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r       A GUIDETO HAJJ, UMRAH       A GUIDE TO HAJJ, UMRAH                AT{D                AND    VISITING TIIE PFOPHET...
)                  CONTEHTS                         CONTENTS                          (PrelacePreface                     ...
r      In lhe nameof Allah,the     In the name of Allah, the    Gompasalonale, Merclful                   lhe    Compassio...
PREFACE                     PREFACEDear pilgrim brothers and sislers,Dear pilgrim brothers and sisters,  Assa/amu alaikum ...
We ask you to read thls booklet before you begln the   We ask you to read this booklet before you begin therltes ol HaJJ l...
IMPORTANT ADVICE             ITUIPORTAHT                       ADVICE   Dear pllgrhts, we pralse Allah for havlng gulded y...
r    as brothers and avold disputes and disobedience to    as brothers and avoid disputes and disobedience to    Allah. Kn...
tion of lbraheem,to drink from Zamzam,.andslmllartion    Ibraheem,   drink from Zamzam,. and similarpractices. These pract...
at tho Statlonof lbraheem, especially whenthe placela   the Station Ibraheem, especlally   when the place Iscrowded, as th...
" Rabband ~tln~ llddonyl hasanatan wa fII-~khlrati  "Rabban~ ttlnl fld-dony~ hacanatan wa lllilkhlratlhesenatenwa qina adh...
r      Galllng upon the dead, asklng thelr help or offerlng      Calling upon the dead, asking their help, or offering    ...
unbell€vor.This applles to those who proler the rule ofunbeliever. Thls applies to those whoprufer the rule ofEvil ( Iagno...
ono may not bellevo such rullngs to bo luPorlorto thsone           believe        rulings    be .uperlor to theShIT/sh he ...
r    the Most High,says: "Say: Do you ridiculeAllah, His     the Most High, says: "Say: Do you ridicule Allah His    revel...
r                             The Ninth                             The Ninth       Anyone who believes that some people a...
How to perform Hajj and Umrah, and   How to perform Hall and Umrah, and      to vlslt the ProphetsMosque      to visit the...
until the Day of Sacrifice {tho lOth of Dhul-Hijjah).until the Day of Sacrifice (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah).Aftemalively, ma...
inloihrun on the 8th ol DhuFHiiiah. sameappliesto ainto ihram on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah. The same applies to a            ...
~ gu ~r r ~ ~ ~, ~ )            ~       .:J=J ,*; ) ,i,LJJIJ p+xl .:J=J      )       ( ~ ~r 1 ;,llt, .lU i-,,JlJ J r^ll Jl...
in the enjoiningof what is good and forbiddingof what is in the enjoining of what is good and forbidding of what is evil.e...
3. You then go to as-safaand climb on it. Faclng tha  3. You then       as-safa             It. Facing theKabah, praise Al...
r       Thsre ls no clelty except Allah, completed Hls pr+        There Is no deity except Allah, completed His pro-     m...
state    ifiram are       and you may now resume yourstate of ihram are lifted and you may now resume yournorma/life.norma...
If you are performing hajj al·tamattu (the interrupted    ff you are performlng hdil at-tamdtlu.(the interrupted ham, you ...
lnnal-hamdawan-nlmatalaka       Innal·hamda wan·nlmata laka         wal-mulk.         wa{·mulk.       La siareeka lak."   ...
ofloring supplications facing qiblah with upraised hands,offoring supplications facing        with upraised hands,as was t...
Stone Pillar of Aqabah are also picked upbe thrownat the Stone Pillarof Aqabah are also pickedup   thrownat Mina.   Mina. ...
with your spouse.This is the f irst tahallul,Le., returning     your spouse. This the first tahallul, ie., returningto one...
9. At any time In the atternoon of sach ol the two or   9. At any tlme         afternoon       each ofthree days of your $...
(tawst ai-wide) before leaving Makkah. No ono 13(lawaf ar-wiOal before leavlng Makkah.    one Isexcused from this except w...
wlthout your inlendingit.without your intending it.   (b) Do not use scent, whetheron the clothesor on the   (b) Do not us...
r         A man may not put any coverlng on hls head.      •I A man may not put any covering on his head.    However,the s...
there is no ti$Etr- (sxpiation) for him. He should stop there is no fidyah (expiation) for him. He should stopdoing such t...
2. There Is    f.!!.!!!!!!. not talblydh for  2. There ls no Jhrdm nor talblyah lor the vlslt to the                      ...
Perform       rskats   tahlyyet sl-masjld      !!!!.!!  4. Perform two ra,tals of tshlyyat al-maslld (the 88/at   "greetin...
r            wa·adtahu.            wa€dtehu.      Allahumma, aJzlh sn                           Allahumma, aJzlh an ummatl...
7. lt is sunnahto visit the graves of alBaqee cametory  7. It is sunnah to visit the graves of al·Baqee cemetery,and the g...
Ques    places In Madlnah which           visited. The·ques or placas ln Madlnsh whlch are to be vlslted. The.refore, do n...
the Statfon of !l!.!!!!!!..lylng on hls route end thero €nter     Station ~f thram,lylng         his route and there enter...
r       3. Dolng,g:!lt.e., taklngqulck short steps)durlngall       3. Doing ramal (I.e., taking quick short steps) during ...
6. Touching lour corners Kabah its walls,and  6. Touching the four corners ol ~ or its walls, and              the        ...
L struggllng to Prayat ths Statlonof lbraheemThls lg    9. Struggling to pray at the Station of Ibraheem. This Isc o n t r...
Fourth: Erro{sRelatedtoAralatFourth: Errors Related to Aratat   1. Some pilgrims camp outside the boundarles   1. Some pil...
4 . M a k i n gs u p p l i c a t l o nfs c i n gM o u n t Aratat tIs IIncor·   4. Making supplications facing Mount A r a ...
Some pllgrlmswash the pebbles,but thls ls not  Some pilgrims wash the pebbles, but this Is notrecommended.recommended.Erro...
on€ throw. The St,q4"tt prescrlbesthrowlng the pebblesone throw. The ~ prescribes throwing the pebblesone by one, seylng "...
one has completedall the rites of haij @nd before startingone has completed all the rites of hajj (and before startinghisj...
receive blessings lbarakahl                     innovation (bida).receivs blessings (barakah) are an innovation !brd"l.B l...
place or of the people buried there, is a grievouserror.place or of the people buried there, is a grievous error.Indeed, i...
WHAT IS REQUIRED D F      O               W H A T I S R E Q U I R E OF                   THE PILGRIMS S                   ...
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque
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A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque

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A Guide to Hajj, Umrah & Visiting the Prophet's Moeque

  1. 1. r A GUIDETO HAJJ, UMRAH A GUIDE TO HAJJ, UMRAH AT{D AND VISITING TIIE PFOPHETS MOSOUE VISITING THE PROPHETS MOSQUE
  2. 2. ) CONTEHTS CONTENTS (PrelacePreface 7lmportantAdviceImportant Advice 9ViolationsoflslamViolations of Islam 13 13How perform Haij andUmrah and to visitHow to perform Hajj and Umrah and to visitthe Prophets Mosquethe Prophets Mosque 19 19 ................The Performance UmrahThe Performance of Umrah ol ..... 21 21ThePerformanceof HaiiThe Performance of Hajj .......... 26 .................. 26Obligations During IhramObligations Duringlhram ......... 33 33Visitation the ProphetsVisitation of the Prophets Mosque ............................... of Mosqus 36 36Errors Often Committed by PilgrimsErrorsOftenCommined Pilgrims by 41 ...........41Whatls Required the PilgrimWhat Is Required of the Pilgrim of 53 .................. 53Some SupplicationsWhich May Be Becited atSome Supplications Which May Be Recited atArafat.Arafat, at the Sacred Sites and at other Places at the Sacred Sites and at other Placesoff Supplication o.n. . . . . . . . .o Supplicati . . . . . . . . . . . . .63 6. .3
  3. 3. r In lhe nameof Allah,the In the name of Allah, the Gompasalonale, Merclful lhe Compassionate, the Merciful
  4. 4. PREFACE PREFACEDear pilgrim brothers and sislers,Dear pilgrim brothers and sisters, Assa/amu alaikum wa raimatullaht wa barakatuhu. Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu.Congratulationsand welcome on your arrlval at theseCongratulations and welcome on your arrival at thesesacred preclncts, on this blessed Journeyas guestssacred precincts, on this blessed journey as guests ofAflah,the Most Merciful.Allah, the Most Merciful. Thls brlel but comprehenslveGulde ls prosented This brief but comprehensive Guide Is presented toyou to outllne the obligatory rites Haii and ,umrahyou to outline the obligatory rites of Hajj and umrahwlth whlch you ought to be familiar. It begins with somewith which you ought be familiar.lt beginswith somelmportant advlce. This advice is, firstImportant advice. This advice is, first of all, for our- all, our.selves,and then oflered you accordanceselves, and then it is offered to you in accordance withwhat Allah, the Most High, says concerningthosewhat Allah, the Most High, says concerning those of His Hisservantswho receive salvationand success this worldservants who receive salvation and success in this worldand th€ Hereafter: "They counsel each other the truthand the Hereafter: "They counseleach otherof the truthand counsel each otherand counsel each other of patience." lt is f urther to put patience. It furtherInto practiceHis saying: "CooperateInto practice Hls saylng:"Gooperatewith each other in each othergoodnessand fear of Allah,and do not cooperatein slngoodness and fear Allah, and cooperate sinand transgresslon."and transgression."
  5. 5. We ask you to read thls booklet before you begln the We ask you to read this booklet before you begin therltes ol HaJJ lnorder that you may acqualnt yourself wlthrites of Hall In order that you may acquaint yourself withwhat lg to be done.You wlll flnd In lt answersto many olwhat Is to be done. You will find In It answers to many ofyour questlons.Wg hope that you wlll keep thls booklet questions. W$ hope that you will keep this bookletwlth you as a reference for thls year, and posslbly forwith reference for this year, and possibly forlater years as well lf lt ls Allahs wlll that you roturnlater years as If It Is will you returnagaln for hall .again tor hajj We ask you to sherethls bookletwlth other Musllms In YOU share this booklet with other Muslimsorder that they may also beneflt lrom readlng lts conorder they benefit from reading Its con-tents, We ask Allah accept from ug hail,tents. We ask Allah to accept from all of us our hall, ourstriving, and our good deeds.strlvlng,and our good deecls. Wassalamualalkum nhmatullahl wa barakatuhu Wassalamu alalkum wa rahmatullahl wa barakatuhu. wa Abdul:AzlzAbdul:Azlz bin Abdullah bin Baz blnAbdullahbln Baz President of Islamic Research, Pregldentof lslamlc Research, IFTA and Propagation IFTA and ProPagatlonRIYADH, KINGDOM SAUDIARABIARIYADH, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA OF
  6. 6. IMPORTANT ADVICE ITUIPORTAHT ADVICE Dear pllgrhts, we pralse Allah for havlng gulded you Dear pilgrims, praise having guidedto the hall of His House and to the vlslt of the Sacred the hdlof Hls House and visit SacredPrecincts. May He accept from all ol us our good deedsPreclncts. May of deedsand Increase His reward for us and for you.and lncrease reward you. The following advice Is being offered to you in the The followlng advlce is being offered youhope that Allah will accept from all of us our fiarland ourhope Allah wlll accept from hajj andstriving.strlvlng. 1. Remember that you are on a blessed journey.This 1. Rememberthat you are blsssed journey. Thlsjourney, which Is a migration toward Allah, is based onJourney, whlch is migratlon toward Allah, basedbelief in Hls Unity (tawheedJ, sinceritytoward Him,belief In His Unity (tawheedJ, on sincerity toward Him, onon respondlng His call, and on obedience Hison responding to His call, and on obedience to Hiscommands.Therels no greaterrewardthan that haiicommands. There Is no greater reward than that of a hajjwhlch ls acceplable to Nlah Taalah-the rewardwhich Is acceptable to Allah Taalah-the reward of theGarden of Paradise.Garclen Paraclise. 2. Be on your guardagainst the mlschief of Satan,who 2. 8e on your guard against the mischief of Satan, whointendsto causedissention amongyou. Loveeach otherintends to cause dissention among you. Love each other
  7. 7. r as brothers and avold disputes and disobedience to as brothers and avoid disputes and disobedience to Allah. Know that tho Messenger ol Allah (may peace Allah. Know that the Messenger of Allah (may peace and blesslngsof Altah be on him) sald, " Noneol you has and blessings of Allah be on him) said, .. None of you has truly bellevedunlesshe llkes for hls brotherwhat the likes truly believed unless likes for his brother what the for hlmself." himself." 3. Wheneveryou havea questionconcerningreligious 3. Whenever YQu have question concerning religious knowledgeable Mus matt€rs or concsrning thenall, ask knowledgeableMus· matters concerning the hajj, lims until.you receivea satisfactoryanswor.This is in Iims until.you receive satisfactory answer. This accordancewith what Allah has said: "lf ye realisethis not, accordance with what Allah has said: "If realise this not, ask those who possess The Message." also in ask of those who possess The Message." it is also in accordance with what the Prophet(peace be him) has accordance with what the Prophet (peace be on him) has Allah intends good for someone He gives said: "When Allah intends good for someone, He gives said: him understanding of the religion." him understanding the religion." of 4. Know that Allah has madecertainacts /ard (obliga 4. Know that Allah has made certain acts fard (obliga· sry(according tory)and otheracts. - - - to the practiceof tory) and other acts sunnah (according to the practice of the Prophet, peace be on him). Allah does not accept a the Prophet,peacebe on him).Allah do€s not accept su!!S! which violates some lard Some pilgrims lgnore sunnah which violates some lard. Some pilgrims ignore this fact when thay harm believingmen and women in this fact when they harm believing men and women in their zeal to kiss the B/acftSfone,to hastenin their cir their zeal to kiss the Black Stone, to hasten in their cir· cuits around the Kabah,to make sa/ahbahind the Sta cuits around the Kabah, to make salah behind the Sta·
  8. 8. tion of lbraheem,to drink from Zamzam,.andslmllartion Ibraheem, drink from Zamzam,. and similarpractices. These practices are g!4trt!. To harm anypractices. These practices ere ~. harmbeliever in doing them is haram (prohiblted).How is itbeliever doing them haram (prohibited). Ispossibleto carry out a srn4at observancewhile doing apossible carry ~ observance while doingharam deed? Therefore,avoid hurting each other, andharamdeed? Therefore, avoid hurting each other, andAllah will grant you His mercy and will increaseyourAllah will grant you His mercy and will increase yourreward.reward. We woulddalso like to emphasize eh e following: : W e w o u l a l s o l i k e t o e m p h a s i z the f o l l o w i n g t (a) lt not fitting that Muslim man performshis Satgt (a) It is not fitting that a Muslim man performs his Sa/at behind woman in the SacredMosquenext to, or behind a woman in the Sacred Mosque or atnext lo,any other place il it is at all possibleto avoid doing so.any other place if it is at all possible to avoid doing so.Womennshoulddprayybehinddmen. .Wome shoul pra behin men (b)Thedoorsand entrances the SacredMosque are (b) The doors and entrances to the Sacred Mosque areforr trafficcand shoulddnott be blocked db y people ep r a y i n gf o t r a f f i a n d s h o u l n o b e b l o c k e by p e o p l prayingthere eve thoug i i is to join the congregationthere, ,evenn thoughh iff itt is to join the congregational a lprayer that may be in progress.prayer that may be in progress. (c) )Itt is nott permissible lto blockkthe freeeflow off people e ( c l i s n o p e r m i s s i b t o b l o c t h e f r e f l o wo p e o p l earoundthe Kabahby sitting nearthe Kabah,by prayingaround the Kabah by sitting near the Kabah, by praying or alHijr ornear it, or by standing near the @!$,, Stone, or al.Hi}r ornear it, or by standingnear the Black
  9. 9. at tho Statlonof lbraheem, especially whenthe placela the Station Ibraheem, especlally when the place Iscrowded, as thls ls a sourceof harmto othorpeople.crowded, this Is source harm to other people. (rt)While safeguarding th6 dignity Muslims lsa .rd, (d) Whllesafeguardlng dlgnltyof MusllmsIs a tar4 thekissing the Black Stone Is !JBJ.!!!ll. A lard cannotboklsstngths Black Stonels a ry!. !!!S!. cannot be ~. Whenthe eroals crowded, lssacrificed for a 4!.sacrlflced When the area Is crowded, lt Is Itgufffclent polnt to tho BlackStone,saylng"M!!sufficient to point the Black Stone, saying ..~!l!!l!!:" andto contlnue movewlth tho flow of peopleahbar." and continue to move with the flow peoplewlthoutcauslng breakIn the lines. Indeed, keaplng keeping anwithout causing a break In the llnes.Indeed, aneasy flow during cfrcults Is the most commendableeasy flow durlng circuits ls the most commendablething.thlng. (e) It is not a~ to kiss the Yamani@rner,but to (e) lt is not a gry[ to kiss the Yamani corner, but totouchit withthe righthand,if it is not overcrowded, andtouch it with the right hand, if it is not overcrowded, andsay:"8ism illahiwat4ahu ahbar." if it is difficult touch tosay: •• Bismillahi waJ./ahu akbar. ,. But if it is difficult to touch But it, thenmoveon, do not,point it withyourhand, say to orit, then move on, do not. point to it with your hand, or say of lt takbir. it is not reported ths Prophet is mustahabbtakbir. For it is not reported of the Prophet. It is mustahabb For(g~)Go{) to recitethe following supplication between ln the to recite the following supplication in between theYamanlcornorand the BlackStone:Yamani corner and the Black Stone:Ui)^# i;.ii Jr 1# Fjlr . j 6 j rl F { ,r!!r r-tlJC
  10. 10. " Rabband ~tln~ llddonyl hasanatan wa fII-~khlrati "Rabban~ ttlnl fld-dony~ hacanatan wa lllilkhlratlhesenatenwa qina adhibanfiar",hasanatan wa qina adhAban-ttar". Finally, the best advlce w€ can glve you Is thst you Flnally, the best advice we can give you 19that youloflow the Book of Allah end the sunnah Hls Mesfollow the Book of ntlan and- the sunnah of His Mes·sanger (peace him) insenger (peace be on him) in all what you do. do. "ObBy Allah and the MessengerIn order that you may "Obey Allah and the Messenger In order that you mayreceive mercy."recelvetngrcy." VIOLATIONS ISLAM VIOLATIONS OF ISLAM OF Brotherand slster Musllm, you must be aware that Brother and sister Muslim, you must be aware thatthergars matt€rswhlch nulllfyyour lslam.We wlll men.there are matters which nullity your Islam. We will men·tlon here the ten most common vlolatlons.Pleasebetlon here the ten most common violations. Please bemindful of them.mlndfulof them. The Flrst The First Associatingpartners with Allah (shirk). Allah, the Most Associating partners with Allah (shirk). Allah, the MostHigh, says, "Truly, if anyone associates partners withHigh, says, "Truly, if anyone associates partners withAllah,Allahwillforbidhim the Gardenand his abodewillbsAllah, Allah will forbid him the Garden and his abode will bethe Fire; the wrongdoerswill have no help€rs."the Fire; the wrongdoers will have no helpers."
  11. 11. r Galllng upon the dead, asklng thelr help or offerlng Calling upon the dead, asking their help, or offering them gifts or sacrifices are all forms of !!:!.!.!1L. them glfts or sacrlflces are all forms of sfiIrlr. The Second The Second Setting intermediaries betweenoneself and Allah Settlng up intermediaries between oneself and Allah, maklng suppllcatlonto them, asklng their lntercesslon making supplication them, asking their Intercession wlth Allah, and placlng ones trust In them ls unbellef with Allah, and placing ones trust them Is unbelief ~. lkulrl. The Third The Thlrd Anyone who does not consider polytheists (!!!!!!!!!!..- Anyone who does not consider polythelsts (mS!{- concernlng te_en) be unbelleverg, who has doubts keen) to be unbelievers, or who has doubts concerning to or thelr unbellef,or consldersthelr way to be correct,ls their unbelief, or considers their way to be correct, Is (lraflr). himself an unbeliever (kaflr). hlmselfan unbellever The Fourth The Fourth Anyone who bellevesany guldance other than the Anyone who believes any guidance other than the Prophetsguldance to be more perfect,or a declslon Prophets guidance to be more perfect, or a decision other than the Prophetsdecislon to be better, ls an other than the Prophets decision to be better, is an
  12. 12. unbell€vor.This applles to those who proler the rule ofunbeliever. Thls applies to those whoprufer the rule ofEvil ( Iagnout) to the Prophetsrule. Some examplesofEvll (Taghout) to the Prophets rule. Some examples ofthis are:thls ar6: (a) To belleve that systems and laws made by human (a) believebelngsare better than the ~ of lslam; for examPle,beings better Eharlah Islam; example, that the lslamlc system ls not sultable for the twen Islamic system Is suitable twen-tieth century.tleth century. that Islam Is the caueo ol the backwardness Mus lslam ls the cause of the backwardness of Mus-lims.llms. Or that Islam is a relationship between Allah and that lslam r€lationship between Allah andthe Musllm. lt should not Int€rfereIn other aspectsthe Muslim. It should not Interfere In other aspects oflife.llfa. (b) To eay that enforclng the punlshmentsprescrlbed (b) To say that enforcing the punishments prescribedby Allah, such as cuttlng off the hand of thlef or stoby Allah, such as cutting off the hand of a thief or sto-ning an adulterer, is not suitable in this day and age.ning an adulterer, is not suitable in this day and age. (c)To bellevethat lt ls permlsslble glve a rule lrom (c) To believe that It Is permissible to give a rule from tothet whlch Allah dld not revealln lslamlctransactlonsthat which Allah did not reveal In Islamic transactions orormatters of law, punlshments other affalrs Althoughmatters of law, punishments or other affairs. Although or
  13. 13. ono may not bellevo such rullngs to bo luPorlorto thsone believe rulings be .uperlor to theShIT/sh he In effect aff lrms such a stand by declarlngaSharlah affirms a stand declaring athlng whlch Allah hae totally prohlblted,such aa adulthing which has prohibited, a8 adul-tery, drlnklng alcohol or usuryr to be permlsslble.t€ry, drinking alcohol usury, permissible.According the consensus Muslims, oneAccordlng to the congengus of Musllms, one whodeclaressuch thlngs to be permlsslble an unbelleverdeclares such things be permissible ls Is unbeliever(*attL.(kef/f). The Filth Tha Fllth Anyonewho hates any part what the Messenger Anyone who hates any part of what the Messenger ofAllah (may peace and blessings of Allah be on him) hasAllah (may p€ace and blessings Allah him)declaredto be lawful has nullifiedhis lslam, even thoughdeclared to be lawful has nullified his Islam, even thoughhe may act in accordancewith it. Allah the Most Hi9t1he may act in accordance with it. Allah the Most High,says: "Bscause they disliked what Allah has revealed,says: "Because they disliked what Allah has revealed,thsir deeds are brought to nothing."their deeds are brought to nothing." The Slxih The Sixth any espoctof the rellglon the Anyone who ridicules any aspect of the religion of the Anyonewho rldlculesMessenger of Allah (peace be on hlm), or any of ltsMeseenger Allah ol (peace be on him), or any of Itsrewardaor punlshments,becomss an unbellever. Allah,rewards or punishments, becomes an unbelleve.r. Allah,
  14. 14. r the Most High,says: "Say: Do you ridiculeAllah, His the Most High, says: "Say: Do you ridicule Allah His revelalionsand His Messenger?Make no sxcus€;yotl revelations and His Messenger? Make no excuse; you have disbelievedafter your (professionof) faith" have disbelieved after your· (profession of) faith." The Seventh The Seventh Th e practice of magic includeduin e d i n thcausing a s i n g ari ft The pr ac t ic eof m ag i c i n c | d this is i s i s c a u rift between husband wifeby tuminghislovefor herinto between a husband andwife a and turning his love for her into hatrsd,or tempUng p€rsonto do thingshe dislikesby hatred, or tempting I person a things he dislikes by using blad<arts. One who engages such a thingor is using black arts. One who engages in such a thing or is pleased withit is outside pale of lslam.Allahthe lviost pleased with is outside the pate Islam. Allah the Most the High,seys, "Th€ two (angels,Harutand Marut)did not High, says, "The two (angels, Harut and Marut) did not (magic) waming without thom,lndeed we teach anyone (magic) without warning them, Indeed, we teachanyone are a trial;lhen do not disbolieve." are a trial; then do not disbelieve...· The Eighth The Eighth Supporting aidingpolyth€ists againsttho Muslims Supporting and aiding polytheists against the Muslims. and Allahthe MostHigh,says:"The onelromamong who yott Allah the Most High, says: "The one from among you who themb€longs them.Truly,Allahdoesnotguide to supports them belongs to them. Truly, Allah does not guide supporls the peoplewho do rvrong." the people who do wrong."
  15. 15. r The Ninth The Ninth Anyone who believes that some people are permitted Anyone who believes that some people are permitted to deviate from the Shariah of Muhammad (peace be on deviatelrom the Shariah Muhammad(peacebe him) is an unbelieverby the word Allah, the Most High: him) is an unbeliever by the word of Allah, the Most High: "lf anyoneseeks religionother than al-lslam will not be "If anyone seeks a religion other than al·lslam it will not be acceptedfrom him, and in the Hereafterhe will accepted from him, and in the Hereafter he will be among among the losers." the losers." Thp Tenth Th.e Tenth To tum completely away from the religion of Allah, tum completely away from the religion Allah, neither learning its precepts nor acting upon it. Allah the neither learning its precepts acting upon it. Allah the does greater wrong than the ons Most High, says: "Who does greater wrong than the one Most High, says: who is reminded the revelationsol his Lord and turns who is reminded of the revelations of his Lord and turns away from them. Truly, We shall recompensethe guilty" away from them. Truly, We shall recompense the gUilty," those who disbelieveturn away and He also says: "But those who disbelieve tum away and He also says: from that about which they are warned." from that about which they are warned." It makes no difference whether such violations are It makes no difference whether such violations are committedas joke, in seriousness out fear, except committed as a joke, in seriousness or out of fear, except when they are done under compulsion. when they are done under compulsion. We seek refuge ln Allah from such deedsas entall Hls We seek refuge in Allah from such deeds as entail His wrath and severspunlshment. wrath and severe punishment.
  16. 16. How to perform Hajj and Umrah, and How to perform Hall and Umrah, and to vlslt the ProphetsMosque to visit the Prophets MosqueBrother and sister Muslims:Brotherand slster Muslims: There are thret ways of performingtne haii: There are three ways of performing the hajj: H ell al-tamattu ( lnterruPted Hall lltafilttu (Interrupted) ) Hall al-glran (comblned HalI alqlran (combined) ) al·lfrad (single) Hall alltrad (slngle)Hajj al-Tamattt)Haiia/·Tsmattu umrahduring Thls means enterlngInto ifiramfor the ~ during This meansentering Into ihram for thetha months ol Hall, 1.8., tha months of Shawwal,the months of Hajj, I.e., the months of Shawwal,Dhul-Qldahaand the first t ten dayssoff Dhul-Hljjah;h ; takeeD h u l - Q l d a n d t h a f l r s t e n d a y o D h u l H l j j a to t a k h to umrah;andthen to takeoff Ihram after performing the umrah; and then to take oll thramafter performlnglheihram agaln tor the hdi lrom Makkahon the 8th day of~ again for the hajj from Makkah on the 8th day ofDhul-Hljjahaduring gthe samee year r in whichh the umrahhDhul-HUj durln the sam yea in whic lhe umra hwas performed.was performed.Hajj al·QiranHaii aFQiran Thls denotesenteringinto il,ram for both lheumrah This denotes entering into ~ for both the umrahand the hailal the same tlme, not taking oft tha lhramand the hajj at the same time, not taking off the Ihram
  17. 17. until the Day of Sacrifice {tho lOth of Dhul-Hijjah).until the Day of Sacrifice (the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah).Aftemalively, mayfirstsnterinloihramfor the umrah,Alternatively, one may first enter into ihram for the umrah, oneand before beginning ones tawa may mak~ t:,e intentionandbelorebeginning onestawatmaymakcrlre intentionof ihremlor the hal/ as well.of ihrem for the hajj as well.Hall al-ltradHajj al-/frad This signifies donning ~ for the hajj either from Thfs slgnlflee donnlng lhram tor lhe hail elther fromthe prescrlbedStatlon ol lhram(al-mlgat),the prescribed Station of Ihram (al-m/qat), from Makkah from Makkahlf one resldesthere, from place In betweenal-mlqatIf one resides there, or from a place In between al-mlqatand Makkah In the event that one has brought a sacrifi-and Makkah In the event that one has brought sacrlfl-cial animal with him, and to remain In /hram until theclaf anlmal wlth hlm, and remaln ln lhram untll theDay of Sacrifice. If one has not brought an animal forDay Sacrifice. lf one has not brought an animal forsacrifice, he is requiredsacrifice, he is required to come out of ihram after come ihram aftarperforming umrah; that is, makes the (gqle! aroundperforming umrah; that is, he makes the (Saye) aroundlhe Kabah {t"*"n,, performs the (Saye) the runningthe Kabah (tawa!). performs the (Saye) the runningbetweenSafa and Marwah,cuts some his hair and thenbetween Safa and Marwah, cuts some of his hair and thencomes out of ihram, resuminghis usualclothingand state.comes out of ihram, resuming his usual clothing and state.This is what the Prophet(peace him) prescribedforThis i~ what the Prophet (peace be on him) prescribed forthose people who had entered into rhram for the 0!i1those people who had entered into ihram haiiwithout bringing sacrificialanimal; they then ra-enteredwithout bringing a sacrificial animal; they then re.entered
  18. 18. inloihrun on the 8th ol DhuFHiiiah. sameappliesto ainto ihram on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah. The same applies to a Thep€rsonwho is perlorming alqiranin the eventthatheperson who is performing haii al-qiran in the event that he hajjhas not broughtwith him an animal to sacrifice;it ishas not brought with him an animal to sacrifice; it is urnrafi,requiredthat he comesout of ihramatterthe umrah, asrequired that he comes out of ihram after the asdescribed above.describ€dabove. E PERFORMANCE OFUilRA ITHE PERFORMANCE UMRAHI OF 1. When you reach the prescrlbedStatlon (almlqatl 1. When you r€ach prescribed Station (a/-m/qat),make ghus/ (a shower or full washlng ol the wholemake ghust (a shower washing of wholebody), use perfums lf avallable,and then putbody), use perfume If available, and then put on the the ece garment ol thram(lzar and rlda)~-p~ garment of ~ (Izar and rlda),two-pf whlch prete which prefe-rably should be ol whlte cloth. Thls applles men onlyrably should be of white cloth. This applies to men only.A woman also makes ghusl but she does not use makeA woman also makes ghusl but she does not use make up, and she may w€ar any clothesshe has avallableasup, and she may wear any clothes she has available as eh€ shouldlong as they do not display her adornments; she should long as they do not dlsplayher adornmonts;be completely covered except tor her face and handsbe completely covered except for her face and hands.Then make your Intentlonto perform U.t"ft-bV saylng;Then make your Intention to perform Umrah by saying; Umrah, as Labbaykallmrah, or: Labbayk NlahummaLabbayka Umrah, or: Labbayk AJlahumma Umrah, asfollows: follows:
  19. 19. ~ gu ~r r ~ ~ ~, ~ ) ~ .:J=J ,*; ) ,i,LJJIJ p+xl .:J=J ) ( ~ ~r 1 ;,llt, .lU i-,,JlJ J r^ll Jl ( JJJ glr/l Y ~IJ ~ 4-JI ~l ~I #I Llfbbayk, AllafJumma. "Ldbbayt, Allahumma. Lsbbayk. Labbayk. Labbayk. La s/1sreeka laka. Labbayk.La sliareeka laha. Labbayk. Labbayk. Innal-hamda wan-n/mata laka lnnal-hamda wan-nlmata laka wal·mulk. wal-mulk. La shareeka lak." La siarealrt lak." (Here am at Your servlce. (Here I am at Your service. o Lord, here Ilam. O Lord,here am. Here am. No partner You Here I am. No partner do You have. Here I am, have.Here am, Truly,the praiseand the favor is Truly, the praise and the favor is Yours, and the dominion. Yours,and the dominlon. No partnerdo You have. No partner do You have. ) Men shouldutter thls aloudwhitewomenshouldsay lt Men should utter this aloud while women should say Itsf lently. Repeatlhls talbiyyahfrequently,and engage Insilently. Repeat this talbiyyah frequently, and engage inthe pralseof hllah, fn suppllcatlons forglveness, for andthe praise of Allah, In supplications for forgiveness, and
  20. 20. in the enjoiningof what is good and forbiddingof what is in the enjoining of what is good and forbidding of what is evil.evil. 2. When you reach Makkah, make sevsn clrcults 2. When you reach Makkah, make seven circuits(Tsws) around the Kabah,beginning at the BlackStone(Tawaflaroundthe Kabah, beginningat the Black Stonewlth takDir(utterancosol "All"hu skbar") and endingwith tskbir (utterances of "AI/shu and ending "k!"1)each at the same place While making your ( Iawaf) youeach at the same place. While making your ( Tawaf) youmay pralseAtlahand make supplicationsto Hlm in anymay praise Allah and make supplications to Him in anywords you pleaselt is preferable end each with thewords you please. It preferable to end each thewords.words. .q) ;~, ;. ~ /;iia J J i:..:-;. urJr J E j ( jJ ~ L;.1J J ~i t:C ) t 7. a r+{rrui),# 6;Yl {tJ ir-; t ,6 +r.1; -i -1 t!J ~1.1s. ~ lil-akhiratl . "Rsbbana, aUna fld·dunya hasanatan wa fiI·akhiratl "Rabbdna, atina flddunyahasanatan wa qina adhaban·nar. " hasanatan wa adhabannlt" (Our Lord,give us good in this world and good In the (Our Lord, give us good in this world and good In theHereafter.eand n d s a v e u s f rthe punishmenthof the tFire.) e F i r e . )H e r e a | t r a save us from o m t h e p u n | s m e n o f t h After completingthe seventhciruclt, pray two rakats After completing the seventh ciruclt, pray two rakatsbehind thehStationi o nIbraheem e e m ( M a q a m l b r a hIt Ism | | f l t | sb e h | n d t e s t a t of o f l b r a h (Maqam Ibraheem) If e dpossible,even though you may be a llttle lar from ltpossible, even though you may be a little far from It.Otherwisesat tanyyother rp l a c ew i t h l nt h eSacred d o s q u e MO t h e n n i e a n o t h e place within the S a c r e Mosque. a
  21. 21. 3. You then go to as-safaand climb on it. Faclng tha 3. You then as-safa It. Facing theKabah, praise Allah, ralslng your hands, say E!!,!!,K8bah, praise raising hands, ~("AI/ahu akbar1 three tlmes. Then malte suppllcationto("Allahu ahbar)three times. Then make supplicationAllah, repeating your suppllcatlonthree tlmes as thls lsAllah, repeatlngyour supplication three times this Isthe sunnah. Then say sunaai. Then sayr J ~ .JJ ~I oJ 4.! ~.r- Y o-u;.11 Yl .JIY ))g; #l r!; Clllr .l.J=Lf ~ 0..1>- J ~I ~1 . .11 ~ Y ( t,6..," ~ (.I-"U "~ Jr &rjIlJ) o~ ~ J oJs. J y,ii 0...1>- J iut Yl dl Y l; or* p) o&t i or*J ~I ~1 .J1 ~ o...l>-J ylr~l oJ>; .rt;!t wahdahu la sharika Ldh.".. La lIaha I/Ia/-Lah, wahdahu la sharika Lah. "" La llaha lttat-Lah, wa lahulhamd,wa huwaala kulli shayin Lahul-mulk wa lahul-hamd, wa huwa ala kufli shayin Lahul-mulhqadeer".qadeer". La llaha lltallah, wahdahu, Aniaza wadahu Wanasara" La I/aha lIIal·/ah, wahdahu, Anjaza wadahu WanasaraIIabdahuwa hazama ahzab wahdahu."abdahu we hazama al ahzab wahdahu. " (There Is no deity except Allah, the One u/ithouta (There ls no delty except Allah, th€ One withoutpertn€r.partner. Hls ls the domlnlonand Hls ls the pralse,and He ls His Is the dominion and His /5 the praise, and He Ispowerfull ovsr everylhlng.powertull over everything.
  22. 22. r Thsre ls no clelty except Allah, completed Hls pr+ There Is no deity except Allah, completed His pro- mise, supported Hls Stave and defeated tho partles mlse, supported His Slave and defeated the parties Alone. Alone. |It iis p r e f e r a b | e t o u t t ethis isupplication tthreehtimes,i m e s . b u t t s preferable to utter r t h s s u p p l i c a i o n t r e e t but there is no harm in saying it less than three times there is no harm in saying it less than three times. You then descendlrom as-Safaand do the saye of the You then descend from as-Safa and do the saye of the ymra!. seven times. lncrease your paca b€twsen tho umrah seven times. Increase pace between the gre€n posts, but walk at a normal pace before and after green posts, but normal pace before after them. When you climb on the Manvah,praiseAllahand do them.When you climb Marwah, praise Allah and • as you did at as-Safa, repeating your supplications, you as you did as-Sa!a, repeatingyour supplications, it you if can conveniently do so, three times. can convenientlydo so, three times. There are no requiredformulasor supplications tawaf for There are no required formulas or supplications for tawat and saye. It is up to the worshipper to praise Allah or and sa ye. lt is up to the worshipperto praise Allah or supplicateHim in his own words,or he may reciteporlions supplicate Him in his own words, or he may recite portions ol the Quran, with due regard to the supplications which of the Ouran, with due regard to the supplications which the Prophet(peacebe on him) recitedduring the Prophet (peace be on him) recited during the perform- the perform- ance of these rites. ance of these rites. ttmrah shavingor shortenlng by 4. After say, end your umrah by shaving or shortening 4. After say,end your your hair. After this, the prohibitionspertainlngto the your hair. After this, the prohibitions pertaining to the
  23. 23. state ifiram are and you may now resume yourstate of ihram are lifted and you may now resume yournorma/life.normal llfe. lf you are doing haij alamattu the sacriflce If you are doing hajj al-tamattu the sacrifice of asheep the seventh partsheep or the seventh part of a camel or a cow becomes cam€l cow becomesobllgatory you on the Dayobligatory for you on the Day of Sacrifice (the 10th of Sacrifice (the 10thDhul-HiJjah). you cannot afford this sacrifice, is lfDhul·Hijjah). If you cannot afford this sacrifice, it is you fast ten days, three them durlngobligatory for you to fast ten days, three of them duringobligatorythenell and seven after returning home.the hajj and seven after returning home. ff you are perlorminghail al-tamattu haii al-qiran,ll If you are performing hajj al·tamattu or hajj al·qiran, itts preterable fasttnuE1nffiff to uffio"v otis preferable to fast these three days before the Day ofArafat(the 9thArafat (the 9th of Dhul·Hijjah). Dhul-Hijjah), I THE PERFORMANCECOF HAJJJ I THE PERFORMAN OF HAJ E 1. lf you are performinghajj al-ifrad haii al-qiran (i.e., 1. If you are performing hajj al-ifrad or hajj al-qiran (Le.,~ combined with umfthl, you enter into ihram the umrah), you enter into ihram at the.fia{ combinedstation lhram (al-miqatlthrough which you pass onstation of Ihram (al-miqat) through which you pass onyour way Makkah.your way to Makkah. lhram on If you do not pass through any Station of Ihram on ff you do not pass lhrough any Station Makkah, you enter into ihram from youryour way to Makkah, you enter into ihram from youryour wayresidence.residence.
  24. 24. If you are performing hajj al·tamattu (the interrupted ff you are performlng hdil at-tamdtlu.(the interrupted ham, you sntsr lnlo ihlgm tor W from your r€sidence in you enter Into Ihram for hajj from your residence in!!!!), of Dhul·Hljjah. Perlorm ghusl (showerMakkah on the 8th of Dhul-HUJah. Perform ghusl (showeror washlng of the enlire body),perfume yourself lf pos washing entire body), perfume yourselt If pos-sible, and put on the two garmentsof rlrram.slble, garments ihram. This applies This appliesto men. Women likewise perform ghusl but are not to men. Women likewise perform ghusl touse pertume. They may wear any sultable clothes they perfume. They suitablehave as long as they do not show their adornments and adornmentscover every part of thearbodies ercepting the hands andcover every part their bodiss exceptingface. For woman, if she is in the presence of other menface. woman, presencewho are not her immediate relatives like her husband,who are immediate relatives like husband,father, brother or son then she should cover her face. Afterlather, brother son then she should cover faceputting on ihram make your ni)ry?h (intention) Saying:putting on ihram make your niyyah (intention) by Saying:Labbayka Hajjan, then recite talbiwah:Llbbavka Haiian, then recite talbiwah: .tu cIJ&; ~ ~ ~p Y .1=J r+ut+J -4J ) ~ ~ ~ ~ ) ( ~ .!..ltp ":J ( .:I gt .,3 Y ~I) .!..ll ~) ..l..:l .) $tlt, glJ i-,*:.JtJ J-Il .lt "Labbayk, Allahumma. "Labbayk, Allahumma. Labbayk. Labbeyk. Lsbbayk. La shareeka laka. Labbayk. La sharaeka laka. Labbayk. LabbaYk.
  25. 25. lnnal-hamdawan-nlmatalaka Innal·hamda wan·nlmata laka wal-mulk. wa{·mulk. La siareeka lak." La shareeka lak." (Here am at Your servlce, Lord,here I am. No (Here II am at Your service, 0 lord, here 13m. No O partner do You have. Here am. Truly, the pralse partner do You have. Here I am. Truly, the praise and the favor ls Yours, and the domlnlon. No and the favor is Yours, and the dominion. No partner do You have.) partner do You have.) 2. You then go to Mlna,whereyou pray lhe Dhuhr,Asr, 2. You then go to Mlna, where you pray the Dhuhr, Asr,Maghrlb, lsha and Fajr prayers thelr propsr times,MaghrJb, /sha and Fajr prayers at their proper times,shortening prayers of lour rakas to two rakas. Do notshortening prayers of four rakas to two rakas. Do notcombine these prayers.combine these prayers. 3.. Whenn the sun has risennon the 9th atf Dhul-HiJjah, h , 3 Whe the sun has rise on the 9th o Dhul-Hijjaproceed toward Arafat inproceed toward Arafat in a dignified manner and dignified manner andwlthoutharmingyourfellowpifgrlms. Arafat,pray thewithout harming your fellow pilgrims. At Aratat, pray theDhuh,and Asr pray€rs,Dhuhr and Asr prayers, shortened and combined during shortened and combinedduringthe tlme ol Dhuhrwlth one adhanand two igamahs.the time of Dhuhr with one adhan and two iqamahs.Make sure that you are withln the boundaries Arafat.Make sure that you are within the boundaries at Arafat. ofStay wlthin the boundarles Arafat,except the valley ofStay within the boundaries of Aratat, except the valley (Oranah,recitingthe praise Allah the Most High, andof (Oranah, reciting the praise of Allah the Most High, and
  26. 26. ofloring supplications facing qiblah with upraised hands,offoring supplications facing with upraised hands,as was the practice of Prophet Muhammad (may peaceas practice Prophet Muhammad (may peace him). Remain Arafat untiland blessingsof Allah be on him) Remain at Aratat untiland blessings Allahafter sunset.aftsr sunset. 4. When lhe sun has set, procsed toward Muzdallfah 4. When the set, proceed toward MuzdallfahIn a peaceful and dlgnifled manner, recitlng talblyyah.In peaceful and dignified manner, reciting tslblyyah.Do not harm or cause any dlscomfort to your fellowDo not harm cause any discomfort your fellowMuslims. When you arrlve at Muzdallfah, pray theMusllms. When you arrive Muzdallfah, pray theMaghrlb and Ishs prayers combined, shortenlng /s[a to Maghrlband lsia prayerscomblned,shortening /shstwo ralrals.Stay Muzdalifahuntll you have prayedtwo rskss. Stay at Muzdallfah until you have prayed theFalr prayer.Then walt untll the brlghtnass the morFslr prayer. Then walt until the brightness of the mor·nlng ls wlrte spread, supplicate faclng glbfaD withnlng Is wide spread, supplicate facing qlblah wlthupralsed hands, tollowlng tha practlce the eroinetupraised hands, following the practice of the Prophet(peace be on him).(peacebe on hlm). I For wom6n or weak Indlviduals, ls permisslble • For women or weak Individuals, it Is permissible toproceedto Mlna at any tlme aftar mldnlghtproceed to Mlna at any time after midnight. plck up only sevsnpebblesto throw at In Muzdallfah, pick up only seven pebbles to throw at In Muzdalllah, Aqabah.Other pebblescan be plcltedthe Stone Pillar of Aqabah. Other pebbles can be picked the Stone Plltarof up at Mina. There is no harm even if the seven pebblestoup at Mina. There is no harm even if the seven pebbles to
  27. 27. Stone Pillar of Aqabah are also picked upbe thrownat the Stone Pillarof Aqabah are also pickedup thrownat Mina. Mina. 6. When you arrive at Mina,do tho followlng: 6. When you arrive Mina, the following:(a)At the Stone Plllar of Aqabah(thls is the pillar nea(a) the Stone Pillar Aqabah (this pillar nea-rest to Makkah) throw the seven pebbles one after therest Makkah) throw seven pebblesother, saying "Allahu akbar" at each throw.other, saying .. AI/shu akbar" each throw. (b) If you are required to sacritice, slaughteryour (b) lf you are required sacrifice, slaughter yoursacrificial animal. You are to eat some ol its meat andsacrificialanimal. You are eat some of meat anddistribute the major part to the needy.distribute the major part of it to the needy. (c) Shaveyour head cut some halr from it. Shaving (c) Shave your head or cut some hair from it. Shavingis preferable men,while for womefithe length hairis preferable for men, while for women the length of hair forto be cut is that of fingertiP.to be cut is that of a fingertip. order of doing things is pre • The above-mentioned order of doing things is pre· O The above-mentionedferred, however,lf they are done in some other order,ferred, however, if they are done in some other order,there is no harm In it.there is no harm In It. After you have thrown the pebbles and shaved or •O After you have thrown the pebbles and shaved orcut some ol your hair, the prohibitions of ihram arecut some ot your hair, the prohibitions of ihrBm are lifted, excepting the prohibltionol sexual Intercourselifted, excepting the prohibition of sexual intercourse
  28. 28. with your spouse.This is the f irst tahallul,Le., returning your spouse. This the first tahallul, ie., returningto ones normalstate. You are now to wear your usual ones normal state. You are now wear your usualclothes.clothes. 7. Then you go to Makkah and perform the tawaf Then you Makkah and perform the tawatal-ifalah (lhe tawafwhich is an essentialpartof the Hajj). Ifal·itadah (the tawaf which an essential part the Hajj).llyou are doing haij al-tamattu,you also pedorm saye. Ifyou are doing hajj al·tamattu, you also perform saye. lfyou are performinghaii al-ifrador haii al-qiranand you didyou are performing hajj al-itrad hajj al-qiran and you didnot perform saye with tawaf al-qudum (the Tawat ofnot perform saye with tawat al-gudum (the fawal of you must do saye now. After this, the prohrbitionArrival), you must do saye now. Afterthis, the prohibitionArrival), marital relations is also lifted and you return loof marital relations is also lifted and you return to acompletely normal life.completelynormal lite.• It is permissible l eo delayythe tawat tal-ifadah h n t i l theI ft i s p e r m i s s i b to d e l a t h e t a w a a l - i t a d a until t h e t udayss spent t att Mina are over,r ,goingg to Makkah hforr thisday spen a Mina are ove goin to Makka lo thistawat !afterr alll thre"eePillars sh a v ebeennstoned. .t a w a a ft e a l t h r e P i l l a r have b e e s t o n e d 8. Af ter performingyour tawafal-if adah on the Day of 8. After performing your tawat al·ifadah on the Day ofSacrifice,e ,r e t u r n to Minaa and spend d there e the nightssS a c r i f i c return t o M i n a n d s p e n t h e r t h e n i g h tpreceding g h e 11th, ,12thh and 13thhdayss off Dhul-Hijjah hp r e c e d i n the 1 1 t h 1 z t a n d 1 3 t d a y o D h u l H i j j a t{theethreeedayssfollowing g h e Dayyoff Sacrifice whichharee( t h t h r e d a y f o l l o w i n the D a o S a c r i ifc e w h i c a r tknownna s ayyamu-tashreeq. e qisl th o w e v e rpermissible l tok n o w as a y y a m u - t a s h r e It i.s however, p e r m i s s i b eo , tspenddonlyytwo nightssin Minaainstead do f three. ,s p e n o n l t w o n i g h t i n M i n i n s t e a of t h r e e
  29. 29. 9. At any time In the atternoon of sach ol the two or 9. At any tlme afternoon each ofthree days of your $tay In Mlna, etono each of the threethree dayg your stay In Mlna, stone each three whlch lspijlars, starting wlth the llrst Pillar (1.e., one which IsPlllars,startlng with the first Plllar (I.e., the onefarthest from Makkah), followed by the mlddle Plllarandfarthest from Makkah),followed middle Pillar and Aqabah.Throw sev€npebbles,onelastly the Pillar of Aqabah. Throw seven pebbles, one by Plllarlastlyone, at each of these Pillars, saying "AI/shu skbsr" alone, at each these Plllars, saylng "Allahu ahbar" ate~ch Jhrow.each lhrow. • If you stay in Mina for only two days, you must leave O lf you stay in Mina only two days, you must leaveMlna before the sun sets on the second day. If the sunMlna before the sun s€ts on the second day. lf sun beforeyou ere able depart,remaln Mlnashould set before you are able to depart, remain In Mlnashould the thlrd nlght and throw pebblesagaln the next day.for the third night and throw pebbles again the next day.In any case, lt ls preferable remaln In MlnaIn any case, It Is preferable to remain In Mlna for three threenights.nlghts. O lt ls permlsslble for the slck and the weak • It Is permissible for the sick and the weak toappolnt proxy throw thelr pebbles.The proxy firstappoint a proxy to throw their pebbles. The proxy llrstthrowe hls own pebbles,followed. the pebbles thethrows his own pebbles, followed. by the pebbles of the byperllonhe represents whlle the eama plllar.person he represents while at the same pillar. 10. ll you declde return your country after com- 10. If you decide to return to your country after com·pletlng the rltes ol hall,you performthe Farewell Tawalpletlng the rites of hall, you perform the Farewell Tawsf
  30. 30. (tawst ai-wide) before leaving Makkah. No ono 13(lawaf ar-wiOal before leavlng Makkah. one Isexcused from this except womsn who are menstruallngexcused trom thls except women are menstruatingor In the period of discharge lollowlng chlldblrth. In the perlod dlscharge following childbirth. IOBLIGATIONS DURINGG H R A M O B L I G A T I O N D U R I N IHRAMI S I During the state of Ihram for hajj or Umrah, the follo. Durf the state lhram tor W orUmrah,the follo- ngwing are obligatory;wlng are obllgatory; 1. To lalthfully observe that Allah has made obliga- 1. To faithfully observe all ttlat Allah has made obllga- ths dally prayers thelr proper times.tory, such as the dally prayers at their proper tlmes.tory, such 2. To avoid what Allah has prohibited,such as wrong- 2. To avoid what Allah has prohibited, such as wrong-doing, quarreling and committing sins.doing, quarreling and committing sins. 3. To guardagelnstInJurlng Musllmsby deed by 3. To guard against injuring the Muslims by deed or by theword.word. 4. To abstaln from what ls prohlblteddurlng lhram, 4. To abstain from what is prohibited during Ihram,namely:namely: (a) Do not cut your nalls or pull out hair. There ls no (a) Do not cut your nails or pull out hair. There Is noblame on you if these break or come by themselvesblame on you if these break or come off by themselves
  31. 31. wlthout your inlendingit.without your intending it. (b) Do not use scent, whetheron the clothesor on the (b) Do not use scent, whether on the clothes thebody,or In food or drink. Thereis no harm if the effecl ofbody, food drink. There harm the effectscent applied before putting on ihram remains.scent applied before putting on ihram remains. (c) ) Do nott kill, , frightennor assist t in huntinggany land (c Do no kill frighte or assis in huntin any landgame as long a$ you are in ihram.game as long as you are in ihram. (d) Within the precints (d) Within the prednts of al·Haram, no one, in the no a-!-,Ha-tam., one, thestate ihram not, is allowed cut trees,pluck vege-state of ihram or not, is allowed to cut trees, pluck vege-tables collect lost propertyexcept for the saketables or collect a lost property except for the sake ofidentifying for its owner.For the Messenger Atlah otidentifying it for its owner. For the Messenger of Allah(peaceebe upon him))said so. .( p e a c b e u p o nh i m s a i ds o (e) Do not propose (e) Do not propose to a woman or contract marriage woman or contract marriageeither rfor yourselfl for on behalfl foff others. .Sexual linter- -eithe lor yourse or on beha o others Sexua intercourseeis prohibited do o ,so is touching gt h e apposite e e xc o u r s i s p r o h i b i t e too, s o i s t o u c h i n the a p p o s i t sex t swith desire Al thes action are-prohibit durin thewith desire. .Alll theseeactionssare-prohibitededuringgthe dperiod ot ihrar!,period of ihram. Alll thesee prohibitions sapplyy equally y to men and Al thes prohibition appl equall to men andwomennalike. .wome alike In particular ln
  32. 32. r A man may not put any coverlng on hls head. •I A man may not put any covering on his head. However,the shade of an umbrellaor the roof of a car le However, the shade of an umbrella or the roof of a car Is permlsslble. Therels no harm In carrylngsomethlngon permissible. There Is no harm In carrying something on the head. the head. A man may not wear a shlrt or anythingelse which •e A man may not wear a shirt or anything else which is gewn, such as a burnoose, turban, trousers, khult is sewn, such as a burnoose, turban, trousers, khuff (short, thln boot), on the whole or a part of his body. (short, thin boot), on the whole or a part of his body. However,lt an !4g (one of the two garments oI ihranl, However, if an Izar (one of the two garments of ihram, worn on the lower part of the body) is not avallable, worn on the lower part of the body) is not available, trousersmay be worn, and sandalsare not avallable trousers may be worn, and if sandals are not available Rhult may be worn. khuff may be worn. O lt is forbiddenfor woman to wear gloveson her • It is forbidden for a woman to wear gloves on her hands cover her face wlth face-veil (niqab) hands or to cover her face with a face-veil(niqab) or burqu (drape)during the state oI ihram.HoFer, burqu (drape) during the state of ihram. However, if male strangersare around her, she should conceal her male strangers are around her, she should concealher f a c e w i t h h e h e a d - c o v e r i o r something s face with herr head-covering n g s o m e t h i n g i m i l a r T h e s e or similar. , These rules apply until she comes out rules apply until she comes out of ihram. ihram. O lf a person wears a sewn garment or covers his • If person wears sewn garment covers head (for men), uses perfume,pulls out some hairs,or head (for men), uses perfume, pulls some hairs, c u t s h i s n a i l st h r o u g hforgetfulnessso r d u e tto iignorance,€ , cuts his nails through f o r g e t f u l n e or due o g n o r a n c s
  33. 33. there is no ti$Etr- (sxpiation) for him. He should stop there is no fidyah (expiation) for him. He should stopdoing such thlngs as soon as he remembers or lsdolng such things as soon as he remembers or Isreminded of then.remindedol then. O ft is permissibleto wear sandals,a ring, a pair of • It is permissible to wear sandals, a ring, a pair ofglasses,a hearingaid, a wrist watch, and a belt or aglasses, a hearing aid, a wrist watch, and a belt or agirdlewhich protectsones moneyor documentsgirdle which protects ones money or documents. O lt ls permissibleto change ones clothes and to • It Is permissible change ones clothes andwash them, as well as to wash ones hair and body,andwash them, wellas wash ones hair and body, andit does not matter if some hair inadvertently falls outit does not matter il some hair inadvertently falls outduring washing.d u r i n gw a s h i n g . VISITATION THE PROPHETS MOSOUEIVISITATION OF THE PROPHETS MOSQUEI OF 1. .Goinggto Madinah h t anyy time with the intention n f o 1 G o i n t o M a d i n a at a n t i m e w i t h t h e i n t e n t i o of avisiting gt h e Prophets s o s q u ei s a sunnah, hasv i s i t i n the P r o p h e t Mosque is a s u n n a , M iSperf r a s is perfor- oming sa/ah ln it. Accordingto a hadithof the Prophet (mayming salah in it. According to a hadith of the Prophet (maypeaceand blessing Allahbe on him),a-9a/ah performedpeace and blessing of Allah be on him), ~ performed of Mosqueis betterthan a thousand sa/atsinin the Prophets Mosque is better than a thousand sa/ats in in the Prophets any other place excepting the Sacred Mosque (Masls!any other place excepting the Sacred Mosque (Masjida/-Haram) in Makkah. al-Haram)in Makkah.
  34. 34. 2. There Is f.!!.!!!!!!. not talblydh for 2. There ls no Jhrdm nor talblyah lor the vlslt to the visit toProphets Mosque,and lt should be emphaslzedthatProphets Mosque, and It should emphasized thatthere ls no connectlon whatsoeverbetween thls vlsltthere Is connection whatsoever between this visitand hajj.and the haii. 3. When you enter the ProphetsMosque, enter with 3. When you enter the Prophets Mosque, enter withyour right foot first,sayingthe name ol Allahthe Most High,your right foot first, saying the name of Allah the Most High,and evoking blessings on His Prophet (may His peace andand evokingblessings His Prophet(may His peaceblessings be on him), and ask Allah to open the gates ofblessings on him), and ask Allah to open the gates beHis mercy for you. The recommended words for enteringHis mercy for you. The recommended words for enteringany mosque, including the Prophets Mosque, are:any mosque, includingthe ProphetsMosque, are:i f (-oAAJl .4I,j.W.....) (-.,>J ~ J) r.1-J1 ~~ :, yi )U F:ji,l dtlai-J A,fft + )) eLJl nf{ ,J"i ) .. ( .. ( ~) yl.f.i J c?lt ~I e-)l oU".:tr J:^r vl_,,i ,J g.l r*[t e*Jl 0~"A(tdhLtbillahll-adhesmwa walhl hllkareem wa"A udhu billahll-adheem wa wajhl hll-kareem wasultanlhtl-qadeem mlna shaytanlraleem. Allahsultanlhll-qadeem mlna . shaytanl-rajeem. Allah-humma,lltah llaOwabarahmattk.hum ma, Iftah 1/ abwaba rahmsttk.( see refug tn Alla the Atmlght and ln Hls(I l seekkrefuge eIn Allahh the AI-mighty,yand In His ,nobleec o u n t e n a n cand In His eternal power,r fromn o b l countenance a n d I n H l s e t e r n a p o w e , r o m e l fSatanthe Relected. Allah,opento me the doorsSatan the Rejected. 0 Allah, open to me the doors Oof Your mercy.)of Your mercy.)
  35. 35. Perform rskats tahlyyet sl-masjld !!!!.!! 4. Perform two ra,tals of tshlyyat al-maslld (the 88/at "greeting mosque") entering Mosque,of "greetlng of the mosque") after enterlngthe Mosque,preferabtyln the Rawdah or otherwlse anywhereelse Inpreferably In Rawdah otherwise anywhere else Mosque.the Mosque. 5. Then go to the graveof the Prophet (may the pbace 5. Then the grave the Prophet(may pbaceand blesslngof Allah be on hlm), and standingIn frontand blessing Allah be him), and standing in frontof It and taclng lt, say In a respectfuland hushedvolca: lt and facing It, say In respectful and hushed voice: ( i{ t t;$l i,*r1 d Ui -:Jir g>t-JtI ayyuhannablyya rahmetul we "Assa/amu a/alka, ayyuhan-nablyya wa rahmatu/· " Assalamualalka, lahl wa barakatuhu. " wa barakatuhu." (Peacebe on you, O Prophet,and the mercy and (Peace be on you, 0 Prophet, and the mercy and blesslngs Allah),and call for the blesslngs blessings of Allah), and call for the blessings of Allah on hlm. Therels no harm if you acld: Allah on him. There is no harm If you add:~jJl .)~l ~W. ~IJ ~J ~} ~I ~)grll r-rll ltitl rlrul; ilr.a,iJtr.lr"Jl cI -pr 1 ( de; • ( ~.lS- J . (( ~.)--I ~i ~i Y 0Fi i ~I )) ,l+l J-aii oi f r .aUI"Allahumma, , atlhll-waseelatat a wal-fadeelatat a"Allahumma atlhll-waseela wal-fadeelawab-aathuul - m a q am aI-mahhmouda 1·laddheew a b - t h I·maqa ma l - m a m o u d al - l a h e e
  36. 36. r wa·adtahu. wa€dtehu. Allahumma, aJzlh sn Allahumma, aJzlh an ummatlhl afdalal.Jaza. If afdalal-faza." (O Lord, glve hlm the rlght (of Interceeslon) (0 lord, give him the right (of Intercession) and pralseworthy ste. the favor, and raise him to the praiseworthy sta· favor, end ralee hlm lo tlon whlch you promlsed hlm. tlon which you promised to him. o O Allah, reward him on behalf of his urnmah Allah, reward hlm behelf hls ummeh (people) with the best of rewards.) (people)wlth the best rewards.) Then move a little to the right to stand before the Then move llttle the rlght stand before the grave Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleaeed wlth hlm). grave of Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). Greet him and supplicate Allah to bestow His mercy and Greet hlm and suppllcateAllah bestow Hls mercy and forgiveness on him. forglveness hlm. on Again move a little to the right to stand before the Agaln rnoye llttle the rlght stand bsfore the gravo of Umar (may Allah be pleased wlth hlm), and grave of Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), and greet hlm and make suppllcatlonfor hlm. greet him and make supplication for him. 6. ft fs sunnahtohave(Taharah), 6. It Is sunnah to have (Taharah), and visit the Mosque and vlelt the Mosque of Quba and offer ~ In It, as the Prophet (peace be on Quba and offer sa/at In lt, the Prophet(peacs be on hlm) prayed there and encouraged others him) prayed there and encouraged others to do the the 98m6. same.
  37. 37. 7. lt is sunnahto visit the graves of alBaqee cametory 7. It is sunnah to visit the graves of al·Baqee cemetery,and the grave of Uthman (May Allah bo pleasedwith him)and the grave of Uthman Allah be pleased with him) 0and the martyrs of Uhud, and the grave Hamzah (Mayand the martyrsof Uhud. and the grave ol Hamzah (MayAllah be pleased with them.);to greet them and to pray forAllah pleased them.); to greet them and praythe mercy of Allah upon them. The Prophet (peace bethe mercy Allah upon them. Prophet (peaceupon him) used to visit all these graves and pray for theupon him) used visit these graves and praysouls of those who were buried there. He taught hissouls those were buried there. taughtcompanions when visiting graves to say:companions when visiting graves say: ~I) ~ jll ~ J~..ul J-i ~ p)r-Jl)01 UlJ ;*ulr, d^rril ./ ;LrttJ^i SJ" i;;WI Irl Ul-r . (~WI~) W 1»1 JL 0~j ~ 1» ~~ 1 +iUr 15j: UJ.iil Jf*, ,iti-! ,*(+ 6t ,tl II Assalsmualllhum, ahlaldlyar mlnalmumlneen " Assalamu alalkum, ahlal-diyar mlnal·mumineen wa lnna lnsha-Alla! blkum lahl wal-musllmeen, wa inns Insha-AJ/ah blkum lah!· wal-muslimeen, qoon.Nasata/-/ah lanawa ldkumul-atlyah qoon. Nasalal-Iaha lana wa lakumul·aflyah. a (Reported by Muslim) (RePorted Musllm) bY(Peacebe on you, O dwellersof thls place from among(Peace be on you, 0 dwellers of this place from amongthe Befleversand the Musllms,and we wlll lnshaAllahthe Believers and the Muslims, and we will Insha·AJ/sh of Hell)Jolnyou.We ask Allah for securlty(from the Flrejoin you. We ask Allah for security (from the Fire of Hell)for ourselves and for you.)for ourselves and for You.) besldesthe mosquesand According to the Sharlah besides the mosques and Accordingto the Sh.arlah places mentlonedabov€,there ars no other mosother places mentioned above, there are no other mos-oth€r
  38. 38. Ques places In Madlnah which visited. The·ques or placas ln Madlnsh whlch are to be vlslted. The.refore, do not burden yourself by vlsltlng places forrefore, burden yourself visiting places forwhich there Is reward which, therewhlch there ls no reward or for whlch, In fact, theremight be gome blame for dolng so. And Allah ls themlght be some blame doing so. Issource guidance.source of guidance. ERRORS OFTEN COMMITTED ERRORS OFTEN COMMITTED BY PILGRIMS BY PILGRIMSFirst: Errors Related to IhramFkst: Errors Relatad lhram Some pllgrlms pypassthe deslgnatedStation l.hram Some pilgrims pypass the designated Station of Ihramon their route without either being In Ihram or enteringon thefr rout€ wlthout elther belng ln lhram enlerlnglnlo lhrem there, proceedlnguntll they reach JeddehInto!l!!!!E there, proceeding until they reach Jeddah orsome other placewlthln the precinctsof the Slatlons,some other place within the precincts 0.1 the Stations, atwhfch they enter lnlo lhram. Thls ls agalnst the com-which they enter into Ihrsm. This Is against the com-mand of Allahs Messenger(psace be on hlm), whlchmand of Allahs Messenger (peace be on him), whichetfpufatesthat every pllgrlm should enter Into lhram alstipulates that every pilgrim should enter Into Ihram attho Statlon oI lhram whlch lles on hls route.the Station of!l1!!!!1 which lies on his route. lf thls happensto someone, must eithergo back to h6 If this happens to someone, he must either- go back to
  39. 39. the Statfon of !l!.!!!!!!..lylng on hls route end thero €nter Station ~f thram,lylng his route and there enterInto j!1gg, or he must make explatlon by sacrlflclng atnto Ihram, make expiation sacrificingsheep In Makkah and feedlng all Itssheep Makkah feeding lts meat to the poor. poor. applies pilgrims regardless wh~ther This applies to all pilgrims regardless of whelher onepasses the Station of lhram by air, by soa or by land.passes Station Ihram sea O lf one dld not pass through one of the flva desl • If one did pass through one five desi-gnatedStatlons of Ihrsm, he should enter Into !!!!!!!1 at agnated Stations lhran!,he should enter lntolDrampolnt whlch Is nearest to the Statlon of Ihrsm on hlspoint which ls nearest the Station lhram hisroute.route.Second: ErrorsReldted TawafSecond: Errors Related to Tawa! 1. Starting the tawa! at some point other than the site of 1. Startingthe tawaf some point other than the site ofthe Black Stone, while it obligatory begin tawat lrcmthe Black Stone. while it is obligatory to begin tawa! fromthe Black Stone.the Black Stone. 2. Doing ones ~f Inside the HIJr of IsmaII, which 2. Dolngones !"ntl Inslde the HUr of lsmall,whlchmoens golng around portlon the Kabah rather thanmeans going around a portion of the Kabah rather thanthe whole of lt slnce the HUr of lsmall ls part thethe whole of It since the Hljr of Isma" Is a part of theKabah which would then be left out of tawat. Such aKabah whlch would then be left out ol tawaf.Suchtawa! is invalid. tawal ls Invalld.
  40. 40. r 3. Dolng,g:!lt.e., taklngqulck short steps)durlngall 3. Doing ramal (I.e., taking quick short steps) during all seven clrcults whlle !!!.!!!!lls to be done only durlng the B€vencircuits while lsmdlls to be done only during the flrst three of the Tawal ol Arrlval (t9""! alqu|uml. first three of the Tawaf of Arrival (tawaf a/-C].!!!:!!:!!!!). 4. Strugglingvehementlyto kiss the Black Stone in this 4. Struggling vehemently Black Stone this proc€ss and hitting or pushing people Such acts which process and hitting pushing people. Such acts, which are injurious to Muslims,are not permissible are iniurious Muslims, are not permissible. O t h o u | b n o t e that t t h tawat remains n s p e r f • |It sshoulddbee noted d t h athe e t a w a f r e m a iperfectly e c t l y valid d w i t h o u t . k i s s theg Black |Stone. t If n e . | fdoes d o eorn o t o r v a | i without kissing i n t h e B a c k S o one o n e not s to point cannot kiss the Btack stone, it is sufticientsimply cannot kiss the Black Stone, it is sufficient simply to point one comesparallel it to it, saying "AI/ahu akbar" when one comes parallel to it, to it, saying"Allahu akba/when to althoughone may be at distancelrom it although one may be at a distance from it. 5. . Wipinggones shanddover rthe BlackkStone, ,s e e k i n g 5 W i p i n o n e h a n o v e t h e B l a c S t o n e seeking "blossings" (Dt*lrt) thereby is an innovation(bid-a "blessings" (barakah) thereby is an innovation (bida) with no basis in the Shariah lstam.The sunnahis to with no basis in the Shariah of Islam. The ~ is to o{ touchhitt orr kisssitt onlyywhennitt cann be doneeec:.sily.y touc i o kis i onl whe i ca be don easil
  41. 41. 6. Touching lour corners Kabah its walls,and 6. Touching the four corners ol ~ or its walls, and the 01wiping ones hands against them.The Prophet (p€acowipingonos handsagainstthem. The Prophet(peace beon him)did not touchany partol [abah exceptthe Blackon him) did not touch any part of ~ except the BlackStone and the Yemeni hrner.Stone and the YemeniCorner. 7. Sayingspecificformulas of supplicalionsreserved lor 7. Saying specific formulas supplications reserued for The Prophet (peaca on him)did notspecifyeach circuit. ThePropheteachcircuit. (peace bs on him) did not specify beany suppfications except to say AI/shu skbs," when heany supplications exceptto say "WIt when hereached BlackStoneand,at the end of eachcircuitreached the Black Stone and. at the end 01 each circuit thebetween Yamani Corner theBlack and Stone, said: hebetween the Yamani Corner and the Black Stone. he said: theLlj z# ,.eit Ar;*# Sj*lr 8 ~ )., + 6j 6j T , .J F ,J. 8 ~Ili {.;6 +tri- ". -d ."Rabbana, atlna tld-dunya hasanatan wa lllakhlratl"Rabbana, at/na fld-dunya hasanatan wa fII·akhlratihasanawa qina adhabannar."hasana wa qlna adhaban·nar."(Our Lord, glve us good In thls world and good in the(Our Lord, give us good In this world and good in theHereafterand save us from the punlshment the Fire.) ofHereafter and save us from the punishment of the Fire.: 8. Ralslng ones volce above the volces of oth€rs; 8. Raising ones Yolce above the Yolces of others;whether in following or laading the lawaf as it causeswhether in following or leading the tawaf as it causesconfusion among the worshippers.confusionamong the worshlppers.
  42. 42. L struggllng to Prayat ths Statlonof lbraheemThls lg 9. Struggling to pray at the Station of Ibraheem. This Isc o n t r a r t o the !E.!!.!!.!!!, , b e s l d being Injurious to othercontraryyto t h e s u n n a , hbesides e s b e l n g l n l u r l o u s t o o t h e rworshippers. It Is sufficient to pray the two!!!!:!!..! otworshlppers.lt ls sufftclent to Pray the two rM oft"*3 after complatlngones tawaf anywherewithin thetawaf after completing ones tawaf anywhere wlthln theSacred Mosque.Sacred Mosque.Third: Enors Related to SsyeThird: Errors Belated to SaYe 1. When climblng upon Sata and Marwah, some pll 1. When climbing Safa Marwah, pll.grlms face the Kabah and geetlculatetoward lt wlthgrlms face Kabah gesticulate toward It withthelr hand whlle saylng "-Was akbar" as lf thoy werstheir hand while saying "A/lahu If they weresaying takbir lor sa/at This gesticulating is an arorsaying takbir for salat. This gesticulating error him) raised his palmsbecause the Prophet (peace be on him) raised his palmsbecause the Prophet (peace beonly for supplication.Here you may glority and magnifyonly for supplication. Here you may glorify and magnifyAllah the Most High, supplicatingHim in any words youAllah the Most High, supplicating Him in any words youwish while facing the diraction of the Kabah lt iswish while facing the direction of the Kabah. It ispreferable to recito the dhikr which the Prophet (peacs bepreferable to recite the dhikr which the Prophet (peace beon him) recited at Safa and Marwah.on him) recited at Safa and Manvah. ones pace throughoutthe entlre dls 2. Accelerating ones pace throughout the entire dis· 2. Acceleratingtance between the two hills. The ~is to accelerate tance betweenthe two hllls.The sunna!.lsto sccelerate ones pace only between the two green posts, whlleones pace only between the two green posts, whilewalking at normal pace the remainder of tha waywalking at normal pace the remainder of the way.
  43. 43. Fourth: Erro{sRelatedtoAralatFourth: Errors Related to Aratat 1. Some pilgrims camp outside the boundarles 1. Some pilgrims camp outside the boundaries ofArafatand remain there until the sun has set; then theyAratat and remainthere until the sun has set; then they Arafatdepart for Muzdalilah without standlng atdepart tor Muzdalifah without standing at Arafatproperly. This is serlouserror whlch lnvalldates thelrproperly. This is a serIous error which invalidates theirhajj slnce standlng in Arafat the ess€nceol hajj, and ltfial since standing in Aratat is the essence ot !g!, and It and not outsldeis obligatory to be within its boundaries and not outsideis obligatory be within its boundarlesthem, if is not easy do that, they may enter beforethem, it it is not easy to do that, they may enter beforesunset and remain there until sunset. lt ls quitesunset and remain there until sunset. It Is quiteacceptable to stand in Arafat during the nlght ofacceptable to stand in Aratat during the night otsacrifice i n particular.sacrifice in particular. 2. Departlng rom Arafat beforethe sun has set ls not 2. Departing trom Aratat betore the sun has set is not fpermissible,because messenger Allah (peacebepermissible, because the messenger of Allah (peace be the ofon him) stayed Arafat until the sun had set comple-on him) stayed at Aratat until the sun had set comple-tely. .tely 3 S t r u g g l i n through c r o w d i n o r d e t o c l i m b M o u n 3.. Struggling gh r o u g hcrowdssIn order rto climb Mount t tArafatis not permissible,Aratat is not permissible, because it causes much harm because causesmuch harm Arafatls placeand injuryto others.The entirePlainofand injury to others. The entire Plain ot Aratat is a placeof standing, and neither climbing Mount Arafat norof standing, and neither climbing Mount Aratat normaking salah there has been recommended.making salah there has been recommended.
  44. 44. 4 . M a k i n gs u p p l i c a t l o nfs c i n gM o u n t Aratat tIs IIncor· 4. Making supplications facing Mount A r a f a l s n c o r arect becausethe sunnahis to face qlblahwhlle making rect because the sunnah is to face qlblah while makingsupplication.supplication. 5. Maklngheapsol earthor pebbles:during the day of 5. Making heaps of earth or pebbles: during the day ofArafat, at particular places, by some people has no Arafat, at particular places. by some people, has nobases in the Shariah of Allah.bases in the Shariah of Allah,Fifth: Errors Related to Muzda/ifahFitth: Errors Related Some pilgrims start collecting pebbles to throw at the Some pilgrims start collecting pebbles throwStone Pillarsin Mina as soon as they arrivein Muzdalifahstone Pillars Mina soon they arrive Muzdalifah tshaprior to praying the Maghrib and Isha prayersThis is notprior to praying the Maghriband prayers. Thiscorrect.Nor is the practicethat all the pebblesmust becorrect. Nor is the practice that all the pebbles must becollected at Muzdalifah.collected at Muzdalifah. The correctposition that the pebblescan be collected The correct position is that the pebbles can be collected isanywherer e w i t h ithehboundariesrof s o | a l . H a (the territoryr r t t o r ya n y w h e within n t e b o u n d a i e al-Haram r a m ( t h e t eor precintsof Makkah).lt is knownthatthe Prophet(peaceor precints of Makkah). It is known that the Prophet (peacebe on him) did not ask that the pebbles for JaEISlgtbe on him) did not ask that the pebbles for Jamratul-Aqabah be picked up for him from MuzdalifaAgabah be picked up for him from Muzdalifa. They were They werepicked d u p f ohim,m , i thehmorning.i n g , a fleavingaMuzdalifaz d a l i l ap i c k e up for r h i in n t e m o r n after t e r l e v i n g M uandd o n e n t e r i n g M i n a . Trest rof s t o |pebblesb b l e spicked p i c k e da n on entering Mina. The h e e the l h e p e were w e r eup, for him, from Mina, Too.up, for him. from Mina, Too.
  45. 45. Some pllgrlmswash the pebbles,but thls ls not Some pilgrims wash the pebbles, but this Is notrecommended.recommended.ErrorReletedto Throwlngthe Pebbles.Error Related to Throwing the Pebbles. 1 Somepilgrims underthe impression whonthoy 1.. Some pilgrims are under the impression that when they are thatare throrvingpebbles the StonePillars, at theyare actuallyare throwing pebbles at the Stone Pillars, they are actually themat shayateen (devils); hencsthey hurlthemthrowing them at shayateen (devils); hence they hurl themthrowingwith rageand force.However, throwing the pebbles the ofwith rage and force. However, the throwing of the pebbleshas been merelyprescribed as maansof rememberinghas been merely prescribed as a means of rememberingAllahthe Most High.Allah the Most High. 2. Some peoplethrow big stones,shoes or piecesof 2. Some people throw big stones, shoes or pieces ofwood. Thlsls an €xcess matters rellglon in of whlchthewood. This Is an excess in matters of religion which theProphet(peacebe upon hlm) prohlblted,what ls allowedProphet (peace be upon hIm) prohibited, what Is allowed throw pebbles the slze good beans.Is to throw pebbles the size of good beans.ls 3. Crowding and fighting with others at the Pillars 3. Growdlng and flghtlng wlth others the Plllarswhlle throwlngthe pebblesls not permlsslble.while throwing the pebbles Is not permissible. What Is What isprescrlbedls be gentle and throw the pebblesprescribed Is to be gentle and to throw the pebbleswlthout hurtlnganyoneas much as possible.without hurting anyone as much as posslble. 4. Throwlngall the pebbles one tlme ls an error. 4. Throwing all the pebbles at one time Is an error.Scholarshave said that thls would be countedas onlyScholars have said that this would be counted as only
  46. 46. on€ throw. The St,q4"tt prescrlbesthrowlng the pebblesone throw. The ~ prescribes throwing the pebblesone by one, seylng "Allahu skbsr" et each s€parateone by one, saying "Allshu akbar" at each separatethrow.throw. 5. Appolntlnga proxyto throw the pebbles, 5. Appointing proxy throw pebbles, slmplydue simply dueto fear of the crowds or of hardshlp,while one lg capable crowds hardship, Is capableof dolng lt himsslt.Only slck or weak Indlvldualsare doing It himself. Only sick weak Individuals arepermitted to havs a proxy for thls act.permltted have proxy this act. Seventh: Errors Related to the Farewell Tawal (Tawal Seventh: Errors Rdlated the Farewell Tawaf (Tawa.al-Wlda)·BI-Wlda) their departure,some pilgrims 1. On the day of their departure, some pilgrims go to 1. On the dayMakkahto perlormtheir FarewellTawafbeforethrowingtheMakkah to perform their Farewell Tawaf before throwing thepebbles at tho Pillars. Then they return to Mina to throwpebbles at the Pillars. Then they return to Mina to throwthe pebbles, and depart from Mina for their respectivethe pebbles, and depart from Mina for their respectivecountries.Thus their final rite becomesthat of throwingthecountries. Thus their final rite becomes that of throwing thepebblesat the Pillars and not of the tawaf of @.This ispebbles at the Pillars and not of the tawaf of Kabah. This isan error as the Prophet(peacebe on him) said "No onean error as the Prophet (peace be on him) said. "No oneshould depart without his last visit being to the Houseshould depart without his last visit being to the House(Kabah).· gabal}" Accordingly,the Farewell Tayvatmust take place afler Accordingly, the Farewell Tawaf must take place after
  47. 47. one has completedall the rites of haij @nd before startingone has completed all the rites of hajj (and before startinghisjourneyfor home).Afterthistawaf oneshouldnot stay inhis journey for home). After this tawat one should not stay inMakkahexceptduringthe timeit takesto prepareto depart.Makkah except during the time it takes to prepare to depart. 2. After finishing the Farewell Tawaf,some people 2. After finishing the Farewell Tawa!, some peoplewalk backwards, s , c i n gthe Kabah, as theyyexitt from the faw a l k b a c k w a r d facing t h e K a b a ha s t h e e x i l r o m t h e ,Sacred d Mosque, ,under r the impression nt h a t this is aS a c r e M o s q u e u n d e t h e i m p r e s s i o that t h i s i sveneration the Kabah. Thisact is an innbvation (bidalveneration of the Kabah. This act is an innovation (bida)in the religion n n d is without tany basis. .i n t h e r e l i g i o and i s w i t h o u a n y b a s i s a 3.. Afterr finishing gthe Farewell l lTawaf, f somee pilgrims s 3 Afte flnishin the Farewe Tawa , om pilgrim shalt tatt the doorroff the Sacred d o s q u e o makeesupplica- - Mh a l a t h e d o o o t h e S a c r e Mosque to m a k s u p p l i c a tt l o n s T h i i s a l s o a n i n n o v a t i o with n o b a s i i n t h etions. .Thiss is also an innovation n i t h no basiss in the wSharlah lslam. ofShariah of Islam.Eighth:ErrorsRelatedto the vist the ProphetsMos-Eighth: Errors Related to the vist of the Prophets Mos-queque 1.. Touching g n d wipinggonesshandsson the wallss and 1 T o u c h i n and w i p i n o n e h a n d o n t h e w a l l a n d ai r o g r i l l e s , y i n t h r e a d to t h e g r a t i n g a n d o t h e a c t sironngrilles, tyinggthreads st o the gratings,sand otherracts t ,off this sortt whilee visiting gthe graveeoff the Prophet (mayyo thissor whil visitin the grav o the Prophe(ma tpeace and blessings of Allah be on him) in order topeace and blessings of Allah be on him) in order to
  48. 48. receive blessings lbarakahl innovation (bida).receivs blessings (barakah) are an innovation !brd"l.B l e s s i n g sc o m e f r o m ffollowingg w h a t A l l a h a n d H i sBlessings come from o l l o w i n what Allah and HisMessenger (peace be on him) have prescribed,and notMessenger (peace him) have prescribed.from following innovations.from following innovations. 2. Going the caves Mount Uhud the caves 2. Goingto the cavesof MountUhudor to the cavesof Hira or Thaur near Makkahand hangingpiecesol cloth Hira Thaur near Makkah and hanging pieces of clothor making supplications therehavenot beenprescribedor makingsupplications there have not been prescribed by Allah. .A l l theseea r e unnecessary r h a r d s h i p si,n n o v a - b y A l l a h All t h e s are u n n e c e s s a hardships, innova- y tionss in the religion,n and are w i t h o u t a n y basiss i n t h e t i o n i n t h e r e l i g i o , n d a r e without any b a s i in the aShariah.Shariah. 3.. Likewise,evisiting g e r t a i ns i t e sunder rthe impression n 3 L i k e w i s v i s i t i n certain sites u n d e t h e i m p r e s s i o , cthatt theseeconstitute e r e l i c s " off the Prophet (peace ebet h a t h e s c o n s t i t u t "relics" o t h e P r o p h e t p e a c b e " (on him),as lor examplethe placewherehis camelsat, theon him), as for example the place where his camel sat, the Uthmanor the Well ot the Ring,and gathering soilWell of Uthman or the Well of the Ring, and gathering soilWell offromtheseplacesto obtain"blessings",are all innovations.from these places to obtain "blessings", are all innovations. 4. . Calling guponnthe deaddwhileevisiting gthe graves sa t 4 C a l l i n u p o t h e d e a w h i l v i s i t i n t h e g r a v e atthe Baqii Cemetery rorr the graves s f the martyrs s f Uhud, ,t h e B a q C e m e t e o t h e g r a v e of t h e m a r t y r of U h u d y o oanddthrowing g o i n sin order rto seekkthe blessings s f thea n t h r o w i n coins i n o r d e t o s e e t h e b l e s s i n g of t h e c o
  49. 49. place or of the people buried there, is a grievouserror.place or of the people buried there, is a grievous error.Indeed, it is shirk (ascribingpartnersto Allah the MostIndeed, shirk (ascribing partners to Allah the MostHigh), as has been pointedout by scholars,l! is clear lromHigh), pointed scholars. I! ~:, clear tromthe Book of Allah and the sunnah of His Messenger(peace Book Allah sunna!-of Messenger (peacebe on him) that allforms ol worshipare for Allahalone. lt is him) that all forms of worship are for Allah alone. Itnot permissibleto call upon, or to otfer sacrifice,give vow, permissible call upon, offer sacrifice, vow,or any other form of ibadah (worship)except for Allah any other form ibadah (worship) except for Allahalone. Allah the Most High, says:alone. Allah the Most High, saYs: "and they wgre commandednothing except to "and they were commanded nothing except worshipp l l a h(only),)purifying g h e religion n o r Him worshi AAllah ( o n l y p u r i f y i n the r e l i g i o for H i m , t f alone," " alone,and He also says,and He al$o says, "Verlly, the places ol worship are for Allah "Verily, the places of worship are for Allah (alone), do not call on anyoneelse apart from so (alone), so do not calion anyone else apart from Allah.". " Allah We ask Allah,the Most High,to improvethe condition of We ask Allah, the Most High, to improve the condition of and to give them understanding the religion, ofthe Muslims and to give them understanding of the religion,the Muslimsand to turn all of us away lrom errors and deviations.and to turn all of us away from errors and deviations. Indeed, He is the Hearing,the Responding.Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Responding.
  50. 50. WHAT IS REQUIRED D F O W H A T I S R E Q U I R E OF THE PILGRIMS S THEPILGRIM 1 T o r e p e n s i n c e r e of a l s i n s a n d t o s p e n o n t h e 1.. To repent tsincerelyl y f alll sins, ,and to spenddon the o umtah~haji or out of his lawful earnings. or umrah out of his lawful earnings. 2.. To guarddoness tongueefrom lying, ,backbiting g n d 2 T o g u a r o n e t o n g u f r o m l y i n g b a c k b i t i n and aslandering. g .slanderin 3. To purify the intention to perform hajj or umrah 3. To purify the intention to perform !J.Ej1 or umrahsolely to seek the pleasureof Allah the Most High.solely to seek the pleasure of Allah the Most High. 4. To learnwhat actionsare prescribed the Shari 4. To learn what actions are prescribed by the ~ by al,or .haii and umrah,and in the event of any difficulty oror .hajj and umrah, and in tha event of any difficulty orproblem ask those who know.problem to ask those who know. 5 Whe the pilgrimarrive a al-miqa (statio o 5.. Whenn the pilgrim arrives satt al-migat t(stationn offl[g!L) he f ree choose one the three types ol haiiIhram) he is free to choose one of the three types of hajj(ifrad, ,tamattu uorr qiran).) .Tamattu uIs preferablel e o r a( i f r a d t a m a t t o q i r a n T a m a t t i s p r e f e r a b for fperson nwho hass nott brought this sacrificialaanimal lwithperso who ha no brough his sacrifici anima with lhim, ,whileeqlrannis preferablel eo r one who hasshis animal lh i m w h i l q l r a i s p r e f e r a b for o n e w h o h a h i s a n l m a fwith him. .withhim

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