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Approaches of organizational_behavior


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Approaches of organizational_behavior

  1. 1. Approaches of OB • Contextual perspective of OB is based on a constructive theory of teaching & learning. • The Understanding of OB is very complex. • It studies organizations from multiple viewpoints & levels. • Perspectives or basic approaches to organizational behavior are basically categorized on five approach.
  2. 2. • Following are the five bas approaches of OB: •Human Resource Approach •Productivity Approach •Interactionism Approach •Contingency Approach •System Approach Approaches of OB
  3. 3. 1. Human Resource Approach The human resource approach is concerned with growth & development of peoples towards higher level of competency, creativity & fulfillment. It is also known as supportive approach. The manager’s role changes from control of employees to active support of their growth & performance. The superiors & managers should practice a style, where workers are given the opportunities & encouragement to perform. In this approach, the role of managers changes from structuring & controlling to supporting.
  4. 4. 2. Productivity Approach Productivity is numerical value of the ratio of output to input of an organization’s effectiveness. It also reveals managers’ efficiency in optimizing resource utilization. Productivity generally measured in terms of economic inputs & outputs, but human & social inputs & outputs are important. Better organization behavior can improve job satisfaction. It also helps to increase the organizational productivity.
  5. 5. 3. Interactionism Approach This approach focuses on social interaction in specific situations. It attempts to explain how people select, interpret & change various situations. It also highlights on how status affects both individual & organizational behavior. This approach is based on cause & effect relationship. It suggests that job changes help employees to improve their attitudes whereas attitudes influence how people perceive their jobs. This approach is slow & steady motion but views more promising ideas for future development. •C
  6. 6. 4. Contingency Approach This approach is based on the principle that methods or behaviors which work effectively in one situation fail in another. Results differ because situation differ. Hence, the manager’s task is to identify which method will, in a particular time, best contribute to the attainment of organization’s goals. The strength of the contingency approach lies in the fact it encourages analysis of each situation before taking any action while at the same time discourages the habitual practice of universal assumptions about method & people. This approach is also more interdisciplinary, more system-oriented & more research-oriented than any other approach.
  7. 7. 5. System Approach
  8. 8. 5. System Approach This approach to organizational behavior views the organization as a united, purposeful system composed of interrelated parts. It compels managers to take a holistic view of the subject that interprets of the whole person, whole group, whole organization & whole social system. System approach universally based on the principle of inputs-process-outputs This approach is a concept which views a company as an interconnected purposive system that consists of several business sections. This approach tells us that the activity of every other segment considerably.