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ICANN

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

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Presentation On
Presented To
Dr. Selina Sharmin
Associate Professor
Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering
Jagannath University
1
ICANN
This is my Presentation Topics
• Internet Protocol (IP) address space allocation, protocol identifier assignment,
generic (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) Top-Level Domain name system
management, and root server system management functions.
2
Introduction
I Internet
C Corporation for
A
N
N
Assigned
Names and
Numbers
 The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers is an American multistakeholder
group and nonprofit organization responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures
of several databases related to the namespaces and numerical spaces of the Internet, ensuring
the network's stable and secure operation.
3
History
1
2
3
4
In 1969
The first message was
sent via the Arpanet.
IN 1972
Jon Postel started to record
socket numbers for the
Arpanet in his notebook
IN 1998
ICANN was founded in 1998 and grew
out of a U.S. Government commitment
to transfer the policy and technical
management of the DNS
IN 2016
The work and dedication of
the Internet community
worldwide
.
4
What Does ICANN Do?
 To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your
computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers
know where to find each other. ICANN coordinates these unique identifiers
across the world. Without that coordination we wouldn't have one global
Internet.
 The domain name system, or DNS, is a system designed to make the Internet
accessible to human beings. The main way computers that make up the
Internet find one another is through a series of numbers, with each number
(called an “IP address”) correlating to a different device.
5
ICANN
multistakeholder
model
I C A N N
1 Civil Society and Internet users
2 The Private Sector
3 National & International ORGs
4 Governments
5 Research
6 Academic and Technical Communities
6

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ICANN

  • 1. Presentation On Presented To Dr. Selina Sharmin Associate Professor Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jagannath University 1 ICANN
  • 2. This is my Presentation Topics • Internet Protocol (IP) address space allocation, protocol identifier assignment, generic (gTLD) and country code (ccTLD) Top-Level Domain name system management, and root server system management functions. 2
  • 3. Introduction I Internet C Corporation for A N N Assigned Names and Numbers  The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers is an American multistakeholder group and nonprofit organization responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces and numerical spaces of the Internet, ensuring the network's stable and secure operation. 3
  • 4. History 1 2 3 4 In 1969 The first message was sent via the Arpanet. IN 1972 Jon Postel started to record socket numbers for the Arpanet in his notebook IN 1998 ICANN was founded in 1998 and grew out of a U.S. Government commitment to transfer the policy and technical management of the DNS IN 2016 The work and dedication of the Internet community worldwide . 4
  • 5. What Does ICANN Do?  To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN coordinates these unique identifiers across the world. Without that coordination we wouldn't have one global Internet.  The domain name system, or DNS, is a system designed to make the Internet accessible to human beings. The main way computers that make up the Internet find one another is through a series of numbers, with each number (called an “IP address”) correlating to a different device. 5
  • 6. ICANN multistakeholder model I C A N N 1 Civil Society and Internet users 2 The Private Sector 3 National & International ORGs 4 Governments 5 Research 6 Academic and Technical Communities 6
  • 7. Coordination Which functions does ICANN coordinate: 2 Internet protocol address allocation 1 The Domain name system 3 The protocol parameter registry 4 Root server system 5 Generic top level domain name system mgmt. 6 Country code top level domain name DNS 7 Time Zone database management 7
  • 8. Why is ICANN Important?  It is important to remember that no one, no government and no organization controls the internet. ICANN is a crucial cog in the functioning of the internet because computers cannot find each other on the internet without Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. ICANN oversees how those addresses are doled out and how they are named.  ICANN’s big job is to ensure that when users try to access a website or send an email, they end up in the right place. It is perhaps best known for coordinating the Domain Naming System (DNS), the key bits of information that fall on either side of the “dot” in a web address. 8
  • 9. Who’s Involved? A number of groups each of which represents a different interest on the internet all of them come together with the board of directors. The Supporting Organization Addressing Country code name Generic name 9
  • 10. The Advisory Committees At Large Governmental Root server system Security and stability The Technical Advisory Bodies Technical LIASON group Internet Engineering task force 10
  • 11. How do I participation? 2 Join public comment forums on ICANN website 1 Sign up updates at myicann.org 3 Attend ICANN’s public meeting in person 4 Join Online to provide input at public forum 5 Join one of ICANN’s supporting organizations or advisory Committees 11
  • 12. Rajaul Karim ID: B180305031 Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering Jagannath University 12