Qtp interview questions3


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Qtp interview questions3

  1. 1. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.comInterview Questions in QTP -- Part 1By admin on Sep 16, 2007 in Interview Questions in QTP-I1. This Quick Test feature allows you select the appropriate add-ins to load withyour test.Add-in Manager2. Name the six columns of the Keyword view.Item, Operation, Value, Documentation, Assignment, Comment3. List the steps to change the logical name of an object named “Three Panel” into“Status Bar” in the Object Repository.Select Tools>Object Repository. In the Action1 object repository list of objects, select anobject, right click and select Rename from the pop-up menu.4. Name the two run modes available in Quick Test Professional.Normal and Fast5. When Quick Test Professional is connected to Quality Center, all automatedassets (e.g. tests, values) are stored in Quality Center.True6. What information do you need when you select the Record and Run Setting –Record and run on these applications (opened when a session begins)?Application details (name, location, any program arguments)7. Name and discuss the three elements that make up a recorded step.Item – the object recorded, Operation – the action performed on the object, Value – thevalue selected, typed or set for the recorded object8. There are two locations to store run results. What are these two locations anddiscuss each.New run results folder – permanently stores a copy of the run results in a separatelocation under the automated test folder.www.ramupalanki.com
  2. 2. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.comTemporary run results folder – Run results can be overwritten every time the test isplayed back.9. True or False: The object class Quick Test uses to identify an object is a propertyof the object.False10. True or False: You can modify the list of pre-selected properties that Quick Testuses to identify an object.True11. True or False: A synchronization step instructs Quick Test to wait for a state ofa property of an object before proceeding to the next recorded step.Synchronization steps are activated only during recording.True12. Manually verifying that an order number was generated by an application anddisplayed on the GUI is automated in Quick Test using what feature?a Checkpoint13. True or False: Quick Test can automate verification which are not visible on theapplication under test interface.True14. What is Checkpoint Timeout Value?.A checkpoint timeout value specifies the time interval (in seconds) during which QuickTest attempts to perform the checkpoint successfully. Quick Test continues to performthe checkpoint until it passes or until the timeout occurs. If the checkpoint does not passbefore the timeout occurs, the checkpoint fails.15. True or False:You can modify the name of a checkpoint for better readability.Ans: False16. Define a regular expression for the following range of valuesa. Verify that the values begin with Afx3 followed by 3 random digitsAfx3459, Afx3712, Afx3165www.ramupalanki.com
  3. 3. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.comb. Verify that a five-digit value is included in the stringStatus code 78923 approvAfx3d{3}Status Code d{5} approved17. Write the letter of the type of parameter that best corresponds to therequirement:a. An order number has to be retrieved from the window and saved into a file for eachtest run.b. A value between 12 and 22 is entered in no particular order for every test run.c. Every iteration of a test should select a new city from a list item.A. Environment ParameterB. Input ParameterC. Component ParameterD. Output ParameterE. Random ParameterD, E, B18. This is the Data Table that contains values retrieved from the application undertest. You can view the captured values after the test run, from the Test Results.What do you call this data table?.Run-Time Data Table19. Name and describe each of the four types of trigger events.Ans:A pop up window appears in an opened application during the test run.A property of an object changes its state or value.A step in the test does not run successfully.An open application fails during the test run.20. Explain initial and end conditions.Ans: Initial and end conditions refer to starting and end points of a test that allows the testto iterate from the same location, and with the same set up every time (e.g. all fields areblank, the test starts at the main menu page).21. What record and run setting did you select so that the test iterates starting at thehome page?Ans: Record and run test on any open Web browser.www.ramupalanki.com
  4. 4. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.com22. What Quick Test features did you use to automate step 4 in the test case? Whatproperty did you select?Ans: Standard checkpoint on the list item Number of TicketsProperties: items count, inner text, all items23. Select Tools> Object Repository. In the Action1 object repository list of objects,select an object, right click and select Rename from the pop-up menu.Ans: Input Parameter24. What planning considerations did you have to perform in order to meet theabove listed requirements?.Ans:Register at least three new users prior to creating the automated test in order to haveseed data in the database.25. What Quick Test feature did you use to meet the requirement:“The test should iterate at least three times using different user names and passwords”Ans: Random parameter, range 1 to 426.Discuss how you automated the requirement:“Each name used during sign-in should the be first name used when booking the ticket atthe Book a Flight page.”Ans: The username is already an input parameter. Parameterize the step ‘passFirst0’under BookAFlight and use the parameter for username.27.Challenge: What Quick Test feature did you use to meet the requirement:“All passwords should be encrypted”Ans: Challenge: From the Data table, select the cell and perform a right mouse click. Apop up window appears. Select Data > Encrypt.Interview Questions in QTP -- Part 21. What are the Features & Benefits of Quick Test Pro (QTP)? • Key word driven testing • Suitable for both client server and web based application • Vb script as the scripts language • Better error handling mechanism • Excellent data driven testing featureswww.ramupalanki.com
  5. 5. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.com2. Where can I get Quick Test pro (QTP Pro) software? This is Just for Informationpurpose only.Introduction to Quick Test Professional 8.0, Computer Based Training: Please find thestep to get Quick Test Professional 8.0 CBT Step by Step Tutorial and Evaluation copy ofthe software. The full CBT is 162 MB. You will have to create account to be able todownload evaluation copies of CBT and Software.3. How to handle the exceptions using recovery scenario manager in QTP?You can instruct QTP to recover unexpected events or errors that occurred in your testingenvironment during test run. Recovery scenario manager provides a wizard that guidesyou through the defining recovery scenario. Recovery scenario has three steps • Triggered Events • Recovery steps • Post Recovery Test-Run4. What is the use of Text output value in Qtp?Output values enable to view the values that the application talks during run time. Whenparameterized, the values change for each iteration. Thus by creating output values, wecan capture the values that the application takes for each run and output them to the datatable.5. How to use the Object spy in QTP 8.0 versions?There are two ways to Spy the objects in QTP1) Thru file toolbar- In the File Toolbar click on the last toolbar button (an icon showing a person with hat).2) Tru Object repository Dialog- In Object repository dialog click on the button “object spy…"In the Object spy Dialog click on the button showing hand symbol.the pointer now changes in to a hand symbol and we have to point out the object to spythe state of the objectIf at all the object is not visible. Or window is minimized then Hold the Ctrl button andactivate the required window to and release the Ctrl button.6. What is the file extension of the code file & object repository file in QTP?www.ramupalanki.com
  6. 6. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.comFile extension of- Per test object rep: - filename.mtr- Shared Object rep: - filename.tsrCode file extension id script.mts7. Explain the concept of object repository & how QTP recognizes objects?Object Repository: displays a tree of all objects in the current component or in the currentaction or entire test (depending on the object repository mode you selected).We can view or modify the test object description of any test object in the repository or toadd new objects to the repository.Quick test learns the default property values and determines in which test object class itfits. If it is not enough it adds assertive properties, one by one to the description until ithas compiled the unique description. If no assistive properties are available, then it adds aspecial Ordinal identifier such as objects location on the page or in the source code.8. What are the properties you would use for identifying a browser & page whenusing descriptive programming?"Name" would be another property apart from "title" that we can use.ORWe can also use the property "micClass".Ex: Browser ("micClass: =browser").page ("micClass: =page")….9. What are the different scripting languages you could use when working withQTP?Visual Basic (VB), XML, JavaScript, Java, HTML10. Give me an example where you have used a COM interface in your QTPproject?11. Few basic questions on commonly used Excel VBA functions.Common functions are:Coloring the cellAuto fit cellsetting navigation from link in one cell to othersaving12. Explain the keyword create object with an example.Creates and returns a reference to an Automation objectSyntax: Create Object (servername.typename [, location])www.ramupalanki.com
  7. 7. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.comArgumentsservername: Required. The name of the application providing the object.typename: Required. The type or class of the object to create.Location: Optional. The name of the network server where the object is to be created.13. Explain in brief about the QTP Automation Object Model.Essentially all configuration and run functionality provided via the Quick Test interface isin some way represented in the Quick Test automation object model via objects, methods,and properties. Although a one-on-one comparison cannot always be made, most dialogboxes in Quick Test have a corresponding automation object, most options in dialogboxes can be set and/or retrieved using the corresponding object property, and most menucommands and other operations have corresponding automation methods. You can usethe objects, methods, and properties exposed by the Quick Test automation object model,along with standard programming elements such as loops and conditional statements todesign your program.14. How to handle dynamic objects in QTP?QTP has a unique feature called Smart Object Identification/recognition. QTP generallyidentifies an object by matching its test object and run time object properties. QTP mayfail to recognize the dynamic objects whose properties change during run time. Hence ithas an option of enabling Smart Identification, wherein it can identify the objects even iftheir properties changes during run time.Check this out-If Quick Test is unable to find any object that matches the recorded object description, orif it finds more than one object that fits the description, then Quick Test ignores therecorded description, and uses the Smart Identification mechanism to try to identify theobject.While the Smart Identification mechanism is more complex, it is more flexible, and thus,if configured logically, a Smart Identification definition can probably help Quick Testidentify an object, if it is present, even when the recorded description fails.The Smart Identification mechanism uses two types of properties:Base filter properties - the most fundamental properties of a particular test object class;those whose values cannot be changed without changing the essence of the originalobject. For example, if a Web links tag was changed from to any other value; you couldno longer call it the same object. Optional filter properties - other properties that can helpidentify objects of a particular class as they are unlikely to change on a regular basis, butwhich can be ignored if they are no longer applicable.15. What is a Run-Time Data Table? Where can I find and view this table?www.ramupalanki.com
  8. 8. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.comIn QTP, there is data table used, which is used at runtime.-In QTP, select the option View->Data table.-This is basically an excel file, which is stored in the folder of the test created, its name isDefault.xls by default.16. How does Parameterization and Data-Driving relate to each other in QTP?To data drive we have to parameterize.i.e. We have to make the constant value asparameter, so that in each iteraration (cycle) it takes a value that is supplied in run-timedatatable. Through parameterization only we can drive a transaction (action) withdifferent sets of data. You know running the script with the same set of data several timesis not suggestible, & its also of no use.17. What is the difference between Call to Action and Copy Action?Call to Action: The changes made in Call to Action, will be reflected in the originalaction (from where the script is called).But where as in Copy Action, the changes madein the script, will not effect the original script (Action)18. Discuss QTP Environment.Quick Test Pro environment using the graphical interface and Active Screen technologies- A testing process for creating test scripts, relating manual test requirements toautomated verification features - Data driving to use several sets of data using one testscript.19. Explain the concept of how QTP identifies object.During recording qtp looks at the object and stores it as test object. For each test objectQT learns a set of default properties called mandatory properties, and look at the rest ofthe objects to check whether this properties are enough to uniquely identify the object.During test run, QT searches for the run time objects that match with the test object itlearned while recording.20. Differentiate the two Object Repository Types of QTP.Object repository is used to store all the objects in the application being tested.2 types ofobject repository per action and shared. In shared repository only one centralizedrepository for all the tests. Where as in per action for each test a separate per actionrepository is created.21. What the differences are and best practical application of each.Per Action: For Each Action, one Object Repository is created.Shared: One Object Repository is used by entire applicationwww.ramupalanki.com
  9. 9. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.com22. Explain what the difference between Shared Repository and Per_ActionRepositoryShared Repository: Entire application uses one Object Repository, that similar to GlobalGUI Map file in Win RunnerPer Action: For each Action, one Object Repository is created, like GUI map file per testin Win Runner23. Have you ever written a compiled module? If yes tell me about some of thefunctions that you wrote.I used the functions for capturing the dynamic data during runtime. Function used forCapturing Desktop, browser and pages.24. What projects have you used Win Runner on? Tell me about some of thechallenges that arose and how you handled them.Pbs: WR fails to identify the object in GUI. If there is a non std window obj WR cannotrecognize it, we use GUI SPY for that to handle such situation.25. Can you do more than just capture and playback?I have done dynamically capturing the objects during runtime in which no recording, noplayback and no use of repository is done AT ALL.-It was done by the windows scripting using the DOM (Document Object Model) of thewindows.26. How long have you used the product?27. How to do the scripting. Are there any inbuilt functions in QTP as in QTP-S?Whatz the difference between them? How to handle script issues?Yes, theres an in-built functionality called "Step Generator" in Insert->Step->StepGenerator -F7, which will generate the scripts as u enter the appropriate steps.28. What is the difference between checkpoint and output value.An output value is a value captured during the test run and entered in the run-time but toa specified location.EX:-Location in Data Table [Global sheet / local sheet]29. IF we use batch testing, the result is shown for last action only. In such cases thathow can I get result for every action?www.ramupalanki.com
  10. 10. For QTP Realtime Scripts, visit www.ramupalanki.comU can click on the icon in the tree view to view the result of every action30. How the exception handling can be done using QTPIt can be done Using the Recovery Scenario Manager which provides a wizard thatguides you through the process of defining a recovery scenario. FYI. The wizard could beaccessed in QTP> Tools-> Recovery Scenario Manager.31. How do you test Siebel application using qtp?32. How many types of Actions are there in QTP?There are three kinds of actions:Non-reusable action - an action that can be called only in the test with which it is stored,and can be called only once.Reusable action - an action that can be called multiple times by the test with which it isstored (the local test) as well as by other tests.External action - a reusable action stored with another test. External actions are read-onlyin the calling test, but you can choose to use a local, editable copy of the Data Tableinformation for the external action.33. How do you data drive an external spreadsheet?34. I want to open a Notepad window without recording a test and I do not want touse SystemUtil.Run command as well how do I do this?U can still make the notepad open without using the record or System utility script, justby mentioning the path of the notepad "( i.e., where the notepad.exe is stored in thesystem) in the "Windows Applications Tab" of the "Record and Run Settings window.www.ramupalanki.com