JUST THE FACTS 9 MEASURING THE FACTS: LCAs and EPDs
JUST THE FACTS 10What is a Life Cycle Assessment?
JUST THE FACTS 11Life Cycle Assessment of a physical product(e.g. glass, hammer)Life Cycle Assessment of a machine(e.g. washing machine, air-conditioning)
JUST THE FACTS 12Typical carpet tile LCABased on InterfaceFLOR’s Sustainability Index for Heuga 580 with the following assumptions: end of life landfill, no green energy, lifetime 10 years. Interface’sSustainability Index is based on LCA using GABI 4 database. GHG emissions, embodied energy and toxicity each account for 1/3 to the overall index.
JUST THE FACTS 13The issue with companyLCAs, is that you cantweak the assumptions
JUST THE FACTS 14Product Category Rules LCA PCR EPD Life Product Environmental Cycle Category Product Assessment Rules Declaration
JUST THE FACTS 15EPD stands for:Environmental Product DeclarationIt is a third party validated LCA
JUST THE FACTS 16The Green Standard Organisation refers to it as...“A single source for finding scientifically robust and transparent (...) information about a product’s environmental performance, verified by a qualified third party”
JUST THE FACTS 17First of all, here iswhat an EPD is not...
JUST THE FACTS 19What is found on an EnvironmentalProduct Declaration (EPD)Construction Renewable Material Mass (%)Layer ResourcesTotal Pile Polyamide 6 8.9 No No Limited USALayerCarrier Polyester, non woven 3.0 No No Limited EuropePrecoat 30.2 SBR No No Limited EuropeBonding Limestone No No Limited Europe ATH No No Limited Europe Bitumen No No Limited Europe SBR No No Limited EuropeStructural Limestone,Graphlex pre-consumer 65.6 No Yes Abundant EuropeBacking recycled Glassfleece 0.8 No No Limited Europe Polypropylene 1.5 No No Limited Europe
JUST THE FACTS 20What is found on an EnvironmentalProduct Declaration (EPD) Part 1 Part 2 Part 3Categories Production Delivery and End of life Units per m2 Use (1 year)Evaluated Stage installation stagePrimary energy not (MJ) 163.5 2.5 3.8 -48.8renewablePrimary energy (MJ) 7.2 6.7-104 0.3 -0.4renewableGreenhouse (kgC02, - eqv.) 7.8 0.35 0.2 4.2potential (GWP 100)Ozone degradation (kg R11 - eqv.) 6.2-107 -3.0-10-10 4.0-108 -2.6-10-8potential (ODP)Acidification potential (kg S02 - eqv.) 2.6-10-2 1.5-10-3 7.7-10-4 5.1-10-3(AP)Nutrification (NP) (kg P04 - eqv.) 4.5-103 2.6010-10-4 9.1-10-5 9.8-10-4Photochemical (kg ethene - eqv.)oxidant formation 3.4-10-3 1.3-10-4 6.2-10-5 1.2-10-4(POCP)
JUST THE FACTS 21 FULL TRANSPARENCY AND MARKETING
JUST THE FACTS 24Single benefit claims.Narrowly correct, misleadingin the big picture.
JUST THE FACTS 25What’s the nextclaim? Dolphinfriendly carpet!?!
JUST THE FACTS 26Let’s face it, anyone canmake a label... the Ecolabel Index listed 377 schemes in 214 countries and 25 industry sectors
JUST THE FACTS 27But the perfect label is one that..._Is owned by an independent organisation_Is accredited by a non-affiliated entity_Uses criteria based on the LCA_Separates consultants and certifiers_Adheres to Type III under ISO 14025
JUST THE FACTS 28 FULL TRANSPARENCY AND SUPPLY CHAIN
JUST THE FACTSThe 700 questions (very useless) questionnaire_Do you have an environmental policy?_Do you sign to the precautionary principle?_Have you signed to the Global Compact?_Who is your ISO14001 auditor?
JUST THE FACTSGovernments making informed decisions_Based on full LCA information_Tax exemptions_Regulations_Performance standards
JUST THE FACTSExample of the car industry_What is the biggest issue?_Energy at use = gCO2/km_European-wide goals for the industry on gCO2/km_Mandatory on advertising_Low gCO2/km have exemptions eg parking, congestion charge_Company cars pay more tax if more gCO2/km
JUST THE FACTSFiguring out your sector Social Product Declaration_What is the key issue in the sector?_Can we measure it? (kg, litres, number of people, etc)_Can we define the functional unit at product / service?_Industry and stakeholders to agree on PCR
JUST THE FACTSIs it expensive?_Less than the BRE profiles_Much less than a typical corporate reporting process_Less than the sum of (not extremely useful) labels, certificates, etc
JUST THE FACTSThanks for your patience!_Ramon Arratia_Sustainability Director_InterfaceFLOR EMEAI_Mobile +44 77366 firstname.lastname@example.org_www.interfaceflor.eu_BLOG http://www.interfaceflorcutthefluff.com/_http://twitter.com/RamonArratia_Download this presentation @ scribd.com/RamonArratia