ‫ﳛﺘﺎج‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪا‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻀﻮع‬ ‫ﲡﻌﻞ‬
‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫اثﻟ‬‫اث‬‫اث‬‫اث‬::::‫ﻗﴡ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﲝﺪ‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺋﻴﴘ‬‫ر‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻟﲁ‬٣‫ﳚﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻮف‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻧﻔ‬ ‫وﱔ‬ ‫ﺗﴩﺣﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬
‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫اثﻟ‬‫اث‬‫اث‬‫اث‬::::‫ﻗﴡ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﲝﺪ‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺋﻴﴘ‬‫ر‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻟﲁ‬٣‫ﳚﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻮف‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻧﻔ‬ ‫وﱔ‬ ‫ﺗﴩﺣﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫اﺑ‬‫ر‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫اﺑ‬‫ر‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫اﺑ‬‫ر‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫اﺑ‬‫ر‬::::‫ﻴﺘﻪ‬‫ٔﳘ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓ‬‫الا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬
‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴ‬::::‫وﱃ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬)‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﻳﻀ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ً‫ﺣﻴﺎان‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﺎ‬‫اﻟﺜ‬‫و‬(‫وﺳﺒﺐ‬ ،‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬‫و‬‫ﺗﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ّ‫ﺗﻮﰣ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻚ‬)‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﺗﻚ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻓﻜ‬(‫ـﻴﺎق‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻟ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺎﻃﻬﺎ‬‫ر‬‫ا‬ ‫وﻣﺪى‬
‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺳﺎدﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺳﺎدﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺳﺎدﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺳﺎدﺳ‬::::‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﻛﺒﲑ‬ ‫ًا‬‫د‬‫ﻋﺪ‬ ِ‫ﻮ‬‫ﳛﺘ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﻟﻮ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﲻﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬
،‫ا‬ً‫ﺧﲑ‬ٔ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ً‫ﺧﲑ‬ٔ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ً‫ﺧﲑ‬ٔ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ً‫ﺧﲑ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ن‬ٓ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﳱﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ابﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻛﺘﻔﻰ‬‫و‬ ‫ـﺘﻮﻋﺐ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫اﳋﺎﲤﺔ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬
‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﻚ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮك‬ ‫وهجﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﻚ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫اﺗﺮك‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﺣﻮل‬
‫ا؟‬ً‫ﻣﻘﺮوء‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
20202020
.١‫ﻣﻌﻘﺪ‬ َ‫وﻏﲑ‬ ً‫ﺟﺬااب‬ ً‫اان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫اﺧﱰ‬
.٢‫ﺘﺸﻮق‬‫ﻟﻴ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻘهل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﺜﲑ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺗﻠﺨﺼﻪ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫دون‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺬة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻬﻴﺔ‬‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﲢﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬
‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﳌﻌ‬
.٣‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻘ‬‫ـﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘﻨ‬‫ﻟ‬‫اب‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻣﺎم‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﲵﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬
‫ﻛﻴﻒ؟‬‫ﻛﻴﻒ؟‬
‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺘﻪ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬..‫ﻟﻠﺘﻮ‬ ‫ذكل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺣ‬☺
.٤‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻳﻖ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻣﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫ﲢﲄ‬ ‫ﻧﻚ‬ٔ‫اك‬‫و‬ ‫رﲰﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺼﺔ‬ ‫ـﺒﻪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮب‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫اﻋﺮض‬
‫ﺻﻐﲑ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬
.٥‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺘﻪ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳚﺪ‬ ‫اءة‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﺛﻨﺎء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻘهل‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﺮد‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺎؤل‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﲝﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ّ‫ﻗ‬‫ﻣﺘﻮ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬
‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰲ‬
.٦‫ﺑﻼﻏﻴﺔ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺻﻮر‬ ‫ﺣﻮت‬ ‫ن‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫ﻋﺒﺎ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬
.٧‫اءة‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫وﻗﺘﻪ‬ ‫ـﺘﺤﻘﺖ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﳥ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ،‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ،‫اﳌﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﺎﲤﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫الا‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ُ‫ﻗ‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺘﺢ‬‫ﺗﻔﺘ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫ﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﲧ‬‫ﲧ‬‫ﲧ‬‫ﲧ‬‫اﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﴍوط‬‫اﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﴍوط‬‫اﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﴍوط‬‫اﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﴍوط‬::::
‫ﺘﻴﺎرك‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻌﱪة‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻓﺮﲟﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺬب‬ ‫ﻛﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎﺣﺒﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻮرة‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﻛﺜﲑ‬ ‫ﳣﺪ‬‫ﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﲈﺳﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﻟﻌﻨ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﺪر‬ ‫ﺟﺎذﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺘﻚ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺣﺎول‬
‫ﻗﺼﲑة‬ ‫اﶺﻞ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬‫و‬ ‫اﶺﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻌﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮر‬ ‫ﻻ‬.
‫ـﺘﻪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ود‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻮهل‬ ‫ٕاثرة‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻩ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳﻘ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫اﴍك‬‫ـﺘﻪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ود‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻮهل‬ ‫ٕاثرة‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻩ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳﻘ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫اﴍك‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫اءة‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ـﺘﻌﻮد‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳌﺆﻛﺪة‬ ‫ابﻟﻔﺎﺋﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻋ‬:‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اة‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﶈﺘ‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ﲜﻤﻞ‬ ‫ٕﻣﺎ‬‫ا‬
‫ﺑﳤﺎ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ٕﺟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ا‬
‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳚﺐ‬‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬‫ّﺪة‬‫ﻬ‬‫وﳑ‬ ‫ِﺌﺔ‬ّ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻬ‬ُ‫ﻣ‬
‫وواﲵﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺰة‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳉﺴﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﺗﺮك‬‫و‬
‫اﳋﻼﺻﺔ‬“Hit and Run”
‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺗﺒﲏ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫اﳋﺎﲤﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﲞﻼف‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺟﺴﻢ‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻓﻘ‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﻨﻄﺒﻖ‬‫ﻳ‬
.١‫ﻓﺮﻋﻲ‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﱪ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰻ‬)‫ﻓﺮﻋﻲ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬(‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﲢﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬)‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬(
.٢‫اﱄ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬٣‫ﻗﻞ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﲨﻞ‬
.٣‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻤﻮن‬ ‫ﺗﴩح‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﱓ‬ ‫وﱃ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﶺةل‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻤﻮن‬ ‫ﺗﴩح‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﱓ‬ ‫وﱃ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﶺةل‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬
.٤‫ﳌﺎ‬ ‫ﻬﻴﺪ‬‫ﲤ‬‫و‬ ،‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻀﺪاد‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎن‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﳌﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﲑ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬‫و‬ ‫ـﺘﻘةل‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﱓ‬ ‫ﲨةل‬ ‫ﰻ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ‬
.٥‫اﻟﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬:‫ﺳﻼﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ابﻟﴬورة‬ ‫ﺗﺆدي‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﲨةل‬ ‫ﺧﺮ‬ٓ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬
‫ﻧﺘﻘﺎل‬‫الا‬
.٦‫اﻟﺘﺤﲒ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮور‬ ‫ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺮﻃﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ز‬‫ا‬‫ﺰ‬‫ـﺘﻔ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﲡﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻻ‬
.٧‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﳚﺐ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ابﻟﻌﻨ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﳉﺬب‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﲟﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻓ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ﳏ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ٕن‬‫ا‬
‫اﻟﺒﺪاﻳﺔ‬)‫ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺶ‬ ‫ﻟﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﲡﺎب‬ ‫ﻟﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬(‫ﻳﺼﺎب‬‫و‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻓﻊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳖﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺔ‬‫ﳋ‬‫اب‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺗﺒﲏ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫اﻟﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﳏﺘﻮي‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﺪ‬
‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬]٢:[
‫زﻣﲏ‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:ً‫ﺘﻘﺒﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬‫و‬ ،‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﺣﺎﻟ‬ ،‫اﳌﺎﴈ‬ ‫ﰲ‬.
‫ﻓﺌﻮي‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:،‫ﻳﻞ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﳣ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬،‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﴩ‬‫اﻟﺒ‬ ‫ارد‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬‫ٕﻧﺘﺎج‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬.
‫ﻣﻘﺎرن‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:‫اﳌﻘﱰح‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬ ،‫اﻟﻘﺪﱘ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬.
‫ﻋﻨﺎﴏ‬ ‫ﺑﻂ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻐ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺎت‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬
‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬:
‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻧﻨﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫دﻋﻮان‬ ،‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎ‬‫ﻧﳤ‬‫ا‬ ‫وﻗﺪ‬ ‫ن‬ٓ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬.....
‫ﻫﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﴏ‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﺪ‬:ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬.......
‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳒﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫وﻣﻦ‬..... ‫ﻣﻘﺎرن‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:‫اﳌﻘﱰح‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬ ،‫اﻟﻘﺪﱘ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬.
‫ﺑﺪاﺋﻞ‬ ‫ٕﱄ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:،‫اﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ،‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬
‫اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬.
‫ﻣﺘﺪرج‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬)‫ﺗﻨﺎزﱄ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﻋﺪي‬):‫ﱒ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫اﻣﻞ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬..‫ﻳﻠﳱﺎ‬‫و‬ ،...
‫ﺣﻠﻘﻲ‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:‫ﳣﻊ‬‫جمل‬‫ا‬ ،‫اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ‬ ،‫اﻟﻔﺮد‬.
‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳒﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫وﻣﻦ‬.....
‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﲇ‬....‫ٕن‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬.......
‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬....‫ٕن‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ،.......
‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ابﻟﺮﺟﻮع‬.........
‫ذﻛﺮانﻩ‬ ‫ﳌﺎ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﻛﻴﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬........
‫ﻣﺼﺎدرك؟‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﺎانت‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺪرج‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﺎهجﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬:
.١‫اء‬‫ﱪ‬‫اﳋ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻗ‬ٔ‫ا‬
.٢‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﺪﰪ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎت‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻗﺎم‬‫ر‬ٔ‫ا‬
.٣‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اترﳜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺪاث‬ٔ‫ا‬
.٤‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺒﻘﻚ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎت‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫اء‬‫ر‬ٓ‫ا‬‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺒﻘﻚ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎت‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫اء‬‫ر‬ٓ‫ا‬
‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻌﺐ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺗﺆدي‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫دلى‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺜﲑ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫اﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اج‬‫ر‬‫ٕد‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫وﻃﻮل‬
‫ﻗﺎم‬‫ر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﴪد‬ ِ‫ﺗﻜﺘﻒ‬ ‫ﻻ‬:‫ادلﻻﻻت‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬)‫ﺗﻔﺎع‬‫ر‬‫الا‬-‫ﻬﺒﻮط‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬/‫ٕﱁ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻐﺮ‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻜﱪ‬(‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ٕﻟﳱﺎ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺸﲑ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬
‫ﻋﻠﳱﺎ‬ ‫وﻋﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻗﺎم‬‫ر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬)‫ﲢﲒ‬ ‫ودون‬ ‫ﲝﻴﺎدﻳﺔ‬(‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻬﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬
‫ﻣﺼﺎدرك؟‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﺎانت‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺪرج‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫اذلي‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ذﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ً‫ﻧﻘﻼ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﰷن‬ ‫اء‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﱏ‬ ‫رﰟ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺻﻮر‬ ‫ﻓﺎق‬‫ر‬ٕ‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬
‫ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺖ‬‫ﻗﺘ‬‫ا‬
‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬‫اﻟالكم‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺑﻠﻔﻈﻪ‬‫ﺑﻠﻔﻈﻪ‬‫ﺑﻠﻔﻈﻪ‬‫ﺑﻠﻔﻈﻪ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﴯﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮةل‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬‫ﻨﺼﻴﺺ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺘﺎ‬ ‫وﻫﲈ‬ ‫ﻗﲓ‬‫ﱰ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬
”“”“
‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻓﺖ‬‫ﴫ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ٕن‬‫ا‬‫اﻟﻨﺺ‬)‫ﻓﻘﺮة‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﻮل‬(‫اﳌﻌﲎ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻴﳢﺎ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﲑ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ابﺳﺘﺒﺪال‬ ‫وﳃﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻚ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳﻠ‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬
‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫وراﲛﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﻔﻬﻮم‬‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺸﲑ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﺑﳯﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺟﻮد‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺒﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﳝﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﰴ‬.
‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﰷ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬‫ﻮ‬‫وﺳ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫و‬‫ٕﻟﻜﱰ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣﻮﻗ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﲝ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ً‫ﻛﺘﺎاب‬ ‫ﰷن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﰷﻣةل‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎانت‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﰴ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ﰲ‬
‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫اﻟﺘﺎ‬‫و‬ ‫الاﻃﻼع‬ ‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﳌﻦ‬ ‫ابﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫وﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪة‬ ‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪﻣﳤﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬
‫ﻣﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫ﲣﱲ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﳥﺮة‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﱔ‬‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻫﺎ‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎةل‬ ‫ﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰة‬ ‫ﺧﻼﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺠﺐ‬ ، ‫اﻟﻘﺎريء‬ ‫ذﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻨﻄﺒﻊ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺮ‬ٓ‫ا‬ ‫ﱔ‬
‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ً‫ﻣﻠﺨﺼ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺎ‬)‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬‫و‬(،‫ﻨﺘﺎﰀ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ا‬‫ز‬‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺑ‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬،‫و‬‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬‫الا‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺮ‬ ‫وهجﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ّ‫ﺗﻮﺻ‬ ‫ﻟﱵ‬‫ﻞ‬
‫ٕﻟﳱﺎ‬‫ا‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﲀﺗﺐ‬
‫ـﳤﺪﻓﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﰀ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﻼص‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﲤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺪ‬ٔ‫ﻟﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﳞﺪف‬ ‫اﳌﻠﺨﺺ‬‫ـﳤﺪﻓﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﰀ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﻼص‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﲤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺪ‬ٔ‫ﻟﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﳞﺪف‬ ‫اﳌﻠﺨﺺ‬
‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺐ‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﱔ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﰀ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬
‫ﻳﺘﺨﺬﻩ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫ارﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫وﻗ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻬﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﲻﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎن‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﲀﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻗﻮة‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﱔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻖ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫الا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬
‫ﺗﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﻮف‬ ‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺟ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺘﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﻫﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑﺸ‬
‫ﻓﻬ‬ ‫ٕﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫دﻗﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺮس‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫اﻟﺼةل‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬‫و‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪﻣﳤﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺼﺎدر‬‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺟﻮع‬ ‫ﻴﺴﲑ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺪ‬
‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻴﺢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬
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‫ا‬ً‫ﺻﺒﻮر‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬..ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺠﺐ‬ ‫همﻤﺘﻚ‬ ‫ﲤﺎم‬ ‫ﻳﻌﲎ‬ ‫اﺣﺪة‬‫و‬ ‫ﳌﺮة‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻈﻦ‬ ‫ﻻ‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺘﺎ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎدي‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬:
.١‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫وﳏﺘ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬
.٢‫ﻣﻼﺋﻴﺔ‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻐ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﻋﺪم‬ .٢‫ﻣﻼﺋﻴﺔ‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻐ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﻋﺪم‬
.٣‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺘﲔ‬‫اب‬ ‫اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت‬ ‫دﻗﺔ‬
.٤‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫اء‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺟ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﺳﻖ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻋﺎة‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬:‫ﺑﺸﺪة‬ ‫ﺧﺮ‬ٓ‫ا‬ ‫ﺟﺰء‬ ‫ﻳﻀﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴامن‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻋ‬‫اﺗﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺰء‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻊ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬
.٥‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﳏﺪودة‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﰷ‬ ‫ن‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫وﴰ‬ ‫وﺿﻮح‬ ‫ﺑﲁ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﴩح‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬
‫ﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓ‬‫الا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﳱﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳚﺪ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﺑﺬﻫﻨﻪ‬
‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻴﺢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬
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.٦‫ﺗﻴﺔ‬ٓ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺴﻚ‬ ‫ل‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫اﺳ‬:‫ﻋﻨﻪ؟‬ ‫ﲡﻴﺐ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫اﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﴩهحﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬
‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﲡﻴﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫اﻓﺼﻞ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺎﲠﺔ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ا‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ادﻣﺞ‬‫و‬
.٧‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻘﻮل‬ ‫ﻃﻮل‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫وﺳﻬﻮةل‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻘﺎل‬‫الا‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬‫ا‬
.٨‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﳯﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺑﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ورﺑﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎس‬‫ﻗ‬‫الا‬ .٨‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﳯﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺑﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ورﺑﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎس‬‫ﻗ‬‫الا‬
.٩‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﳖﺎ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﲱﳤﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬ ،‫ابﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫و‬‫ٕﻟﻜﱰ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬ ‫رواﺑﻂ‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﺣﺎةل‬ ‫ﰲ‬
.٠١‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳎﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻓﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ابﳌﻌ‬ ‫اﳌﲅ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫وﺻﻮل‬
‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع؟‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺴةل‬‫ﺳﻠ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬
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‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻌﺐ‬ ‫وﻋﺪم‬ ‫وﺿﻮﺣﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫اﻣﻞ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﱒ‬ٔ‫ا‬
‫ﻳﳯﺎ‬‫و‬‫ﺑﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﻳةل‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﻳﻄﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺧ‬ ‫دلﻳﻚ‬ ‫ـﺘﻜﻮن‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﺒ‬‫ﻓﻐﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﲻﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻋ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎول‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻮي‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬
‫اﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬
‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﲁ‬ ‫اﲝﺚ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺪد‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺑﺘﻘ‬ ‫وﰴ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴةل‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ٕﻋﺪاد‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ٔ‫ا‬‫اﺑﺪ‬‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﲁ‬ ‫اﲝﺚ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺪد‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺑﺘﻘ‬ ‫وﰴ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴةل‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ٕﻋﺪاد‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ٔ‫ا‬‫اﺑﺪ‬
‫ﺣﺪة‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻓﲀرﻩ‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬
‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﳾء‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﳚﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻋﲅ‬ٔ‫ا‬
‫ﳇﻤﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻳﻖ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘﺸ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻬﻴﺪ‬‫ﳣ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮع‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ٕﺷﺎرة‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﲤﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬
‫اﻟﺘﺎﱄ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻤﻮن‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺬاﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬
‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫اﺑﻂ‬‫و‬‫ور‬ ‫ارﱗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬ ‫ٕﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﺒﻘﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﴍ‬ٔ‫ا‬
‫اﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﳯﺎﻳﺔ‬
‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧﺘ‬‫ا‬
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‫ﺑﻜﱶة‬‫و‬ ‫ﴪﻋﺔ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳏﺮﰷت‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫وﻇﻬﻮرﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺎر‬‫ﻧ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺳﺎس‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬
‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻋﺪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫رﺷﻔﺔ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺳﺎس‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬
‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤ‬ ‫ادلﻋﺎﻳﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ٕﻧ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ﻳﻖ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘﺴ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺳﺎ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﻳﻀ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬
‫ﳎﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫اﳌﺸﱰﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﺿﻴﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﲀ‬‫ٕﻣ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﳎﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫اﳌﺸﱰﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﺿﻴﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﲀ‬‫ٕﻣ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬
‫اءﺗﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ادت‬‫ز‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻋ‬‫ـﻴﻮ‬‫ﺷ‬‫و‬ ً‫ﺗﺪاوﻻ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺻةل‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﰷ‬ ‫ﳇﲈ‬
‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧﺘ‬‫ا‬
31313131
‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺻﻮل‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬٤‫ﻫﺪاف‬ٔ‫ا‬]٣:[
.١‫داﰂ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪﻣﲔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﲑة‬ ‫ﻋﺪاد‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬.
.٢‫اء‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﻣﻌ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ـﳤﺪف‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﳌﻘﺎﻻﺗﻚ‬ ‫ـﺒﺔ‬‫ﺳ‬‫اﳌﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬.
.٣‫ـﳤﺪﻓﲔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫اء‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ٕﳌﺎم‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬.
.٤‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬‫و‬ ‫اﺿﻴﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬.‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬‫و‬ ‫اﺿﻴﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬.
‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬Google Keyword planner‫اﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺪاوةل‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﻓﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﳌﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻘ‬‫ـﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﴍﺣﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬
‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫داﻩ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫زوار‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺘﺨﺪا‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫اﻻ‬‫و‬ ،‫ﲟﻘﺎكل‬SemRush
‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﺔ‬:‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ٕن‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬‫و‬ ،‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﺟﺪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗﺘ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻀﻞ‬
‫اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺢ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﳫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺠﺎوز‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﲝﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﲝﳬﺔ‬٨%‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻋﺪد‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬)‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻞ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳚﺐ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫اذلي‬‫و‬٢٥٠
‫ﳇﻤﺔ‬(
‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧﺘ‬‫ا‬
32323232
Keyword Planner [3]
‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧﺘ‬‫ا‬
33333333
SemRush [5]
‫ﻨﻘﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﻖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﻄ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ا‬
34343434
‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬““““::::
‫همﺎرة‬‫ـامتع‬‫ﺳ‬‫الا‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https
&theater3/?type=699958943429257./1417029217.2207520000
‫ﳌﺪﻳﺮي‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺳﺎ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺒﻌﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳌﻬﺎ‬‫ﻳﻊ‬‫ر‬‫اﳌﺸﺎ‬
8%D7%A8%D87%9%D85%9%D84%9%D7%A8://egyptscholars.org/ar/article/%Dhttp 8%D7%A8%D87%9%D85%9%D84%9%D7%A8://egyptscholars.org/ar/article/%Dhttp
-9%A8%D9%B8%D8%A8%D3%B8%D84%9%D7%A8%D-%AA8%D7%A8%D1%B
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‫ﻨﻘﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﻖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﻄ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ا‬
35353535
‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬““““
‫ﻋﻦ‬‫اﻟﺘﻄﻮع‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https
1/?type=698905303534621./1408622225.2207520000
‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬““““
‫ادلﻛﺘﻮراﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﳊﺼﻮل‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺎﰁ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬‫ادلﻛﺘﻮراﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﳊﺼﻮل‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺎﰁ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬
-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https
&theater3/?type=750376598387491./1417012678.2207520000
‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬““““
‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻣﺎذا‬‫اﳌﻜﻔﻮﻓﲔ‬
10737418.518933431572903://www.facebook.com/momken.egyptscholars/photos/a.https
1/?type=523072434492336/403703156429265.29
‫ﻨﻘﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﻖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﻄ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ا‬
36363636
‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬““““
‫اﺋﺪ‬‫ر‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬:-.192268510864972https://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.
&theater3/?type=750014481757036./1417012678.2207520000
‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬““““
‫ﺳﻠﲈن‬‫ﺧﺎن‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https ‫ﺳﻠﲈن‬‫ﺧﺎن‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https
&theater3/?type=752035958221555./1417012678.2207520000
‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬““““
‫ادى‬‫و‬ ‫ة‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧﺸ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬‫ﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮن‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https
&theater3/?type=746783115413506./1417012798.2207520000
‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬““““
‫وروزﻳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻼي‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬-.192268510864972https://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.
&theater3/?type=746251852133299./1417012798.2207520000
‫اﳌﺎدة‬ ‫ﻋﺪاد‬ٕ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬
37373737
]١[/CourseMaterial.docmullaofaculty.kfupm.edu.sa/IAS/
]٢[
9%D7%A8%AA_%D8%D7%A8%D1%B8%D7%A8%D87%9%D85%9http://ar.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D
6%B8%D1%B8%D9%B8%D84%
]٣[planner/-keyword-google-use-to-warrior.com/how3http://www.th
]٤[keyword/-with-article-warrior.com/optimize3http://www.th
]٥[Tips/Keywords.php-SEO/SEO-http://www.seoera.net/Learn
]٦[/167http://deebghanma.com/
‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬
38383838
How to write a good article
http://www.writersdigest.com/whats-new/write-a-how-to-article-in-6-easy-steps
http://www.raintoday.com/library/articles/how-to-write-a-great-online-article-6-tips-from-
raintodays-editor/
http://www.thepenmagazine.net/20-steps-to-write-a-good-article/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JSCcUTeK8dchttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JSCcUTeK8dc
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WxWP71ayUUE
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_uJkHk5Ddk
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qax1drGRzbM
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JraUOYA2slI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e4tSshrFHE0
Improve your reading comprehension
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WgbG5lo5Usg
‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬
39393939
Creative writing (To write English articles)
http://www.writerstreasure.com/creative-writing-101/
Technical writings (To write English articles)Technical writings (To write English articles)
http://www1.aucegypt.edu/academic/writers/research.htm
Improve your writing in English
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgkRoYPLhts (We recommend subscribe
to the channel and spend some time watching)

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  • 1. ‫ﻣﴫ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﲈء‬ ‫ﳌﺪوﱐ‬ ‫ﻳﱯ‬‫ر‬‫ﺘﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﱪانﻣﺞ‬ “‫ﻴﺔ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺳﺎ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﺮﺣةل‬” ‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﶈﻮر‬
  • 2. ‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﶈﻮر‬ ‫ﺘﻮى‬‫ﳏ‬:‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ 2222 ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫اب‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬ ‫ا؟‬ً‫ﳑﲒ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺒﻨﯩﻲ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدرك؟‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺪرج‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫ﲣﱲ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻴﺢ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺛﻮﻗﺔ؟‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫ﲣﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫ا؟‬ً‫ﻣﻘﺮوء‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺢ‬‫ﺗﻔ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻴﺢ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع؟‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﺪ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺒﻴﻖ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻄ‬ ‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ا‬
  • 3. ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫اب‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻬﺪف‬ 3333 ‫ﰷﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺛﻮﻗﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳊﻘﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﲡﻤﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﳣﺪ‬‫ﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﴪد‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﳑﲒ‬ ‫ﳕﻂ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ُﻌﺮض‬‫ﺗ‬ ،‫اﻟﺮﲰﻴﺔ‬ ‫ٕﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎت‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﺌﺎت‬‫ﻟﻬ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫وﻣ‬ ‫ﲝﺎث‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻖ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﳑﺜةل‬ ‫اﻟﲀﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻮهجﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣﺼﺤ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫وﻗﺪ‬ ،‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫وﻋﺮض‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﺎﲤﺔ‬. ‫اﻟﻨﻮع‬ ‫ﻫﺬا‬ ‫ﲢﺖ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻬﺎ‬‫ﺗﺼﻨ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬ ‫اب‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﻮي‬ ‫ﻧﺔ‬‫و‬‫اﳌﺪ‬:‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬-‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬ -‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬-‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬-‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬-‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬-‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬-‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬
  • 4. ‫ا؟‬ً‫ﳑﲒ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 4444 ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻤﲒ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﲆ‬ ،‫ﲢﻘﻘﻪ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﺣﺪة‬‫و‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻌﺐ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺻﻔﺎت‬ ‫ﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫اﻓﺮ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬: .١‫ﺟﺎذب‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ .٢‫ﺘﺸﻌﺐ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫وﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺪل‬ ‫ﻃﻮهل‬ .٣‫اﲵﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ .٤‫ﻣﺸﻮق‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮب‬ٔ‫ا‬ .٥‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ّ‫ﻜ‬‫ﲤ‬ .٦‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ .٧‫اﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻞ‬‫ﻟ‬‫اب‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻋﺮض‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳉﻮدة‬ .٨‫دةل‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫اﻫﺪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ابﻟﺸ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬ .٩‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﲥ‬ ‫ﲱﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﻟﻠﺘﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺟﻮدة‬‫ﺎ‬
  • 5. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 5555 ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬ً‫ﲚ‬‫دا‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺴﻚ‬ ‫ل‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫اﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬“‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻫﺬا‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺐ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳌﺎذا‬”..‫ﰐ‬ٓ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺤﺪد‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫اﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻫﺬا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺘﻚ‬‫ا‬: .١‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ .٢‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ‬‫و‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﻌﻨﺎ‬ .٣‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬ ‫م‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﺣﺪ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ .٤‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬‫ﻓﲀرك‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬‫ﻓﲀرك‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺒﺤﺚ‬ .٥‫اذل‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬‫ي‬‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ابﰶ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﳰﲒﻩ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ .٦‫ـﳤﺪف‬‫ﺴ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺪ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺎﻃﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮب‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻟﺘﺤﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫اﻓﻴﺔ‬‫ﱰ‬‫اﺣ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻬﻨﺎك‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﳐﺘﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎوهل‬ ‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬‫و‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﻔﺮض‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪاهمﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺟﺪت‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺣﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﳑﺘﺎزة‬ ‫ﻣﺆﴍات‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻚ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻳﻨﺎ‬:Google trends – Google search - Google Keyword tool
  • 6. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 6666 ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬http://www.google.com/trends/‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﲝﺚ‬‫و‬
  • 7. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 7777 ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬http://www.google.com/‫اﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﲝﺚ‬‫و‬Videos ‫ﺧﺒﺎر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬News‫اﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬‫و‬Booksٍ‫ﰷف‬ ٍ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ﺣﺪ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﳫﻢ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬‫و‬
  • 8. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 8888 ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ً‫ﺣﺴﺎاب‬ ‫ﻧﴚء‬ٔ‫ا‬:https://adwords.google.com ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻔﺤﺔ‬ ‫كل‬ ‫ﺘﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫و‬
  • 9. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 9999 ‫اﺧﱰ‬Tools‫ﰒ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬Keyword planner
  • 10. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 10101010 ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﳇﲈﺗﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫كل‬ ‫ﺘﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬
  • 11. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 11111111 ‫اﺿﻐﻂ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬ Get search volume
  • 12. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 12121212 ‫ﻣﻨﺨﻔﻀﺔ‬ ‫م‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ذكل‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻨﺎﻓﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﰷ‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ـﺘﻌﺮف‬‫ﺳ‬‫و‬ ‫ﳇﲈﺗﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳈﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻨﺎﻓﺴﺔ‬ ً‫ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻼ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫وﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎول‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎول‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫الا‬ ‫ﳰﻜﻨﻚ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﺟﺬب‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬
  • 13. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 13131313 ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﻗﺎﲚﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ادلﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬
  • 14. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 14141414 ‫ﲨﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪك‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺘﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫اﻛﻴﺐ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫اﺣامتﻻت‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎﲚﺘﲔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳈﻴﺔ‬ ‫ـﺘﻌﺮف‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اﳌﺪﳎﺔ‬ ‫ابﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬‫اﳌﺪﳎﺔ‬ ‫ابﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﳋﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺿﻐﻄﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬Get search volume ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎت‬ ‫ـﺘﻌﺮف‬‫ﺳ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﺿﻐﻄﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ‬ Get forecasts
  • 15. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 15151515 ‫ادلﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺛﲑ‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫اﻻ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﶍﻮﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬
  • 16. ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 16161616 ‫ﻛﱪ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ٕﻧ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺜﲑ‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻞ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻨﻴﺎت‬‫ﻟﺘﻘ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﺜﻴهل‬‫ﲟ‬ ‫ﻧﺔ‬‫ر‬‫ﻣﻘﺎ‬ ‫ادلﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﴍات‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﳑﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻋ‬‫ﺗﻨﻮ‬ ‫ﺛﺮ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻤ‬‫ﲩ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮة‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫اﻻ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳰﻜﻨﻚ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻨ‬‫ﳣﻜ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫ﲢﺘﺎﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻋﺎﳌﻲ‬ ‫ـﺘﻮى‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬‫ﲢﺘﺎﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻋﺎﳌﻲ‬ ‫ـﺘﻮى‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻴﺪﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﴩوﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﰷﻣةل‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﲻﻠﻴﺔ‬)‫اﻟﴩح‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪﻣﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻴﺌﺔ‬‫ﻟﻠﻬ‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻳﺮ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗﻄ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻋﺎة‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬( dc8https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JSCcUTeK ،‫ﺗﺪري‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫دون‬ ‫ﺛﻴﺔ‬‫ر‬‫ﰷ‬ ً‫ﺧﻄﺎء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺐ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻓﺘﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣﻌ‬ ‫ﻓﺒﺪون‬ ‫ﺘﺒﻪ‬‫ﺗﻜ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻧﻚ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﲚ‬‫دا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻋﲈ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫ٕﻻ‬‫ا‬ ً‫ة‬‫ﳑﲒ‬ َ‫ﰀ‬‫ﻧﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻣ‬‫ﲻﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻦ‬
  • 17. ‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺒﺤﺚ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 17171717 ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﰊ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ٕﻧ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ٕﳚﺎد‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﳫﺔ‬ ‫اﺟﻪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺠﺎوز‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ﻧ‬‫الا‬٣%‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺳﲈء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻋﱶت‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳊﻆ‬ ‫ﺳﻌﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﳚﻌكل‬ ‫ﳑﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺎح‬ ‫اﻟﻮرﰶ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬Google books‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫و‬‫ٕﻟﻜﱰ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺔ‬‫ﻣﻜ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬. ‫ﺑﺰايدة‬ ‫ﺗﺰداد‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ا‬‫ﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫زاي‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﱐ‬ ‫ﳎﻬﻮد‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻏﻠﺐ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫و‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اهجﺎ‬‫ر‬‫ٕد‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻏﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬. ‫ﺑﺰايدة‬ ‫ﺗﺰداد‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ا‬‫ﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫زاي‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﱐ‬ ‫ﳎﻬﻮد‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﺘﺤﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻏﻠﺐ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫دﻗﺔ‬‫و‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫ﲩ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬‫ﻧﻮع‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اهجﺎ‬‫ر‬‫ٕد‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻏﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬. ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ت‬ٓ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨﺸ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ،‫اﳉﺎﻣﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎت‬‫ﻣﻜ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ،‫اﻟﻮاثﺋﻖ‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺐ‬ ‫ودار‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎت‬‫ﳌﻜ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﺰايرة‬ ‫ﲢﺘﺎج‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ٕﱁ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﺪارس‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﻨﲔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ا‬ ‫دور‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺸﻔﻴﺎت‬‫ﺴﺘ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ﰷ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﺛﻮﻗﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺘﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﺎﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻏﻠﳢﺎ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﻜﻮن‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫و‬‫ٕﻟﻜﱰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬
  • 18. ‫ﺛﻮﻗﺔ؟‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 18181818 ‫ﺻﻞ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻘﻮل‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫ي‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫وﻻ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺪاي‬‫ﻳﻜﻴ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫وﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﺟﻊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳈﺼﺎدر‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ ‫ﻣﺆﻛﺪة‬ ‫ﳈﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻫﺎ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﳏﺘ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬ ‫اﳋﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻧﺐ‬‫ا‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳉ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻬﻢ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬ ،‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬. ‫ﻓﻴﺪﻳﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻄﻊ‬ ً‫ﺣﻴﺎان‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻨﺸﻮرة‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫رﺳﺎةل‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻨﺸﻮر‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﲝﺚ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎب‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﳣﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬ُ‫ﻣ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﲚ‬‫دا‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻀﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﺨﺼﻪ‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺼﺎﺣﺐ‬. ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺪاد‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫رﲰﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﲟ‬ ‫ﻧﺔ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ـﺘﻌ‬‫ﺳ‬‫الا‬ ‫ﻳﱲ‬ ،‫ﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎت‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻋﺪاد‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺸﻬﺎد‬‫ﺳﺘ‬‫الا‬ ‫ﺣﲔ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ،‫ﺣﻴﺎن‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﺤﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺤﺪة‬ ‫ﱈ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻈﻤﺔ‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﳈ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﳌﻴﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اخملﺘﺼﺔ‬ ‫اﳊﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳉﻬﺎت‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﺌﺎت‬‫ﻟﻬ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ٕﺣﺼﺎء‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ٕﱁ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎانت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﺎﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺑـ‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدرك‬ ‫ﲢﲒ‬ ‫رﲟﺎ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫دﻗﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺪى‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﲢﲂ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻄﻴﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬“domain type” ).com = commercial) (.org = organization) (.gov = government) (.edu = education) ( .net = network(
  • 19. ‫ﳌﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫ﲣﻄﻂ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 19191919 ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬::::‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺘﻘﺪﻣﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫وﻣﺎ‬ ،‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﺣﺪد‬.‫ﻓﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳎﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﲢﺎول‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫اثﻧ‬‫اث‬‫اث‬‫اث‬::::‫ﻗﴡ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﲝﺪ‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬٣-٥‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻄﻰ‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ر‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬ ‫ان‬‫ر‬‫ﺘﻴﺎ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻣﻚ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳊﺎةل‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫وﰱ‬ ‫اﺣﺪ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻳﺴﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻌﺐ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫ذكل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫اﺣﺘﺠﺖ‬ ‫اذا‬:‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ٕﻣﺎ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻄﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﲑة‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ر‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺎط‬ ‫ﳛﺘﺎج‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪا‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻀﻮع‬ ‫ﲡﻌﻞ‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫اثﻟ‬‫اث‬‫اث‬‫اث‬::::‫ﻗﴡ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﲝﺪ‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺋﻴﴘ‬‫ر‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻟﲁ‬٣‫ﳚﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻮف‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻧﻔ‬ ‫وﱔ‬ ‫ﺗﴩﺣﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫اثﻟ‬‫اث‬‫اث‬‫اث‬::::‫ﻗﴡ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﲝﺪ‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬ ‫ﺋﻴﴘ‬‫ر‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻟﲁ‬٣‫ﳚﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻮف‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻬﺎ‬‫ﻧﻔ‬ ‫وﱔ‬ ‫ﺗﴩﺣﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫اﺑ‬‫ر‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫اﺑ‬‫ر‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫اﺑ‬‫ر‬‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫اﺑ‬‫ر‬::::‫ﻴﺘﻪ‬‫ٔﳘ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻔﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓ‬‫الا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺧﺎﻣﺴ‬::::‫وﱃ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬)‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﻳﻀ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ً‫ﺣﻴﺎان‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﺎ‬‫اﻟﺜ‬‫و‬(‫وﺳﺒﺐ‬ ،‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻟﻬﺎ‬‫و‬‫ﺗﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﰎ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ّ‫ﺗﻮﰣ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻚ‬)‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﺗﻚ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻓﻜ‬(‫ـﻴﺎق‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻟ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺎﻃﻬﺎ‬‫ر‬‫ا‬ ‫وﻣﺪى‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺳﺎدﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺳﺎدﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺳﺎدﺳ‬‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﺳﺎدﺳ‬::::‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﻛﺒﲑ‬ ‫ًا‬‫د‬‫ﻋﺪ‬ ِ‫ﻮ‬‫ﳛﺘ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﻟﻮ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﲻﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬ ،‫ا‬ً‫ﺧﲑ‬ٔ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ً‫ﺧﲑ‬ٔ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ً‫ﺧﲑ‬ٔ‫ا‬،‫ا‬ً‫ﺧﲑ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ن‬ٓ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﳱﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ابﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫اﻛﺘﻔﻰ‬‫و‬ ‫ـﺘﻮﻋﺐ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺣﺔ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫اﳋﺎﲤﺔ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﻚ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮك‬ ‫وهجﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻘﻚ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫اﺗﺮك‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﺣﻮل‬
  • 20. ‫ا؟‬ً‫ﻣﻘﺮوء‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 20202020 .١‫ﻣﻌﻘﺪ‬ َ‫وﻏﲑ‬ ً‫ﺟﺬااب‬ ً‫اان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫اﺧﱰ‬ .٢‫ﺘﺸﻮق‬‫ﻟﻴ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻘهل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﺜﲑ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺗﻠﺨﺼﻪ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫دون‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺬة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻄﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻬﻴﺔ‬‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﲢﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﳌﻌ‬ .٣‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻘ‬‫ـﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘﻨ‬‫ﻟ‬‫اب‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻣﺎم‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﲵﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻴﻒ؟‬‫ﻛﻴﻒ؟‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺘﻪ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﺿﻊ‬..‫ﻟﻠﺘﻮ‬ ‫ذكل‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻨ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺣ‬☺ .٤‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻳﻖ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﺰﻣﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫ﲢﲄ‬ ‫ﻧﻚ‬ٔ‫اك‬‫و‬ ‫رﲰﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺮ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺼﺔ‬ ‫ـﺒﻪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻮب‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫اﻋﺮض‬ ‫ﺻﻐﲑ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺺ‬ .٥‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺘﻪ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳚﺪ‬ ‫اءة‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﺛﻨﺎء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻘهل‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﺮد‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺎؤل‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﲝﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ّ‫ﻗ‬‫ﻣﺘﻮ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰲ‬ .٦‫ﺑﻼﻏﻴﺔ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺻﻮر‬ ‫ﺣﻮت‬ ‫ن‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫ﻋﺒﺎ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ .٧‫اءة‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫وﻗﺘﻪ‬ ‫ـﺘﺤﻘﺖ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﳥ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ،‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ،‫اﳌﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺧﺎﲤﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫الا‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ُ‫ﻗ‬
  • 21. ‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺘﺢ‬‫ﺗﻔﺘ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 21212121 ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﲧ‬‫ﲧ‬‫ﲧ‬‫ﲧ‬‫اﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﴍوط‬‫اﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﴍوط‬‫اﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﴍوط‬‫اﻟﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﴍوط‬:::: ‫ﺘﻴﺎرك‬‫ﺧ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﺴﺖ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻌﱪة‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻓﺮﲟﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺬب‬ ‫ﻛﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎﺣﺒﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻮرة‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﻛﺜﲑ‬ ‫ﳣﺪ‬‫ﺗﻌ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﲈﺳﻪ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﻟﻌﻨ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﺪر‬ ‫ﺟﺎذﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺘﻚ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺣﺎول‬ ‫ﻗﺼﲑة‬ ‫اﶺﻞ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬‫و‬ ‫اﶺﻞ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻌﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺮر‬ ‫ﻻ‬. ‫ـﺘﻪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ود‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻮهل‬ ‫ٕاثرة‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻩ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳﻘ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫اﴍك‬‫ـﺘﻪ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ود‬ ‫ﻓﻀﻮهل‬ ‫ٕاثرة‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻩ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳﻘ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫اﴍك‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫اءة‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ـﺘﻌﻮد‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳌﺆﻛﺪة‬ ‫ابﻟﻔﺎﺋﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻋ‬:‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اة‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﶈﺘ‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ﲜﻤﻞ‬ ‫ٕﻣﺎ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﳤﺎ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ٕﺟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳚﺐ‬‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬‫ّﺪة‬‫ﻬ‬‫وﳑ‬ ‫ِﺌﺔ‬ّ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻬ‬ُ‫ﻣ‬ ‫وواﲵﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺟﺰة‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳉﺴﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎﺻﻴﻞ‬ ‫اﺗﺮك‬‫و‬ ‫اﳋﻼﺻﺔ‬“Hit and Run”
  • 22. ‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺗﺒﲏ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 22222222 ‫اﳋﺎﲤﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﲞﻼف‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺟﺴﻢ‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻓﻘ‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﻨﻄﺒﻖ‬‫ﻳ‬ .١‫ﻓﺮﻋﻲ‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﱪ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰻ‬)‫ﻓﺮﻋﻲ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬(‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﲢﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬)‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬( .٢‫اﱄ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬٣‫ﻗﻞ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﲨﻞ‬ .٣‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻤﻮن‬ ‫ﺗﴩح‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﱓ‬ ‫وﱃ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﶺةل‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻤﻮن‬ ‫ﺗﴩح‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﱓ‬ ‫وﱃ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﶺةل‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬ .٤‫ﳌﺎ‬ ‫ﻬﻴﺪ‬‫ﲤ‬‫و‬ ،‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺘﻀﺪاد‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎن‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻠﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﳌﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﲑ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬‫و‬ ‫ـﺘﻘةل‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﱓ‬ ‫ﲨةل‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ‬ .٥‫اﻟﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬:‫ﺳﻼﺳﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ابﻟﴬورة‬ ‫ﺗﺆدي‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﲨةل‬ ‫ﺧﺮ‬ٓ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻘﺎل‬‫الا‬ .٦‫اﻟﺘﺤﲒ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮور‬ ‫ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺜﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺮﻃﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ز‬‫ا‬‫ﺰ‬‫ـﺘﻔ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﲡﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ .٧‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﳚﺐ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ابﻟﻌﻨ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﳉﺬب‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﲟﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻓ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ﳏ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ٕن‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺪاﻳﺔ‬)‫ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺶ‬ ‫ﻟﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﺎط‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﲡﺎب‬ ‫ﻟﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬(‫ﻳﺼﺎب‬‫و‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻒ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻓﻊ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳖﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺔ‬‫ﳋ‬‫اب‬
  • 23. ‫اﳌﻘﺎل؟‬ ‫ﺗﺒﲏ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 23232323 ‫اﻟﻌﺮض‬ ‫ﳏﺘﻮي‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻟﺘﻘ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻴﺐ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬]٢:[ ‫زﻣﲏ‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:ً‫ﺘﻘﺒﻼ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬‫و‬ ،‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﺣﺎﻟ‬ ،‫اﳌﺎﴈ‬ ‫ﰲ‬. ‫ﻓﺌﻮي‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:،‫ﻳﻞ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﳣ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬،‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﴩ‬‫اﻟﺒ‬ ‫ارد‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬‫ٕﻧﺘﺎج‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬. ‫ﻣﻘﺎرن‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:‫اﳌﻘﱰح‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬ ،‫اﻟﻘﺪﱘ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬. ‫ﻋﻨﺎﴏ‬ ‫ﺑﻂ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪدة‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻐ‬ ‫ﻴﺒﺎت‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﳯﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬: ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻧﻨﺘﻘﻞ‬ ‫دﻋﻮان‬ ،‫اﳌﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺎ‬‫ﻧﳤ‬‫ا‬ ‫وﻗﺪ‬ ‫ن‬ٓ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬..... ‫ﻫﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺎﴏ‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﺪ‬:ً‫وﻻ‬ٔ‫ا‬....... ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳒﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫وﻣﻦ‬..... ‫ﻣﻘﺎرن‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:‫اﳌﻘﱰح‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬ ،‫اﻟﻘﺪﱘ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺎم‬. ‫ﺑﺪاﺋﻞ‬ ‫ٕﱄ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:،‫اﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ،‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺪﻳﻞ‬. ‫ﻣﺘﺪرج‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬)‫ﺗﻨﺎزﱄ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﻋﺪي‬):‫ﱒ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻣﻞ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬..‫ﻳﻠﳱﺎ‬‫و‬ ،... ‫ﺣﻠﻘﻲ‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬:‫ﳣﻊ‬‫جمل‬‫ا‬ ،‫اﳌﺆﺳﺴﺔ‬ ،‫اﻟﻔﺮد‬. ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳒﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫وﻣﻦ‬..... ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻜﺲ‬ ‫ﻋﲇ‬....‫ٕن‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬....... ‫ﻣﺜﻞ‬....‫ٕن‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ،....... ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ابﻟﺮﺟﻮع‬......... ‫ذﻛﺮانﻩ‬ ‫ﳌﺎ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﻛﻴﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬........
  • 24. ‫ﻣﺼﺎدرك؟‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﺎانت‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺪرج‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 24242424 ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﲢﺘﺎهجﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬: .١‫اء‬‫ﱪ‬‫اﳋ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻗ‬ٔ‫ا‬ .٢‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﺪﰪ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﺎﺋﻴﺎت‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻗﺎم‬‫ر‬ٔ‫ا‬ .٣‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اترﳜﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺪاث‬ٔ‫ا‬ .٤‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺒﻘﻚ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎت‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫اء‬‫ر‬ٓ‫ا‬‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺒﻘﻚ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎﺟﺎت‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫اء‬‫ر‬ٓ‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﺸﻌﺐ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺗﺆدي‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫دلى‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺜﲑ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫اﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اج‬‫ر‬‫ٕد‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫وﻃﻮل‬ ‫ﻗﺎم‬‫ر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﴪد‬ ِ‫ﺗﻜﺘﻒ‬ ‫ﻻ‬:‫ادلﻻﻻت‬ ‫اﻛﺘﺐ‬)‫ﺗﻔﺎع‬‫ر‬‫الا‬-‫ﻬﺒﻮط‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬/‫ٕﱁ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺼﻐﺮ‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻜﱪ‬(‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ٕﻟﳱﺎ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺸﲑ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﳱﺎ‬ ‫وﻋﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻗﺎم‬‫ر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬)‫ﲢﲒ‬ ‫ودون‬ ‫ﲝﻴﺎدﻳﺔ‬(‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻴﻔﻬﻤﻬﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬
  • 25. ‫ﻣﺼﺎدرك؟‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﺎانت‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺪرج‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 25252525 ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ذﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ً‫ﻧﻘﻼ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺻﻨﻌﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﰷن‬ ‫اء‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﱏ‬ ‫رﰟ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺻﻮر‬ ‫ﻓﺎق‬‫ر‬ٕ‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺒﺴﺖ‬‫ﻗﺘ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬‫اﻟالكم‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺑﻠﻔﻈﻪ‬‫ﺑﻠﻔﻈﻪ‬‫ﺑﻠﻔﻈﻪ‬‫ﺑﻠﻔﻈﻪ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﴯﺺ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﻮةل‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬‫ﻨﺼﻴﺺ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺘﺎ‬ ‫وﻫﲈ‬ ‫ﻗﲓ‬‫ﱰ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬ ”“”“ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻓﺖ‬‫ﴫ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ٕن‬‫ا‬‫اﻟﻨﺺ‬)‫ﻓﻘﺮة‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻗﻮل‬(‫اﳌﻌﲎ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻴﳢﺎ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﲑ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ابﺳﺘﺒﺪال‬ ‫وﳃﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻚ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳﻠ‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫وراﲛﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﻔﻬﻮم‬‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺸﲑ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﺑﳯﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻮﺟﻮد‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺒﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﳝﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﰴ‬. ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﰷ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬‫ﻮ‬‫وﺳ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻴ‬‫ﻧ‬‫و‬‫ٕﻟﻜﱰ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣﻮﻗ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﲝ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ً‫ﻛﺘﺎاب‬ ‫ﰷن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﰷﻣةل‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺪر‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎانت‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﰴ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫اﻟﺘﺎ‬‫و‬ ‫الاﻃﻼع‬ ‫ﻳﺪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﳌﻦ‬ ‫ابﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫وﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﻴﺪة‬ ‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪﻣﳤﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬
  • 26. ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل؟‬ ‫ﲣﱲ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 26262626 ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﳥﺮة‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﱔ‬‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﺪاﻳﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻫﺎ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎةل‬ ‫ﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻛﺰة‬ ‫ﺧﻼﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺠﺐ‬ ، ‫اﻟﻘﺎريء‬ ‫ذﻫﻦ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻨﻄﺒﻊ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺮ‬ٓ‫ا‬ ‫ﱔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ً‫ﻣﻠﺨﺼ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺎ‬)‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺲ‬‫و‬(،‫ﻨﺘﺎﰀ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ا‬‫ز‬‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺑ‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬،‫و‬‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬‫الا‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻈﺮ‬ ‫وهجﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ّ‫ﺗﻮﺻ‬ ‫ﻟﱵ‬‫ﻞ‬ ‫ٕﻟﳱﺎ‬‫ا‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﲀﺗﺐ‬ ‫ـﳤﺪﻓﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﰀ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﻼص‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﲤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺪ‬ٔ‫ﻟﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﳞﺪف‬ ‫اﳌﻠﺨﺺ‬‫ـﳤﺪﻓﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﰀ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﻼص‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﲤﻜﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﻴﺪ‬ٔ‫ﻟﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﳞﺪف‬ ‫اﳌﻠﺨﺺ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺐ‬ ‫اﳉﺪﻳﺪة‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﱔ‬ ‫ﻨﺘﺎﰀ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺨﺬﻩ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫ارﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫وﻗ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳌﻮﺿﻮع‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻬﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﲻﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎن‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﲀﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻗﻮة‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﱔ‬ ‫ﺘﻌﻠﻴﻖ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺘﺎج‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬‫الا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ي‬ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﻮف‬ ‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اء‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺟ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫م‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺘﻮﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﻫﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑﺸ‬ ‫ﻓﻬ‬ ‫ٕﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫دﻗﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺮس‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫اﻟﺼةل‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬‫و‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪﻣﳤﺎ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺼﺎدر‬‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺮﺟﻮع‬ ‫ﻴﺴﲑ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﺘﺴﺎﻋﺪ‬ ‫اﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ‬
  • 27. ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻴﺢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ 27272727 ‫ا‬ً‫ﺻﺒﻮر‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬..ٔ‫ا‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗﻘ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺠﺐ‬ ‫همﻤﺘﻚ‬ ‫ﲤﺎم‬ ‫ﻳﻌﲎ‬ ‫اﺣﺪة‬‫و‬ ‫ﳌﺮة‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﻈﻦ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺘﺎ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎدي‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬: .١‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫وﳏﺘ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﴍة‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ .٢‫ﻣﻼﺋﻴﺔ‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻐ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﻋﺪم‬ .٢‫ﻣﻼﺋﻴﺔ‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻐ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺎء‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﻋﺪم‬ .٣‫ﻳﺔ‬‫ﲒ‬‫ٕﳒﻠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻌ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺘﲔ‬‫اب‬ ‫اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺤﺎت‬ ‫دﻗﺔ‬ .٤‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫اء‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺟ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﺎﺳﻖ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻋﺎة‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬:‫ﺑﺸﺪة‬ ‫ﺧﺮ‬ٓ‫ا‬ ‫ﺟﺰء‬ ‫ﻳﻀﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻴامن‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻋ‬‫اﺗﺴﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺰء‬ ‫ﺘﺴﻊ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ .٥‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﺒﻘﻰ‬ ‫ﻓﻼ‬ ‫ﳏﺪودة‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﰷ‬ ‫ن‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ﻮ‬‫وﴰ‬ ‫وﺿﻮح‬ ‫ﺑﲁ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﴩح‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓ‬‫الا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﳱﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻓﻴﺔ‬ ‫ٕﺟﺎﺑﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳚﺪ‬ ‫ﱂ‬ ‫ﺑﺬﻫﻨﻪ‬
  • 28. ‫اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ٕ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻨﻘﻴﺢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ 28282828 .٦‫ﺗﻴﺔ‬ٓ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺌةل‬‫ﺳ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺴﻚ‬ ‫ل‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫اﺳ‬:‫ﻋﻨﻪ؟‬ ‫ﲡﻴﺐ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫اﻟﺴ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺮة‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﴩهحﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻜﺮة‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﲡﻴﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫اﻓﺼﻞ‬‫و‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺎﲠﺔ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ا‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ادﻣﺞ‬‫و‬ .٧‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻘﻮل‬ ‫ﻃﻮل‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻐﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫وﺳﻬﻮةل‬ ‫ات‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻔﻘ‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻠﺲ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻘﺎل‬‫الا‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴﻞ‬‫ﻟﺘ‬‫ا‬ .٨‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﳯﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺑﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ورﺑﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎس‬‫ﻗ‬‫الا‬ .٨‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺑﳯﺎﻳﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺑﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ورﺑﻄﻪ‬ ‫ﺘﺒﺎس‬‫ﻗ‬‫الا‬ .٩‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﳖﺎ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﲱﳤﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺪ‬ٔ‫ﺗﺎ‬ ،‫ابﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫و‬‫ٕﻟﻜﱰ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬ ‫رواﺑﻂ‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ ‫ﺣﺎةل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ .٠١‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳎﺎل‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﻓﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ابﳌﻌ‬ ‫اﳌﲅ‬ ‫ﻏﲑ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫وﺻﻮل‬
  • 29. ‫اﳌﻮﺿﻮع؟‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺴةل‬‫ﺳﻠ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻴﻒ‬‫ﻛ‬ 29292929 ‫ﻓﲀر‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻌﺐ‬ ‫وﻋﺪم‬ ‫وﺿﻮﺣﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻮ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫اﻣﻞ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﱒ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﳯﺎ‬‫و‬‫ﺑﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ا‬ً‫ﺟﺪ‬ ‫ﻳةل‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﻳﻄﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺧ‬ ‫دلﻳﻚ‬ ‫ـﺘﻜﻮن‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﺒ‬‫ﻓﻐﺎﻟ‬ ‫ﲻﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻋ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺎول‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻮي‬ ‫ﻛﻨﺖ‬ ‫ٕذا‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺮﻋﻴﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺋﻴ‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﲁ‬ ‫اﲝﺚ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺪد‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺑﺘﻘ‬ ‫وﰴ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴةل‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ٕﻋﺪاد‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ٔ‫ا‬‫اﺑﺪ‬‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻟﲁ‬ ‫اﲝﺚ‬‫و‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﺪد‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﻌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ـﲓ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺑﺘﻘ‬ ‫وﰴ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺴﻠﺴةل‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ٕﻋﺪاد‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ٔ‫ا‬‫اﺑﺪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪة‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻓﲀرﻩ‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﺎدر‬ ‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫ﻋﺪة‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻌﻪ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻧﻪ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﳾء‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﳚﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﻟﻦ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ول‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﺘﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﺎرئ‬ ‫ﻋﲅ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳇﻤﺔ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ال‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫اب‬ ‫ﻳﻖ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘﺸ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻬﻴﺪ‬‫ﳣ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﻨﻮع‬ ‫ﻴﺘﺒﻊ‬‫ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫ٕﺷﺎرة‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﲤﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﺟﻌﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺎﱄ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻤﻮن‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﺬاﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎﻻت‬ ‫اﺑﻂ‬‫و‬‫ور‬ ‫ارﱗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻳﻦ‬‫و‬‫ﻋﻨﺎ‬ ‫ٕﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﺒﻘﻪ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﰻ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ﴍ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻬﺮس‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﳯﺎﻳﺔ‬
  • 30. ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧﺘ‬‫ا‬ 30303030 ‫ﺑﻜﱶة‬‫و‬ ‫ﴪﻋﺔ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﳏﺮﰷت‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫وﻇﻬﻮرﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎكل‬ ‫ﺘﺸﺎر‬‫ﻧ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺳﺎس‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﺒﻴﺎانت‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻋﺪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬ ‫رﺷﻔﺔ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺳﺎس‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤ‬ ‫ادلﻋﺎﻳﺔ‬‫و‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﱰ‬‫ٕﻧ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ﻳﻖ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘﺴ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺳﺎ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﻌﻤﻠﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ ً‫ﻳﻀ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﳎﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫اﳌﺸﱰﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﺿﻴﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﲀ‬‫ٕﻣ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﳎﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫اﳌﺸﱰﻛﺔ‬ ‫اﺿﻴﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻟﻠﻤ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺔ‬‫ﲀ‬‫ٕﻣ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺴﻬﻞ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫اءﺗﻪ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ادت‬‫ز‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻋ‬‫ـﻴﻮ‬‫ﺷ‬‫و‬ ً‫ﺗﺪاوﻻ‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﺻةل‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻧﺖ‬‫ﰷ‬ ‫ﳇﲈ‬
  • 31. ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧﺘ‬‫ا‬ 31313131 ‫ٕﱃ‬‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﻮﺻﻮل‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺤﺚ‬٤‫ﻫﺪاف‬ٔ‫ا‬]٣:[ .١‫داﰂ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪﻣﲔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﳌ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﲑة‬ ‫ﻋﺪاد‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﳯﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺒﺤﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬. .٢‫اء‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻴﻨﺔ‬‫ﻣﻌ‬ ‫ﻓﺌﺔ‬ ‫ـﳤﺪف‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ‬ ‫ﳌﻘﺎﻻﺗﻚ‬ ‫ـﺒﺔ‬‫ﺳ‬‫اﳌﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﲢﺪﻳﺪ‬. .٣‫ـﳤﺪﻓﲔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫اء‬‫ﺮ‬‫اﻟﻘ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻐﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﲁ‬ ‫ٕﳌﺎم‬‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬. .٤‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬‫و‬ ‫اﺿﻴﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬.‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫اذلي‬ ‫اﶈﺘﻮى‬‫و‬ ‫اﺿﻴﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬. ‫ـﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﳝﻜﻨﻚ‬Google Keyword planner‫اﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﺘﺪاوةل‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ﻓﺔ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﳌﻌ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻘ‬‫ـﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﴍﺣﻨﺎﻫﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫داﻩ‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻗﻊ‬‫ﻮ‬‫اﳌ‬ ‫زوار‬ ‫ﺑﲔ‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻣ‬‫ـﺘﺨﺪا‬‫ﺳ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻛﱶ‬ٔ‫اﻻ‬‫و‬ ،‫ﲟﻘﺎكل‬SemRush ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻮﻇﺔ‬:‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫ـﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ٕن‬‫ا‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻦ‬‫و‬ ،‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ان‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋﻨ‬ ‫ﰲ‬ ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﳫﲈت‬ ‫اﺟﺪ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗﺘ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻀﻞ‬ ‫اﳌﺼﻄﻠﺢ‬ ‫و‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﳫﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺠﺎوز‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﲝﻴﺚ‬ ‫ﲝﳬﺔ‬٨%‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻋﺪد‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬)‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻘﻞ‬ ‫ن‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﳚﺐ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫اذلي‬‫و‬٢٥٠ ‫ﳇﻤﺔ‬(
  • 32. ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧﺘ‬‫ا‬ 32323232 Keyword Planner [3]
  • 33. ‫اﳌﻔﺘﺎﺣﻴﺔ‬ ‫اﳌﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﳇﲈت‬ ‫ﻴﺎر‬‫ﺧﺘ‬‫ا‬ 33333333 SemRush [5]
  • 34. ‫ﻨﻘﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﻖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﻄ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ا‬ 34343434 ‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬‫همﺎرة‬ ‫ﺗﻌﲅ‬““““:::: ‫همﺎرة‬‫ـامتع‬‫ﺳ‬‫الا‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https &theater3/?type=699958943429257./1417029217.2207520000 ‫ﳌﺪﻳﺮي‬ ‫ـﻴﺔ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺳﺎ‬ٔ‫ﻻ‬‫ا‬ ‫ـﺒﻌﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳌﻬﺎ‬‫ﻳﻊ‬‫ر‬‫اﳌﺸﺎ‬ 8%D7%A8%D87%9%D85%9%D84%9%D7%A8://egyptscholars.org/ar/article/%Dhttp 8%D7%A8%D87%9%D85%9%D84%9%D7%A8://egyptscholars.org/ar/article/%Dhttp -9%A8%D9%B8%D8%A8%D3%B8%D84%9%D7%A8%D-%AA8%D7%A8%D1%B -9%A8A%D8%9%D3%B8%D7%A8%D3%B8%D3%A8%D84%9%D7%A8%D -89%9%D1%B8A%D8%9%AF%D8%D85%9%D84%9%D /4%B8%D85%9%D84%9%D7%A8%D
  • 35. ‫ﻨﻘﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﻖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﻄ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ا‬ 35353535 ‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬‫اﺟامتﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت‬““““ ‫ﻋﻦ‬‫اﻟﺘﻄﻮع‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https 1/?type=698905303534621./1408622225.2207520000 ‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬‫اﻟﺘﻘﺪم‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﻠﲓ‬““““ ‫ادلﻛﺘﻮراﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﳊﺼﻮل‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺎﰁ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬‫ادلﻛﺘﻮراﻩ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫اﳊﺼﻮل‬ ‫ﻧﺼﺎﰁ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬ -.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https &theater3/?type=750376598387491./1417012678.2207520000 ‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬‫اﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﳣﻊ‬‫ﳎ‬““““ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮف‬ ‫ﻣﺎذا‬‫اﳌﻜﻔﻮﻓﲔ‬ 10737418.518933431572903://www.facebook.com/momken.egyptscholars/photos/a.https 1/?type=523072434492336/403703156429265.29
  • 36. ‫ﻨﻘﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬‫و‬ ‫ﻴﻖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘﻄ‬‫ﻟﻠ‬ ‫ﻣﺜةل‬ٔ‫ا‬ 36363636 ‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬‫ﻋﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬““““ ‫اﺋﺪ‬‫ر‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬:-.192268510864972https://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb. &theater3/?type=750014481757036./1417012678.2207520000 ‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﴏة‬ ‫ﴯﺼﻴﺎت‬““““ ‫ﺳﻠﲈن‬‫ﺧﺎن‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https ‫ﺳﻠﲈن‬‫ﺧﺎن‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https &theater3/?type=752035958221555./1417012678.2207520000 ‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬‫اﻟﺘﺎرﱗ‬ ‫ﻋﱪ‬ ‫ات‬‫ر‬‫اﳊﻀﺎ‬““““ ‫ادى‬‫و‬ ‫ة‬ٔ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧﺸ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬‫ﻴﻠﻴﻜﻮن‬‫ـ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬-.192268510864972://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb.https &theater3/?type=746783115413506./1417012798.2207520000 ‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬‫ابب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎل‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﲆ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﺎل‬""""‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﺣﺔ‬‫و‬““““ ‫وروزﻳﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻼي‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴةل‬-.192268510864972https://www.facebook.com/EgyptScholars/photos/pb. &theater3/?type=746251852133299./1417012798.2207520000
  • 38. ‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬ 38383838 How to write a good article http://www.writersdigest.com/whats-new/write-a-how-to-article-in-6-easy-steps http://www.raintoday.com/library/articles/how-to-write-a-great-online-article-6-tips-from- raintodays-editor/ http://www.thepenmagazine.net/20-steps-to-write-a-good-article/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JSCcUTeK8dchttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JSCcUTeK8dc https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WxWP71ayUUE https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j_uJkHk5Ddk https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qax1drGRzbM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JraUOYA2slI https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e4tSshrFHE0 Improve your reading comprehension https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WgbG5lo5Usg
  • 39. ‫ﺧﺮى‬ٔ‫ا‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎدر‬ 39393939 Creative writing (To write English articles) http://www.writerstreasure.com/creative-writing-101/ Technical writings (To write English articles)Technical writings (To write English articles) http://www1.aucegypt.edu/academic/writers/research.htm Improve your writing in English https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GgkRoYPLhts (We recommend subscribe to the channel and spend some time watching)