Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

OECD work on Internet of Things and M2M SIM cards

17,347 views

Published on

Presentation on the need to liberalize IMSI numbers for M2M SIM-cards

Published in: Technology

OECD work on Internet of Things and M2M SIM cards

  1. 1. OECD work on Internet of Things The liberalisation of the SIM-card
  2. 2. Disclaimer The views expressed here are my own and may not reflect those of the OECD or its member countries.
  3. 3. OECD work on IoT • ICT Applications for the Smart Grid. Opportunities and Policy Implications • Smart Sensor Networks: Technologies and Applications for Green Growth • International Energy Agency: Technology Roadmap: Smart Grids • OECD-NSF Workshop: Building a Smarter Health and Wellness Future • Renewable energy and smart grids: new challenges for competition policy • Smart Electricity Grids • Policies to support smart water systems. Lessons from countries experience • And more (to come)
  4. 4. M2M, Connecting billions of devices • Study published January 2012 DSTI/ICCP/CISP(2011)4/FINAL • Analysis of M2M impact on – Competition (liberalisation needed) – Spectrum (lock in of bands) – Privacy and security (streetlights privacy sensitive) – Numbering (you may run out) – Access to (Public Sector) Information (share) • Only touch on competition here. The rest is equally important!
  5. 5. What Network?GEOGRAPHICALLY DISPERSED Application: smart grid, meter, city remote monitoring Technology Required:PSTN, broadband, 2G/3G/4G, power line communication Application: car automation, eHealth, logistics, portable consumer electronics Technology Required:2G/3G/4G, satellite GEOGRAPHICALLY CONCENTRATED Application: smart home, factory automation, eHealth Technology Required: wireless personal area (WPA), networks, wired networks, indoor electrical wiring, Wi-Fi Application: on-site logistics Technology Required: Wi-Fi, WPAN GEOGRAPHICALLY FIXED GEOGRAPHICALLY MOBILE
  6. 6. Mobile networks • 2G/3G/4G networks standardized by 3GPP globally most prevalent networks • Allow communication everywhere, where there is a road. • 220 countries, ~800 operators • Roaming supported • Connect once, connect everywhere • IMSI as the basis, SIM for authentication
  7. 7. Current market failures M2M • 20 year lock-in with mobile operator – Changing SIM is undoable for million devices • No competition in roaming • No way to route around network failure – 20% devices unavailable >10 mins/day – National roaming is solution. • Mobile networks only cover 80% M2M devices – National roaming 2 networks cover 98% • No innovation to bypass mobile operator
  8. 8. SIM = Control • SIM allows zero user-configuration authentication to networks. (it just works) • SIM contains IMSI-number and encryption parameters/keys. • SIM is property of mobile network • Networks verify authentication with owner of SIM (correct crypto, bills paid etc.) • Governments only give IMSI-numbers to telco’s, not car companies or others.
  9. 9. Control of SIM saves Billions • Proposal to give M2M end user (car company, energy) control of SIM – Makes M2M user == Orange == AT&T (except for spectrum license) • Would solve all market failures – Choice between 1, 2 or x networks/country • Roaming only exists in telco’s imagination – Easy switchover. • Allow access on network B on day 1, switch off network A on day 1+ (allow for testing) – Innovation like access to Wifi with EAP-SIM • Saves billions and generates new services
  10. 10. Market reaction This is an excellent document ! Congratulations on the authors for their foresight. It deals with one of the key issues we are facing as GPS-based toll operator (i.e. locked in with the SIM card suppliers.) (Reaction to OECD – International Transport Forum Policy Brief on Internet of Things and Transport)
  11. 11. Market reaction • 2 major car manufacturers now gathering all data necessary to become independent • Consumer electronics company: “everyone wants this” • Several telecom service providers see enormous new business • Governments slowly moving to liberalisation.
  12. 12. Impact of liberalisation • M2M customer in control – ‘million device user’ – Private Virtual Network Operator • Competition between network operators – National and international – Change operators in hours/days • Customer-led innovation – ie. new data roaming for laptops/tablets – Paying for x pictures uploaded to Facebook
  13. 13. Soft-SIMs • Everyone has a proposal/patent on Soft- SIM and eUICC – 3GPP working on proposal • Development blocked by stakeholders – Afraid of Apple/Google • Proposals designed with operator in control • User can only do what operator wants
  14. 14. Soft-SIMs don’t scale • The million device user wants control – Determine which network the device works on – Change operator when network is down or border is crossed (which is actually the same) – Bypass the telco and its cost structure • eUICC doesn’t allow this – No change of operator when network is down or crossing border – Can’t support move of million devices in a day from one operator in once country to another operator in another country. • Million device user wants Soft-SIM but only when it can control it.
  15. 15. Contact • Rudolf van der Berg • Rudolf.vanderberg@oecd.org

×