H.e.

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H.e.

  1. 1. Backyard Gardening
  2. 2. Importance: • A productive activity for the members of the family. • Growing foods and vegetables can be a source of food that ca help meet the nutritional needs of the entire family and the people of the community. • This activity supplements the family income. • Excess produce can be sold to friends, relatives or in the market.
  3. 3. Gardening • is the process of cultivating the land for growing flowers, ornamental plants, vegetables, fruits and trees.
  4. 4. Harvesting • Is the gathering of the crops upon maturity.
  5. 5. Seed box • Is the container or the plot where you sow seeds before transplanting them to a garden plot.
  6. 6. 2 Common Methods
  7. 7. 1. Direct seeding - The seeds are planted in an area where they are grown until they are ready for harvesting.
  8. 8. 2. Indirect Seeding - the seeds are planted first in seed beds or seed boxes to produce seedlings which are the transplanted in the field as soon as they have leaves.
  9. 9. Methods of Plant Propagation
  10. 10. 1. Sexual Propagation - is the most common method of reproduction and multiplication of plats. - this is done mostly by the user of seeds and spores.
  11. 11. 2. Asexual Propagation - is the development of a new plants, natural or artificial without the use of seeds.
  12. 12. Poultry Raising
  13. 13. Poultry - refers to domestic foods such as chickens, ducks, turkeys, quails, pigeons and geese raised for meat and eggs.
  14. 14. Importance: • Poultry meat supplies the protein needed by human body. • Is a profitable source of income
  15. 15. Duck Raising - it provides us with meat and eggs. - duck eggs can be made into balut, penoy and salted egg.
  16. 16. Ducks may be classified as egg type and meat type: Egg type: 1. Native ducks or Pateros ducks - commonly called itik. - used for balut, penoy, itlog na maalat. good layer and the eggs are large.
  17. 17. 2. Khaki Campbell Duck - it lays as many as 300 eggs a year - it’s a good layer. 3. Commercial Hybrid Duck - world’s first hybrid duck bred in England. - it lays its eggs at about 5 months of age.
  18. 18. Meat type: 1. Muscovy Duck - it is known as pato - it stays on land and requires less care. It feeds on palay and corn. 2. Peking Duck - it’s a breed from China. - it produces the first quality table meat used in Chinese dish. - it is good layer, docile and null adapted to the Phil. climate
  19. 19. Poultry Source of: 1. Egg - embryonated egg (balot) - salted egg - century egg 2. Meat - tocino - sausage (longanisa- ratine sausage) - nuggets
  20. 20. 3. Feathers - cleaners - costume and body ornaments - fans - comforters, cushions
  21. 21. Classification of Chicken: According to Origin 1. Asiatic class (from Japan, Philippines, Malaysia) ex. Mikawa, Nagoya 2. American class (Texas) ex. Texas, White Leghorn, Rhode Island, Phymouth. 3. European class/ English (from British) ex. Wyandote, Phymouth
  22. 22. 4. Mediterranean class (from Lebanon, Jordan, Greece) 5. Continental class chicken.
  23. 23. According to use 1. Meat class- lives maximum of 45 days 2. Egg class 3. Dual class 4. Fancy class
  24. 24. Piggery Primary Products - Meat - Fats - Hair - Pig manure – skin Secondary Products 1. Meat - longanisa, sausage, tocino, ham 2. Fats –Anchor butter, and can be made into candle.
  25. 25. Breeds of Pig 1. Duroc 2. Berleshire 3. Poland China – most lard type 4. Hansphire 5. Large white 6. Landrace – most bacon type 7. Native
  26. 26. Aquaculture: Fishery – the business of catching, taking, handling, harvesting, mar keting and preserving and other fish or aquatic products. Propagation Raising Fishery arts conservation – future use
  27. 27. Importance: • Source of feeds for poultry. • Good source of income due to great demand for fresh, canned and smoked fish.
  28. 28. Fresh water Fishes 1. St. Peter fish (Tilapia) – raised in fish pond. 2. Cat fish (Hito) – lives in swaps, canal and ponds. 3. Mud fish (Dalag) – lives in muddy canals. 4. Carp ( Karpa) 5. Gurami – fast grower, vegetarian and breeds freely. 6. Ornamental fish – like arouna, gold fish
  29. 29. Marine Fishes 1. Lapu- Lapu 2. Galunggong (scad fish 3. Maya maya (Perch) 4. Dalagang bukid 5. Tuna 6. Blue Marlin 7. Pink Salmon 8. Sardines 9. Mackarel 10. Salinas
  30. 30. Estuarine Fishes “ Tabsing” – tabang, places near the river ex. Bangus, Salmon
  31. 31. Methods of Fish Cultivation 1. Fish pond Method – refers to the raising of fish in ponds. 2. Fish pen Method – requires net enclosure in shallow protected parts of inland waters such as lakes or lagoons. 3. Open Water Method – used in cultivating mussels, oysters and clams, done in bays, seas and lagoons.
  32. 32. Harvesting of Fish 1. Draining – done by draining completely the pond water and then the fish are collected using a scoop net. 2. Gill netting – used for selective harvesting where the stock is of multiple sizes.

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