Pamukkale is one of the most extraordinary natural wonders of Turkey. The great attraction is the immensity of the white rocky crag with its carved, sinks full of water (with congealed parts), that look like they are made of snow, clouds or cotton.
Pamukkale means White Castle in Turkish. This was a famous Spa in antiquity.
At the end of the 2nd century B.C. the dynasty of the Attalids, the kings of Pergamon, established the thermal spa of Hierapolis. The ruins of the baths, temples and other Greek monuments can be seen at the site.
The scientific explanation has to do with hot thermal parts that lodge underneath the mount which cause the calcium carbonate spill, that is then solidified on the exterior as travertino marble.
The Turks call this extraordinary Natural Wonder "Pamukkale", translated means "Castle of Cotton“ also and as can be observed, people bathe there.
The action of the different mineral waters that contain calcium oxides have left incredible marks in the structures. This fascinating landscape is protected to ensure its preservation.
The resulting effect of the water falling on a series of pads is spectacular, as it forms immense and solid cascades.
The sun light that illuminates the cascades changes the colour of the water, creating a spectacular effect.
Sometimes the cascades are white, other times blue, green or even red… The spectacle is overwhelming!
The continuing dynamics of the erosion has transformed this natural landscape into a beautiful matchless site.
The effect of this natural phenomenon leaves thick white layers of limestone and travertine cascading down the mountain slope resembling a frozen waterfall.
Tourists travel from the coast of Antalya and the Aegean Sea to Pamukkale as it is one of two World Heritage Sites in Turkey, together with Hierapolis. T he ancient city of Hierapolis was built on top of the white "castle" which is in total about 2700 meters long and 160m high .