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  1. 1. POLITICAL PARTIES <br />
  2. 2. Objectives<br />* Understand the vital role of struggle in the expansion of democracy.<br />* Analyse party systems in democracies.<br />* Introduction to major political parties in the country.<br />* Analyse the role of social movements and non –party political formations.<br />
  3. 3. Meaning<br />A political party is an organized group of citizens who profess to share the same political views and who by acting as a political unit, try to control the government. - GILCHRIST<br />CHARACTERISTICS of Political Parties <br /> ( I ) An organized group of persons <br /> ( II ) Similar views on political and economic problems of the country <br /> ( III ) Aim to control the government by constitutional and peace means<br /> ( IV ) Their aim is to promote national interest and not any sectional interest<br />
  4. 4. FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES<br />They educate the masses, through their meetings and propaganda , about the various problems facing the country at a particular time. They helps in the formation of public opinion.<br />2. They fight elections and try to get the maximum number of their candidates elected.<br />3. The party which gets an absolute majority in the legislature, forms the government and runs the administration of the country.<br />4. Other parties form the opposition. They criticise the wrong policies of the government and check it form becoming despotic.<br />5. Political parties give political education to the people.<br />6. They serve as a link between the government and the people.<br />7.They serve as a link between the Legislature and Executive organs of Government.<br />
  5. 5. CONDITIONS FOR NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTY<br />Through an order issued on December 2, 2002 by Election Commission<br />If the party secures 6% of the valid votes polled in any four or more<br />states in the lasts LokSabha election or Assembly election in four states ; and in addtion it wins at four seats in LokSabha from any one or more states.<br />OR<br />It wins at least 2% seats in LokSabha (11 Seats in the existing LokSabha which 543 members ) and these members are elected from at least there states.<br />
  6. 6. MAJOR NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES<br />National PartySymbol <br />1.Bhartiya Janta PartyLotus <br /> ( BJP )<br />2.Bahujan Samaj PartyElephant<br /> ( BSP )<br />3.Communist Party of Ears of corn<br /> India ( C PI ) and sickle<br />4.Communist Party of Hammer, Sickle <br /> India ( C PM ) and Star<br />5.Indian National Congress Hand<br />(Congress- I )<br />6.Nationalist Congress Clock<br /> Party ( NCP )<br />
  7. 7. REGIONAL POLITAL PARTIES IN INDIA<br />PARTYRESERVED SYMBOL <br />Assam GanParishad Elephant<br />Telugu Desam Party Bicycle<br />DMK Rising Sun<br />All-India Anna DMK Two Leaves<br />Shiv Sena The Bow and Arrow<br />National Conference Plough<br />ShiromaniAkali Dal Scales <br />RastriyaJanta Dal Lalten<br />Samajwadi Party Cycle<br />
  8. 8. CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIAN PARTY SYSTEM<br />Absence of Specific Constitutional Provision - Article 19(C) All citizens shall have the right to form associations or unions.<br />Multiple Party system – In 2006 – national parties -6; regional parties -35, non – recognised parties – 612,<br />End of one Dominant Party System -<br />Rise of Effective Opposition Party -<br />Independent Members -<br />Lack of Continuous Contact with the Masses - <br />Personality Cult -<br />Absence of Clear-cut Ideology -<br />Criminalisation of Politics –<br />Existence of many Cummunal and Regional Parties -<br />
  9. 9. ROLE OF SOCIALMOVEMENTS IN POLITICS<br />Peasant movements<br />Trade Union Movement<br />Women's Movement in India<br />Backward Class Movement in India<br />