Educational reform


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Educational reform

  1. 1. EDU 701 Education & Human Development EDUCATIONAL REFORM  WORLD CLASS  EDUCATION TRANSFORMATION Prepared for: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Gurnam Kaur Sidhu Prepared by: Rahmawati Othman – 2008705137 Noorliza Mohd Noor - 2008340024
  2. 2.  Educational Reform - World Class  A plan or movement which attempts to bring about a systematic change in educational theory or practice across a community or society
  3. 3. Malaysia 1957 Inherited British Education System & Curriculum 1960s National building & social change. Improve access and gender equity. Move towards Industrialisation – emphasis on science. 1970s National language as medium of instruction
  4. 4. 1980s New primary school curriculum- st-centred, activity-based New secondary school curriculum- values-oriented, thinking skills, applctn 1990s IT literacy introduced-rural areas Using ICT as a tool in TL , Smart schools 2000s (2003) Introduction of bilingual education- science & mathematics in English
  5. 5. The need for Educational Reform - Future economic competitiveness depends on the ability of education system to produce students – compete globally - Important that there be Malaysian human resources with English proficiency and ICT literate to face the era of globalisation Kamogawa, 2003
  6. 6.  1996 – New legislations passed by the Parliament to strengthen the Higher Education Sector in view of challenging global & regional development Started with: Educ. Act & University and Universities Colleges Act(Ammendment) Purpose: -Enhance the development of private Higher Education through establishment of local private universities & colleges & branches of foreign universities
  7. 7. *May 1997 – Nat. Accreditation Board -to assure the quality of all programmes & qualifications offered by private HEd. -develops standards/criteria for the conferment of awards & accredit courses *Dec 2005 – NAB and Quality Assurance Division merged (approvd by the Gov.) *Nov 1,2007 – Malaysian Qualification Agency (MAQ)- the maturing of quality assurance in M’sia HEd.
  8. 8.  Malaysia Qualifications Framework -develops and classifies qualifications -based on a set of criteria - approved nationally -benchmarked against international best practices.  (1996) Private Higher Education Act- allowed private inst. & foreign universities establish franchises and degree courses. -encourage to offer sc & tech courses
  9. 9.  MMU—est as the core inst. of the MSC - 1st private U accredited by Gvt. - e-learning campus UKM-K-Campus - special ICT comm & est the faculty of Information Sc & Tech
  10. 10. Government--raise education in Malaysia to world standards.  100 percent of teachers in secondary schools be degree holders- year 2010  at least 70 percent of teachers in primary schools be degree holders  In 2006, teacher training colleges- upgraded to the status of institutes  Lecturers in ITEs-at least a master’s degree
  11. 11. Support Materials-Tr. Preparation  Collaboration with private sectors  Teachers are trained for proficiency building  Schools are provided with PC, Notebooks LCD etc.  Progress monitoring
  12. 12.  Conclusion  Reform for the sake of reform would not be bringing our standard of education anywhere but be pretty on paper  New implementations will either make no difference, help improve the situation or make it worse Fullan, 1998