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Opportunities For Electronics Engineers

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Opportunities for Electronics Engineers -
Presentation given to a batch of final year BE Students from Electronics and Communication Engineers to make them aware of Semiconductor, VLSI Industry and Embedded Systems.

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Opportunities For Electronics Engineers

  1. 1. OPPORTUNITIES FOR ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING STUDENTS -INDUSTRY TRENDS AND CAREER RAMDAS M -EXPERIENCED VLSI ENGINEER -ONLINE TEACHER, AUTHOR, BLOGGER 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 1
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • Experienced VLSI Engineer • 18+ years of experience in VLSI industry • Experience - AMD, Intel, C-DOT and startups • Expertise in microprocessors design and verification • Courses/Blogs www.verificationexcellence.in 7/27/2018WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 2
  3. 3. FOCUSED STREAMS • BE/BTECH - ECE • ME/MTECH –VLSI, Microelectronics 7/27/2018WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 3
  4. 4. CHOICES • Semiconductor/VLSI Industry • Embedded Software Development • Electronics Equipment Manufacturing Industries • System Design – PCB design • Research and Development • PSU • Teaching • Other – Non-core job opportunities - Software etc 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 4
  5. 5. SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY - TRENDS • Design and Manufacturing of Semiconductor devices • Formed around 1960 and estimated at $412 billion (as of 2017 per Wikipedia) • Extensively used in Electronic devices and Continuous innovation and Growth • Consumer Electronics - Smart phones , TVs , PCs, Communication devices • Aerospace and military systems, Medical and Healthcare devices • Computing - PCs, Cloud Computing, HPC (Super computers) • AI, ML – Artificial Intelligence, Machine learning • IOT (Internet of Things) - More and more devices connected to Internet • Home and industry automation, wearable devices • Autonomous Vehicles 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 5
  6. 6. VLSI – VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION • “Moore’s law is dead - long live Moore’s law” • Technology Nodes • Past - 65nm -> 40nm -> 22nm • Now - 16nm -> 14nm -> 10nm -> 7nm • Future - 5nm -> 3nm • Emerging Trends • Monolithic vs Heterogeneous chip designs • 3D Stacking of transistors, Memories 7/27/2018WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 6
  7. 7. COMPLEX CHIPS - NVIDIA VOLTA GPU Source: AnandTech 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 7
  8. 8. COMPLEX CHIPS – INTEL CPUS 7/27/2018WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 8
  9. 9. COMPLEX CHIPS - AMD RYZEN • Ryzen 7 – 4.8 Billion Transistors • 14nm, 195mm2 Source: AnandTech 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 9
  10. 10. COMPLEX CHIPS - QUALCOMM 7/27/2018 Source: AnandTechWWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 10
  11. 11. BROAD SPECTRUM OF VLSI - OPPORTUNITIES 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 11
  12. 12. SEMICONDUCTOR/VLSI - OPPORTUNITIES • Large Product Companies - Designs and develops ASICs, SOC, Microprocessors • Intel, Nvidia, Qualcomm, AMD, Samsung, MediaTek, Broadcom, TI, ST • Service Companies – • Outsourced/In-house development for major product companies • Wipro, TCS, Tata Elxsi, Mirafra, Waferspace, Sasken, Mindtree and many more • EDA (Electronic Design Automation) Companies • Synopsys, Cadence, Mentor Graphics, Aldec • IP Design Companies • ARM, MIPS (Processor core), Synopsys, Cadence etc (Memories, Protocol agents, connectivity) • Fabrication (Fab) Companies - Manufactures chip • TSMC, Global Foundries, Samsung 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 12
  13. 13. SEMICONDUCTOR/VLSI - INDIA • Most number of opportunities after US • Almost all major MNC has development office in India (Bangalore) • Growing number of startups, service companies • Jobs across broad spectrum of VLSI Design • Architecture, design, implementation, testing • Microprocessors to communication chips, Digital, Analog mixed signal chips etc • Employability of fresh graduates still concern • Academia vs Industry expectation 7/27/2018WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 13
  14. 14. VLSI ENGINEERS - SKILLS • Fundamentals of Digital Logic Design • Microarchitecture, State machines, Clocks, Combinational & Sequential Logic • Fundamentals of Analog Circuit Design • PLLS, ADC/DAC, High speed signaling, Signal integrity issues (cross talk, jitter etc) • Design Methodologies and Flows • RTL design, Physical design, STA (Static Timing Analysis) • Hardware Description Languages • Verilog/SystemVerilog, VHDL • Transistors and Process Technologies – CMOS, FINFET, • Programming and scripting languages - C , Perl, Python • Domain Knowledge – CPUs, Wireless, Communication, DSP etc.. 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 14
  15. 15. EMBEDDED SYSTEMS • Typically a computer system (micro controller or DSP) embedded part of a system. • Dedicated function instead of general purpose (microprocessor) • Includes Hardware, Software and Mechanical parts • Real time computing, low power consumption • Used in Home appliances, Medical electronics, Automotive and Industrial systems • Intelligent temperature control inside an A/C, Smart TV, Digital Set Top Box • Traffic lights, Factory controls, Portable Audio/Video devices, • Medical devices – Scanners, Various Vital monitors • Automotive entertainment, Self driving Vehicles • IoT Devices – wearables, digital watches 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 15
  16. 16. EMBEDDED SYSTEMS - SKILLS • Good knowledge in theory and practical's on micro controllers (PIC, 8051) • Programming in C , Embedded C, Assembly language • Knowledge of various peripherals – UART, Timers, ADC/DAC , SPI, I2C • Understanding of Memory regions (heap, stack etc), Interrupts, DMA • Driver Software development – Understanding devices, registers and programming • Understanding of Operating systems, Real Time OS - Coding using inter process communication, semaphores, mutex • Debugging skills – Basic Electronics Debugs and Troubleshooting 7/27/2018WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 16
  17. 17. EMBEDDED SYSTEMS - OPPORTUNITIES • Embedded System Software Engineers • Automotive Companies • Industrial Automation, Medical Electronics companies • Aerospace companies • Almost all product companies • Intel, Qualcomm, TI , Nvidia • ARM, Broadcom, Bosch • Harman, Volvo, Boeing, 7/27/2018WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 17
  18. 18. OPPORTUNITIES - OTHERS • PSU Companies (Public Sector) • C-DOT, DRDO, ISRO • BEL, BEML, HAL, • BSNL, RailTel, BARC • PCB Design, Assembly and Testing – Mostly System design companies • Research and Development • Teaching • General Software development. 7/27/2018WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 18
  19. 19. INCREASING YOUR EMPLOYABILITY • Good Grades/CGPA still important • Internship, Mini projects, Conferences and Paper Presentations • Additional Courses to supplement with industry oriented skills • HDL (Verilog, System Verilog), Physical Design • Online courses – You tube, Coursera, Udemy, NPTEL • Participation in Discussion/Q&A Forums • StackExchange, LinkedIn, Quora • Keeping up to date on latest trends/technology • Reading Articles, papers, blogs • Attitude to continuously improve 7/27/2018 WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 19
  20. 20. THANK YOU • Follow www.verificationexcellence.in • Follow @Quora - https://www.quora.com/profile/Ramdas-Mozhikunnath 7/27/2018WWW.VERIFICATIONEXCELLENCE.IN 20

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