Successfully reported this slideshow.
Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

Presentation -INDIA.ppt.pdf

Upcoming SlideShare
Presentation -INDIA.ppt.pptx
Presentation -INDIA.ppt.pptx
Loading in …3

Check these out next

1 of 51 Ad

More Related Content

Recently uploaded (20)


Presentation -INDIA.ppt.pdf

  1. 1. HEARTY WELCOME TO A PRESENTATION Prepared by P. Bhaskaran, DIET kasaragod INDIA ON
  3. 3. The word India denotes the region beyond Indus India is also called Bharatha, the official Sanskrit name of the country. The name is derived from the ancient Indian texts to the land that comprises India as Bharata Varṣam According to the Puranas, this country is known as Bharatavasha after the king Bharata Chakravarti.
  4. 4. Indus valley civilisation Indus Seals The priest king INDIA HAS A RICH PAST India is home to one of the richest and the most ancient civilizations in the world, which existed over 5,000 years ago. This civilization originated in the Indus River Valley.
  5. 5. THE SUB - CONTINENT OF INDIA Continent : Asia Region : Southern Asia : Indian subcontinent Coordinates :21°N 78°E / 21°N 78°E Area : Ranked 7th : 3,287,263 km2 : 90.44% land : 9.56 % water Borders :Total land borders: :15,106.70 km BORDERS Bangladesh: 4,096.70 km (2,545.57 mi) China (PR): 3,488 km (2,167 mi) Pakistan 3,323 km (2,065 mi) Nepal: 1,751 km (1,088 mi) Myanmar: 1,643 km (1,021 mi) Bhutan: 699 km (434 mi) Afghanistan: 106 km (66 mi)
  6. 6. INDIA AMAZING PHYSIOGRAPHY Mount Kanchenjenga,the highest peak in India Thar Desert-Rajasthan Coastal Area Andaman Islands
  7. 7. INDIA –THE LAND OF RIVERS Major Rivers Sindhu Ganga Brahmaputra Yamuna Narmada Godavari Mahanadi Kaveri Krishna
  10. 10. THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF INDIA Dr.Rajendra Prasad (Born: 3 December, 1884 Died: 28 February, 1963) Term of Office: 26 January 1950 TO 13 May 1962 Political party: Indian National Congress (INC)
  11. 11. PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964) The first Prime Minister of India Term of office 15 August197- 27 May1964 Dr. Manmohan Singh (1932– ) Term of office 22 May2004 -
  13. 13. MAKERS OF INDIA Dr. S. Radhakrishnan Indira Gandhi Mother Theresa Viswesvarayy a Subhash Chandra Bose Jawaharlal Nehru Bhagath Singh Swami Vivekanada Mahathma Gandhi
  14. 14. Jana-gana-mana-adhi nayaka, jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Punjab-Sindh-Gujarat-Maratha Dravida-Utkala-Banga Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga Uchchala-Jaladhi-taranga. Tava shubha name jage, Tava shubha asisa mage, Gahe tava jaya gatha, Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he Bharata-bhagya-vidhata. Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he! National Anthem Tag ore
  15. 15. National Flag of India National Flag of India has been designed in such a way that it forms a horizontal tricolor, with the colors - saffron, white and green, in equal proportions. It was adopted on22nd July 1947.
  17. 17. National Flower of India Lotus is the national flower of India. It is considered to be a sacred flower and occupies unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India. This flower has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since time immemorial.
  18. 18. National Bird of India Peacock is the national bird of India. Peacocks have been given full protection under the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
  19. 19. SECULAR INDIA We have many religions but we live together as one Dharma chakra Khanda Faravahar Aum Ahimsa and Dharmacakra Allah
  20. 20. OUR NATIONAL SYMBOLS The Tiger as the National Animal of India symbolizes the power, strength, elegance, alertness, intelligence and endurance of the nation. National Animal
  21. 21. National Fruit of India Mango, cultivated in India since times immemorial. It is regarded as the National Fruit of the country. Described as the "Food of the Gods", in the sacred Vedas, the fruit is grown almost in all parts of India.
  22. 22. Indian National Tree - Banyan Tree The national tree of India symbolize the country's unity. The huge sized tree acts as a shield, protects from hot sun. The tree is also considered sacred by the Hindus of India.
  23. 23. THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA Shri Pranab Mukherjee assumed office as the 13th President of India on July 25, 2012
  24. 24. POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA The 28 states and 7 union territories of India 1. Andhra Pradesh 15.Maharashtra 2. Arunachal Pradesh 16.Manipur 3. Assam 17.Meghalaya 4. Bihar 18.Mizoram 5. Chhattisgarh 19.Nagaland 6. Goa 20.Orissa 7. Gujarat 21.Punjab 8. Haryana 22.Rajasthan 9. Himachal Pradesh 23.Sikkim 10.Jammu and Kashmir 24.Tamil Nadu 11.Jharkhand 25.Tripura 12.Karnataka 26.Uttar Pradesh 13.Kerala 27.Uttarakhand 14.Madhya Pradesh 28.West Bengal UNION TERRITORIES 1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2. Chandigarh 3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli 4. Daman and Diu 5. Lakshadweep 6. National Capital Territory of Delhi 7. Puducherry
  25. 25. INDIA
  26. 26. INDIA - AN ETHNOLOGICAL MUSEUM India is a fascinating country where people of many different communities and religions live together in harmony 1. Diverse ethnic groups among the people of India ● The Europoid Aryans, ● The dark skinned Dravidians ● The Mongoloid communities of the North East ● Negrito tribes of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands 2. People of India speak many languages 3. There are innumerable Tribal groups .
  27. 27. ETHNIC DIVERSITY A Holy Man From Varanasi Kerala people People of Kolkatha An elderly man from UP A woman from MP
  28. 28. A boy with Turban-UP Kashmiri women Kerala women in traditional dress A Maharashtra girl Lambadi Dance ETHNIC DIVERSITY
  29. 29. Rajasthani women Sikh men and boys in a Gurudwara Traditional dress of men-Karnataka ETHNIC DIVERSITY
  30. 30. Traditional dress of Tamil Nadu Traditional dancers New Delhi Men with Turban Women in coloured saree-rajasthan ETHNIC DIVERSITY
  31. 31. A Naga Tribe A Santhal Tribe A South Indian tribe Munda Tribe Paniyar-Wynad Tribe from Arunachal Pradesh TRIBES OF INDIA
  32. 32. RELIGION IN INDIA Gautama Buddha Lord Shiva Jain-Bahubali Bahai House of worship Akshardham Temple Buddhist temple Jain temple Golden temple Juma masjid Catheedral Synagogue
  33. 33. RITUALS AND CEREMONIES A Pooja on the bank of a river A Hindu marriage Maha Kumba Mela Muslim Pilgrims- Ajmir
  34. 34. FESTIVALS
  35. 35. DRESS CODE
  36. 36. Traditional Indian clothing for women – saris, salwar kameez, Ghaghra Cholis For men-Dhoti, Lungi or Kurta Churidar, Dupatta, Gamchha, Kurta, Mundum Neriyathum, Sherwan are among other clothes. TRADITIONAL DRESS CODE
  37. 37. LANGUAGES IN INDIA ● 30 major languages ● 2000 dialects ● English is the most common language ● Hindi is the official language ● Sanskrit is the traditional language Indo-Aryan Family – North Indian languages Dravidian Family _ South Indian languages
  38. 38. INDIAN DANCE FORMS Bharatha Natyam Bharata Natyam is a style of solo dance (one person dancing) that comes from southern India. It is one of the most important and probably one of the oldest of the classical styles and is an amalgam of many aspect of art. Although closely linked with local traditional dance-drama, it was used mainly in Hindu religious ceremonies .
  39. 39. Kathak Kathak is the major dance style of northern India and combines local folk elements with dance forms that developed in the courts of the Mughal emperors and later Indian princes . Latter Kathak assumed a distinct dance form due to the popularization of the Radha Krishna legend and consequent emergence of an operatic play known as 'Rasa Lila' which in turn was inspired by the song of big poets like Surdas, Nandadas and Krishnadas with the advent of the muslim rule.
  40. 40. Kathakali Kathakali, from the state of Kerala in southwestern India, is a true dance-drama. The Kathakali dancers act out the parts of different characters in a play. They dress up in outsize costumes to give themselves a larger-than-life appearance. They also wear mask like face make-up, in colours that have a strong, symbolic meaning. Kathakali performances are often held out doors and sometimes go on all night.
  41. 41. Manipuri Dance and music is a way of life for the Manipuris. Legend has it that while searching for a suitable place to hold his rasa (union) with Parvati, Lord Shiva came across this place which was verdant, lush, secluded and girdled by hills.
  42. 42. Orrissi Orissi is a dance form from the state of Orissa, in eastern India. Sculptures found in Orissa, dating from the 100's B.C., show dancers in distinctive poses characteristic of the Orissi style. The style developed from musical plays and was common in temples and village entertainments. Orissi dances were first performed by women. Later, men dressed as women performed them around temples.
  43. 43. Kuchipudi The Kuchipudi dance drama came into existence in the 17th century through the Bhakti cult in the small village of Kuchipudi in Andhra Pradesh. Kuchipudi was once completely male dominated, who performed the female parts as well.
  44. 44. NATURAL RESOURCES OF INDIA Natural Resources ● Coal ● Iron ore ● Manganese ● Mica ● Bauxite ● Titanium ore ● Chromite ● Natural gas ● Diamonds ● Petroleum ● Limestone ● Arable land
  45. 45. Agriculture in India ● Indian agriculture began by 9000 BC ● Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output ● Employed 52% of workforce the total ● India is the largest producer in the world of milk, cashew nuts,coconuts, tea, ginger, turmeric and black pepper. ● India has the world's largest cattle population
  46. 46. Percentage of Literates to Total Population Males - 75.85 % Females - 54.16 % LITERACY-INDIA
  47. 47. KERALA Kerala, located on the south-western tip of India, enjoys unique geographical features that have made it one of the most sought-after tourist destinations in Asia. Fondly referred to as ‘God’s Own Country’, Kerala was selected by the National Geographic Traveller as one of the 50 destinations of a lifetime and one of the thirteen paradises in the world.
  49. 49. KASARAGOD The district was formed on May 24, 1984.Kasaragod is known as the land of Gods, beaches, rivers, hills and forts. It is also a land of temples, mosques and churches.
  50. 50. KASARAGOD
  51. 51. THANK S