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Body image & eating disorders


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Body image & eating disorders

  1. 1. Body Image & Eating Disorders
  2. 2. Pathways to Eating Disorders
  3. 3. Three Types of Eating Disorders <ul><li>Anorexia nervosa characterized by a pursuit of thinness that leads to self-starvation </li></ul><ul><li>Bulimia nervosa </li></ul><ul><li>characterized by a cycle of binging followed by extreme behaviors to prevent weight gain, such as purging . </li></ul><ul><li>Binge-eating disorder also called “Night Eating Syndrome”- characterized by regular binging, but do not engage in purging behaviors usually leads to obesity although it can occur in normal weight individuals. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is anorexia ? <ul><li>Anorexia nervosa is a psychiatric illness (illness of the mind) that describes an eating disorder (when human beings stop eating in a normal way), characterized by extreme low body weight and body image distortion, with an obsessive fear of gaining weight </li></ul>
  5. 5. Anorexia nervosa is a complex eating disorder with three key features : <ul><ul><li>1. refusal to maintain a healthy body weight . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. an intense fear of gaining weight . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. a distorted body image. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Healthy Dieting Anorexia Healthy dieting is an attempt to control weight Anorexia is an attempt to control your life and emotions Your self-esteem is based on more than just weight and body image . Your self-esteem is based entirely on how much you weigh and how thin you are You view weight loss as a way to improve your health and appearance . You view weight loss as a way to achieve happiness Your goal is to lose weight in a healthy way . Becoming thin is all that matters; health is not a concern
  7. 7. Anorexic food behavior signs and symptoms <ul><li>.   Dieting despite being thin </li></ul><ul><li>Obsession with calories, fat grams, and nutrition. </li></ul><ul><li>Pretending to eat or lying about eating. </li></ul><ul><li>Preoccupation with food. </li></ul><ul><li>. Strange or secretive food rituals </li></ul>
  8. 8. Anorexic appearance and body image signs and symptoms <ul><li>Dramatic weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling fat, despite being underweight </li></ul><ul><li>Fixation on body image </li></ul><ul><li>Harshly critical of appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Denial that you’re too thin </li></ul><ul><li>Purging signs and symptoms: </li></ul><ul><li>Using diet pills, laxatives, or diuretics. </li></ul><ul><li>Throwing up after eating Compulsive exercising </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological causes and risk factors for anorexia </li></ul><ul><li>Family and social pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Biological causes of anorexia </li></ul>
  10. 10. Some of the physical effects of anorexia include <ul><li>1- Severe mood swings; depression </li></ul><ul><li>2-Lack of energy and weakness </li></ul><ul><li>3-Slowed thinking; poor memory </li></ul><ul><li>4-Dry, yellowish skin and brittle nails </li></ul><ul><li>5-Constipation and bloating </li></ul><ul><li>6-Tooth decay and gum damage </li></ul><ul><li>7-Dizziness, fainting, and headaches </li></ul><ul><li>8-Growth of fine hair all over the body and face </li></ul>
  11. 11. Getting help for anorexia <ul><li>  Steps to anorexia recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Admit you have a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to someone </li></ul><ul><li>Stay away from people, places, and activities that trigger your obsession with being thin </li></ul><ul><li>Seek professional help </li></ul>
  12. 12. Treating anorexia involves three steps <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Getting back to a healthy weight </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Starting to eat more food </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Changing how you think about yourself and food </li></ul>
  13. 13. What is bulimia? <ul><li>is a serious and sometimes life-threatening eating disorder affecting mainly young women. </li></ul>
  14. 14. The binge and purge cycle
  15. 15. Two subtypes of bulimia <ul><li>purging type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>self-induced vomiting and laxatives as a way to get rid of the extra calories they have taken in </li></ul></ul><ul><li>non-purging type </li></ul><ul><ul><li>use a period of fasting and excessive exercise to make up for the binge </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Signs and symptoms of bulimia <ul><ul><li>Binge eating signs and symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purging signs and symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical signs and symptoms of bulimia </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Bulimia causes and risk factors <ul><li>Bulimia is a complex emotional issue. Major causes and risk factors for bulimia include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor body image </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low self-esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>History of trauma or abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major life changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appearance-oriented professions or activities </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Effects of bulimia
  19. 19. Bulimia therapy <ul><li>Because poor body image and low self-esteem lie at the heart of bulimia, therapy is an important part of recovery. It’s common to feel isolated and shamed by your bingeing and purging, and therapists can help with these feelings. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Bulimia treatment  <ul><li>The treatment of choice for bulimia is cognitive-behavioral therapy. Cognitive-behavioral therapy targets the unhealthy eating behaviors of bulimia and the unrealistic, negative thoughts that fuel them. Here’s what to expect in bulimia therapy: </li></ul><ul><li>Breaking the binge-and-purge cycle  </li></ul><ul><li>Changing unhealthy thoughts and patterns  </li></ul><ul><li>Solving emotional issues   </li></ul>
  21. 21. Challenges to treatment <ul><li>Lack of motivation to change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>intrinsically reinforced by the weight loss, because it feels good to them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>may deny the existence of the problem, or the severity of it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of insight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not really about food. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. The Thin-Ideal <ul><li>The avg. model weighs 23% less than the avg. American woman </li></ul><ul><li>Longitudinal study from 1979-1988 showed that 69% of playboy models and 60% of Miss America contestants met weight criteria for anorexia </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s bodies in the media have become increasingly thinner </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Impact on Women <ul><li>One study showed that 55% of college women thought that they were overweight though only 6% were </li></ul><ul><li>94% of one sample of women wanted to be smaller than they currently were </li></ul><ul><li>96% thought that they were larger than the current societal ideal </li></ul><ul><li>Half the women in a study said they would rather be hit by a truck than be fat </li></ul>
  24. 24. Thank you for listing