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Five year plan and NITI AAYOG

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India has launched 11 five year plans so far and 12th is in progress.DescriptionThe NITI Aayog is a policy think tank of the Government of India, established with the aim to achieve Sustainable Development Goals and to enhance cooperative federalism by fostering the involvement of State Governments of India in the economic policy-making process using a bottom-up approach.

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Five year plan and NITI AAYOG

  1. 1. WHAT IS A PLAN? A plan spells out how the resources of a nation should be put to use. IT SHOULD HAVE SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES
  2. 2. REDUCTION IN INCOME INEQUALITIES
  3. 3. THE PLANNING COMMISSION IS AN INSTITUTION IN THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA WHICH FORMULATES INDIA’S FIVE YEAR PLANS SET UP ON 15TH MARCH 1950, WITH PRIME MINISTER JAWAHARLAL NEHRU AS THE CHAIRMAN
  4. 4. The first five year plan was launched in 1951 The process of implementation of the five year plans was disrupted in 1966 and the fourth five year plan was put off by three years due to the severe drought in the country and aggressions from China and Pakistan. The intervention period between the Third and fourth five year plans had annual plans. PLAN HOLIDAY Fifth FYP was launched and planned for period 1974-79 but Janata government came in power in 1978 and ended the plan prematurely in 1978.The Janata government launched sixth FYP for period 1978-1983. Congress government when came in power in 1980 abandoned the sixth FYP and launched a new sixth FYP for period 1980-1985 ROLLING PLAN
  5. 5. DISAVANTAGES Development of only few industries  Private industry had not developed
  6. 6. DISADVANTAGES High tariffs  Low quotas or banning some items altogether  License were required for starting new companies
  7. 7. PROBLEMS FACED Sino Indian War, India witnessed increase in the price of products and thus resulting in inflation
  8. 8. VISION FOCUSES ON GROWTH FASTER INCLUSIVE SUSTAINABLE
  9. 9. ECONOMICGROWTH • Real GDP growth at 8%. • Agriculture growth at 4%. • Manufacturing growth at 10%. • Every state must attain higher growth rate than the rate achieved during 11th plan POVERTY&EMPLOYMENT • Poverty rate to be reduced by 10% than the rate at the end of 11th plan. • 5 Crore new work opportunities and skill certifications in non-farm sector. EDUCATION • Mean years of schooling to increase to 7 years. • 20 lakh seats for each age bracket in higher education. • End gender gap and social gap in school enrollment.
  10. 10. HEALTH • Reduce : IMR to 25; MMR to 1. Increase Child Sex Ratio to 950. • Reduce Total Fertility Rate to 2.1 • Reduce under nutrition of children in age group 0-3 to half of NFHS-3 levels. INFRASTRUCTURE • Investment in Infrastructure at 9% of GDP • Gross Irrigated Area 103 million hectare (from 90 million hectare) • Electricity to all villages; Reduce AT&C losses by 20%. • Connect Villages with All Weather Roads • National and State high ways to a minimum of 2 lane standard. INFRASTRUCTURE • Complete Eastern and Western Dedicated Freight Corridors. • Rural Tele-Density to 70%. • 40 Litres Per Capita Per Day Drinking Water to 50% of rural population; Nirmal Gram Status to 50% of all Gram Panchayats.
  11. 11. ENVIRONMENT& STABILITY • Increase green cover by 1 million hectare every year. • 30,000 MW renewable energy during Five Year Period. • Emission intensity of GDP to be reduced to 20-25% of 2005 levels by 2020. SERVICEDELIVERY • Banking Services to 90% of Indian Households. • Subsidies and Welfare related payment to be routed through Aadhar based Direct Cash Transfer Scheme.
  12. 12. The National Institution for Transforming India NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. While designing strategic and long term policies and programmes for the Government of India, NITI Aayog also provides relevant technical advice to the Centre and States. This was done to better serve the needs and aspirations of the people of India to bring States to act together in national interest, and thereby foster Cooperative Federalism.
  13. 13. Two hubs NITI AAYOG Team India Hub Knowledge and Innovation Hub leads the engagement of states with the Central government builds NITI’s think-tank capabilities These hubs reflect the two key tasks of the Aayog. NITI Aayog is also developing itself as a State of the Art Resource Centre, with the necessary resources, knowledge and skills, that will enable it to act with speed, promote research and innovation, provide strategic policy vision for the government, and deal with contingent issues.

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