Gsa evolution to lte report 050112


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LTE is the new standart in data communications over GSM 3G. The LTE system, which is standardized by 3GPP, delivers capacity and data throughput enhancements and low latency, to support new services and features requiring higher levels of capability and performance.

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Gsa evolution to lte report 050112

  1. 1. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012 Pressure on spectrum resources Country Operator Launch will continue, therefore operators Norway TeliaSonera 14.12.09 should deploy the most efficient Sweden TeliaSonera 14.12.09 technologies available to them. Uzbekistan MTS 28.07.10 Uzbekistan UCell 09.08.10 The LTE system, which is Poland Aero2/Mobyland/CenterNet 07.09.10 standardized by 3GPP, delivers (LTE TDD from 10.05.11) USA MetroPCS 21.09.10capacity and data throughput enhancements and low Austria A1 Telekom 05.11.10latency, to support new services and features Sweden TeleNor Sweden 15.11.10requiring higher levels of capability and performance. Sweden Tele2 Sweden 15.11.10 Hong Kong CSL Limited 25.11.10LTE is the next step in the user experience, Finland TeliaSonera 30.11.10enhancing more demanding applications such as Germany Vodafone 01.12.10interactive TV, mobile video blogging, advanced USA Verizon Wireless 05.12.10gaming, and professional services. Data rates are Finland Elisa 08.12.10significantly higher. LTE supports a full IP-based Denmark TeliaSonera 09.12.10network and harmonization with other radio access Estonia EMT 17.12.10technologies. Japan NTT DoCoMo 24.12.10 Germany Deutsche Telekom 05.04.11LTE standardization by 3GPP covers FDD and TDD Philippines Smart Communications 16.04.11modes. Infrastructure solutions offer an easy upgrade Lithuania Omnitel 28.04.11path to LTE. Latvia LMT 31.05.11 Singapore M1 21.06.11 South Korea SK Telecom 01.07.11HSPA/HSPA+ is mainstream. LTE is the natural South Korea LG U+ 01.07.11migration choice for GSM/HSPA network operators, Germany O2 01.07.11and CDMA or WiMAX operators. Canada Rogers Wireless 07.07.11 Austria T-Mobile 28.07.11The uptake of LTE is a global phenomenon. The Canada Bell Mobility 14.09.11primary drive towards LTE from operators comes Saudi Arabia Mobily (LTE TDD) 14.09.11from the need for more network capacity, Saudi Arabia STC (LTE TDD) 14.09.11performance management and improved efficiencies Saudi Arabia Zain 14.09.11to drive down the unit cost of delivering traffic. USA AT&T Mobility 18.09.11 UAE Etisalat 25.09.11All 3G technologies can harmonize to LTE as a single Australia Telstra 27.09.11unifying global standard, for even higher scale Denmark TDC 10.10.11economies and simplifying roaming. Austria 3 18.11.11GSA has confirmed LTE as the fastest developing Puerto Rico AT&T Mobility 20.11.11mobile system technology ever. Puerto Rico Claro 24.11.11 Belarus Yota Bel 01.12.11 Brazil Sky Brazil (LTE TDD) 13.12.11 285 operators are investing in LTE in Finland DNA 13.12.11 93 countries Uruguay Antel 13.12.11 USA Cricket 21.12.11 226 operator commitments in 76 countries Singapore SingTel 22.12.11 59 pre-commitment trials in 17 more countries Kuwait Viva 27.12.11 Armenia Vivacell-MTS 28.12.11 49 commercial networks Bahrain Viva Bahrain 01.01.12 in 29 countries Hungary T Mobile 01.01.12 South Korea KT 03.01.12 GSA forecasts 119 commercial LTE 49 commercial LTE network launches © Global mobile Suppliers Association (GSA) networks in 53 countries by end 2012
  2. 2. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012Spectrum for LTE deployments and transport networks that are easier to build, maintain and introduce services on.LTE can be deployed in existing 2G or 3G bands, andin new spectrum such as 2.6 GHz and the Digital The 3GPP core network has also undergone SystemDividend bands (700 or 800 MHz depending on Architecture Evolution (SAE), optimized for packetregion). In the USA, LTE deployments are being mode and in particular for the IP-Multimediamade in 700 MHz spectrum and in existing AWS Subsystem (IMS) to support all access technologies,(1.7/2.1 GHz spectrum. There is strong demand in including fixed wire-line access. This allows:Europe, Asia and elsewhere to access new 800 MHz  Improvements in latency, capacity, throughputDigital Dividend spectrum for extended geographical  Simplification of the core network, andcoverage and improved in-building performance. The optimization for IP traffic and services, andfirst commercial LTE800 services have launched in expected growthGermany for rural broadband services. There is also  Simplified support and handover to non-3GPPhigh interest in using re-farmed 2G spectrum for LTE, access technologiese.g. 900 MHz and especially 1800 MHz as regulatorsadopt a technology-neutral approach. Initial The result is the evolved packet system (EPS) thatdeployments in Japan use 800/850 MHz, 1.5 GHz, consists of the core network part, the evolved packet1.7 GHz and 2.1 GHz (operator-dependant). core (EPC) and the radio network evolution part, the evolved UTRAN (E-UTRAN), i.e. LTE. The EPS isDesign targets for LTE first phase include: also standardized within 3GPP Release 8. LTE TDD Systems Instantaneous downlink peak data rate of at least 100 Mb/s within 20 MHz allocation (5 bps/Hz) Most LTE commitments and deployments use the Instantaneous uplink peak data rate of 50 Mb/s paired spectrum (FDD) mode. The LTE TDD mode (2.5 bps/Hz within a 20MHz uplink allocation) for unpaired spectrum is complementary and valuable Downlink: average user throughput per MHz, 3 to in several markets. LTE TDD provides a future-proof 4 times Release 6 HSDPA evolutionary path for TD-SCDMA, another 3GPP Uplink: average user throughput per MHz, 2-3 standard, which is widely deployed in China. LTE times Release 6 Enhanced Uplink TDD is the perfect choice for providing high speed E-UTRAN optimized for low mobile speed: 0-15 mobile broadband access in unpaired spectrum. It is km/h. Higher mobile speed between 15-120 km/h an integral part of the 3GPP standards implementing should be supported with high performance. a maximum of commonalities with LTE FDD and Mobility across the cellular network shall be offering comparable performance characteristics with maintained at speeds 120 km/h-350 km/h (or even similarly high spectral efficiency. up to 500 km/h depending on the frequency band) Spectrum flexibility: scalable to operate in 1.4, 3, Within the globally assigned IMT bands for mobile 5, 10, 15 and 20 MHz allocations: uplink and (broadband) communication, significant spectrum downlink…paired and unpaired resources are suitable for LTE TDD. The largest Co-existence with GERAN/3G on adjacent contiguous bands are at 2.3 GHz (100 MHz) and channels; with other operators on adjacent within the 2.6 GHz band (e.g. 50 MHz according to channels; overlapping or adjacent spectrum at the CEPT band plan). Due to the recognized demand country borders; handover with UTRAN & GERAN for radio technologies for unpaired bands and based on the commonalities as explained above, LTE TDDLTE radio network products incorporate several can exploit global economies of scale similar to LTEfeatures to simplify building and management of next- FDD, with a short time to market. It is likely that LTEgeneration networks. Plug-and-play, self- TDD will become a globally accepted technology,configuration and self-optimization simplify and providing an excellent evolution path for TD-SCDMAreduce network rollout and management cost. LTE and WiMAX™ networks. The growing number of LTEwill be deployed alongside simplified, IP-based core TDD operator commitments, system maturity, and the expanding eco-system are detailed later in this report.
  3. 3. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012LTE-Advanced Systems Advanced network in 2013. Other operators who have announced plans to deploy LTE-A in a similarLTE FDD and LTE TDD have a clear evolution timeframe include AT&T Mobility, Clearwire, Dishtowards LTE-Advanced which includes many features Network, and Sprint.originally considered for the future ITU IMT-Advancedsystem. In October 2010 the ITU accepted and Ericsson demonstrated a working version of LTE-officially designated LTE-Advanced as an IMT- Advanced to the Swedish Post and Telecom AgencyAdvanced (4G) technology. in June 2011. Downlink speeds more than 10 x faster than today‟s LTE deployments were shown. 60MHz of aggregated spectrum was used, compared to 20 MHz maximum possible with the current LTE standard. Also 8x8 MIMO was used on the downlink. Nokia Siemens Networks demonstrated LTE- Advanced at CommunicAsia 2011 in Singapore. 3GPP published Release 10 of the standard (at the March 2011 Plenary meetings) and formally froze the set of features for LTE-Advanced. The completion of Release 10 is the final step in the four year process to ensure that the 3GPP radio interface will meet the formal requirements of IMT-Advanced. As is the case with current work on HSPA Evolution (HSPA+), LTE work will continue beyond the current Release. It is a well proven method in 3GPP that work is allowed to carry on, but is punctuated by a series of Releases, allowing the industry to make products and plan services from that point on. 3GPP is setting the Release 11 requirements during 2011, with its completion being scheduled for late 2012.IMT-Advanced provides a global platform on which tobuild the next-generations of interactive mobileservices that will provide faster data access, LTE networks, developments global round-upenhanced roaming capabilities, unified messagingand broadband multimedia. AmericasSeveral LTE-Advanced test systems are operating orplanned around the world. NTT DoCoMo isundertaking field experiments of LTE-Advanced in USAreal radio environments in the cities of Yokosuka andSagamihara. NTT DoCoMo has confirmed the On September 21, 2010 regional carrier MetroPCSperformance of LTE-Advanced technologies using became the first operator in the United States tosimulators in its R & D center, achieving transmission launch LTE. MetroPCS offered the world‟s firstdata rates of approximately 1 Gbps on the downlink commercially available 4G LTE handset, theand 200 Mbps on the uplink. Samsung Craft™. Service was launched in Las Vegas, then extended to Dallas/Forth Worth, DetroitThe Korea Communications Commission and the and Boston, Sacramento and New York. TheKorean Ministry of Knowledge Economy held a Samsung SCH-R900/Craft is also the first multi-modedemonstration of an LTE-Advanced system, which CDMA-LTE handset. LTE network rollouts continuedfeatured evolved Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast in 2011 across remaining MetroPCS U.S. markets.Service indoors and an in-vehicle demonstrationoutdoors demonstrating 3D full HD broadcasting and Verizon Wireless launched its large-scaleHD video calling. SK Telecom plans to launch an LTE commercial LTE system in Band 13 700 MHz
  4. 4. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012spectrum on December 5, 2010. By December 15, tested. These tests were commissioned by the East2011 the LTE network covered 200 million people in Bay Communications System Authority, which190 markets. Verizon Wireless expects coverage to oversaw the pilot LTE network deployment.match its existing 3G network by 2013. Through its“LTE in Rural America” program Verizon Wireless has Cellcom, a rural carrier for Wisconsin and Michigan,worked with 13 partners to collaboratively build and is deploying LTE through participation in Verizonoperate an LTE network that covers 2.6 million Wireless‟ “LTE in Rural America” program andpeople in rural communities over nearly 82,000 leasing Verizon Wireless owned 700 MHz spectrum.square miles. Cellcom said it expects to begin launching the LTE network during the first quarter of 2012. To date 13AT&T Mobility launched commercial LTE service on rural carriers are participating in the program andSeptember 18, 2011 in Band 17 700 MHz spectrum in leasing spectrum from Verizon Wireless. The full listAtlanta, Chicago, Dallas, Houston and San Antonio, of “LTE in Rural America” participants is as follows:offering four LTE-compatible devices: HTC Jetstreamtablet, AT&T USBConnect Momentum 4G, AT&T  Appalachian Wireless – KentuckyMobile Hotspot Elevate 4G, and AT&T USBConnect  Bluegrass Cellular - KentuckyAdrenaline. AT&T planned to offer LTE in at least 15  Cellcom - Wisconsinmarkets and to 70 million Americans by end 2011. In  Chariton Valley – MissouriDecember 2011 AT&T introduced 3 LTE  Clear Stream - North Carolinasmartphones - LG Nitro™ HD, HTC Vivid ™, and  Convergence Technologies - IndianaSamsung Galaxy S ™ II Skyrocket ™ as well as the  Cross Telephone - OklahomaSamsung Galaxy Tab 8.9 ™. According to reports,  Custer Telephone Cooperative – IdahoAT&T will introduce LTE-A and VoLTE in 2013.  NorthwestCell – MissouriT-Mobile USA had been committed to LTE, and was  Pioneer Cellular - Oklahomathe subject of a takeover bid from AT&T since March  S and R Communications - Indiana2011. However on December 19, 2011 AT&T  Strata Networks – Utahannounced that “after a thorough review of options it  Thumb Cellular - Michiganhas agreed with Deutsche Telekom AG to end its bidto acquire T-Mobile USA”. It is understood T-Mobile C Spire Wireless (Cellular South) has 700 MHzUSA may receive packages of AT&T‟s AWS Band 12 spectrum for most of Mississippi, Tennesseespectrum holdings as part of the break up terms. and Alabama and is deploying an LTE network.Agri-Valley Broadband plans to use LTE for a CenturyTel plans to deploy LTE in 700 MHz.regional rural deployment in 700 MHz spectrum, and .has selected its infrastructure partner. The company Leap Wireless Cricket subsidiary began testing LTEplans to deploy LTE in up to 40 counties in Michigan. in June 2010 and announced its first commercial market launch on December 21, 2011 in TucsonBay Area Regional Interoperable Communications using AWS spectrum. Customers use E397 donglesSystem (BayRICS) vision was established by the 10 and choose from two monthly service plans. LeapBay Area Counties and 3 core cities, San Francisco, Wireless has said it will use LightSquared‟s terrestrialOakland, and San Jose in 2006 through the creation LTE network for coverage beyond its footprint, andof a strategic plan with the goal of providing voice and will also use LightSquared‟s network within Leap‟sdata interoperability throughout the Bay Area region. footprint to provide additional capacity if required.BayRICS is a state of the art communicationssystem-of-systems. Bay Area Wireless Enhanced Aircell would like to use LTE to boost its in-flightBroadband (BayWEB) is the broadband component network capacity if sufficient spectrum is obtained.of BayRICS which has acquired 700 MHz in which anLTE-based public safety system is intended to be CDMA operator Alaska Communications hasdeployed. In April 2011, the first public-safety LTE announced plans to invest US$ 32 million in an LTEpilot network in the San Francisco Bay Area was network consistent with its current coverage footprint.
  5. 5. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012Clearwire Corp. requested 3GPP to standardize LTE the target is 92% (260 million people). In DecemberTDD for operation in the band 2496 – 2690 MHz and 2011 the company announced it had signedhas released results of trials the company carried out wholesale agreements with 30 resellers.on LTE TDD and FDD systems in Phoenix, Arizona.Clearwire is a member of the Global TD-LTE Rural network operator Mosaic TelecomInitiative. In August 2011 Clearwire announced its (northwestern Wisconsin) is deploying a commercialfirm commitment to deploy an LTE overlay, LTE network in existing 700 MHz and AWS spectrum.incorporating key features of LTE-Advanced. The Deployment commenced in Q1 2011.LTE TDD mode is expected to be deployed using 20MHz of spectrum. Clearwire‟s LTE implementation NetAmerica Alliance LLC is an initiative which aimsplan is subject to approval of additional funding. to help to bring LTE mobile broadband services to 700 MHz and AWS spectrum holders for people andSprint has confirmed plans to deploy a commercial businesses in smaller markets and rural areas.LTE FDD network in existing 1900 MHz spectrum, NetAmerica joins forces with rural independenttargeting mid-2012 launch, and may also use 800 license holders deploying new converged 4GMHz in this timeframe by moving its iDEN customers mobile/fixed networks and provide them withonto its CDMA push-to-talk service. Sprint will have business and network services including combined250 million LTE pops coverage by end 2013 and buying power, nationwide branding, 24x7 networkcontinue fill in of smaller markets with LTE from early monitoring, core networking elements, apps2014. Sprint said it won‟t sell WiMax after 2012. development and other key services. TheSprint also says it will deploy LTE-Advanced infrastructure supplier name was announced at CTIAtechnology on its 800 MHz spectrum by 1H 2013 2011. Website: www.netAmericaAlliance.comusing 3GPP Release 10 in a 10x10 configuration. Network operators Etex Telephone Cooperative,As part of a $32.1 million stimulus grant, Commnet Panhandle Telephone Cooperative, PeoplesWireless, LLC will develop and operate an LTE Telephone Cooperative, and S&T Telephonenetwork in the Navajo Nation. The grant, plus partial Cooperative/Communications have committed tomatching funds, will provide broadband infrastructure LTE network deployments and joined NetAmericaaccess to the Navajo Nation across Arizona, New Alliance. On October 26, 2011, NetAmerica AllianceMexico and Utah, enabling fixed and mobile service announced that it has deployed and gone live with itsfor over 30,000 households (c. 135,000 people) and LTE pilot network. NetAmerica Alliance members are1,000 businesses in 15 of the largest communities in using the pilot network to develop, test and refinethe Navajo Nation, including Window Rock, Shiprock, operating methodologies prior to turn-up ofKayenta, Chinle, and Tuba City. The project will also commercial service.provide high-capacity connectivity on the combinedmiddle-mile backbone to 49 more tribal communities. O2 Secure Wireless, an emerging Internet communications company, has announced it hasSatellite TV provider Dish Network applied in August embarked on phase one of its LTE network strategy.2011 to the FCC for permission to deploy an LTE- The Company plans to provide coverage to overAdvanced network in S-band spectrum bought from 500,000 customers in under-served or un-servedTerreStar, to add to spectrum acquired following the markets in Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, Alabama,separate purchase of satellite company DBSD North North Carolina, and South Carolina.America, giving a total of 40 MHz in S-Band. Public Service Wireless is deploying a commercialGreenfield operator Lightsquared is deploying the 700 MHz LTE network in central and south-westfirst US wholesale-only LTE network, and has Georgia.selected its infrastructure supplier for deployment in1.4 to 1.6 GHz spectrum, mostly (46 MHz) in L-Band, WiMAX operator SpeedConnect is introducing LTEtargeting commercial launch in early 2012. and deploying infrastructure in Michigan whichLightSquared has committed to reaching 36% of the includes LTE and WiMAX core technology.U.S. population with LTE by the end of 2012. By 2015
  6. 6. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012Texas Energy Network (TEN) plans to deploy a Sasktel announced phase 1 of its LTE deploymentnationwide LTE wireless broadband network, initially will begin in the fall of 2012 to Regina and Saskatoontargeting the oil and gas industries. and surrounding areas. LTE will be deployed to other urban and rural areas from 2013 based on demand.United Wireless is upgrading its CDMA infrastructure The company anticipates deployment of voice overand adding LTE to its network LTE will begin in 2013.US Cellular has confirmed plans to rollout LTE Wind Mobile confirmed an LTE trial in February 2011service to 24 markets in Q1 2012. The first LTEdevice to be released for the network will be a tablet Videotron plans to deploy LTE.which is expected to arrive by end Q1 2012. Thecarriers first LTE phone will be introduced shortly Rural WiMAX operator Xplornet Communicationsafterwards, as will a mobile hotspot. announced on December 8, 2011 that testing of LTE TDD had been successfully completed in the 2.6 GHzOn January 25, 2011 the FCC mandated LTE for first and 3.5 GHz bands. The trials demonstrated aresponders (public safety communications). The seamless LTE TDD option over existing WiMAXOrder and FNPRM requires all 700 MHz public safety infrastructure, offering a smooth migration path (frommobile broadband networks to use a common air WiMAX) to LTE TDD. The trial in 3.5 GHz used theinterface, specifically LTE, to support roaming and same band that Xplornet uses for current (WiMax)interoperable communications. Mandating of a single deployments. The 2.6 GHz trial was enabled by atechnology by the FCC is unprecedented. development license from regulator Industry Canada.The City of Charlotte Council awarded a contract in Industry Canada is preparing to auction 700 MHzOctober 2011 for an LTE Public Safety Network in and 2.6 GHz spectrum in 2012.this dedicated Public Safety 700 MHz band ArgentinaCanada Telefonica completed lab trials of LTE in MarchRogers Wireless announced the launch of Canada‟s 2010, achieving a peak DL data speed of 95 Mbps. Afirst commercial LTE service on July 7, 2011 in field trial undertaken mid-November to mid-DecemberOttawa. This fall Rogers will roll out LTE to Toronto, 2010 in Buenos Aires was claimed to be the first inVancouver and Montreal, and another 21 markets in AWS spectrum in Central and South America.2012. Later this year, Rogers promises availability of Personal tested LTE in Puerto Madero (June 2010),the first LTE smartphones from HTC and Samsung and in December 2010 announced a trial in Cordoba.Bell Mobility and Telus have launched a joint BahamasHSPA+ network. Bell Mobility launched commercialLTE services in Toronto, Mississauga, Hamilton, BTC is deploying a commercial LTE network as anKitchener-Waterloo and Guelph on September 14, addition to the GSM/EDGE and HSPA network.2011. Coverage was extended to Halifax, Dartmouthand Belleville by November 1, 2011. Customers Boliviafallback to DC-HSPA+ or HSPA+ outside LTEcoverage. The company offers the Sierra Wireless Entel Movil is trialling LTE in La Paz.U313 Turbo Stick and the Novatel Wireless U679Turbo Stick. Bell recently introduced the HTC Raider Brazil4G LTE and LG Optimus LTE smartphones. Telus isexpected to launch LTE by early 2012. Sky Brasil commercially launched Band 38 LTE TDD services (2.6 GHz) on December 13, 2011 in Brasilia.MTS Allstream is deploying a commercial LTE Other cities are planned to be covered in, targeting launch in 2012.
  7. 7. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012Regulator Anatel auctioned 15 lots of frequency sub- Regulator Subtel announced availability of biddingbands on December 6, 2011 raising USD 132.7 documents for 2.6 GHz spectrum licences frommillion. However, 39 lots were not auctioned, December 16, 2011. Three blocks are to beincluding 29 designated for WiMAX. TIM, Oi and auctioned and allocated in Q1 2012. It is understandSercomtel bought spectrum in the 1800 MHz band. there is no regulatory barrier to operators deployingClaro bought spectrum in the 800 MHz band. LTE in current mobile spectrum.Anatel will auction 120 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum, New market entrants Nextel Chile and VTR havegiving operators the option to deploy LTE earlier licences for 3G services in AWS spectrum.should they acquire an MMDS operator who currentlyholds spectrum. 2.6 GHz had previously been Colombiaallocated to MMDS operators for pay TV, and theywill keep 70 MHz. The aim is for LTE to be Une-EPM is deploying an LTE2600 network forcommercially live before the 2014 FIFA World Cup. service launch in Q1 2012, initially Bogota, Medellin,Anatel plans to auction 2.6 GHz and 440 MHz Barranquilla, Cali, Cartagena, Bucaramanga. The firstspectrum in April 2012 and auction 3.5 GHz spectrum base station was activated on November 28, 2H 2012. Discussions are planned from 2H 2012on use of 700 MHz once digital TV switchover is The Ministry of ICT (MinTIC) via Resolution 3263completed (2016). According to the ITU, Brazil needs dated 29 December 2011 has invited expressions of980 MHz by 2015 to keep up with demand, and by interest to participate in an auction for spectrum in2012, 764 MHz will have been offered. Band IV (AWS), Band II (PCS1900) and Band VII (2.6 GHz). No deadline for applications has been set, norOi has been trialling LTE trial since mid-June 2011 an official start date for the tender advertized.together with four system vendors for tests inlaboratory conditions and in live networks in various Costa Ricacities. Testing is reported to include in 1800 MHzspectrum and the company has confirmed it may ICE is considering LTE deployment by end 2012, 2deploy LTE1800 subject to the conditions of the years earlier than originally planned.upcoming 2.6 GHz spectrum auction. Dominican RepublicVivo (Telefonica) has been undertaking LTE trialsand plans to deploy a commercial network. Claro is Orange Dominicana trialled LTE since April 2011testing LTE in 2.6 GHz from Q4 2011 EcuadorThe Sao Paulo military police force is testing LTEin 700 MHz, and is trialling using 5 base stations. The Ministry of Telecommunication & Information Society announced the National Broadband Plan is toThe Brazil Army is reported to be interested in be strengthened to assist development of high speedtesting LTE in 700MHz for public security solutions in Internet access to underserved areas. New measuresBrasilia and is awaiting approval for a test licence. include a resolution to implement LTE in all regions.Algar Telecom (CTBC) is conducting LTE trials in Guatemala850 MHz and 1800 MHz. Anatel‟s approval would beneeded for commercial services in these frequencies. Regulator SIT has confirmed at least seven bands as being suitable for LTE, including 800 MHz, 900 MHz,Chile 1800 MHz, AWS and 2.1 GHz.Entel PCS completed the first LTE trial in Latin JamaicaAmerica at the Universidad de Chile. Movistarpublicly demonstrated LTE e.g. at Connect 2010. Claro is reported to be deploying an LTE system. InClaro has also been trialling LTE. March 2011 it was announced that Digicel had
  8. 8. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012agreed to acquire the company from America Movil. and Punta del Este. Antel has requested access toFurther announcements are awaited. 700 MHz for LTE and awaits the regulator‟s decision.Mexico According to press reports, Claro and Movistar have expressed interest in a possible bidding process forTelefónica and Telcel have conducted tests of LTE. new spectrum for LTE. Wireless broadband companyTelefónica plans to launch LTE by 2013 while Telcel Dedicado is planning to invest USD 5 million in theis preparing for commercial launch in 2012. The deployment of “4Motion” network using WiMAX andgovernment plans to auction 700 MHz and 2.6 GHz. LTE technologies in 3.5 GHz.In a Decree published on September 2, 2010President Calderon stated that the 700 MHz band Asia Pacific and Oceaniashould be freed for mobile broadband and that digitalTV switchover must be completed by 2015. Howeverthis declaration currently faces a legal challenge. AustraliaMVS Comunicaciones announced plans for a US$ 1 All three mobile operators have confirmed that theybillion investment in LTE as part of a consortium of will be deploying LTE networks using 1800 MHzcompanies. The plan requires approval of the spectrum (LTE1800). Telstra commercially launchedFinance Ministry and regulator Cofetel. A wholesale LTE service (LTE1800) on September 27, 2011 inbusiness model is proposed. capital city CBDs (central business districts) and more than 30 regional and metropolitan centres. TheParaguay NextG network upgrade uses Telstra‟s existing 1800 MHz spectrum refarmed to deliver LTE to areasVox (Copaco) plans to deploy a commercial LTE where traffic demand is most concentrated and isnetwork, targeting launch by August 2012. integrated with Telstra‟s existing HSPA+ service in the 850MHz band. Telstra offers dual modePeru LTE/HSPA+ mobile broadband devices for seamless operation across 1800 MHz and 850 MHz. Telstra isTelefonica Movistar has been trialling LTE. currently trialling IMS but says it will not rush intoMinisterio de Transporte y Comunicaciones del Perú voice until coverage is ubiquitous on the LTE layer.published a consultation on use of 700 MHz andAWS spectrum for comments by March 31, 2011. Optus announced in September 2011 that the company will start offering LTE services in NewcastlePuerto Rico in April 2012, extending out to Sydney, Melbourne and Perth later that year. LTE1800 will be deployed.AT&T Puerto Rico launched commercial LTE Optus provided an update in November 2011 ofservices in 700 MHz on November 20, 2011 in San progress on its 700 MHz DD trial in Bendigo, Victoria.Juan and is continuing to expand its coverage Vodafone Hutchison Australia (VHA) confirmedfootprint. Claro launched its LTE network in 700 MHz results of its LTE1800 trial in Q4 2010 in Newcastle,on Nov 24, 2011. The first user devices are expected NSW with 10 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum. Downlinkto be available for the “official commercial launch” in speeds up to 74.3 Mbps were achieved. Upgrading ofDecember 2011. the network (around 5,800 2G and 3G base station sites) is underway. In September 2011 VHACDMA operator Open Mobile is deploying an LTE announced that an agreement between the companynetwork in 700 MHz and plans to launch commercial and the Australasian Railway Association - whichservices by early 2012. holds the licenses to the 1800MHz spectrum, to create contiguous blocks of spectrum in New SouthUruguay Wales, Victoria and South Australia, had been approved by the Australian Communications andAntel launched commercial LTE services on Media Authority (ACMA).December 13, 3011 in AWS spectrum in Montevideo
  9. 9. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012ACMA announced the first formal steps toward a joint China Telecom plans to launch LTE service,auction of new licences in 700 MHz DD and 2.6 GHz. expected in 2012, which will be integrated with CDMATwo blocks of 45 MHz in the range 703-748 MHz and systems in 17 provinces.758-803 MHz will be reallocated from November 2,2011 until December 31, 2014. Two 70 MHz blocks of Specific plans regarding LTE at China Unicom are2.6 GHz spectrum will be reallocated from November not known at this time.2, 2011 until January 31, 2016 for the Perth area andSeptember 30, 2014 for everywhere else in Australia. In Hong Kong SAR, 2 x 15 MHz blocks of 2.6 GHzThe auction is anticipated in 2H 2012. spectrum were obtained via auction each by China Mobile (Peoples Phone), Genius Brand (HutchisonNBN Co - established to design, build and operate Telecom/PCCW JV) and CSL Limited.the national broadband network, appointed Ericssonto build and operate a 2.3GHz LTE TDD fixed- On November 25, 2010 CSL Limited commerciallywireless broadband network. It will serve rural launched its combined LTE2600/1800/DC-HSPA+Australia with download speeds of up to 12 Mbps and network for corporate services, extending to allupload speeds reaching 1 Mbps, ensuring a customers on May 16, 2011. LTE1800 sites havesignificant improvement on existing services. been added incrementally. Although the first LTE1800 site was on air at the initial launch, now LTE1800 isEnergyAustralia’s Ausgrid trialled an LTE platform more widely available in several in-building locationsat 15 sites in 2011, with the intent to migrate to a full and in general commercial use (shown in this reportLTE network. EnergyAustralia was chosen by the as from November 2011). There is interest in VoLTEGovernment to lead the Smart Grid, Smart City alongside CSL‟s existing Mobile HD Voice service ondemonstration project to test Australia‟s first fully its HSPA network.integrated, commercial-scale smart grid. Genius Brand has been undertaking trials and testsWiMAX™ operator Vivid Wireless trialled LTE TDD from 2011 and is deploying a city wide LTE networkin Sydney for 2 months from December 2010 in high of approximately 2,000 base stations on whichdemand, high density, inner city conditions. Hutchison and PCCW will launch their respectiveCommercial network launch is expected by 2012. commercial LTE services.China SmarTone-Vodafone is deploying LTE1800.China Mobile is building its TD-SCDMA network so Hong Kong regulator OFTA plans to auction 90 MHzthat sites and other elements are reusable for LTE of spectrum in the 2.3 GHz band for BWA services,TDD. China Mobile ran a pilot of LTE TDD technology dividend into 3 x 30 MHz blocks. Bidding applicationsuntil September 2011 using 850 base stations in 6 can be made on January 9/10, 2012. The auction iscities in Phase 1 and working with several scheduled for early February 2012. In anotherinfrastructure, devices and chipset vendors. This announcement on December 29, 2011 OFTAfollowed a large-scale showcase trial network during launched a consultation on auctioning spectrum in thethe 2010 World Expo in Shanghai. Phase 2 of the 2.5/2.6GHz range, offering five blocks of 2 x 5 MHz,pilot trial will run until July 2012. This phase will by auction which would be held in Q1 2013 at theaddress compatibility among different equipment earliest. A total of 50 MHz in the 2515 – 2540 MHzmakers - China Mobile may include input from 11 and 2635 – 2660 MHz bands will be available forinfrastructure vendors. n addition, China Mobile will assignment. Comments are due February 29, 2012.set up an LTE TDD demo network in Beijing in 2012,allowing major customers and partners to experience Indiathe service. The 2.3 GHz BWA auction began with 11 companiesAccording to reports, Nokia Siemens Networks has bidding for 2 blocks in each of the 22 circles. Thebeen running live LTE TDD trial networks since May government had earlier allocated one 20 MHz2011 in Hangzhou and Xiamen for China Mobile. unpaired spectrum block each to MTNL and BSNL.
  10. 10. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012Tikona Digital won spectrum in 5 circles. Qualcomm Japanand Bharti Airtel won 4 circles each. Qualcommgained spectrum in the key circles of Delhi, Mumbai, NTT DoCoMo launched Japan‟s first commercial LTEHaryana and Kerala, announced Global Holding system on December 24, 2010 in 2.1 GHz spectrumCorporation and Tulip Telecom as initial shareholders under the “Xi™” brand in the Tokyo, Nagoya andfor its LTE venture for network deployment, and has Osaka areas. DoCoMo began selling the Arrows Xbeen undertaking trials. Aircel, winning BWA LTE F-05D and Optimus LTE L-01D smartphones inspectrum in 8 circles, has been trialling LTE TDD. On December 2011. With the arrival of smartphones onNovember 30, 2010 Reliance Industries showcased its network, DoCoMo is moving away from unlimitedresults from its field trial of LTE TDD. BSNL and price plans and introducing two pay-as-you-go voiceMTNL are studying introducing LTE TDD possibly in billing plans - “Type Xi Plan” and two-year “Type Xiaddition to current WiMAX deployments. Plan Ninen” - plus two flat-rate data billing plans - “Xi Packet Flat-rate” and the two-tiered “Xi Packet Flat-BSNL had acquired BWA spectrum licenses in the Rate Double". DoCoMo is reported to be aiming to2.6 GHz band in 22 circles for $1.6 billion. According cover 98% of the population with LTE by March 2015to latest reports in the media, the company now (25% currently), and is targeting 30 million LTEwants to surrender the spectrum in 17 or 18 circles. subscriptions by March 2016.Infotel Broadband was the only pan-India winner, KDDI is committed to deploying LTE and will continuelater bought by Reliance Industries Ltd ( RIL). RIL is to operate its 800 MHz CDMA network for voicecommitted to LTE TDD and expected to commercially traffic. KDDI has 20 MHz of spectrum for LTE andlaunch in 2012. Tikona Digital has committed to plans to commercially launch LTE by December 2012deploy LTE TDD. Bharti Airtel joined the Global TD- once frequency re-arrangements are completed,LTE Initiative and awarded an infrastructure contract targeting mobile broadband coverage for 96.5% offor the Kolkata circle. the country by March 2015. A trial was conducted in the Nasu-Shiobara area in 2010. A 2nd trialAugere Wireless Broadband India, another BWA commenced in October 2010 in an urbanlicense winner, has confirmed plans to invest US$ 50- environment.60 million over the next three to five years to deployLTE TDD across Madhya Pradesh and has awarded eMobile launched a trial of LTE services in 1750 MHzan infrastructure contract. A soft launch is anticipated spectrum, ahead of planned commercial launch inin February 2012, and commercial launch April 2012. March 2012 in the Kanto area, before rolling out LTE service nationwide.Regulator TRAI published a consultation paper onIMT-Advanced systems (including LTE-Advanced); Softbank, a member of the Global TD-LTE Initiative,comments were requested by September 20, 2011. is deploying LTE TDD in 2.6 GHz spectrum, targeting service launch in February-March 2012. A pre-Indonesia commercial pilot service (soft launch) went live in Tokyo, Osaka and Fukuoka on November 1, 2011.Telkomsel, XL Axiata, and Indosat have beentrialling LTE technology and propose to deploy LTE. It is understood that 1800 MHz spectrum may be allowed for LTE services in Japan in future.Indosat trialled LTE in 2.6 GHz in 2010 and inOctober 2011 announced completion of a trial of MalaysiaLTE1800 in 10 MHz bandwidth in Surabaya andDenpasar in Bali. Indosat plans to deploy LTE in re- Maxis is trialing LTE in the Klang Valley.farmed 1800 MHz spectrum. Celcom is trialling LTE in 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHzCDMA operator Bakrie Telecom plans to introduce spectrum. According to reports, Celcom has againLTE in future, and may trial LTE in 2012 requested from the regulator a block of 2.6 GHz spectrum. A number of parties have also enquired
  11. 11. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012about 700 MHz, which MCMC is considering. Celcom Kordia is considering an upgrade of its 2.3 GHz ruraland Maxis are reported to be in talks about 900 MHz mobile network to LTE. 700 MHz digital dividendand 1800 MHz spectrum re-farming. spectrum is expected to be auctioned in 2012.DiGi plans to launch LTE in 2.6 GHz by 2013. Woosh is considering an upgrade of its 2.3 GHz rural mobile network to LTE. 700 MHz digital dividendU Mobile announced on March 15, 2011 plans to spectrum is expected to be auctioned in 2012.launch a commercial LTE network. The PhilippinesWiMAX™ operator Asiaspace has confirmed its planto launch LTE TDD in 2.3 GHz before end 2012. Smart Communications announced on April 16, 2011 opening of commercial LTE service in BoracayWiMAX operator Packet One Networks (Malaysia) and plans to rollout in other areas.Sdn. Bhd announced plans to conduct an LTE TDDtrial by end 2011, with a view to launching Globe Telecom has conducted LTE trials and planscommercial services shortly after. Regulatory to deploy a commercial LTE network in 2012.approval is awaited. P1 intends to upgrade its existing2.3 GHz WiMAX network with an LTE TDD overlay. Piltel is understood to be seeking the remaining 3G license in the country to deploy LTE services.Regulator MCMC plans to allocate blocks of 2.6 GHzfor LTE, and is consulting on re-farming Bayan Telecommunications has had its service850/900/1800 MHz spectrum. Asiaspace, Celcom, permit extended and indicated plans to deploy LTE inDiGi, Packet One Networks (P1), REDtone and U existing 1800 MHz spectrumMobile are understood to be amongst nine operatorswho have been offered frequencies in the 2.6 GHz Singaporeband, and are in the process of submitting businessplans regarding their proposed use of the spectrum. M1 launched commercial LTE services on June 21,Further spectrum allocations to more operators are 2011 in 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz, covering theunderstood to be in process. financial district incl. Marina Bay, Suntec & Shenton Way. Nationwide coverage is planned by Q1 2012.P1 announced in November 2011 the setting up ofSoutheast Asia‟s first LTE TDD Technology StarHub has completed LTE testing in 2.6 GHz andExperience Centre and Test Lab, to be based at P1‟s 1800 MHz. A commercial LTE1800 network is beingheadquarters in Kuala Lumpur in early 2012. The rolled out now with extensive re-farming of 2Gfacility will initially utilize P1‟s 2.6 GHz spectrum. By spectrum. The company has had a strong focus on1H 2012, P1‟s 2.3 GHz spectrum will also be used. HSPA expansion this year. Commercial launch of the LTE1800 network is expected in 2012. StarHub plansNepal to trial VoLTE by end 2012 (now trialling IMS) depending on device availability.Ncell has approached the Nepal Telecom Authorityfor spectrum and a license for LTE operation. SingTel has been trialling LTE in Singapore andShareholder TeliaSonera is keen to proceed if overseas with carriers in which it holds stakes i.e.permission/spectrum are granted, for launch in 2012. SingTel Optus (Australia), Telkomsel (Indonesia), Globe Telecom (Philippines). SingTel‟s LTE serviceNew Zealand was commercially launched on December 22, 2011 using 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum, and pricedTelecom New Zealand is committed to LTE and for new subscribers at S$69.90/month. Existingshowcased the technology in Auckland during Premium 21 customers can upgrade. The plan isSeptember-October 2011. Vodafone New Zealand limited initially to USB dongles which are provided athas trialled LTE and is committed to deployment. no charge. Initial service is in the Central Business District, and is planned to quickly extend to high data
  12. 12. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012usage regions including Orchard, City Hall, Marina commercial network deployment. Etisalat‟s DC-Bay, River Valley Tanglin, Newton, Novena, Kallang, HSPA+ network is “LTE ready”.Rochor, Outram, Tanjong Pagar, Woodlands and AngMo Kio. 80% coverage of Singapore is targeted by Taiwan2012, extending to 95% by Q1 2013. Chunghwa Telecom has been trialling LTE in 2.6South Korea GHz and 700 MHz spectrum. The company has completed LTE tests on the high-speed rail system inSK Telecom launched commercial LTE service in TDD and FDD modes using 2.6 GHz. FarEasToneSeoul on July 1, 2011, using 10 MHz in Band 5 (850 and China Mobile are co-operating on an LTE TDDMHz). The company recently brought forward (by 8 trial network in Taipei. The National Chiao Tungmonths) it‟s nationwide (82 cities) coverage date, University conducted a trial of LTE TDD in 2010.which will now be by April 2012, and the company willintroduce LTE-Advanced in 2013. SK Telecom has Regulator NCC plans to issue 6 LTE licenses byachieved gained around 500,000 LTE subscribers 2013. Frequencies may include spectrum in the 700,since launch. 900, 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz bands.LG Uplus launched commercial LTE service with 500 Four of the BWA operators - Global Mobile, Tatung,base stations on July 1, 2011 in Seoul and 2 other FET and VMAX, have technology-neutral licenses,cities, using 10 MHz in Band 5 (850 MHz) spectrum. and can apply to alter their operational plans in orderThe company and has brought forward planned to adopt different mobile technologies including coverage to mid-2012. WiMAX operator Global Mobile has announced plans to switch to LTE and will apply to theKT commercially launched LTE services in Seoul on government for approval to amend its license whenJanuary 3, 2012 and plans to roll out to 84 cities (90% coverage reaches 70%, expected this year.population) by April 2012. LTE is deployed in re-farmed Band 3 i.e. 1800 MHz spectrum (LTE1800). PHS and WiMax operator Fitel is trialling LTE TDD for one year from July 1, 2011 in Taoyuan, and isRegulator KCC conducted an auction of three expected to request the NCC to allow it to migratespectrum blocks in August 2011 in 800, 1800 MHz from WiMAX to LTE if the trial proves successful.and 2.1 GHz bands. SK Telecom and KT werebarred from bidding for 2.1 GHz spectrum. Winners Thailandgain immediate access to the new spectrum exceptfor 800 MHz which will be allocated from July 2012. Regulator NBTC has approved trialling of LTE in 2.3SK Telecom won 20 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum, GHz and 1800 MHz spectrum. TOT is partnering withexpected to be used for LTE. KT won 10 MHz of 800 its concession holder AIS to trial 2.3 GHz LTE TDDMHz spectrum. LG Uplus won 20 MHz in 2.1 GHz. using 20 MHz of its total 64 MHz allocation for the trial. True Corp has requested authorization to testSri Lanka LTE1800. AIS subsidiary Digital Phone Co has joined with CAT Telecom to test LTE in 1800 MHzDialog Axiata announced live LTE trials from May 5, from mid-January 2012 in Maha Sarakham.2011 in Colombo Fort and the Colombo 2, 3, 4 andNarahenpita areas of the city. Dialog Axiata is Vietnamseeking additional spectrum in 1800 MHz fordeployment of a commercial LTE network. Regulator MIC has authorized trials by VNPT, Viettel, FPT Telecom, CMC, VTC, EVN Telecom and Gtel.Mobitel announced on May 6, 2011 completion of an Trial networks have been established in Hanoi byLTE trial, which achieved 96 Mbps downlink speed in FPT, Viettel and VDC (a member of VNPT).2.6 GHz. More trials are planned in other bands. Thecompany uses the same infrastructure vendor for its Viettel said in May 2011 it had started testing an LTE deployment in Hanoi and HCM City, offering dongle-
  13. 13. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012based services to 240 friendly customers. Digital 3 Austria commercially launched LTE service individend spectrum (700 MHz) would be allocated Vienna on November 18, 2011, using the ZTE MFafter analog TV switch over to digital; this process is 820 dongle with fallback to the DC-HSPA+ network.scheduled to begin in 2015 in the big cities. TKK has published its preliminary schedule forEurope auctioning 800 MHz, 900 MHz and 1800 MHz spectrum in September 2012.Abkhaz AzerbaijanAquafon announced that LTE testing was performed Azercell Telecom and Bakcell have applied for LTEin Suchumi in co-operation with Megafon licenses.Andorra BelarusAndorra Telecom plans to deploy LTE by 2012. On December 1, 2011 former WiMax operator Yota Bel launched a commercial LTE network in 2.6 GHzArmenia spectrum in areas of Minsk (29 base stations) and Grodno (9 base stations). The Belarus StateVivaCell-MTS announced commercial launch of LTE Commission on Radio Frequencies issued Yota Belservices on December 28, 2011, initially in Yerevan, with a licence in December 2008 to use 2 x 30 MHzusing 2.6 GHz spectrum. 2.6 GHz spectrum. Users are offered the Yota One LU150 LTE dongle. Until February 1, LTE-basedArmenTel (Beeline/Vimpelcom) plans to deploy LTE. Internet access is free and without restrictions on speed or consumed traffic. From February 1, 2012Orange organized a public demonstration of LTE at the company will apply tariff plans with unlimitedthe Orange Flagship Store November 4-5, 2010. traffic volume.Austria MTS (in co-operation with Beltelcom) and BeST (Life) completed their respective LTE trials by May 1,Regulator TKK completed the auction of 2.6 GHz 2011.spectrum on September 20, 2010, raising €39.5mfrom A1 Telekom Austria, Hutchison 3, T-Mobile BeST (Life) has been allocated 2 x 15 MHz of 2.6and Orange. 14 paired and 9 unpaired frequency GHz spectrum for a commercial network deployment.blocks were sold. License conditions requirecoverage of at least 25% of the population by 2013. Additional 900 and 1800 MHz spectrum is expected to be released onto the market by the regulator inA1 Telekom commercially launched LTE in Vienna future. Digital Dividend spectrum is expected to beand St. Pölten on November 5, 2010. released from end 2015.T-Mobile Austria launched a 60-cell site pilot LTE Belgiumnetwork in Innsbruck in July 2009 and entered a softlaunch phase on October 19, 2010. In May 2011, the Mobistar is testing LTE and announced its intentionfirst LTE base station in Vienna went live. LTE base to deploy LTE in both 1800 and 2600 MHz bands.stations for Linz and Graz were activated in July2011. On July 28 the company launched LTE and its Belgacom (Proximus) is deploying LTE in 1800 MHzInternet All Inclusive LTE tariff. spectrum and a pilot for selected customers is running in Hasselt, Mons, Waver and the HaasrodeOrange has tested LTE technology and acquired 2 x industrial park.10 MHz of 2.6 GHz spectrum in the 2010 auction. Base is also trialling LTE
  14. 14. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012MVNO and cable operator Telenet trialled LTE in VIPNet demonstrated LTE in 800 MHz in March 20112010 and in June 2011 acquired 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and launched a 2-week long consumer trial for 20and 2100 MHz which could be used for LTE. customers on September 1 in Novi Zagreb using 800 and 1800 MHz spectrum. Commercial LTE serviceThe regulator BIPT auctioned 4G licenses in for a launch is anticipated in of US$ 103.7 million, comprising 45 MHz of 2.6GHz TDD spectrum and 3 x 20 MHz paired blocks in Czech Republic2.6 GHz for FDD systems. The auction ended onNovember 28, 2011 and the new licences run for 15 Telefonia O2 is trialling LTE. In September 2011, theyears from July 1, 2012. The LTE FDD spectrum was Czech Telecommunication Office issued terms andacquired by the 3 mobile incumbents. The TDD conditions for the proposed auction of 800, 1800 andspectrum was won by new entrant BUCD – at this 2600 MHz spectrum expected during 2012.time the choice of technology (WiMax or LTE TDD) isnot confirmed to GSA. DenmarkBIPT launched a consultation on proposals to open An auction of 2500-2690 MHz and 2010-2020 MHzup the 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2100 MHz bands for spectrum was completed on May 10, 2010. SpectrumHSPA and LTE deployments. Interested parties had was awarded to Hi3G Denmark ApS; TDC A/S; Teliauntil 1 October 2011 to comment. Nättjänster Norden AB; and Telenor A/S. On October 12, 2010 the regulator TelestyrelsenBulgaria announced that Hi3G Denmark had been granted 900 and 1800 MHz spectrum, which could be used toM-Tel is trialling LTE technology following receipt of a deploy 2G, 3G or LTE technologies nationally.temporary licence on August 3 from the regulatorCRC. On January 1, 2012 M-Tel announced free Hutchison 3 plans to deploy a commercial LTE FDDtesting by businesses of LTE services in Sofia, Varna, network and has purchased 25 MHz of TDDRousse and Dobrich. spectrum. Combined LTE FDD and TDD products are expected to be available from early 2012.CRC announced plans to award unused 1800 MHzspectrum, which could be used to set up GSM, Telia launched the first commercial LTE system inUMTS, LTE or WiMAX networks. It follows as a result Denmark on December 9, 2010 in Copenhagen,of requests from Bulsatcom AD and Max Telecom Aarhus, Odense and Aalborg in the 2.6 GHz band (20OOD who are seeking to offer services using 2 х 5 MHz). On October 10, 2011 LTE commercial serviceMHz and 2 х 8 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrum was introduced using 10 MHz of 1800 MHz spectrumrespectively. (LTE1800) as a complement to the 2.6 GHz service. Tri-band (800/1800/2600) LTE dongles and routersCRC announced on December 15, 2011 that three have been available since the summer. The companytechnology-neutral licences for the vacant 1800 MHz announced in November 2011 that Naestved becamefrequencies had been granted to Max Telecom (2 х 8 the 100th city to be reached by LTE.MHz), 4G Com EAD (2 х 8 MHz) and Bulsatcom (2х 5 MHz). M-Tel has announced plans to trial TeleNor and TeliaSonera have an infrastructureLTE1800 in 2012 in Sofia, Varna, Ruse, and Dobrich sharing agreement which includes LTE.for business users. TDC launched commercial LTE service on OctoberCroatia 10, 2011 in Copenhagen, Aarhus, Odense, Aalborg, Esbjerg, Randers, Kolding, Horsens, Vejle, Roskilde.T-Hrvatski Telekom demonstrated an LTE trialnetwork on October 26, 2010, ahead of a planned Telestyrelsen plans to auction digital dividend (800commercial network deployment. Commercial MHz) spectrum in March 2012, allowing frequenciesservices are expected to be launched in 2012 to be used from January 1, 2013. A new consultation sought comments by December 15, 2011.
  15. 15. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012Estonia Elisa commercially launched its 2.6 GHz LTE network for corporate users on December 8, 2010,Regulator TJA announced LTE in 2.6 GHz are and announced its first client. The company launchedawarded to incumbent mobile operators EMT, Elisa LTE2600/LTE1800 service combined with DC-and Tele2 and additionally to fixed-line operator Elion HSPA+ for consumers on November 17, 2011,Enterprises. initially using E398 dongles. Elisa says its LTE network will reach 100 cities by end 2012.TJA announced (on December 16, 2011) that EMT,Elisa and Tele2 are permitted to deploy mobile DNA Oy launched LTE commercial service onbroadband technologies e.g. LTE in 1800 MHz band. December 13, 2011. The company said 4G speeds are created by means of two technologies supportingA consultation was simultaneously launched on the each other, LTE and DC-HSPA+, and also said thatprocedures for allocating digital dividend spectrum. the first LTE phones will come to market in January 2012. Mobile 4G Mokkula modems will be included inEMT launched the first commercial LTE services in DNA‟s range of products “as soon as sufficiently high-Estonia on December 17, 2010 in the city centers of quality devices become available”.Tallinn, Tartu, Kohila, and at the IT College of TallinnUniversity of Technology. On December 19, 2011 The Ministry of Transport and CommunicationsEMT announced the start of LTE network launched a consultation draft on November 4, 2011construction using 1800 MHz spectrum. The proposing 800 MHz DD spectrum be auctioned,company expects to achieve nationwide LTE which could be held by end 2013 (comments duecoverage by 2016. 29.11.11). Available frequencies total 2 x 30 MHz, to be auctioned in six 2 x 5 MHz frequency blocks.Tele2 Estonia is undertaking LTE trials. FICORA granted test licenses from early July 2011 for operators wishing to test LTE800 technology (i.e.Elisa showcased LTE in Tallinn in June 2010, and on in digital dividend spectrum).January 7, 2011 confirmed receipt of 2.6 GHzspectrum for commercial deployment. Elisa is also Franceinterested and permitted to deploy LTE in 1800 MHzspectrum. In April 2011 Elisa opened test networks in FT/Orange has a trial LTE network in Paris, initiallyTallinn, Pärnu, Viljandi, Tartu and Haapsalu. using 10 MHz supporting FDD and TDD modes, increased to 20 MHz in May 2010. HSPA and LTE inFinland 1800 MHz are being tested including FDD-TDD co- existence tests. Service launch is expected in 2013.20-year 2.6 GHz licenses were auctioned by regulator HSPA1800 is being used to bridge the capacity gapFICORA on 23 November 2009: until LTE device penetration is sufficient. LTE1800 is foreseen in the medium term.  Elisa obtained 50 MHz, and launched a pre- commercial trial in Helsinki on June 2, 2010 SFR awarded an infrastructure contract to upgrade  TeliaSonera acquired five blocks of 2 x 5 MHz and expand its 2G/3G networks and start LTE trials. and launched an LTE network on June 2, 2010 for pre-commercial use in the city of Turku Bouygues Telecom is trialing LTE1800 in 10 MHz  DNA obtained 40 MHz bandwidth using 2x2 MIMO at sites in Orléans.Finland was the first country in Europe to allow 1800 ARCEP recently auctioned 2.6 GHz spectrum andMHz spectrum to be used for LTE deployments. confirmed the successful bidders and allocations:  Bouygues: 2535-2550 MHz/2655-2670 MHzTeliaSonera launched the first commercial LTE  Free Mobile: 2550-2570 MHz/2670-2690 MHzservice in Finland on November 30, 2010 in Turku  FT/Orange: 2515-2535 MHz/2635-2655 MHzand Helsinki. LTE1800 was commercially launched  SFR: 2500-2515 MHz/2620-2635 MHzas a complement to 2.6 GHz on August 31, 2011.
  16. 16. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012ARCEP is now focusing on the award of 800 MHz Georgiaspectrum. Bids have been received from BouyguesTelecom, Free Mobile, FT/Orange, and SFR. Magticom is trialling LTE; 1800MHz is an option.Germany GreeceA multiband spectrum auction was completed in May Cosmote has undertaken LTE testing in 900 and2010, covering 360 MHz in 4 bands: 800 MHz (digital 1800 MHz spectrum and is running a pilot LTEdividend), 1800 MHz, 2.1 GHz, 2.6 GHz. All 4 network at its technical and network headquarters inincumbents acquired 2.6 GHz to be used for LTE. the Marousi and Chalandri areas, near Athens.Telefonica O2, Vodafone and Deutsche Telekom(but not E Plus) additionally acquired 800 MHz Regulator EETT completed an auction of 900 andspectrum for LTE. The 800 MHz spectrum raised 1800 MHz technology-neutral licenses on November€3.576 billion, i.e. over 81.5% of the auction‟s total 14, 2011 to incumbent operators Cosmote, Vodafone-value. E Plus is able to use 900 MHz spectrum (in Panafon and Wind for 380.5 million Euros. Operatorswhich HSPA+ will be deployed) also for LTE if it does are expected to want to deploy LTE in either or bothnot cause interference with other mobile networks. bands. Analogue TV switchover is planned by 2013.E Plus is conducting LTE trials in 2.1 GHz, 1800 HungaryMHz, and 2.6 GHz and LTE TDD 2.6 GHz. Since July2011 the E Plus HQ building has LTE1800 trial Telenor is deploying a commercial LTE network.coverage. E-Plus is a member of the Global TD-LTEInitiative and is trialling LTE TDD in cooperation with T-Mobile (MTel) commercially launched LTE servicesChina Mobile, using 2.6 GHz spectrum. on January 1, 2012 initially in 10 districts of Budapest (over 40% of Budapest citizens covered). 1800 MHzVodafone launched the first rural LTE mobile spectrum is being used (LTE1800). 900 MHzbroadband service across Germany on December 1, spectrum will be used later once additional channels2010. Around 1,500 base stations incorporated LTE are granted in the spectrum auction scheduled totechnology by end March 2011, serving thousands of begin on January 5, 2012.communities. Vodafone plans to eventually upgradeall base stations in Germany to LTE. In August 2011 the National Media and Telecoms Authority launched the auction process for 3 blocks ofDeutsche Telekom commercially launched its “Call & 900 MHz for GSM, UMTS, WiMAX or LTE services.Surf Comfort via Funk” LTE service package in DD There are 6 bidders; Telenor Magyarorszag, Magyar800 MHz spectrum on April 5, 2011. In February 2011 Posta, RCS and RDS, Vodafone Magyarorszag,the company announced plans to commercially Magyar Telekom and Viettel Group. The tenderlaunch LTE in the 1800 MHz band (LTE1800) and 2.6 should be concluded by January 31, 2012.GHz spectrum. The “Speedstick LTE” dongle wasoffered from Q3 2011 supporting LTE in 800, 1800 Irelandand 2600 MHz bands plus DC-HSPA+, HSPA andWCDMA in 2100 MHz, and EDGE/GPRS. The Ericsson completed LTE TDD testing in June commercially launched LTE service inCologne on July 1, 2011 in 1800 MHz (LTE1800). 3 Ireland is preparing to commercially launch LTE, the date depends on availability of suitable spectrum.O2 commercially launched LTE on July 1, 2011 indigital dividend (800 MHz) spectrum, marketing the Regulator ComReg has published its draft decisionservice as "O2 LTE für Zuhause (at home). on a planned spectrum auction of 800, 900 and 1800 MHz frequencies for LTE. 28 blocks will be offered,Regulator BNetz is consulting on post-2016 each comprising 2 × 5 MHz. ComReg proposes a caprequirements for channels in the 900 and 1800 MHz to limit any one company winning more than 10bands (GSM assignments expire in December 2016). blocks. Comments were due by September 30, 2011
  17. 17. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012after which the final decision will be announced. After a day and half of bidding which began JanuaryAnalogue TV switchover is planned by October 2012. 2, 2012 LMT, Tele2, Bite and Baltcom all gained new spectrum in the 2.6 GHz band. The winningItaly bidders will be able to utilize the new spectrum from January 1, 2014. The licenses are valid for 15 years.Telecom Italia launched its second phase of LTEtesting on 17 new sites in Turin on August 11, 2010, Lithuaniausing two blocks of 20 MHz in 2.6 GHz spectrum. Omnitel launched commercial LTE service on AprilAfter 22 days of bidding and 469 rounds, Italy‟s 28, 2011 in Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Šiauliai andspectrum auction closed with the four incumbents Panevėžys in 1800 MHz spectrum. The offeredTIM, Vodafone Italy, Wind and 3 Italia submitting modems support LTE800/1800/2600, GSM1800,bids totalling over € 3.9 billion (US$ 5.2 billion). GSM/UMTS900 and UMTS2100.Spectrum was awarded in 800, 1800 and 2600 MHzbands and can be used from end 2011 (1800 MHz), Tele2 showcased LTE in a public demonstration inend 2012 (2.6 GHz), and January 2013 (800 MHz). December 2010 and confirmed intention to deploy a commercial network once a license is obtained.Vodafone Italy announced it had bid successfully fora total of 60 MHz of new spectrum, comprising 2 x 10 Bite Lithuania is trialling LTE and plans to participateMHz in 800 MHz, 2 x 5 MHz in 1800 MHz, and 2 x 15 in the spectrum auction.MHz in 2.6 GHz. According to recent press reports,Vodafone will commercially launch LTE services in WiMax operator Telecentras also plans to bid for2013. 3 Italia intends to be first into the LTE market in spectrum.2012, deploying LTE1800. Wind plans to launch LTEin early 2013 in all major cities. On November 7, 2011 the Communications Regulatory Authority (RRT) announced plans toJersey auction 3 blocks of 20 MHz in 2.6 GHz band for LTE in early 2012. Interested parties are required toClear Mobitel announced September 17, 2010 that it submit tender documents between 15 January 2012had received an LTE test license in 2.6 GHz band. and 15 February 2012. For more information see: LuxembourgKcell plans to deploy a commercial LTE network andon July 29, 2010 announced installation of a base Orange Luxembourg announced results of its trialstation in Astana to showcase LTE capabilities. 20 MHz LTE network on September 8, 2010 and will deploy LTE once licensing procedures are completed.On April 26, 2010 Beeline confirmed completion ofLTE tests in 700 MHz, and in October 2010 Macedoniaannounced launch of a live LTE pilot network inAlmaty, the business capital. Regulator AEC is consulting with operators on the best way to introduce LTE and a spectrum auction.Latvia The release of 800 MHz spectrum is scheduled for June 1, 2013. Applications for 800 MHz can be made.LMT launched the country‟s first commercialLTE1800 system on May 31, 2011. Bite is deploying Moldovaa commercial LTE network. Fixed operatorLattelecom is reported to be ready to offer LTE Orange Moldova held a 2-day public LTE demo inservices, subject to shareholder approval. Lattelecom Chisinau (July 2010) and in June 2011 confirmedcarried out tests in 850MHz in 2011. CDMA operator interest to deploy a commercial LTE network.Triatel is testing LTE in 800 MHz.
  18. 18. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012In May 2011 Moldcell announced its “readiness” to on September 7, 2010 by Mobyland and CenterNet.launch LTE, which is expected in 2012. The primary customer (i.e. MVNO) is Cyfrowy Polsat who launched commercial services on August 30,Monaco 2011. (Note: GSA does not categorize MVNOs as “networks” - therefore Cyfrowy Polsat is not includedMonaco Telecom is trialing LTE for a group of test in GSA’s list of commercially launched LTEcustomers. If a successful outcome is achieved, networks).commercial services could be launched by end 2013.Cable and Wireless, Monaco Telecom‟s main In November 2009 Aero2, a member of the Globalshareholder, chose Monaco as the Group‟s test-bed. TD-LTE Initiative, acquired 50 MHz in Band 38 forMonaco Telecom has been granted access to LTE LTE TDD. After testing in Aleksandrów Łódzki andspectrum Łódź, Aero2 launched their LTE TDD network in May 2011, marking the beginning of the availability of theirMontenegro dual LTE network, since Aero2 had already deployed an LTE1800 network as stated above.Telenor Montenegro announced November 8, 2011its start of LTE trials in Podgorica, and on November Polkomtel was acquired on June 30, 2011 by22, 2011 announced LTE coverage in Cetinje. Spartan Capital Holdings, which is indirectlyTelenor targets full commercial launch in 2012. controlled by Zygmunt Solorz-Zak, chairman/founder of Cyfrowy Polsat, and who controls Aero2, owner ofNetherlands Mobyland. Polkomtel operates a GSM 900/1800 and 3G/2100 network. Polkomtel launched commercial2.6 GHz FDD spectrum was auctioned in April 2010 LTE services as an MVNO on November 29, 2011and awarded to incumbents KPN, Vodafone, T- under its Plus brand, utilizing the LTE 1800 MHz andMobile, and newcomers Ziggo 4 and Tele2. Tele2 HSPA+900 networks of Aero2 andhas built a trial network in Diemen and Amsterdam. Mobyland/Centernet, in 16 major cities, representingKPN began trialling LTE in February 2011 (scheduled 22% population coverage, for customers using theto last until September 2011) in The Hague and Huawei E398 dongle. (Note: GSA does notVoorburg. The TDD spectrum was not bought. Since categorize MVNOs as “networks” - thereforeAugust 15th 2010 LTE is one of the systems that can Polkomtel is not included in GSA’s list ofbe deployed in 1800, 2100 MHz and 2.6 GHz bands commercially launched LTE networks).Norway Regulator UKE (Urząd Komunikacji Elektronicznej) has launched a tender process for 2.6 GHz andNorway held Europe‟s first 2.6 GHz auction in 2007 digital dividend (790-862 MHz) spectrum, which willwhich was awarded to incumbents TeleNor and enable operators to deploy LTE; the auction isTeliaSonera (NetCom); total allocation 2 x 90 MHz. expected in 2012. New 1800 MHz spectrum is also likely to be auctioned in 2012. UOKiK (Office ofTeliaSonera launched the world‟s first LTE networks Competition and Consumer Protection) has approvedin Oslo and Sweden in December 2009. plans by PTK Centertel (Orange) and P4 (Play) to create a combined LTE network, and this new JV willTeleNor has trialled LTE in Oslo and is deploying a be allowed to bid in the 2.6 GHz auction in 2012.commercial network planned for launch in 2012. T-Mobile (PTC/ERA) is interested in deploying LTERegulator NPT has confirmed 790-862 MHz spectrum and new infrastructure systems are LTE-ready.will be allocated for mobile broadband. PortugalPoland TMN has been trialling LTE and has implemented 42The world‟s first LTE 1800 MHz network (LTE1800) Mbps DC-HSPA+. Optimus published LTE trialswas deployed by Aero2 and commercially launched results in January 2011.
  19. 19. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012Regulator ANACOM announced the results of its test phase with selected users on December 20, 2011multi-band auction on December 12, 2011 after 9 and which is to last until January 15, 2012, at whichbidding rounds. Spectrum in 800, 1800 MHz and 2.6 point it is scheduled to provide commercial service.GHz was sold to the 3 incumbents. Vodafone also Yota has 63 LTE base stations in Novosibirsk,acquired 2 x 5 MHz of additional 900 MHz spectrum, planned to grow to 150 base stations by the Spring.but another block was not sold. Offered spectrum in450 MHz and 2.1 GHz was also unsold. Results: In September 2011, the State Commission for Frequencies (SCRF) issued an authorization for Yota to deploy an LTE FDD network in 2.6 GHz spectrumTMN will launch its commercial LTE network within 3 to 180 cities. Yota will launch commercial LTEmonths of spectrum availability, which in practice services in Moscow in March 2012 and plans tomeans 1H 2012. deploy 1,550 LTE-enabled base stations instead of current WiMax equipment. Yota expects that itsRomania whole customer base will migrate to LTE within three years.The public consultation on digital dividend spectrumallocation, permitted technologies and license In September 2011, VimpelCom announced an LTEobligations, closed on March 31, 2011. Vodafone will network-sharing deal with its rival MTS, whilespend EUR 500 million (US$ 662m) on network MegaFon and Rostelecom signed an agreementupgrades, including LTE, over 5 years. Orange is with Yota to jointly use operators‟ infrastructure.also committed to deploy a commercial LTE network. OAO Voentelecom is trialling LTE TDD in Rostov,Russia Moscow and Kubinka.MTS, Vimpelcom, Tele2, MegaFon and On September 8, 2011 SCRF approved a draftRostelecom are all committed to deploying LTE. decision on spectrum which proposes allocating 791-1800 MHz looks to be a promising band. The 862 MHz for LTE. Four operators will be allowed toRegulator in principle admits that technology deploy a dual-band network, and three operators willneutrality can be applied to 900/1800MHz spectrum. be allowed to deploy a single band network “in theHowever, to avoid GSM service quality deterioration if upper range”. Russian national telecommunicationsLTE is launched alongside GSM frequencies this regulator Roskomnadzor has formed a working grouptopic has to be examined further. The study shall be that will help to prepare conditions for the LTE licensefinished by March 2012. tenders, which will be run by end of February 2012.MegaFon and Rostelecom, general partners of the Base Telecom has applied to Roskomnadzor forSochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games, have federal LTE licences, according to reports, and issuccessfully tested their LTE networks close to the expected to deploy LTE TDD system.key Sochi site of Roza Khutor. LTE capabilities will beshowcased during the 2014 Games, with full scale SlovakiaLTE tests running from February 2011. The DefenceMinistry has reportedly given Rostelecom approval Regulator TU SR has granted licenses to Telefonicato deploy LTE TDD in 2.3 GHz spectrum. MegaFon O2, Orange and T-Mobile Slovensko for eachshowcased an LTE data call at the IX International operator to trial LTE FDD networks in 2.6 GHzInvestment Forum (Sochi) in Sept 2010. spectrum in Banská Bystrica. TU SR is considering auctioning 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum in Q1Tele2 has requested permission to deploy LTE1800. 2012 for LTE deployments. TU SR is also considering whether to reserve additional 900 MHz and 1800Yota (Scartel) is shifting from WiMAX™ to LTE and MHz channels for a new participant not alreadyhas rolled out an LTE pilot network in Kazan, having any frequencies in those bands as a way toTatarstan. Yota is also deploying an LTE network in boost competition, including for LTE services.Novosibirsk, Siberia which entered a friendly-launch
  20. 20. Evolution to LTE ReportJanuary 5, 2012Slovenia MHz multimode modem in July 2011. The company plans to offer LTE to 231 locations by end 2011, andJust a few days after acquiring test frequencies 663 locations by end 2012.Mobitel deployed an LTE network in the 1800 MHzfrequency band and began testing it from June 1, Tele2 Sweden and TeleNor Sweden have deployed2011. Mobitel reported excellent results, downlink an LTE network through a jointly-owned companyspeeds reaching 100 Mbps, and the system (Net4Mobility), which includes spectrum sharing inresponsiveness more than doubled compared to 900 MHz and 2.6 GHz. Using this network, Tele2HSPA+. The LTE network was deployed in Ljubljana, Sweden and TeleNor Sweden commerciallyand intended for internal tests with the goal of gradual launched LTE services to their respective customersexpansion, ensuring an optimum co-existence with on November 15, 2010, initially in Stockholm,the GSM and UMTS systems. The trial network paves Gothenburg, Malmo and Karlskrona. LTE wasthe way for commercializing LTE technology in planned to be deployed in 100 cities by end 2011.Slovenia. Mobitel plans a full deployment of LTE andLTE Advanced using 800 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2.6 Hutchison 3 is deploying a commercial LTE FDDGHz bands. LTE800 trials were planned in Autumn network in Sweden and bought 50 MHz of TDD2011. LTE1800 will be commercially launched in spectrum from Intel. The technical readiness of the2012. Rollout will be different for cities and rural areas combined LTE FDD/TDD network in Stockholm,depending on availability of 800 MHz. Gothenburg and Malmo (though not yet commercially launched according to information given to GSA bySpain company representatives) was announced by the infrastructure supplier on December 15, 2011.Ministerio de Industria, Turismo y Comercio (MITYC)launched in June 2010 a consultation on re-allocation The auction for 800 MHz opened on February 28,of 2.6 GHz and re-farming of 900/1800 MHz. An 2011, ending after 5 days (31 rounds). All the winnersauction began on June 29, 2011 for 58 blocks of 800, will use the spectrum for LTE.900 MHz and 2.6 GHz frequencies, with licencesvalid to 2030. The auction ended on July 29, 2011 An auction for a total of 2 x 35 MHz of 1800 MHzand raised €1.65bn for 800 MHz and 2.6 GHz spectrum, for use from January 2, 2013, commencedlicenses, with spectrum won by Vodafone, on October 11, 2011. TeliaSonera acquired moreTelefónica and FT-Orange. 800 MHz spectrum can nationwide frequencies in the 1800 MHz band. Thebe used from 2014, after digital TV switchover. 2.6 new frequencies will be used for their LTE networkGHz spectrum can be used immediately. Vodafone and for strengthening the mobile telephony network.plans to use both bands for LTE, and aims to refarm In addition to its existing 10 MHz, TeliaSonera nowsome 900MHz spectrum for additional rural HSPA or also has acquired 2 x2 5 MHz in the 1800 MHzLTE-based coverage. frequency band. The new licences are valid for 25 years from 2013.Telefónica is deploying commercial pilot networks inMadrid and Barcelona. Vodafone announced in Net4Mobility also acquired additional 1800 MHzSeptember 2011 launch of pre-commercial LTE pilot spectrum which it will use for LTE1800. It meansnetworks in Madrid, Barcelona and Malaga. Orange Net4Mobility and TeliaSonera each has 2 x 35 MHz inhas announced plans for the commercial rollout of 1800 MHz.LTE planned in Valencia by end of 2011, andBarcelona in early 2012. Yoigo acquired 1800 MHz Switzerlandspectrum in summer 2011 and will deploy LTE1800. Orange is enhancing coverage and raising capacitiesSweden for mobile data and voice services, and is preparing for LTE introduction (subject to availability ofTeliaSonera launched the world‟s first LTE networks spectrum and user devices). However its ownerin Stockholm and Norway (Oslo) in December 2009. France Telecom is seeking to exit from the companyTeliaSonera introduced a multiband 800/1800/2600 and has reported receiving 5 bidders so far.