Achievers’ Colloquium 2012 Modern Library practice:Lessons Learned from Indian Context T. Ramanan Sr. Assistant Librarian Main Library Eastern University, Sri Lanka
Presentation Content• Automation – Open-Source Software• Digital Librarianship• Institutional Repositories• Preservation and Conservation• Personnel Effectiveness• Library visits – best practices• Conclusion
Introduction• Advanced Certificate in Modern Library Practices – NITTTR/ Chennai• 22candidates - selected from 16 (Bhutan, Egypt, Ethiopia, Fiji, Ghana, Indonesia, Laos, Mauritius, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.• Indian library education system, Library Automation through open-source software, Application of ICT in librarianship, Digital library management, Web resources, Library networks, Web page design, Collection development techniques, Total Quality Management, Meta data and MARC 21 for Library database creation, Bar Code Technology, Preservation of Library Resources, and Soft Skills• Teaching methodology included formal classroom lectures, group discussions and presentations, hands-on, demonstrations, and library visits.
Introduction…• Special focus had been given to the following topics: – Library Automation using Open Source Software, – Digital Library using Open Source Software, and – Web Page Design for Library• Libraries visited: • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Library, Madras • University of Madras Library • British Council Library, Chennai • Anna University Library – MIT Campus • Anna Centenary Library • Tamil Nadu Archives • Tamil Nadu Museum, and • Connemara Public Library
Automation: Using Open-Source Software• OSS – source code –available to modify, operate and redistribute.• OSS – operating on Linux OS – Server seldom hangs (advantageous)• Multi-users & multi-tasking• OSS – secured – frequently looked up by many programmers at a time.• F(L)OSS – Free (Libre) & Open-Source Software. e.g. KOHA, NewGenLib, Evergreen, OpenBiblio, PMB• Organizations for OSS – Open Courseware Consortium, Sun Microsystems, Inc., School Forge, etc.
Open-Source vs Proprietary• Cost-effectiveness, secured, availability of source- code, open standard, better quality control, vendor independence, legally free, easy to evaluate, localization.• Free Software Foundation (FSF) – Richard Stallman Traditional Approach (Brook’s Law) Open-Source Approach (Linux Law) •Hierarchy •Network •Experts •Peers (no difference) •Teams •Communities •Cathedral •Bazaar •Perfection •Improvements •Construction •Evolution
Digitization• Objectives, types of materials, facilities – factors to be concerned.• Format – need to keep on changing – because the it changes in time – current format becomes obsolete.• Open-sources – could be utilized (e.g. Greenstone)• Benefits - increase the usage potential of resources, preservation purpose, image of library service
Greenstone – Digital Library Software• DL – built on Internet or CD ROM• Open-source• Multi-ligual & supported by UNESCO• Knowledge Management/ Content management – access to internal information assets• Multiple platform support – Windows, Linux, Mac.• Additional plug-ins – downloaded from the web or found in the s/w itself
Webpage – Showcase of Services• Information marketing• Need – demand, content, resource formats, and mentality• Elements – body, list, color, images, font, tables, etc.• FrontPage, Dreamweaver CS2, Flash, etc.
Preservation & Conservation• Conservation: process to reduce the rate of decay, to prolong the life of concerned objects.• Duplicative conservation – digitization, microfilming, reprographic means, photographs• Preventive conservation – pest control, proper storage, better housekeeping management• Curative conservation – washing, cleaning, de- acidification, encapsulation, lamination, fumigation, binding & filing• New techniques – learnt – Chiffon lamination, reversible lamination methods, Japanese tissue (Kozogami).
Personal Effectiveness• IQ, EQ & RQ – influence on inter-personal communication, technological competence and psychological aspects of the service.• Development of soft-skills of library professionals• Stress Management• SWOT analysis• Frequent appraisals
Acknowledgements• I record my sincere gratitude to Sri Lanka Library Association for the nomination.• The Indian Fellowship was sponsored by Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India (under Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation – ITEC) and Ministry of Finance, Government of India (under Technical Cooperation Scheme of Colombo Plan – TCS)• National Institute of Technical Teacher Training and Research (NITTTR), Chennai, for two months in the latter part of year 2011.• Eastern University of Sri Lanka & Library – for the support & granting leave.