Le Corbusier

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A brief description on Le Corbusier's life, design philosophies & some projects including a detailed case study. I recommend viewers to download the presentation and then view it bcoz many slides (slide 12) are apparently useless without animation!!

- Rakesh Samaddar
Dept. of Architecture
IIT Kharagpur
India

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Le Corbusier

  1. 1. “ PIONEER OF MODERN ARCHITECTURE” (1887-1965) Le Corbusier
  2. 2. BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris aka Le Corbusier was a Swiss-born French architect. </li></ul><ul><li>1907 – worked under Auguste Perrete at Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>1908 – studied architecture at Vienna. </li></ul><ul><li>During World War I he came up with Domino house. </li></ul>
  3. 3. BIOGRAPHY <ul><li>1918 – 1922 - developed Purist painting with Ozenfant. </li></ul><ul><li>Partnering with his cousin, they made a series of villas. </li></ul><ul><li>He viewed house as “a machine for living in”. </li></ul><ul><li>Delved into city planning and designed Chandigarh. </li></ul><ul><li>Died while swimming in Mediterrenean sea on 1965. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Style of Architecture <ul><li>Mechanical analogy </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic analogy </li></ul><ul><li>Five points of Architecture </li></ul>Use of pilotis i.e. reinforced concrete stilts Free façade Open floor plan Long horizontal ribbon windows Roof garden
  5. 5. Major Projects
  6. 6. UN Headquarters Architects : Le Corbusier Oscar Niemeyer
  7. 7. Golden Ratio Assembly Hall
  8. 8. Chandigarh Aerial View
  9. 11. Unité d'Habitation Le Corbusier attempted to realize his urban planning schemes on a small scale by constructing a series of &quot;unités&quot; around France. The most famous of these was the Unité d'Habitation of Marseilles (1946–1952).
  10. 12. Key Features Strong pilotis creating circulation space beneath Window from outside Window from inside
  11. 13. Snapshots
  12. 14. Snapshots
  13. 15. Nôtre Dame du Haut Ronchamp, France
  14. 16. Roof shell on columns
  15. 17. Light Tower Diffused Light
  16. 18. Abstract Fountain
  17. 19. Time for a short break :15 :14 :13 :12 :11 :10 :09 :08 :07 :06 :05 :04 :03 :02 :01 :00
  18. 20. Villa Savoye Case Study
  19. 21. <ul><li>Location: Poissy, France </li></ul><ul><li>Date: 1928 to 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Construction System: Reinforced Concrete and plastered unit masonry </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: Temperate </li></ul><ul><li>Style: Modern </li></ul>
  20. 22. ‘ The reinforced concrete gives us the pilotis. The house is up in the air, far from the ground: the garden runs under the house...’
  21. 23.   'The columns set back from the facades, inside the house. The floor continues cantilevered. The facades are no longer anything but light skins of insulating walls or windows. The facade is free.'
  22. 24. 'Until now: load-bearing walls; …. forming the ground floor and the upper stories, up to the eaves. The layout is a slave to the supporting walls. Reinforced concrete in the house provides a free plan!...’
  23. 25. 'The window is one of the essential features of the house. Reinforced concrete provides a revolution in the history of the window. Windows can run from one end of the facade to the other.'
  24. 26. '...the garden is also over the house, on the roof...’
  25. 27. Ground Floor Plan
  26. 28. First Floor Plan
  27. 29. Section Drawing
  28. 30. Ramp and Stairs
  29. 31. Interior Views
  30. 32. Presented By: Rakesh Samaddar Harrshavardhanraju Vislavath Praveen

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