Chars Livelihoods Programme Raising homesteads, supporting livelihoods
 
 
Vulnerability <ul><li>Population lives on sandy islands in the middle of large river system </li></ul><ul><li>Unstable env...
Typical scene
Low-lying terrain
A typical year
Monsoon flood
Chars erosion
Chars Livelihoods Programme CLP2   £68m  Purpose:  Improve livelihoods, incomes and food security of at least 1 million ex...
CLP2 –  Working Districts CLP2 2010 - 2014 CLP2 2011 - 2016 CLP1 2004 - 2010
What CLP does <ul><li>Only large chars development intervention (including government, private sector, other donors)  Alth...
Raising homes
Safe above flood
 
 
 
Plinths make a difference <ul><li>100,000 CLP-raised homestead plinths on the chars in the north-western Bangladesh. </li>...
Contracting & payment systems <ul><li>Total cost Tk 14,000 / raised HH </li></ul><ul><li>Setting labour rates </li></ul><u...
Occupancy <ul><li>Erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Predicted lifespan of raised plinth = 15 years </li></ul><ul><li>2.6% Core sel...
Thanks www.clp-bangladesh.org
 
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The clp experience

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  • Labour rates vs. market daily rate vs. piece rate average daily earnings provide employment floor – especially important during monga season Accountability - sign board, phone numbers. Leakage investigations – independent verification -&gt; direct investigation -&gt; follow up by NGO / UP (leading to necessary disciplinary action).
  • Erosion rates Predicted lifespan of raised plinth is average approx. 15 years Core selected HHs 2.6% disappear due to river erosion per year Need to consider use of GIS to improve location selection Eviction High value residence, higher rent demands &amp; eviction threat Strength in (even small) numbers Moved by “Choice” Relocation = dislocation Perception that moving to new location is a condition of accessing other benefits
  • The clp experience

    1. 1. Chars Livelihoods Programme Raising homesteads, supporting livelihoods
    2. 4. Vulnerability <ul><li>Population lives on sandy islands in the middle of large river system </li></ul><ul><li>Unstable environment, infertile soils </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic & disastrous floods </li></ul><ul><li>Remote and costly access for goods and services </li></ul><ul><li>Little presence of state, NGOs or private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Tenure rights not upheld – mastaan system </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of local employment opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Ill health & nutritional deficiency, including monga hungry season (Oct-Dec) </li></ul><ul><li>High concentration of extreme poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationally bottom 10%; north chars up to 50% of population </li></ul></ul>
    3. 5. Typical scene
    4. 6. Low-lying terrain
    5. 7. A typical year
    6. 8. Monsoon flood
    7. 9. Chars erosion
    8. 10. Chars Livelihoods Programme CLP2 £68m Purpose: Improve livelihoods, incomes and food security of at least 1 million extreme poor and vulnerable men, women and children living on remote char islands of NW Bangladesh CLP1 (2004-10) Bogra Jamalpur Gaibandha Kurigram Sirajganj CLP2 (2010-16) Gaibandha Kurigram Lalmonirhat Nilphamari Rangpur Pabna Tangail
    9. 11. CLP2 – Working Districts CLP2 2010 - 2014 CLP2 2011 - 2016 CLP1 2004 - 2010
    10. 12. What CLP does <ul><li>Only large chars development intervention (including government, private sector, other donors) Although we don’t want to be alone! </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on extreme poor: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationally bottom 10%; north chars up to 50% of population </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project implementation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect people against environmental hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help improve household incomes and food security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build women’s confidence and choices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build capacity in health and treatment, nutrition, savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage involvement of the private sector (health, education, animal husbandry, enterprise, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek long-term engagement from other stakeholders on chars (GoB, other donors, private enterprise) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rigorous monitoring & verification of activities, dissemination of results & impacts, </li></ul><ul><li>… and learning from all our mistakes. </li></ul>
    11. 13. Raising homes
    12. 14. Safe above flood
    13. 18. Plinths make a difference <ul><li>100,000 CLP-raised homestead plinths on the chars in the north-western Bangladesh. </li></ul><ul><li>Raised 60cm above 2007 high flood line. </li></ul>
    14. 19. Contracting & payment systems <ul><li>Total cost Tk 14,000 / raised HH </li></ul><ul><li>Setting labour rates </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency and accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Contracting - local government, NGOs & directly with HHs </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s quota – encourage mixed groups </li></ul>
    15. 20. Occupancy <ul><li>Erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Predicted lifespan of raised plinth = 15 years </li></ul><ul><li>2.6% Core selected HHs eroded per year </li></ul><ul><li>To consider use of GIS to improve location selection </li></ul><ul><li>Residence, Tenure and Eviction </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership without tenure system </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiating land from its “controllers” </li></ul><ul><li>Higher value residence, higher rent demands & eviction threat </li></ul><ul><li>Strength in (even small) numbers </li></ul><ul><li>Relocation </li></ul><ul><li>Relocation = dislocation </li></ul><ul><li>Perception that moving to new location is a condition of accessing other benefits </li></ul>
    16. 21. Thanks www.clp-bangladesh.org

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