Perfume; lavenderCannes Film FestivalFamous Artists: Cezanne and Renoir, Van GoghTourists attractions/nightlifeBeaches/yachtsFrance’s most popular vacation destinationEntertainment: opera, dance, jazz festivals, bull fights, casinos, and boules games. Beautiful walks for nature lovers, mountain plateaux, perched villages, and river gorgesNow that you’ve been introduced to Provence, let’s find it on the map.
Now, let’s take a closer look at Provence.
Around 600 B.C. the coastal area of Provence was settled by Greek and Phoenicians. The Marseille (known by Romans as Massilia) became one of the great trading cities of the Mediterranean. After the end of the second century B.C., The Provence had become the first Roman possession beyond the Alps, and was thus given the name “Provincia” (“province”).It Became France in 1481.
OrangeRoman Theather- It dates from the first century, It is in the AD region of Augustus. The theater is well preserved, and the performances and concerts are still in use today. Luis XIV claim the back wall to be the finest in the kingdom. Height of 120ft. and 338ft wide. AvignonAvignon host France’s largest festivals. Bellet, drama, concerts, etc. “Off” festival feativa; features 600 companies for show business.ArlesRoman Amphitheater- One of the best and well recognize monuments of Roman Provence. Each and every arch is supported by Doric and Corintbian columns. Bull contests are held in summer there, which holds 21,000 seats.The Cote d’Azur- The coast offers great selection of 20th century art and hoist many yearly events such as: Cannes Film Festivals and Antibes Jazz Festivals. ( note: South of France was no question Picasso country. Born in Malaga in Spain, but spent he spent most of his life on the French Mediterranean.
Now, I’ll show you a map of just Provence itself.
Fields, orchards, and great vineyards of Cote du Rhone produce grapes, olives, honey, and truffles. 17th century Hotel de Ville have attractive streets with quiet, shady areas.2 of the greatest Roman monuments in Europe: Roman Theater, Triumphal Arch, Musee MunicipalRoman Theater: 1ST century AD reign of Augustus; perfect acoustics. Used for theater performances and concerts. Back wall (“finest wall in my kingdom”-Louis XIV) is 120ft tall and 338 ft wide.Triumphal Arch: Tripled arched monument built about AD 20. Elaborately decorated: battle scenes with flowers and fruits. Inscriptions added to the glory of Tiberius. Musee Municipal: History of Orange; 400 marble fragments=plans of the area based on 3 surveys. 1st century BC, reign of the Emperor Vespasian.
Avignon: Southern France=massive ramparts: Palais des Papes, Musee de Petit Palais(13th century, residence of Archbishop of Avignon). Guests:Cesare Borgia, Louis XIV.Now a Museum: displays Romanesque and Gothic sculpture and medieval paintings. Works by Botticelli and Capaccio. Churches:Cathedrale de Notre-Dame-des-Doms, and 14th C Eglise St.-Didier.MuseeLapidaire: statues, mosaics, and carvings from pre-Roman Provence.MuseeCalvet: exhibits (wrought-iron works), roman finds, overview of French art during the past 500 years.2 modern contemporary art collections:MuseeAngladon (van gogh, cezanne and Modigliani) and Collection Lambert (minimalist and conceptual art)Place de l’Horloge: center of Avignon’s social life w/sidewalk cafes and a 1900 merry-go-roundRue des Teinturiers=prettiest streetIndiennes: brightly patterned calico, Provencal patternsPont st-Benezet=12th century bridge destroyed by floods“Off Festival”: France’s largest festival that includes ballet, drama, and classical concerts; features 600 companies
Arles: position on the Rhone-natural historical getaway to the CamargueRoman remains: the arena and Constantine’s baths complemented by the ocher walls and Roman-tiled roofs of later buildingsMuseums; best in the region, Van Gogh, Arles festival and bullfightsPalais Constantine: once a grand imperial palace, only baths remain from 4th century AD, luxuriousMuseeReattu: Picasso sketches, paintings of Jacques Reattu (1760-1833), OssipZadkine sculptures including la Grande odalisqueMuseonarlaten: 1904-poet Frederic Mistral established this museum to Provence; room settings, even museum attendants wear traditional Arles costumeEspace Van Gogh: 1889, Van gogh was treated here and is a cultural center devoted to his life and work.Eglise St-Trophime: 12th century Romanesque exterior w/ Romanesque and Gothic cloisters. The ornate main portal is carved with saints and apostlesRoman Amphitheater: best preserved monuments of Roman Provence. Each arc is supported by Doric and Corinthian columns. 21,000 seat arena. Bull contests. Top tier provides a panoramic view of ArlesNotre-Dame-de-la-Major: church where guardians (cowboys) of the Camargue celebrate the feast of their patron saint, St. George. 12-17th centuries, Roman temple use to be here. Roman Theater: once a fortress, its stones were used for other buildings. Arles Festival. Remaining columns= “two widows” Les Alyscamps: southeast Arles= broken medieval tombs, “Elysian Fields” painted by Van Gogh and Gauguin, place for thought and inspiration
The Camargue: Due to the Rhone delta, the Camargue consists of 346,000 acres of wetlands, pastures, dunes, and salt flats. Flora=tamarisk and narcissi. Fauna=egrets and ibises. Pasture=grazing for sheep, cattle, and small white Arab-type horses.Black Bulls: a “course”. Not killed, red rosettes are plucked from between their horns with a small hook. Les Stes-Maries-de-la-Mer: church. May gypsy pilgrimage=AD18 of Mary Magdalene, St. Martha, and the sister of Virgin MaryFlamingos: wide range of birds visible, especially flamingos, include herons, kingfishers, owls, and birds of prey. Gines.White Horses: unstabled white horses used to threash grain. Foal’s dark coat turns white after 5 yrs. Gardians’ Cabin: traditionally lived in thatched cabins. Show off horsemanship in Arles arena each April. Mountains of Salt: Largest harvest: sea salt. Summer, vast brine pans evaporate and the crystals are heaped into shimmering camelles up to 26 ft high.
Aix-en-Provence: center of art and learning. Founded by Romans 103 BC. Attacked by Visigoths, Lombards, Franks, and Sarcens. End of 12th century, capital. Museums: MuseeGranet (fine arts and archaeology) and Musee des Tapisseries (tapestries) in the Palais de l’Archeveche“the city of a thousand fountains”Colorful flower marketPavillon de vendrome=furniture and works of art by Van Loo.Paul Cezanne.Atelier Cezanne is kept as it was when he died in 1906Montagne Sainte-Victoire, inspiration for his paintings is 9 miles east of Aix
Marseille: Greek settlement, 7th century BC = “Gateway to the West” for most Oriental trade. France’s largest port and second largest city (links with Middle East and North Africa). Exotic and lively, outdated reputation for drug trafficking. Narrow stepped streets, quiet squares, and fined 18th century facades contrast with the bustle of Boulevard Canebiere and the Cite Radieuse, Le Corbusiers radical postwar housing complex.Small boats, FISH MARKETMuseums: Musee des Docks Romains, the Museed’Histoire de Marseille, and the Musee du Vieux Marseille and the upbeat Musee de la Mode. MuseeCantini: 20th century art collection of sculptor Jules Cantini (surrealist, cubist, and Fauve paintings)MuseeGrobet-Labadie (house with fine furniture, tapestries, 17-19th century paintings, and rare musical instrumentsMusee des Beaux-Arts: museum in 19th century PalaisLongchamp. Works: Michel Serre’s graphic views of Marseille’s plague of 1721, Pierre Puget’s town plans for the city, and murals depicting it in Greek and Roman times. Chateau d’If: Castle of Yew is on a tiny island 1 mile southwest of port. 1529=house artillery, later became a prison. Alexandre Dumas’ fictional :Count of Monte Cristo” was imprisoned here with special cell and escape hole. Most are common criminals or political prisoners. Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde: 1853-64, Neo-byzantine basilica dominates with 151 ft high belfry, capped with huge Virgin. Colored marble and mosaic facings. Abbaye de St-Victor: similar to a fortress. Intriguing crypt in the abbey’s church, with original catacomb chapel and a number of pagan and Christian sarcophagi. Feb 2, every year=pilgrimage. Boat-shaped cakes commemorate the arrival of St mary Magdalene, lazarus, and st. Martha (2000 yrs ago).Cathedrale de la Major: Largest 19th century church, neo-byzantine style. 463 ft. long and 230 ft. high. In the crypt, tombs of the bishops of Marseille.VieilleCharite: By royal decree in 1640, a shelter for the poor and beggars of Marseille.
Cannes: International Film Festival, top Mediterranean resort.Notre-Dame de l’Esperance: 16-17th century Gothic styleBoulevard de la Croisette: lined with gardens and palm trees. Luxury boutiques and hotels (Carlton, Belle Epoque style), finest sandy beaches. Iles de Lerins: just off the coast of Cannes. Fort on Ile Sainte-Marguerite=mysterious Man in the Iron Mask was imprisoned in late 17th Century (his face had to be hidden because he resembled someone famous—Louis XIV) (10 years in a tiny cell). Ile Saint-Honorat-11th century tower-resident monks took refuge during raids of Saracens. Also 5 ancient chapels. Woodland walks, fine views, and quiet coves for swimming. Cannes Film Festival: First in 1946-20 years, it was a small, exclusive event to artists and celebrities. Mid 1950’s, Bridgette Bardot changed the artistic event to a media circus. Palme d’Or=award conferring high status on its winner. Held in huge Palais des Festivals, opened in 1982. 3 auditoriums, 2 exhibition halls, conference rooms, a casino, nightclub, and restaurant.
Nice: Founded by the Greeks, colonized by Romans, the largest resort on the Mediterranean coast; 5th biggest city in France, 2ndbusiet airportTemperate winter climate and subtropical vegetationCapital of the Cote d’AzurCenter for business conferences and package holidaysMuseums, good beaches, atmospheric street life. Carnival: 18 days of celebrations; finish on Shrove Tuesday=fireworks display and the Battle of the Flowers. 1830’s: promenade des Anglais along seafront is now an 8-lane, 3-mile highway with galleries, stores, and grand hotels. Italian until 1860: pastel facades, balconies of the OLD TownTall narrow buildings: artists, galleries, boutiques and restaurants; daily flower market. Notre-Dame-de-Cimez: old monastery Musee Matisse: Henri Matisse inspired by Med. Light, displays drawings, paintings, bronzes, fabrics, and artifacts. Still Life with Pomegranates, Flowers and FruitsPalaisLascaris: 17th century palace=ornate woodwork, Flemish tapestries, and illustionistic ceilings (by Carlone?) Reconstruction of 18th century apothecary’s shopMuseed’ArtModerne et d’ArtContemporian: Original complex of 4 marble faced towers linked by glass passageways. Neo-realism, pop art (Warhol, jean tinuely, cesararman, and yves Klein. Cathedrale Ste-Reparate: 17th century Baroque building, tiled dome. Lavish interior, with plasterwork, marble, and original paneling. Musee Chagall: largest collection of Marc Chagall; paintings, sculptures, stained glass, and mosaics. 17 canvases of artist’s Biblical Message. Musee des Beaux Arts: 19th century Ukrainian princess-works sent by Napoleon III, paintings by impressionists, Renoir, Monet, and Duffy. Palais Massena: 19th- Italianate villa-religious works-paintings by Nicois primitives, white glazed faience and Josephine’s gold cloak. CathedraleOrthodoxeRusse St-Nicholas: 1912- in memory of young Tsarevitch who died of comsumption here in 1865. Exterior=pink brick and gray marble w/elaborate mosaics. Interior, woodwork and icons. Musee des Arts Asiatiques: Exhibits of ancient and comtemporary art from across Asia in KenzoTange’s uncluttered white marble and glass setting.
By: Rajiv Mahay And Heather Tram
• France’s most popular vacation destination!• Home of perfume• Cannes Film Festivals, Museums, and beautiful beaches.• Entertainment• Country-side
600 B.C Settled by Greek and Phoenicians. The Marseille One of the great trading cities of the Mediterranean. End of second century B.C. The first Roman possession beyond the Alps, and was thus given the name “Provincia” (“province”). France -1481
Orange Roman Theater— ▪ 1st Century : time of Augustus ▪ The theater is well preserved, and the performances and concerts are still in use today. ▪ Luis XIV claim “the back wall to be the finest in the kingdom.” ▪ Height of 120ft. and 338ft wide. Avignon Largest festivals ▪ Ballet, drama, concerts, etc. ▪ “Off” festival ▪ 600 companies
Arles Roman Amphitheater ▪ Arch is supported by Doric and Corinthian columns. ▪ Bull contests are held in summer there, which holds 21,000 seats. The Cote d’Azur 20th century art Cannes Film Festivals and Antibes Jazz Festivals. “Picasso country” ▪ Spain ▪ Mediterranean
Grapes, olives, honey, and truffles are produced from the Cote du Rhone Roman Theater Triumphal Arch Musee Municipal
“Off Festival” Modern contemporary art collections: Musee Angladon Collection Lambert Place de l’Horloge center of Avignon’s social life w/sidewalk cafes and a 1900 merry- go-round Rue des Teinturiers Prettiest street
Roman Amphitheater Best museums! Museon Arlaten ▪ 1904-poet Frederic Mistral Espace Van Gogh ▪ 1889
346,000 acres of wetlands, pastures, dunes, and salt flats. Black Bulls. Flamingos White Horses Mountains of Salt 26 ft high.
“The City of a Thousand Fountains” “Center of Art and Learning” Musee Granet (fine arts and archaeology) and Musee des Tapisseries Paul Cezanne Montagne Sainte-Victoire,
France’s largest port and 2nd largest city Chateau d’If (Castle of Yew) 1 mile southwest 1529=house artillery, later became a prison. Alexandre Dumas’ fictional :Count of Monte Cristo” was imprisoned here with special cell and escape hole. Most are common criminals or political prisoners. Museums Musee Cantini Musee Grobet-Labadie Musee des Beaux-Arts Cathedrale de la Major Largest 19th century church, Neo-byzantine style. 463 ft. long and 230 ft. high
Boulevard de la Croisette ▪ Sandy beaches ▪ Luxurious boutiques Ile Sainte-Marguerite ▪ 17th Century-Man in the Iron Mask ▪ Looked like Louis VIX Cannes Film Festival-1946 ▪ Palais des Festivals-1982 ▪ 3 auditoriums, 2 exhibition halls, conference rooms, a casino, nightclub, and restaurant.
Capital of the Cote d’Azur Largest resort on the Mediterranean coast 5th biggest city in France 2nd bussiet airport Italian until 1860 Business conferences and package holidays Museums Carnival: 18 days of celebrations Musee Matisse ▪ Henri Matisse inspired by Med. Light, displays drawings, paintings, bronzes, fabrics, and artifacts. Still Life with Pomegranates, Flowers and Fruits Promenade des Anglais (1830) along seafront is now an 8-lane, 3-mile highway with galleries, stores, and grand hotels.
Eastern Borders: Italy and the Alps Southern Border: Mediterranean Sea Western Border: Rhone River The terrain varies from fertile plains to mountains to marshlands.
The land of the olive and of rich green olive oil. Aromatic Herbs Thyme, Rosemary, Lavender, Sage, Marjoram, Oregano, Bay Leaf Garlic Seafood Cod and Anchovies
Aioli Rich mayonnaise of olive oil and garlic, served with fish or vegetables. Soup au Pistou Bean and vegetable soup laced with sauce of basil, garlic, and olive oil concoction. Herbs de Provence Combination of thyme, sage, rosemary, basil, lavender, savory, fennel seed, marjoram, tarragon, oregano, and bay leaf.
Bouillabaisse A seafood stew with fish, tomatoes, garlic, saffron, herbs, wine, and olive oil. Ratatouille Vegetable stew with tomatoes, garlic, onion, zucchini, eggplant, bell peppers, carrot, marjoram and basil, or bay leaf and thyme. Sisteron Lamb, rabbit, bull’s meat stew of the Camargue.