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Macedonia presentation

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Macedonia presentation

  1. 1. Best Practices in Forest Road Engineering: Building Sustainable Roads and Minimizing Environmental Impact A Regional Selected Eastern European Countries Location: Lviv, Ukraine Dates: August 30 – September 5, 2015 M-r Dejan Mandžukovski Blaze Georgievski - forest eng.
  2. 2. Optimization of the road network The optimal density of the road network is calculated using differential estimations from the total costs for transport, separately for every mode. The equation is used for calculating the optimal density on the primary road network. According to the research done, a connection between the density of the road network and the volume of wood that would be used when managing the forests can be established. In this way we can get the value of the optimal density of the road network for any plantation. 0 DTsum DGkp 
  3. 3. 3 0,0 5,0 10,0 15,0 20,0 25,0 30,0 35,0 40,0 100 200 300 400 500 600 [m³/ха] Gkp[m/ha] Table 1. Density of the road network according to the amount of wood coverage Q[m /ha] 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Gkp [m/ha] 8,2 11,1 14,4 17,1 19,5 21,6 23,4 25,1 26,6 28,1 3 The data for the optimal density of the road network according to the wood coverage
  4. 4. The road network in Republic of Macedonia According to the data from Akimovski R. in the Republic of Macedonia in 1966 there has been a truck roads network of 2.6 m/ha. The development and management of the forests have also prompted the development of forest roads network. According to the data collected from various sources, Table 3 presents the conditions of the road network in the Republic of Macedonia in different time intervals. The data about the road conditions in 1979 and 1982 are collected from the annual statistic report. The data from 1990 is collected from a research paper by Angelov S. and the data on the road network condition in 1999, 2012 and 2015 are collected from PE Macedonian Forests.
  5. 5. Development of the road network as a current rate of road building On the basis of an average value of the forest road building rate during the last few years, we can see a future development of the forest roads network. Thus, the average length of forest roads construction in the last few years has resulted in 182,5 km of new forest roads. As a result of this rate of newly constructed roads, we get the mathematical projection of the future infrastructure development. Graph: Forest road density trend depending on the time, calculated as an average rate of the increase of new roads in the last few years 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 years м/ха Forest road density trend
  6. 6. •According to the data collected from various sources, next Table presents the conditions of the road network in the Republic of Macedonia in different time intervals. •The data about the road conditions in 1979 and 1982 are collected from the annual statistic report. •The data from 1990 is collected from a research paper by Angelov S. and the data on the road network condition in 1999, 2012 and 2015 are collected from PE Macedonian Forests. Year Area Road length Forest roads Public roads Dtrfirm soft asph alt firm soft asph alt ha km km km km km km km m/ha 1979 905.653 2.922 1206 1.716 3,23 1990 951.570 7.808 562 6.228 1.018 8,21 1999 953.430 9.687 1.157 5.244 187 606 676 1.817 10,16 2012 958.721 10.882 1.256 6.043 355 663 543 2.023 11.35 2015 987.545 13.263 1346 8185 406 675 556 2095 13.43 Table: Density of forest truck roads in the Republic of Macedonia Previous Table shows the density of the road network that is constantly growing and in 2015 has reached 13.43 m/ha.
  7. 7. Forest Roads in PE Makedonski šumi
  8. 8. реден број Шумско стопанство Број на вработени Етат (m³) Отвореност (20km/1000haТехничко Огревно Отпад Вкупно етат (10 год) 1 Берово 90 247.166 337.470 59.794 644.430 15,94 2 Пехчево 35 40.672 74.894 120.533 236.099 15,43 3 Делчево 48 163.246 155.160 51.005 369.411 14,63 4 Штип 34 12.146 65.886 13.035 91.067 22,50 5 Радовиш 86 117.352 263.319 38.672 419.343 13,79 6 Кочани 78 100.814 134.255 29.310 264.379 8,45 7 Виница 85 212.069 191.664 51.609 455.342 10,78 8 Свети Николе 26 2.806 29.592 3.600 35.998 10,06 9 Кавадарци 178 325.390 210.840 55.366 591.596 13,14 10 Велес 80 101.872 225.348 42.542 369.762 11,49 11 Демир Капија 40 15.041 118.801 15.535 149.377 11,48 12 Гевгелија 90 127.745 267.404 61.842 456.991 14,00 13 Струмица 111 200.787 287.601 57.134 545.522 11,14 14 Валандово 32 2.700 108.015 12.300 123.015 9,90 15 Скопје 102 73.677 222.653 55.615 351.945 11,20 16 Куманово 73 23.747 122.078 18.237 164.062 12,58 17 Крива Паланка 56 167.626 200.678 41.504 409.808 26,35 18 Кратово 41 76.613 31.789 12.045 120.447 12,28 19 Тетово 37 38.860 168.734 23.149 230.743 13,82 20 Гостивар 42 60.892 214.653 32.786 308.331 20,37 21 Дебар 31 63.567 57.102 13.733 134.402 10,63 22 Охрид 89 129.151 434.067 65.801 629.019 17,33 23 Струга 57 66.298 167.390 26.447 260.135 9,80 24 Ресен 57 71.381 145.953 25.097 242.431 14,51 25 Битола 95 254.590 142.043 49.268 445.901 15,17 26 Прилеп 69 26.619 217.320 40.900 284.839 8,63 27 Крушево 32 3.844 98.765 11.401 114.010 22,78 28 Кичево 159 247.464 375.410 65.703 688.577 8,74 29 Македонски Брод 92 174.627 324.764 67.412 566.803 11,41 30 Демир Хисар 89 62.873 354.003 47.236 464.112 16,27 2.134 3.211.635 5.747.651 1.208.611 10.167.897 13,81
  9. 9. 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 Берово Пехчево Делчево Штип Радовиш Кочани Виница СветиНиколе Кавадарци Велес ДемирКапија Гевгелија Струмица Валандово Скопје Куманово КриваПаланка Кратово Тетово Гостивар Дебар Охрид Струга Ресен Битола Прилеп Крушево Кичево МакедонскиБрод ДемирХисар Отвореност Отвореност (20km/1000ha)

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