9Approval of Fire Protection Scheme Authorised Agencies approved by Insurance Regulatory Development Authority, New Delhi 10Allocation and Approval of Electric Supply for Construction Power State Electricity distribution Company 11Carriage entrance to property Municipal Corporation, Assistant Engineer, Roads or concerned authorities 12Approval of Building proposals and layoutMunicipal Corporation, Executive Engineer, Building Proposal or concerned authorities 13Approval of building layout with fire safety concerns and receipt of NOC Municipal Corporation: Chief Fire Officer or concerned authorities 14Approval of reinforced cement and concrete design calculation Municipal Corporation: Executive Engineer, Building Proposals or concerned authorities 15NOC for plant layout with regard to electrical equipment, operational safety Chief Electrical Engineer of state 16NOC for Storage of construction Materials and chemicals Factory Inspector 17NOC for road opening and asphalting work including traffic workMunicipal Corporation/Local Bodies18Local Approval of Architectural plans for townshipMunicipal Corporation/Local Bodies19Local Approval of other Architectural plans Municipal Corporation/Local Bodies20Commencement Certificate up to PlinthMunicipal Corporation/Local Bodies21Commencement Certificate up to Full HeightMunicipal Corporation/Local Bodies22Consent under the Factories ACT,1948 relating to fire fighting capacitiesDirectorate of Town and Planning of State Gov.23Clearance of LiftsInspector of Lifts, State Gov.24Approval/ Clearances for labour / man power like License from Labour commissioner for construction labour, Registration of Workers or exemption to be claimed if group insurance taken for some, etcConcerned Authorities25All Other clearancesAppropriate Authorities26Export / Import Authorisation (Export/ Import license )Appropriate Authorities of exporting country
Preparing Detailed Project Report and Presenting Business Plan to Investors
Preparing DetailedProject Report andPresenting Business Planto Investors(A Relevant Case Study)Priyank Jain (92)Radhika Sharma (93)Rahul Sharma (94) Rakesh
Project Report A project plan report is a formal, approveddocument used to guide both project executionand project control. The objective of a project plan is to define theapproach to be used by the Project Team to deliverthe intended project management scope of theproject. A complete document for investment decision-making, approval, planning.
Contents Executive Summary Introduction and Project Details: Purpose of the project activity Projects contribution to sustainable development Industry overview Existing Demand supply condition Cost & Means of Finance Schedule of commencement Financial viability Project Developer Details
Contents Details about proposed project location: Site topology Vegetation Connecting roads Habitation Tectonic activity Land requirement and layout of the project Site development measures Land availability and acquisition
Contents Feasibility Study: Projected power generation from the project Simulation Reports Land cost Transportation Social impact assessment Environment Impact Assessment Economic viability
Contents Technical Aspects & Technology Selection Key components Turbine Selection Operating and design characteristics of themachine against that sites terrain and windresource Detailed Design, Engineering & Execution Power Requirement Water Requirement Effluent Treatment
Grid Connectivity Check for an appropriate connection point nearsite. Conversations with those who have anunderstanding of the system in the area where youpropose to connect your project and contact localutility or Discom. It provides following information: Understanding the transmission & distributionsystem. Power line capacity Substation capacity Existing protection scheme of power system Cost estimates for transmission upgrades
Approach to Transmission Utility Next step is to approach transmission utility , withan application, which includes the following: Feasibility study System impact study Facility study Interconnection agreement The final step is executing the agreements andconstructing the additional infrastructure needed toget your energy on the grid.
Revenue earning in windpower project1. Sale electricity at preferential tariff tostate Discom/local Discom.2. Sale electricity at average powerpurchase cost of electricity and sale ofREC at power exchange.
DEVELOPMENT OF AFINANCIAL MODELA financial model is the most critical element of thefinancial assessment process. Most financialmodels are structured in a similar way and have thefollowing features: Assumptions. Calculations.Outputs or Financial Indicators.
FINANCIAL INDICATORS Cash flow – To determine if the project iseconomically viable a cash-flow evaluation of theproject should be done. Benefit-cost ratio (BCR) - It is the ratiobetween discounted total benefits andcosts. Net present value (NPV) Internal rate of return (IRR) Payback period
Following norms are considered for financial analysis:a) Debt-Equity ratiob) Interest rate on long term loana. Moratoriumb. Loan repayment periodc) Return on equityd) Depreciatione) O&M chargesf) PLF/CUFg) Equity IRRh) Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation andamortization (EBITDA) – This is a measure of thecash generating potential of the project. EBITDA isessentially the revenue of the project minus itsoperating costs.
RISK ANALYSIS Technique to identify and assess factors that mayjeopardize the success of a project or achieving agoal.Objectives :1. To define preventive measures to reduce theprobability of these factors from occurring.2. Identify counter measures to successfully dealwith these constraints when they develop.Importance: To agree, with the projectsponsors, on appropriate means to manage ormitigate those risks
Key risk associated with REprojects. Planning phasei. Feasibility riskii. Permit/clearances risk Construction phasei. Time over-run riskii. Capital cost over-run risk Operation phasei. Technology riskii. Market riskiii. Supply riskiv. Operating riskv. Political, legal and regulatory riskvi. Financial riskvii .Counterparty risk
What Investors Look For How does the team think? How detail oriented is the team? How big is this market? Is there sustainable competitive advantage? What’s the growth plan? What does the technology roadmap look like, shortterm or long term play Returns25
Title Slide Name of your business Your name or presenter’s name Date of presentation Company logo, image, or photo 1-sentence summary of your business◦ 5-10 words that concisely articulate the business How much money are you seeking to raise?◦ Your funding target26
Overview Your “elevator pitch”◦ 2-3 sentences that define the market, customer,problem/solution, and uniqueness of the business What market/industry are you in? What problem are you solving for customers? How many potential customers are there? Howmuch potential revenue is possible? Why will you succeed (differentiation, barriers toentry, unfair advantage)? Where is the proof (existing customers, investors,market research, personal experience)?27
The Problem Compelling problem(s) to be solved◦ What’s the pain or need that your potentialcustomers have?◦ Faster, better, smaller, etc. are solutions, notproblems Include any validating quotes◦ Customer quotes◦ Analyst quote28
The Solution Describe your business◦ What is your product or service? Compelling benefits◦ How do you provide value to your customers?29
Opportunity & Market Market details◦ Size and growth rate for 3-5 years◦ Focus on your segment(s) of the target market How much projected revenue will you earn in 3-5 years?30
Technology / Process What is the technology (or process) behind yourbusiness? Do you have an illustration or photo of how yourtechnology (or process) works? What is the value proposition?◦ How does your technology (or process) solve theproblem that customers have? Why should they payyou for it? Will you build or buy the technology (or process)?31
Competitive Advantages What competitive advantages do you have?◦ How are you better than your competitors?◦ Do you have a unique team, partner, invention,intellectual property, insights, or expertise that othersdon’t have? How long will the competitive advantages last? Why will customers care?◦ Why will customers choose your product or service,instead of your competitor’s?32
Competitive Landscape Who are your current and potential competitors?◦ What alternatives exist?◦ How do customers solve the problem today, withoutyour product or service? How are you different from your competitors?◦ How are you better than your competitors?◦ How will the customer know that you’re better? Include quotes from prospective customers◦ What do they say about your competitors?◦ Why would they rather buy from you?33
Go-to-Market Strategy Who are the key players?◦ What is the ideal customer like? What is their profile?◦ Discuss critical partners (current and future)◦ Describe who sells your product or service How and what do customers buy?◦ What is the price? One-time or recurring payment?◦ Describe what the customer will get (now and later) Marketing and sales plan◦ How will you market and sell your product or service?◦ Is this comparable to any other company’smarketing/sales methods?34
Financial Roadmap Project your revenue and expenses over the next 3-5 years◦ How do you and how much money you will make?◦ What are your expenses over the next 3 years? E.g., Development, Marketing/Sales, Staff/Salaries,Office Space, Legal, Inventory, etc. Key milestones◦ When will your business turn a profit? When does your revenue exceed expenses?◦ When does your competitive advantage take effect?When does it end?◦ How much revenue will you earn in year 3? In year 5?◦ When will you complete hiring employees?◦ When will you need to raise more money to grow yourbusiness?35
Paisa wasool or not?Debt EquityBanks , Financial Institutions Venture Capitalist , AngelInvestorsInterest RoEMoratorium Period Gestation PeriodRepayment Period36
The Team How many people make up your current team? What are your relevant accomplishments?◦ Why is your team qualified to run this business?◦ Include academic credentials How many employees do you need to hire?37
Current Status What milestones have you achieved so far?◦ Business plan complete?◦ Incorporated your business or formed an LLC?◦ Is the team complete?◦ Product, prototype, or sample developed?◦ Filed for intellectual property, such as a patent?◦ Leased office space, or setup home office?◦ Website and business cards created?◦ First customers acquired?◦ Lined up key partners and business advisors? Have you raised previous funding from investors?◦ If so, how much, and how did you use the funding? Where do you plan to go from here?◦ What are your next steps? How will you get there?38
Till Now…. Summarize your three key points◦ What is your business? What problem do you solve?Who cares? Ask your audience to make an investment◦ How much funding do you need? For what?◦ How much are you asking from each investor?◦ Why should they invest in you and your business?Will they receive anything in return? Questions and next steps◦ Answer any questions from your audience◦ Give your contact information and link to your Raise39
DPR (DETAILED PROJECT REPORT)(A CASE STUDY OF WIND BASEDPOWER PLANT & FINANCIAL MODEL)
What is a DPR? Detailed project report is prepared for the investmentdecision-making approval, for execution of theproject and preparation of the plan. Detailed project report is a complete document forinvestment decision-making, approval, planning, implementing.
Broad Structure of DPR of Wind BasedPP(1/2)IntroductionEnergyDemand andForecastFuture(egMaharashtra)ProposedLocation-Site Identified-Land Development-EnvironmentalAspectsProjectDesign-Site Development-Foundation Criteria-Tower Construction-MechanicalCompletion-Project Completion
Broad Structure of DPR of Wind BasedPP(2/2)Wind EnergyPurchaseAgreement-RPO-Sources of NonConventionalEnergy-Procedure ofprocurement fromNCE Sources-Effect of DefaultPermit andAuthorizations-Requirements ofInputs &ClearancesSignaturePageFinancialModeling ofProposedPP
INTRODUCTION Brief of Present Scenario Why Wind Energy Generation?
ENERGY DEMAND AND FUTUREFORECAST Demand – Supply of Maharashtra Energy Surplus/Deficit for last 3-4 years Energy Demand from Various sectors Future Forecast of Energy Requirement
Proposed Location Selection is Time consuming, Complex,numerous decisions. Selection of Wind Turbine Generators – arelated decision Transport and Road Connectivity . Issues related to Soil, EPC etc.
Proposed Locationa. Identified Site Setting of 3 Wind turbines 1500 Kw Rating inNagaon (Dhule) in Maharashtra. Wind Speed acc to C-WET at 50 mtr height – 5.49m/sec – 6.1 m/sec (Moderate acc to C-WET). CUF - 27% (as proposed by CERC). Land Req. - 50 acres (4 acre/MW). Location Characteristics(nearest railway station,type of land, cost of land, compensation for loss offorest land etc.)
Proposed Locationb. Land for the Project Site Terrain, Accessibility, andComplexity(Proximity of site by access roads. Terrain Orientation to Prevailing Wind(Arrangedperpendicular to wind direction). Within Rows, Min Spacing between Wind Mills –1.5 – 5 times to Rotor Diameter(d)◦ Row-Row distance vary from 10 – 20 times*(d) Cost of Land, Soil Conditions, Density of FlyingInsects Environmental and Cultural Concerns Aviation and Telecommunication Conflicts
Proposed Locationc. Environmental Aspects Advantages:◦ CDM Benefits are given to Wind farms Disadvantages:◦ Aspects related to Noise Pollution
Project Design Stage where project gets green light Site Development(Leveling of site,Building of approach roads,installation of equipment)FoundationConstruction(Typeof Tower, Capacityof WTG, WindClass)
Project Design (contd..) Tower Construction Types of Towers available◦ Tubular Steel towers are used and theirspecifications Mechanical Completion◦ Schedule of assembling of Wind Turbine partslike Wind Blades, Nacelle etc. Test Condition of Wind PP Technological Description of Wind Turbine(Motors, Yaw, Generator ,etc. andmechanisms involved)
Wind Energy PurchaseAgreement1. Applicability of Renewable Power PurchaseObligationEvery Distribution Licensee, captivepower consumer open access consumer andscheduled consumer shall be required to purchaseelectricity at the percentage specified hereinabove ofits total consumption of electricity within the area of adistribution licensee from non-conventionalenergy sources.2. Sources of Non-conventional Energy
Wind Energy PurchaseAgreement3. Procedure of procurement of electricity from NCEsources.-Distribution licensees can enter into long-termPPAs with the NCE developers of relevant category.-Every person requiring to purchase power fromNCE sources under Order shall file before theCommission annually, by 30th November, thedetails of total requirement of power under RPPOin the ensuing financial year.4. Effect of default- shall be liable for penalty as may be decided bythe Commission under section 142 of the Act
Permit and Authorization Requirement of inputs and clearancesSr. No Clearances Authority1 Pollution (water and air) State Pollution ControlBoard2 No Objection Certificate for setting up thefacilityState Pollution ControlBoard3 Consent for Operation State Pollution ControlBoard4 Environmental Clearance Ministry of Environment &Forest5 NOC for Tallest Structure National Airport Authorityof India6 Land Availability State Gov./Private Land7 Real State, Right to access and use of siteincluding right of way for all corridors tothe facilityState Gov. ConcernedAuthorities
Contd…9 Local Approval of other ArchitecturalplansMunicipalCorporation/LocalBodies10 Commencement Certificate up to Plinth MunicipalCorporation/Local Bodies11 Commencement Certificate up to FullHeightMunicipalCorporation/Local Bodies12 Consent under the Factories ACT,1948relating to fire fighting capacitiesDirectorate of Town andPlanning of State Gov.13 Clearance of Lifts Inspector of Lifts, StateGov.14 Approval/ Clearances for labour / manpower like License from Labourcommissioner for construction labour,Registration of Workers or exemption to beclaimed if group insurance taken for some,etcConcerned Authorities15 All Other clearances Appropriate Authorities
Financial Model CERC (Terms & Conditions for TariffDetermination from Renewable EnergySources) Regulation, 2012 Notification: No.:L-1/94/CERC/2011 Dated:06-02-2012. The GBI is according to the new provisiondone by the finance minister(0.50 Rs perunit ). Financial Model CDM Benefits :1500 Rs per REC.