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The Threat of Air pollution

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The quality of air we breathe is getting degraded everyday. Big Indian cities are becoming one of the most polluted in the world. We are working towards providing better protection against air pollutants and envision ourselves to be an end to end solution provider for providing high quality breathable air. Through a collaborative effort, we provide the insights, products and services that ensure clean air. Generally a person commutes every day for more than 1.5 hrs in major Indian cities and most of it is in heavy traffic pollution. There are a lot of pollutants which if inhaled for longer periods may lead to lung damage and other diseases related to respiratory organs.

Published in: Environment
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The Threat of Air pollution

  1. 1. The Threat of Air Pollution OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  2. 2. Air Pollution – On a global scale OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  3. 3. Air Pollution - India OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  4. 4. The Indian Scenario… • The widely monitored pollutants in India are particulate matter(PM), NO2 and SO2,CO and O3.The Central Pollution Control Board(CPCB) considers air to be clean if the levels are below 50%. • Consequences of over exposure to these pollutants range from premature mortality due to aggravated morbidity effects such as asthma, bronchitis and oxygen deficiency in blood. • Out of the 190 cities monitored, apart from Malapuram(Kerela) and Madurai(Tamil Nadu) all other cities have high levels of air pollution, mostly PM OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  5. 5. The Indian Scenario… • Total number of Vehicles in India as in 2012160Million • Expected number of vehicles in India by 2030450 Million • Annual emission of PM2.5 in 2012 2.5 Lakh Tonnes • Average annual increase in the number of vehicles in the last decade10.2% OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  6. 6. The Indian Scenario… • lives lost due to air pollution, making it the fifth largest killer in India620,000 • Daily average travel time in the metropolitan cities1.5 Hours • Increase in the number of life lost due to vehicular and indoor air pollution compared to 2000 6X • Reduction in life expectancy at birth due to current levels of air pollution3.2 years OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  7. 7. Top 5 most polluted cities in India 5. AHMEDABAD • The textile industries in the city are the major contributors to air pollution • PM less than 2.5µm (PM2.5) in the air: 100µg/m3 • PM less than 10µm (PM10 in the air: 67µg/m3 4. RAIPUR • The power plants and big industries are the major reason for increasing levels of air pollution • PM less than 2.5µm (PM2.5) in the air: 134µg/m3 • PM less than 10µm (PM10 in the air: 305µg/m3 3. GWALIOR • The coal fired power plants and vehicular emissions are the major factors for the air pollution • PM less than 2.5µm (PM2.5) in the air: 144µg/m3 • PM less than 10µm (PM10 in the air: 329µg/m3 OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  8. 8. Top 5 most polluted cities in India 2. PATNA • Despite not being an industrial city, the vehicular emissions in the city are huge • PM less than 2.5µm (PM2.5) in the air: 149µg/m3 • PM less than 10µm (PM10 in the air: 164µg/m3 1. DELHI • The most polluted city in India is also the 2nd most polluted city in the world • PM less than 2.5µm (PM2.5) in the air: 153µg/m3 • PM less than 10µm (PM10 in the air: µg/m3 OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  9. 9. Air Quality index – major cities in India The first national index that explains the effect of breathing air to a person’s health The system though is still to mature, steps are being taken by the CPCB to improve the accuracy of the numbersSource: the times of India OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  10. 10. Health hazards of air pollution • Air pollution causes about 20 % of lung cancer and six percent of high blood pressure deaths in India - Aaron Cohen, Head, the Global Burden of Diseases group • Air pollutants incite processes that lead to high blood pressure, blood clotting, and electrical instability in the heart, which can translate into heart attack, stroke, and sudden cardiac death OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  11. 11. Health hazards of air pollution “Risks from air pollution are far greater than previously thought, particularly in terms of heart disease and strokes. Few risks have a greater impact on global health today than air pollution. The evidence signals the need for concerted action to clean up the air we breathe” - Dr Maria Neira, director of WHO’s department of public health, environmental and social determinants of health. Source: The Financial Express OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  12. 12. Health hazards of air pollution OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  13. 13. Article by UCLA Institute of Environment Impact of air pollution on infants and children OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  14. 14. Facts about industrial pollution • Air pollution caused by the burning of fossil fuels like coal and diesel has contributed to a worrisome slowdown in rice harvest growth in India in the past two decades • India, the world's third-largest coal producer, is among the world's top CO2 emitters. - National Geographic • According to a research survey conducted by the University of Kashmir across cement industries in India, 93% of the workers complained of wheezing, 71% had irregular heart beats and 90% had cough problems due to cement dust pollution OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  15. 15. Facts about industrial pollution • A study conducted by the North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon across employees of cotton and other textile industries in Maharashtra reveals that 51%-71% suffered from chest tightness, 55%-62% experienced chest pain while 33%-42% reported frequent coughs primarily due to exposure to cotton dust pollution • Cotton dust pollution is the primary cause of Byssiniosis(a disease caused by exposure to cotton dust which causes irritation in the mucous membrane in eye, nose & throat, dry cough, chest tightness and wheezing OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  16. 16. What can be learnt from other countries?? • In Beijing, the government restricts what days you can drive your car if there are too many consecutive days of high pollution. They shut down factories and prohibit the use of firecrackers and barbecues. • Paris chooses to make public transportation free on days with high pollution. • Japan, whose pollution levels were once on par with the current China, introduced drastic laws which was known as the Pollution Diet of 1970. Today, Japan’s cities are among the world’s least polluted, according to the WHO. OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  17. 17. Did You Know ??? COPD that develops due to indoor pollution accounts for more than 1 million deaths every year It takes only 5 days for a jet stream in China to carry the air pollution to the United States Rising levels of air pollution in Beijing has brought a new disease – Beijing cough By 2050, 6 million people will die per year due to air pollution OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd.
  18. 18. Striving to make a difference by providing safe and healthy living We at OnMask Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd. are concerned about the increasingly degrading quality of air we breathe. Big Indian cities are becoming one of the most polluted in the world. We are working towards providing better protection against air pollutants and envision ourselves to be an end to end solution provider for providing high quality breathable air. OnMask Life Sciences Private Limited CIE, Block C5, Vindhya C4 IIIT, Gachibowli, Hyderabad - 500032 Ph : +91 8499014444, +91 9573736666 For more information about us, log onto: http://onmask.com http://blog.onmask.com/ https://www.facebook.com/ OnMaskLifeSciences We are available at:

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