Alislam i c revised 2007-final

4,282 views

Published on

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,282
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Alislam i c revised 2007-final

  1. 1. É ΟŠÏm§9$# Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§9$# «!$# Οó¡Î0(In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent and the Magnificent) AL-I S L A M: Inception to Conclusion. ® Researched and authored by: Dr. Iftikhar Ahmed Mehar. PhD.
  2. 2. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 2 AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion. ® © 2003: Dr Iftikhar Ahmed Mehar. PhD. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this book may be used or reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the author. Library of Congress Catalog Number: TXu 1-109-647 / 2003093322 ISBN: 1-4107-3272-X (Paperback) ISBN: 1-4107-3271-1 (e-book) ISBN: 1-4107-3272-X (CD-Rom) Published and printed in United States of America. THE COVER The Front-cover depicts the Surah Fattah, the opening chapter of the Holy Quran.It is the most recited Surah by Muslims, as it is a mandatory part of every prayer byMuslims all over the world. On average, every Muslim recites this prayer at least seventeentimes a day!4th Edition. Revised: 2007
  3. 3. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 3INTRODUCTION This book attempts to explain the essentials of Islam from its inception to its conclusion.It was designed as an instrument to help the reader understand the basic beliefs and thecircumstances that brought about Islam. This book traces the origins of humankind and followsthe fate of the appointed Islamic prophets and messengers of Allah (SWT) who were sent to thepeople and tribes of their times. This book has been written using the following works: • The relevant portions (ayahs) of the Holy Quran have been reproduced in their original forms using the Arabic texts. It is a mandatory rule of Islam that the Holy Quran should be quoted in the exact words as it was revealed in Arabic, the language that was in use by the tribe of Prophet Mohammed (SAW). Muhammad Marmaduke Pickthall, Abdullah Yusuf Ali, and other prominent scholars have translated the relevant ayahs. However, instead of using classical English for the translations, most of the relevant texts in this book have been replaced by the English terms used in everyday speech. • The Ahadeeth of Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, and other published works, which have been universally accepted to be the factual references. • The widely read and appreciated Arabic guide, Qassas Al-Ambia (Stories of the Prophets) by Imam Abi Al-Fidaa Ismail Ibne Al-Kathir and its English translations. • Information from various Islamic Web sites. In this book, the following applicable connotations have been used: (SWT) = Subhan Wa Tallah: one of the many titles of Allah (SWT) (AS) = Assalaato Salaam: Peace is upon him. (SAW) = Salleh Allah Wa-Sallim: Prayers and Salaams be showered upon him. (RA) = Raazi Allah-o-Anhuwa; Allah’s Pleasure on him. The names of the prophets and angels have been written in these texts as they appear inthe Quran. However, their names as they appear in the other holy books have been identified inthe titles of the chapters. Verbs and descriptions within the book relating to Allah (SWT) beginwith a capital letter. I believe that the contents of this book will help those who know little or nothing aboutIslam. It will also help those Muslims who were born and raised in the West. If I have succeededin my effort to help you understand Islam, please include my family and me in your prayers! I am dedicating this book to my parents and grandparents, all of whom led, what isbelieved to be a righteous life. They guided their children to observe the simple tenets of Islam atall times. May Allah (SWT) Grant them eternal peace and Shower upon them all Hisblessings on the Day of Judgment. Ameen! E Mail Add: IftikharMehar@Yahoo.Com; AbddALISLAM@Yahoo.Com; AbddALISLAM_SlaveOfALISLAM@Yahoo.Com. www.ALISLAMIC-Servant.Com $ www.AbddALISLAM.Com
  4. 4. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 4CONTENTSThe Creator – Allah .......................................................................................... Page: 005Basic Islamic Beliefs .......................................................................................... Page: 010The Angels .......................................................................................... Page: 011The Jinn .......................................................................................... Page: 014Prophet Adam (AS) .......................................................................................... Page: 017Prophet Shiith (Sheth) (AS).................................................................................. Page: 027Prophet Idrees (Enoch) (AS)................................................................................. Page: 028Prophet Nuh (Noah) (AS)..................................................................................... Page: 029Prophet Hud (AS) .......................................................................................... Page: 035Prophet Saleh (AS) .......................................................................................... Page: 039Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) (AS)......................................................................... Page: 043Prophet Ismail (Ishmael)....................................................................................... Page: 052Prophet Lut (Lot) (AS)......................................................................................... Page: 056Prophet Ishaaq (Isaac) (AS).................................................................................. Page: 060Prophet Yaqoob (Jacob) (AS).............................................................................. Page: 061Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) (AS)............................................................................... Page: 066Prophet Shu’aib (Jethro) (AS).............................................................................. Page: 085Prophet Ayoub (Job) (AS).................................................................................... Page: 088Prophet Musa (Moses) (AS)................................................................................. Page: 092The Nations of the Israelites................................................................................. Page: 128Prophet Dawud (David) (AS)............................................................................... Page: 133Prophet Suleiman (Solomon) (AS)....................................................................... Page: 138Prophet Yunus (Jonah) (AS)................................................................................. Page: 146Prophet Shi’a (Isaiah) (AS)................................................................................... Page: 149Prophet Aramaya (Jeremiah) (AS)........................................................................ Page: 151Prophets Zikariah (Zachariah) and Yahyah (John) (AS)...................................... Page: 155Prophet Eisa (Jesus) (AS)..................................................................................... Page: 158Prophet Mohammed (SAW)................................................................................ Page: 167Revelations about Prophet Mohammed before his birth..................................... Page: 198Comments of Prominent People about Prophet Mohammed.............................. Page: 200True Islam ..................................................................................................... Page: 203The Eminence of Women in Islam...................................................................... Page: 213Comments about Islam by Prominent People...................................................... Page: 217The Final Revelations: The Holy Quran.............................................................. Page: 220Comments about the Holy Quran by Prominent People...................................... Page: 223This Life and the Next Life.................................................................................. Page: 225The Death: The Life in Suspension...................................................................... Page: 229The Al-Mahdi ...................................................................................................... Page: 232The Last Hour – The Signs................................................................................... Page: 235The Last Hour – The Promised Messiah.............................................................. Page: 237The Last Hour – The Resurrection and the Eternal Life...................................... Page: 239About The Author: .............................................................................................. Last Page
  5. 5. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 5THE CREATOR – ALLAH. (SWT)⎯Íνωôϑpt¿2 ߉ôã§9$# ßxÎm7|¡ç„uρ ∩⊇⊄∪ tΑ$s)ÏoW9$# šU$ys¡¡9$# à⋅Å´Ψãƒuρ $YèyϑsÛuρ $]ùöθz šX÷y9ø9$# ãΝà6ƒÌム“Ï%©!$# uθèδ y߉ƒÏ‰© θèδuρ «!$# ’Îû šχθä9ω≈pgä† öΝèδuρ â™!$t±o„ ⎯tΒ $pκÍ5 Ü=ŠÅÁãŠsù t,Ïã≡uθ¢Á9$# ã≅Å™öãƒuρ ⎯ÏμÏGx‹Åz ô⎯ÏΒ èπs3Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$#uρ x u ∩⊇⊂∪ ÉΑ$ysÎRùQ$# He it is Who shows you the lightening, a fear and hope, and raises the heavy clouds. The thunder hymns His praise and so do the angels, for awe of Him. He launches the thunderbolts and smites with them whom He will while they dispute, in doubt, concerning Allah, He is mighty in wrath. (Quran: 13/12-13) The first and foremost belief of the three main monotheistic religions, Judaism,Christianity, and Islam, is that this universe, which literally means, all that is visible, whateversurrounds it, and all its inhabitants are a creation of a single entity, always addressed as Godwith a capital “G” in the universal English language. However, when the written word “god”starts with the lowercase “g,” it has to have an associated function with it: as in god of war, godof wind, or god of sunlight. The first and foremost Islamic condition is to have an absolute conviction that Allahliterally and truly exists, and that He has created everything in the universe and whatever is in theheavens. He has no partners, nothing likewise or similar and is the only deity worthy of worship.Another essential belief is that Allah (SWT) possesses all the characteristics of perfection andcompleteness. ∩⊆∪ 7‰ymr& #·θàà2 …ã&©! ⎯ä3tƒ öΝs9uρ ∩⊂∪ ô‰s9θムöΝs9uρ ô$Î#tƒ öΝs9 ∩⊄∪ ߉yϑ¢Á9$# ª!$# ∩⊇∪ î‰ymr& ª!$# uθèδ ö≅è% Say, He is Allah, the One, Allah the Self-Sufficient. He begets not, nor is He begotten. There is none comparable to him. (Quran: 112/1-4) The word Allah is simply an Arabic word for God. Allah is used in the Arabic texts ofboth Christians and Jews. This is because “Allah” is the only word in the Arabic language thatequals the English word “God” with a capital “G.” Unlike the English language, the Arabiclanguage does not have capital letters. The important fact to observe is that the word “Allah” cannot be made plural, nor can itbe associated with a masculine or feminine gender. The English words “god” or “gods” can beused to describe the masculine and feminine genders. Islam clearly and distinctly teaches thathumankind should only say about God what He has said about Himself. It means that all ourideas about God must be based on the Revelations and not on human speculations. For if thehuman mind is allowed to speculate, the stage will be set for misconceptions to take root. In Aramaic, the language spoken by Prophet Eisa (Jesus) (AS), the word “El” is used forGod. Phonetically “El” sounds closer to Allah than God does. The Hebrew uses the words “El”and “Elah” for God. The reason for these similarities is that Aramaic, Hebrew and Arabic are allSemitic languages with common origins.
  6. 6. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 6 A more accurate translation of the word “Allah” into English would be, “The One andOnly God,” or “The One True God,” or “The One who deserves all worship.” This fact dispelsmisconceptions and doubts in the minds of those who perceive that Allah, as revealed by the lastProphet, Mohammed (SAW), is different from the God of the Prophets Nuh (Noah) (AS),Ibrahim (Abraham) (AS), Musa (Moses) (AS), Dawud (David) (AS), and Eisa (Jesus) (AS). ∩⊆∪ É⎥⎪Ïe$!$# ÏΘöθtƒ Å7Î=≈tΒ ∩⊂∪ ÉΟŠÏm§9$# Ç⎯≈uΗ÷q§9$# ∩⊄∪ š⎥⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# Å_Uu‘ ¬! ߉ôϑysø9$# Praise is to Allah, Lord of the Worlds. The Beneficent, The Merciful. Owner of the Day of Judgment. (Quran: ½-4)Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have the common claim of being “Abrahamic Faiths,” andpractice “monotheism.” Only pure monotheism is the message of AL-Islam. Al-Islam literallyand actually means complete and total submission, without any exceptions, in monotheism toAllah (God).” Islam does not end with the mere belief in monotheism, but also holds that aMuslim (any individual from Islam) must worship only Allah. All nations of the humanity hadbeen so directed by all the Prophets and Messengers of Allah, including those just named.Therefore AL-Islam irrevocably accepts all the Prophets and The Messengers mentioned in TheHoly Books; The Book; The Torah; The Scriptures; The Bible and The Final Quran. It is againstThe Faith to deny the Prophethood of any Prophet! One most important observation is thatISLAM is the only monotheistic religion, apart from Christianity, which unconditionally acceptsthat Prophet Eisa (AS) (Jesus) is one of the true Prophets and The Messengers of Allah. Anyother belief about Prophet Eisa (AS) (Jesus) is unIslamic and unacceptable to Islam. The universal teachings of Islam, even though they are translated into every majorlanguage, are forever preserved in the Arabic language: the language of the last Prophet,Mohammed (SAW), and the last Revelations, the Quran, were received in the same language. Topreserve its integrity, it is mandatory to refer to the Quran in its original text, as the translationscan be maneuvered to mislead or misrepresent. The ultimate truth of Islam is its unshakablebelief in the unity and oneness of God. This fact is above reproach! Whatever term is used, “Allah” or “God,” it is the same and refers to the same Deity. Itallows and encourages the user to fear Him, seek refuge with Him, and seek closeness to Him.This affects the life of the believer. It compels him towards good behavior as he feels that Allahhas come closer to him. The believer feels an inner strength urging him to overcome his fears.Most of all, the believer performs every deed with a very strong inner-belief that Allah (SWT) isWatching over him.ãΝ≈n=¡¡9$# â¨ρ‘‰à)ø9$# à7Î=yϑø9$# θèδ ωÎ) tμ≈s9Î) Iω ”Ï%©!$# ª!$# uθèδ ∩⊄⊄∪ ÞΟŠÏm§9$# ß⎯≈oΗ÷q§9$# uθèδ ( Íοy‰≈y㤱9$#uρ É=ø‹tóø9$# ÞΟÎ=≈tã ( uθèδ ωÎ) tμ≈s9Î) Iω “Ï%©!$# ª!$# uθèδ uâ™!$yϑó™F{$# ã&s! ( â‘Èhθ|Áßϑø9$# ä—Í‘$t7ø9$# ß,Î=≈y‚ø9$# ª!$# uθèδ ∩⊄⊂∪ šχθà2Îô³ç„ $£ϑtã «!$# z⎯≈ysö6ß™ 4 çÉi9x6tGßϑø9$# â‘$¬6yfø9$# Ⓝ͓yèø9$# Ú∅Ïϑø‹yγßϑø9$# ß⎯ÏΒ÷σßϑø9$# ∩⊄⊆∪ ÞΟŠÅ3ptø:$# Ⓝ͕yèø9$# uθèδuρ ( ÇÚö‘F{$#uρ ÏN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# ’Îû $tΒ …çμs9 ßxÎm7|¡ç„ 4 4©o_ó¡ßsø9$# He is Allah, other than whom there is no God, the Knower of the invisible and the visible. He is the Beneficent, the Merciful. He is Allah, other than whom there is no God, the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, the Peace, the Keeper of Faith, the Overwhelming, the Majestic, the Compeller, the Superb. Glorified be Allah from all that they ascribe as partner with Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Shaper out of nothing, the Fashioner. His are the most beautiful names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorifies Him, and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
  7. 7. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 7 (Quran: 59/22-24) The human race and the Jinns are going to be asked what concept of God was in theirminds when they were praying or worshipping. If they say Allah or God, it will be accepted. Onthe other hand, if they say the Creator, the Magnificent, the Merciful or any other quality orname of Allah – there are ninety-nine known names and some more hidden names of Allah leftfor us to discover – it will also be accepted! We, as the human race, will be held accountable atthe end of our lives for all our deeds, good or bad. We will be asked these questions: • What were our performances in response to God’s demands? • What did we do, by ourselves, to secure a righteous place for our eternal life in Paradise? • What were our beliefs in His Messengers and the Revelations, most notably the Final Revelation, the Quran? The Holy Quran in reality is a message for the whole of humankind. Everyone shouldread it to understand it and to learn about the purpose of his or her life in this universe. It is aliving miracle and has not stopped amazing those who study it. A lot of its revelations, revealedand written more than fourteen hundred years ago, are being analyzed and utilized every day, forthe benefit of humanity. In this age of rapid discoveries, it has been proved to be an invaluablesource of information for those who want to understand it. Because its messages and guidanceare timeless and they do apply at all times. It is a true reflection of what is perceived by us to beour image and that of what surrounds us. It is the only true guide for the betterment of a humanfrom inside out and that will help improve the humanity. True wisdom demands that you adopt a religion that suits you. The mere fact that onewas born among a religious family does not automatically grant the benefits of that religion. Therituals must be personally performed by every individual for himself. Thus being raised in aMuslim family or a Muslim nation does not automatically make a person a Muslim entitled toclaim all the benefits of the Hereafter unless all the rituals of Islam are observed and practiced. The true religion is to obey the commandments and the prohibitions that Allah (SWT) hassent through His Prophets. True wisdom demands that a person make decisions using thefaculties of the mind instead of simply following bodily urges! A sound mind will lead while thebody will mislead.ωs)sù (#θßϑn=ó™r& ÷βÎ*sù 4 óΟçFôϑn=ó™r&u™ z⎯↵Íh‹ÏiΒW{$#uρ |=≈tGÅ3ø9$# (#θè?ρé& t⎦⎪Ï%©#Ïj9 ≅è%uρ 3 Ç⎯yèt7¨?$# Ç⎯tΒuρ ¬! }‘Îγô_uρ àM÷Κn=ó™r& ö≅à)sù x8θ•_!%n ÷βÎ*sù t ∩⊄⊃∪ ÏŠ$t6Ïèø9$$Î/ 7ÅÁt/ ª!$#uρ 3 à≈n=t6ø9$# šø‹n=tã $yϑ¯ΡÎ*sù (#öθ©9uθs? χÎ)¨ρ ( (#ρy‰F÷δ$# t So if they dispute with you, say, “I have submitted my whole self to Allah and so have those who follow me.” In addition, say to the People of the Book and to those who are unlearned (Illiterate Arabs): “Do you also submit yourselves?” If they do, they are in the right guidance, if they turn back, your duty is to convey the Message; and in Allah’s sight all are His servants. (Quran: 3/20) NAMES OF ALLAHALLAH: First Name AR-RAHMAN: The BeneficentAR-RAHIM: The Merciful AL-MALIK: The Sovereign LordAL-QUDDUS: The Holy AS-SALAM: The PeaceAL-MUMIN: The Guardian AL-MUHAYMIN: The ProtectorAL-AZIZ: The Mighty AL-JABBAR: The Compeller
  8. 8. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 8AL-KHALIQ: The Creator AL-BARI: The EvolverAL-MUSAWWIR: The Fashioner AL-GHAFFAR: The ForgiverAL-QAHHAR: The Subduer AL-WAHHAB: The BestoverAR-RAZZAQ: The Provider AL-FATTAH: The OpenerAL-ALIM: The Knowledgeable AL-MUIZZ: The HonorerAR-RAFI: The Exalter AL-KHAFIZ: The AbaserAL-BASIT: The Expender AL-QABIZ: The ConstrictorAL-ADL: The Just AL-HAKAM: The JudgeAL-BASIR: The All Seeing AS-SAMI: The All HearingAL-MUZILL: The Dishonorer AL-GHAFUR: The ForgiverAL-AZIM: The Great AL-HALIM: The ForbearerAL-KHABIR: The Aware AL-LATIF: The Subtle OneAL-MUQIT: The Maintainer AL-HAFIZ: The PreserverAL-KABIR: The Most Great AL-ALI: The Most HighAS-SHAKUR: The Appreciative AL-MUJIB: The ResponsiveAR-RAQIB: The Watchful AL-KARIM: The GenerousAL-JALIL: The Sublime One AL-HASEEB: The ReckonerAL-BAITH: The Resurrector AL-MAJEED: The Most GloriousAL-WADUD: The Loving AL-HAKEEM: The WiseAL-WASI: The All Embracing AL-MATEEN: The Firm OneAL-QAWI: The Strongest AL-WAKIL: The TrusteeAL-HAQQ: The Truth AS-SHAHEED: The WitnessAL-MU’ID: The Restorer AL-MUBDI: The OriginatorAL-MUHSI: The Reckoner AL-HAMEED: The PraiseworthyAL-WALI: The Protector AL-WAJID: The FinderAL-QAYYUM: The Self-Subsisting AL-HAYEE: The AliveAL-MUMIT: The Death Creator AL-MUHYI: The Life GiverAL-QADIR: The Able AS-SAMAD: The EternalAL-AHAD: The One AL-WAHID: The UniqueAL-MAJID: The Noble AL-AAKHIR: The LastAL-AWWAL: The First AL-MUAKHKIR: The DelayerAL-MUQADDIM: The Expediter AL-MUQTADIR: The PowerfulAL-MUTA’ALI: The Most Exalted AL-WALI: The GovernorAZ-ZAHIR: The Manifest AR-RAOOF: The CompassionateAL-AFUW: The Pardoner AL-MUNTAQIM: The AvengerAL-MUGHNI: The Enricher AL-GHANI: The Self-Sufficient
  9. 9. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 9AL-JAAMAY: The Gatherer AL-MUQSIT: The EquitableAL-HAADI: The Guide AN-NOOR: The LightAN-NAAFAY: The Propitious AD-DAARR: The DistresserAL-MAANAY: The Preventer AS-SABOOR: The PatientAL-BAQI: The Everlasting AL-BADEI: The IncomparableAL-WARIS; The Inheritor AL-MUTAKABBIR: The Majestic AT-TAWWAB: The Acceptor of Repentance AR-RASHEED: The Guide to the Right Path AL-BARR: The Source of All Goodness MALIK-UL-MULK: The Eternal Owner of All Sovereignty ZUL-JALAL-E-WAL-IKRAM: The Lord of Majesty and Bounty
  10. 10. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 10THE BASIC ISLAMIC BELIEFS The Islamic beliefs are an integration of the principles revolving around the Creator, theprophecy and the unseen, including the existence of Angels, Jinns and the Resurrection forJudgment Day. Islam accepts all The Prophets and The messengers without reservation, from theFirst Prophet, Adam (AS), to the Last Prophet and The Messenger, Mohammed (SAW). Deviation, no matter how slight, from these principles takes one out of the circle ofbelief. Re-entry into the circle of belief can only be gained by overcoming those individualdoubts and fully accepting the following five principles. These principles of belief are very simple and easy to understand: 1. THE CREATOR: Everything about Allah (SWT) is what Allah (SWT) has told us about Himself; including His actions and counteractions. 2. THE PROPHECY: Allah (SWT) has been providing to mankind the medium of His Revelations through all of His Prophets and Messengers; some of whom received and delivered these messages in the Holly Books: The Book; The Scriptures; The Torah, The Bible, and The Quran. 3. THE UNSEEN: The Unseen is an event that will positively happen; but its timing is as per the Will of Allah (SWT). No one can predict the Unseen accurately, although the relevant signs are present! The Unseen is the future; it is death and the life of suspension and immobility in the grave. It is the Mahdi, the second coming of Jesus; and it is the Qiyamah, the end of the universe, also known as Armageddon or doomsday! And Finally The Day of Judgments!Ç⎯ôγÏèø9$$Ÿ2 ãΑ$t6Éfø9$# ãβθä3s?uρ ∩⊆∪ Ï^θèZ÷6yϑø9$# ĸ#txø9$$Ÿ2 â¨$¨Ψ9$# ãβθä3tƒ tΠöθtƒ ∩⊂∪ èπtãÍ‘$s)ø9$# $tΒ y71u‘÷Šr& !$tΒρ ∩⊄∪ èπtãÍ‘$s)ø9$# $tΒ ∩⊇∪ èπtãÍ‘$s)ø9$# u ∩∈∪ ÂθàΖyϑø9$# The Calamity! What is the Calamity? Ah, what will convey unto you what the Calamity is! A day wherein mankind will be as thickly scattered moths. And the mountains will become as carded wool. (Quran: 101/1-5). Included in the category of the Unseen are all the angels, some of whom have been specifically named. The Angels can only execute all the commands of Allah (SWT). 4. THE RESURRECTION: Whenever Allah (SWT) Wills all His creations, humankind, jinns and other creatures will be resurrected in their original bodies and their souls will be restored to them. 5. THE JUDGMENT DAY: After the Resurrection, every soul will have to provide an account of his own individual actions and beliefs in the court of Allah (SWT). All the actions of the individual-self will be there, as irrefutable evidence, and will be put on the scales of justice. The tipping of the scale will determine the eternal abode of the individual concerned. If the scale tips in his favor, he will be sent to Paradise; if the scale goes against him, and if Allah (SWT)’s Mercy is not invoked, the Fire Pits of Hell will be his abode.3 …çμ¡øtΡ ª!$# ãΝà2â‘Éj‹y⇔ãƒuρ 3 #Y‰‹Ïè/ #J‰Β& ÿ…çμuΖ÷t/uρ $yγoΨ÷t/ ¨βr& öθs9 –Šuθs? &™þθß™ ⎯ÏΒ ôMn=Ïϑtã $tΒρ #ŸÒøt’Χ 9öz ô⎯ÏΒ ôMn=Ïϑtã $¨Β <§øtΡ ‘≅à2 ߉Éfs? tΠöθtƒ | t t r u y ∩⊂⊃∪ ÏŠ$t7Ïèø9$$Î/ 8∃ρâ™u‘ ª!$#uρOn the day when every soul will find itself confronted with all that it has done of good and all that ithas done of evil, every soul will long that there might be a mighty space of distance between it andthat evil. Allah bids you beware of Him. And Allah is full of pity for His bondmen. (Quran: 3/30).
  11. 11. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 11THE ANGELS It is the belief of Islam that angels, created from the light, exist. The angels are the mosthonored worshippers among the creations of Allah. They exist only to faithfully and obedientlyexecute the commands of Allah. There is no specific information about when they originated, butit is believed that they were the first creation of Allah. The angels have many unaccountablefunctions. The chief angel is Hazrat Jibrail (AS), whose function is to communicate the commandsof Allah to the prophets and messengers. Hazrat Jibrail (AS) is also called the Noor-e-Allah – theLight of Allah. Archangel Hazrat Mikaeel (AS) is the controller of the winds and the clouds. HazratMikaeel (AS) inflicts the wrath of Allah by creating violent storms, floods, and earthquakes. Archangel Hazrat Israeel (AS) is the Angel of Death. He extricates souls at the appointedhour. He has many angels working under his supervision. Archangel Hazrat Israfeel (AS) is the trumpet-blower on Judgment Day. A special group of Angels has the responsibility to be in attendance near Allah. ∩∠∈∪ t⎦⎫ÏΗs>≈yèø9$# Éb>‘ ¬! ߉ôϑptø:$# Ÿ≅ŠÏ%uρ Èd,ptø:$$Î/ ΝæηuΖ÷t/ z©ÅÓè%uρ ( öΝÍκÍh5u‘ ωôϑpt¿2 tβθßsÎm7|¡ç„ ĸöyèø9$# ÉΑöθym ô⎯ÏΒ š⎥⎫Ïjù!%tn sπx6Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$# “ts?uρ u And you, O Mohammed, see the angels thronging round the Throne, hymning the praises of their Lord. And they are judged aright. And it is said: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. (Quran: 39/75) Another group of angels are responsible to carry the throne of Allah on Judgment Day. ∩⊇∠∪ ×πuŠÏΖ≈oÿsS 7‹Í×tΒöθtƒ öΝßγs%öθsù y7În/u‘ z¸ótã ã≅Ïϑøts†uρ 4 $yγÍ←!%y`ö‘r& #’n?tã à7n=yϑø9$#uρ And the angels will be on the sides thereof, and eight will uphold the Throne of your Lord that day, above them. (Quran: 69/17) The majority of angels are busy in the universe executing their duties as commanded by Allah. Large numbers of angels are in constant prayer requesting Allah’s forgiveness of the righteous. Whenever any person’s action pleases Allah, Allah creates an angel to act on behalf of that person. This angel maintains constant vigil and prayers asking for complete forgiveness of that person.â‘θàtóø9$# θèδ ©!$# ¨βÎ) Iωr& 3 ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû ⎯yϑÏ9 šχρãÏøóFó¡o„uρ öΝÍκÍh5u‘ ωôϑpt¿2 tβθßsÎm7|¡ç„ èπs3Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$#uρ 4 £⎯ÎγÏ%öθsù ⎯ÏΒ šχö©ÜxtGtƒ ßN≡uθ≈yϑ¡¡9$# ߊ%s3s? u t ∩∈∪ ãΛ⎧Ïm§9$# Almost the heavens above might be rent asunder while angels hymn the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on the earth. Lo! Allah is the Forgiver, the Merciful. (Quran: 42/5) Another class of angels must attach themselves with every person alive. They arestationed on both sides of human shoulders. They are responsible for recording each individualact we perform. They record the visual, the vocal, and the action intended. Their designations areKiraman Katibeen—the Honorable Writers! They are also called Raqeeb ‘Ateed – SentinelsReady to Write—or Saiq and Shaheed—the Witness. ∩⊇⊄∪ tβθè=yèøs? $tΒ tβθçΗs>ôètƒ ∩⊇⊇∪ t⎦⎫Î6ÏF≈x. $YΒ#tÏ. ∩⊇⊃∪ t⎦⎫ÏàÏ≈ptm: öΝä3ø‹n=tæ ¨βÎ)uρ Lo! There are above you guardians, Generous and recording, Who Know all that you do. (Quran: 82/10-12).
  12. 12. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 12 Some angels have been assigned the duty of encouraging us and ensuring that we remainsteadfast on our righteous path towards Allah.∩⊂⊃∪ šχρ߉ãθè? óΟçFΖä. ©ÉL©9$# Ïπ¨Ψpgø:$$Î/ (#ρãϱ÷0r&uρ (#θçΡt“øtrB Ÿωuρ (#θèù$sƒrB ωr& èπx6Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$# ÞΟÎγøŠn=tæ ãΑ¨”t∴tGs? (#θßϑ≈s)tFó™$# §ΝèO ª!$# $oΨš/u‘ (#θä9$s% š⎥⎪Ï%©!$# ¨βÎ) t ∩⊂⊄∪ 8Λ⎧Ïm§‘ 9‘θàxî ô⎯iΒ Zωâ“çΡ ∩⊂⊇∪ tβθã㣉s? $tΒ $yγŠÏù öΝä3s9uρ öΝä3Ý¡àΡr& þ‘ÏStGô±n@ $tΒ $yγŠÏù öΝä3s9uρ ( ÍοtÅzFψ$# ’Îûuρ $u‹÷Ρ‘‰9$# Íο4θuŠysø9$# ’Îû öΝä.äτ!$uŠÏ9÷ρr& ß⎯øtwΥ Ï Lo! Those who say: Our Lord is Allah, and afterward are upright, the angels descend upon them, saying: Fear not nor grieve, but bear good tidings of the paradise which you are promised. We are your protecting friends in the life of the world and in the Hereafter. There you will have all that your souls desire, and there you will have all for which you pray. A gift of welcome from the Forgiving, the Merciful. (Quran: 41/30-32) Some angels work as assistants to the Chief Angel of Death, Hazrat Israel (AS). Theseassistants are responsible for extracting the soul from the body and transporting it to its storageplace in the heavens. The Angel of Death is called Malak Al-Mawt. ∩∈⊃∪ È,ƒÍy⇔ø9$# šU#x‹tã (#θè%ρèŒρ öΝèδt≈t/÷Šr&uρ öΝßγyδθã_ãρ šχθç/ÎôØo„ èπs3Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$#   (#ρãxŸ2 t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# ’®ûuθtGtƒ øŒÎ) #“ts? öθs9uρ u If you could see how the angels receive those who disbelieve, smiting their faces and their backs and saying: Taste the punishment of burning. (Quran: 8/50) Some angels are the defenders of the believing Muslims in the battlefields. Their functionis to help the believer against the enemy. In the Battles of Badr and Al-Khandaq, ProphetMohammed (SAW) and his followers were helped by the angels against their enemies whooutnumbered the army of the Believers. The odds were four unbelievers against each believer!4 öΝä3ç/θè=è% ⎯ÏμÎ/ ¨⎦È⌡yϑôÜtFÏ9uρ 3“ô±ç/ ωÎ) ª!$# ã&s#yèy_ $tΒρ ∩®∪ š⎥⎫ÏùÏŠóßΔ Ïπs3Íׯ≈n=yϑø9$# z⎯ÏiΒ 7#ø9rÎ/ Νä.‘‰ÏϑãΒ ’ÎoΤr& öΝà6s9 z>$yftFó™$$sù öΝä3−/u‘ tβθèW‹ÉótGó¡n@ øŒÎ) t u ∩⊇⊃∪ íΟŠÅ3ym ͕tã ©!$# χÎ) 4 «!$# ωΨÏã ô⎯ÏΒ ωÎ) çóǨΖ9$# $tΒuρ When you sought help of your Lord and He answered you saying: I will help you with a thousand of the angels, rank on rank. Allah appointed it only as good tidings, and that your hearts thereby might be at rest. Victory comes only by the help of Allah. Lo! Allah is Mighty, Wise. (Quran: 8/9-10) Another large group of angels supervise the punishment for those who have been sent tothe Fire Wells of Hell. They work with the Chief Angel of Hell, called Maalik.βθè=yèøtƒuρ öΝèδtΒr& !$tΒ ©!$# tβθÝÁ÷èƒ ω ׊#y‰Ï© ÔâŸξÏî îπs3Íׯ≈n=tΒ $pκön=tæ äοu‘$yfÏtø:$#uρ â¨$¨Ζ9$# $yδߊθè%uρ #Y‘$tΡ ö/ä3‹Î=÷δr&uρ ö/ä3|¡àΡr& (#þθè% (#θãΖtΒ#u™ t⎦⎪Ï%©!$# $pκš‰r¯≈tƒt t t ∩∉∪ tβρâsΔ÷σム$tΒ O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire whereof the fuel is men and stones, over which are set angels strong, severe, who resist not Allah in that which He commands them, but do that which they are commanded. (Quran: 66/6) A pair of angels called the Munkir and the Nakeer is responsible for interrogating everydeceased person when he or she is buried. Another large group of angels is assigned various duties in Paradise. They perform manydifferent duties from gatekeepers to caretakers of the people of Paradise:$yϑ/ /ä3ø‹n=tæ íΝ≈n=y™ ∩⊄⊂∪ 5>$t/ Èe≅ä. ⎯ÏiΒ ΝÍκön=ã tβθè=äzô‰ƒ èπs3Íׯ≈n=ϑø9$#uρ ( öΝÍκÉJ≈−ƒÍh‘èŒuρ öΝÎγÅ_≡uρø—r&uρ öΝÍκÉ″!$t/#u™ ô⎯ÏΒ yxn=|¹ ⎯tΒuρ $pκtΞθè=äzô‰tƒ 5βô‰tã àM≈¨Ζy_ Î t t y ∩⊄⊆∪ Í‘#¤$!$# ©t<ø)ãã zΝ÷èÏΨsù 4 ÷Λän÷y9|¹
  13. 13. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 13 Gardens of Eden which they enter, along with all who do right of their fathers and their spouses and their offspring. The angels enter for them from every gate, Saying: Peace be with you because you persevered. Ah, passing sweet will be the sequel of the heavenly Home. (Quran: 13/23-24) The Angels have no gender and therefore do not reproduce. They are only created by theWill of Allah (SWT).
  14. 14. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 14THE JINN The Jinn are another creation of Allah (SWT). Although animals such as dogs anddonkeys can see the Jinn, they are invisible to human beings. The reason they are called the Jinnis because they are obscured from human sight; however, the Jinn can see the humans. The Jinnhave a form made of smokeless flame and can transform themselves into any shape. Somepeople claim to have met and conversed with the Jinn. ∩⊇∈∪ 9‘$¯Ρ ⎯ÏiΒ 8lÍ‘$¨Β ⎯ÏΒ ¨β!$yfø9$# t,n=yzuρ And the Jinn did He create of the smokeless fire. (Quran: 55/15) The Jinn share this universe with humankind. They want to share our houses and eat anddrink with us. The majority of them are the working agents of Satan; therefore, their mission is tocause the destruction of humanity. Although they constitute a species of their own, they do havesome characteristics in common with humankind. For example, they have the ability to think andreflect. They marry and reproduce among themselves. They are intelligent beings. They havereceived Divine ordainments from Allah (SWT) to perform certain worships and refrain fromcertain deeds. They also have the ability to choose between good and evil. Azaazee (means honorable-one) was the father of the Jinn; like Adam is the father ofhumankind. Azaazee had a very high status in the heavens; his residence was in Paradise. TheJinn existed for thousands of years before the creation of Adam. ∩⊄∠∪ ÏΘθßϑ¡¡9$# Í‘$¯Ρ ⎯ÏΒ ã≅ö6s% ⎯ÏΒ çμ≈uΖø)n=yz ¨β!$pgø:$#uρ ∩⊄∉∪ 5βθãΖó¡¨Β :*uΗxq ô⎯ÏiΒ 9≅≈|Áù=|¹ ⎯ÏΒ z⎯≈|¡ΣM}$# $oΨø)n=yz ô‰s)s9uρ Surely We created man of potter’s clay of black mud altered, and the Jinn did We create aforetime of essential fire. (Quran: 15/26-27) Before Adam was created; the Jinn resided in the heavens. They had freedom and couldtravel anywhere in the universe without restriction. They developed territorial inhibitions that ledto a major war amongst themselves. During their war, they shed a lot of blood and causedconsiderable damage in the universe. Allah (SWT) deployed the angels and used the services ofAzaazee to separate the warring parties. The bloodshed stopped when the warring parties werecaptured and restrained. Allah (SWT) Ordered the angels to eject all the population of Jinn fromthe heavens and caste them towards the earth. The angels dumped them over the oceans of theearth. When Azaazee, learned about the creation of Adam, and saw the unfinished formdisplayed without the soul, Azaazee became Iblis, which means “despaired and lost,” because hehad expected the honor of being appointed the vicegerent of Allah (SWT) on the earth. WhenIblis refused to obey Allah’s (SWT) command to prostrate and celebrate the creation of Adam,Iblis became Satan, which means “the one who deviated,” or “the one who changed hisdirection.” After the expulsion of Satan from Paradise, Satan converted the majority of his offspringto his side. Their aim was to misdirect humankind from the righteous path of the believers. Thismajority of the Jinn are known as the devil. The Jinn live on the earth, but most of them inhabit among the ruins and in those placescontaminated with ritual impurity such as bathrooms, cemeteries, and animals’ yards. Theirfavorite spot is where the majority of monetary transactions take place! The Jinn, as devils, enjoycreating conditions where the majority of humankind is made to suffer. As it is the fate of all theother creations of the Universe, the Jinn also die and will be resurrected on Judgment Day.
  15. 15. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 15 ∩⊄∠∪ ÏΘ#tø.M}$#uρ È≅≈n=pgø:$# ρèŒ y7În/u‘ çμô_uρ 4’s+ö7tƒuρ ∩⊄∉∪ 5β$sù $pκön=tæ ô⎯tΒ ‘≅ä. Everyone that is thereon the earth will pass away. There remains but the countenance of your Lord of Might and Glory. (Quran: 55/26-27) The Jinn have powers and abilities beyond the reach of humankind. Prophet Solomon(AS) was given complete control over the population of the Jinn to humiliate the devil. ProphetSolomon (AS) used the physical powers of the Jinn to mine for copper and to break huge,mountainous rocks. The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is the handiwork of the Jinn! WhenProphet Solomon (AS) ordered his Jinn-workers to bring the throne of the Queen of Sheba fromher palace in Sheba to his court in Jerusalem, two Jinns competed for the honor to satisfy thedemand of their master, Prophet Solomon (AS). One Jinn offered to bring the Throne of Shebafrom Sheba to Jerusalem in the time it would take one person to rise from the chair and stand.The other Jinn said that he would bring it within the blink of the eye and actually transported thethrone from Sheba to Jerusalem within the blink of an eye! The distance between Sheba andJerusalem was a month’s journey on horseback!O$tΡr& É=≈tGÅ3ø9$# ⎯ÏiΒ ÒΟù=Ïæ …çνy‰ΖÏã “Ï%©!$# Α$s% ∩⊂®∪ ×⎦⎫ÏΒ& ;“Èθs)s9 Ïμø‹n=ã ’ÎoΤÎ)ρ ( y7ÏΒ$s)¨Β ⎯ÏΒ Πθà)s? βr& Ÿ≅ö6s% ⎯ÏμÎ/ y7‹Ï?#u™ O$tΡr& Çd⎯Éfø9$# z⎯ÏiΒ ×MƒÌøÏã tΑ$s% z t r t u t$yϑ¯ΡÎ*sù ts3© ⎯tΒρ ( ãàø.& ÷Πr& ãä3ô©r&u™ þ’ÎΤuθè=ö6u‹Ï9 ’În1‘ È≅ôÒsù ⎯ÏΒ #x‹≈yδ tΑ$s% …çνy‰ΖÏã #…É)tGó¡ãΒ çν#u™u‘ $£ϑn=sù 4 y7èùösÛ y7ø‹s9Î) £‰s?ötƒ βr& Ÿ≅ö6s% ⎯ÏμÎ/ y7‹Ï?#u™ x u r u ∩⊆⊃∪ ×ΛqÌx. @©Í_xî ’În1u‘ ¨βÎ*sù txx. ⎯tΒuρ ( ⎯ÏμÅ¡øuΖÏ9 ãä3ô±o„ A stalwart of the Jinn said: “ I will bring it to you before you can raise from your place. Lo! I am surely strong and trusty for such work.” One with who was the knowledge of the Scripture said: “I will bring it to you before your gaze returns unto you”. And when he saw it set in his presence, Solomon said, “This is of the bounty of my Lord, that He may try me whether I give thanks or am ungrateful. Whosoever gives thanks he only gives thanks for the good of his own soul; and whosoever is ungrateful, is ungrateful only to his own soul’s hurt. For lo! My Lord is Absolute in independence, Bountiful.” (Quran: 27/39-40) The majority of the devils attempt to reach the lower heavens to eavesdrop on theinhabitants there. The devil’s mission is to learn about the future of humankind from the writingsin the Book of Life, which is stored there as an assignment-log for the angels’ work. Theseintentions of the devil reached Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) increased the numbers of the guardsthere and continues to shower the rising devils with the meteorites and the blazing comets; thusannihilating those ambitious adventurers.$/$pκÅ− …çμs9 ô‰Ågs† tβFψ$# ÆìÏϑtGó¡o„ ⎯yϑù ( Æìôϑ¡¡=Ï9 y‰Ïè≈s)tΒ $pκ÷]ÏΒ ß‰ãèø)tΡ $¨Ζä. $¯Ρr&uρ ∩∇∪ $Y7åκà−uρ #Y‰ƒÏ‰x© $U™tym ôMy∞Î=ãΒ $yγ≈tΡô‰`uθsù u™!$yϑ¡¡9$# $oΨó¡yϑs9 $¯Ρr&uρ s y ∩®∪ #Y‰|¹§‘ And the Jinn who listened to the Quran said: “We had sought the heaven but had found it filled with strong warders and meteors. And we used to sit on high places therein to listen. But he who listened now finds a flame in wait for him” (Quran: 72/8-9) The devils may also take on the appearance of cats and dogs and the crawling insects likesnakes, scorpions, and rats. However, their favorite attire is that of a black dog. A small population of the Jinn has separated themselves away from Satan. They followthe righteous ways of Islam. They worship Allah (SWT) and recite the Quran. They are the truebelievers.
  16. 16. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 16∩⊄∪ #Y‰nr& !$uΖÎn/tÎ/ x8Î³Σ ⎯s9uρ ( ⎯ÏμÎ/ $¨ΖtΒ$t↔sù ωô©”9$# ’n<Î) ü“ωöκu‰ ∩⊇∪ $Y7pgx” $ºΡ#u™öè% $oΨ÷èÏÿxœ $¯ΡÎ) (#þθä9$s)sù Çd⎯Ågø:$# z⎯ÏiΒ ÖxtΡ yìyϑtGó™$# çμ¯Ρr& ¥’n<Î) z©Çrρé& ö≅è% t ô Say, O Mohammed, it has been revealed to me that a company of the Jinn gave ear, and they said: Lo! It is a marvelous Quran, which guides into righteousness, so we believe in it and we ascribe unto our Lord no partner. (Quran: 72/1-2)
  17. 17. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 17THE PROPHETS AND THEIR TRIBES : PROPHET ADAM (AS) When Allah (SWT) Decided to Create humankind as a representative of Himself in thisUniverse, He sent Hazrat (Angel) Jibrail (Gabriel) (AS), also referred to as the Noor (Light) ofAllah (SWT), to go to the earth to get him clay. The Earth pleaded for mercy and begged HazratJibrail not to take the clay. It said, “I seek refuge in Allah (SWT) from your decreasing myquantity or disfiguring me.” Hazrat Jibrail (AS) returned without taking anything and reported toAllah (SWT). He said, “My Lord, the earth sought refuge in You and it was granted.” Allah (SWT) Assigned Hazrat (Angel) Mikhail (Michael) (AS) the same task of gettingthe clay. Again the earth sought refuge in the name of Allah (SWT). Hazrat Mikhail (AS)returned to Allah (SWT) empty-handed and repeated the story Hazrat Jibrail (AS) had reportedearlier. This same assignment was passed on to Hazrat (Angel) Israel (AS). As usual, the earthpleaded and sought refuge in Allah (SWT). However, Hazrat Israel (AS) was adamant and said,“I also seek refuge with Allah (SWT) from returning without carrying out His command.” HazratIsrael (AS) collected clay in different colors from different parts of the earth. Thus, he had amixture of white, red, and black clay, which he presented to Allah (SWT). Hazrat Israel’s (AS)merciless and ruthless attitude earned him the title and function of the Angel of Death. Allah (SWT) soaked this clay and molded it according to His designs and shaped thefigure of a human. The clay was set aside in full view of the angels and the Jinn for forty years.No Life had been breathed into it. The angels became frightened whenever they looked at it.Most fearful of all was Azaazee, the father of the nations of the Jinn. He used to approach thisfigure, knock on it, and hear the sounds of an empty pot reverberating. This sound of emptinessmade Azaazee fearful. Moreover, it was too much suspense for him to know what elementswould be used to fill this emptiness. He was unable to comprehend the designs of Allah (SWT).Azaazee became jealous and resented this new creation. Azaazee dissented in his faith when helearned that the crown of Allah’s (SWT) vicegerent was being given to the new creation, insteadof him, the father of the Jinn. Azaazee became Ibliss, which means despaired and lost. ∩⊇⊆∪ Í‘$¤‚ø9$%x 9≅≈|Áù=|¹ ⎯ÏΒ z⎯≈|¡ΣM}$# šYn=y{ x He created man (Adam) from sounding clay, like unto pottery (Quran: 55/14). When the time to breathe His spirit into the human figure approached, Allah (SWT)assembled all the angels and Commanded, “When I breathe My spirit into him, prostrate beforehim.” Allah (SWT) Blew His spirit towards Prophet Adam (AS). When the spirit touched hishead, Prophet Adam (AS) sneezed, and said what the angels had taught him to say, “All praisebelongs to Allah.” Prophet Adam (AS) repeated, “All praise belongs to Allah.” Allah (SWT) Replied with this prayer: “Your Lord has Granted you mercy.” As the spirit progressed and reached the eyes, Prophet Adam observed the fruits ofParadise. When it reached the abdomen, Prophet Adam (AS) craved food. Before the spirit hadprogressed through him, Prophet Adam (AS) abruptly jumped and pounced on the food. TheHoly Quran says: ∩⊂∠∪ Âχθè=Éf÷ètGó¡n@ Ÿξsù ©ÉL≈tƒ#u™ öΝä3ƒÍ‘ρéy™ 4 9≅yftã ô⎯ÏΒ ß⎯≈|¡ΡM}$# t,Î=äz Man is a creature of haste: soon enough I will show you My Signs, then you will not ask Me to hasten them.
  18. 18. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 18 (Quran: 21/37) When Prophet Adam (AS) received his full faculties, he became aware of hissurroundings and all that was present there. He noticed all the angels prostrating before himexcept one who remained standing. ∩⊂⊇∪ š⎥⎪ωÉf≈¡¡9$# yìtΒ tβθä3tƒ βr& #’n1r& }§ŠÎ=ö/Î) HωÎ) ∩⊂⊃∪ tβθãèΗødr& öΝßγ=à2 èπs3Íׯ≈n=ϑø9$# y‰yf|¡sù u y So the angels prostrated themselves all of them together, not so Ibliss: he refused to be among those prostrated. (Quran: 15/30-31). Allah (SWT) Addressed the Angels, “Verily, I am going to place mankind in generationsafter generations in this universe.” The Angels queried, “Will You place therein those who will make mischief and shedblood while we always glorify You with praises and thanks.” Allah (SWT) Advised, “I know what you know not.” After the creation of Prophet Adam (AS) (Adam is an Arabic word for man), Allah(SWT) Granted Prophet Adam (AS) special and exclusive faculties, which had not been given toany other creation, and Educated him to observe, comprehend, identify, memorize and nameeverything visible. Soon after, Allah (SWT) Assembled the angels and Introduced them toProphet Adam (AS). He Pointed towards some items visible in the heavens and Said, “Tell Methe name of these!” The angels replied, “Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what You havetaught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise.” Allah (SWT) Ordered Prophet Adam (AS), “You tell them what you know about theseitems.” When Prophet Adam (AS) described them and identified them by their names, Allah(SWT) Said, “Did I not tell you that I know what you know not? I know the Ghaeb- the unseen-in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you conceal!” Thereafter, Allah (SWT) Ordered all those present, “Prostrate, all of you before Adam tocelebrate this Creation.” All of them prostrated except Ibliss, who dissented. Allah (SWT) Asked Ibliss, “What prevented you, O Ibliss, from obeying My command toprostrate?” Ibliss replied, “I am better than Adam. You created me from fire, and him You createdfrom clay.” Allah (SWT) Ordered Ibliss, “O Ibliss, You are wayward. You have changed yourattitude. You have become arrogant, and arrogance is not acceptable to Me. You are Satan.Hereafter, you will be included among those who are humiliated and disgraced.” The Satan knewthat he was about to be destroyed; he pleaded and prayed, “Allow me respite till the JudgmentDay when all are raised again.” Allah (SWT) Responded, “You are included amongst those allowed respite.” Satan challenged, “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will wait and ambush thesehuman beings, and lead them astray and away from Your straight path. I will approach themfrom their front, their back, their right and their left, and You will not find most of them as thethankful ones. They will ignore their responsibilities towards you.”
  19. 19. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 19 Allah (SWT) Decreed, “O Satan! Whoever of them will follow you I will send them toHell with you.” Prophet Adam (AS) entered Paradise and resided therein. As the time elapsed, ProphetAdam (AS) desired a companion of his own nature. He had the angels around him, but their formwas that of a Noor (light-rays); besides, the angels were always preoccupied and busy executingAllah (SWT)’s commands. Most of time, the angels were engaged in singing hymns whichpraised Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) is ever Aware and Responsive towards the inner feelings and desires of allHis creations. When Allah realized Prophet Adam’s (AS) desire for a suitable companion, HeResponded. Prophet Adam (AS) awoke from sleep and found another human form lying close tohim and looking at him. It was Hawwa (EVE). Stunned by this presence, Prophet Adam (AS)questioned her about herself and the reasons for her presence. Hawwa explained that she had come from within him! This surprised Prophet Adam(AS). Hawwa elaborated that Allah (SWT) had Created her from one of the ribs of ProphetAdam (AS), and that she was created due to his prayers and desires for a partner. She had joinedhim for his pleasure as per the decree of Allah (SWT). ∩⊂∉∪ tβθßϑn=ôèƒ Ÿω $£ϑÏΒuρ óΟÎγÅ¡àΡr& ô⎯ÏΒuρ ÞÚö‘F{$# àMÎ7/Ψè? $£ϑÏΒ $yγ¯=à2 yl≡uρø—F{$# t,n=y{ “Ï%©!$# z⎯≈ysö6ß™ t Glory to Allah, Who created in pairs all things that earth produces, as well as their own (human) kind and (other) things of which they have no knowledge. (Quran: 36/36) Prophet Adam (AS) immediately went into prostration and thanked Allah (SWT) for thefulfillments of his secret desires of a suitable companion. Allah (SWT) Told Prophet Adam (AS), “O, Adam, You and your wife dwell in Paradise.Eat freely with full pleasure and delight yourselves with the things provided therein as and whenyou like. However, do not come near or eat from this tree or you will be among the Zalimeen-(wrong-doers).” Both of them learned that they had the faculties to exercise free will in all matters. Theirfreedom would guide and lead them towards the paths they chose. Satan was their enemy. Theywere made aware that their bodies would degenerate with age, and their life would end by death.However, they would be resurrected on Judgment Day for an eternal life thereafter. Meanwhile Satan, having been prohibited from entering Paradise, employed the Serpentas his agent to work around Prophet Adam (AS) and Hawwa. Satan continued to plot anddevelop plans for his revenge upon Prophet Adam (AS). Satan blamed Prophet Adam (AS) forthe punishment ascribed by Allah (SWT). Prior to his humiliation and disgraceful ejection fromParadise, Satan was Azaazee, who was among the most highly placed and favored courtiers inthe court of Allah (SWT). Azaazee is the beginning of the Jinn as Prophet Adam (AS) is thebeginning of humanity. Meanwhile Satan, an open and sworn enemy of the humanity in the universe, offered allforms of temptations and seductions to mislead Prophet Adam (AS) and his wife, Hawwa, toapproach and eat the fruit from the forbidden tree. He used to whisper suggestions to both ofthem. Satan said, “Your Lord prohibited you the fruits of this tree, to prevent you frombecoming angels or everlasting immortals.” Then Satan made a false oath in the name of Allah(SWT) and assured both of them, “Surely, I am one of the sincere well-wishers for you both.”
  20. 20. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 20 Satan was aware that the amalgam that had made the species of the human was of thenature that no one would ever be willing to give up their youth and offer their souls for extractionvoluntarily to die. Therefore, Satan was most consistent in his approach and would regularlywhisper in the ears of Prophet Adam (AS): ∩⊇⊄⊃∪ 4’n?ö7tƒ ω 77ù=ãΒρ Ï$ù#èƒø:$# Íοtyfx© 4’n?tã y7—9ߊr& ö≅yδ ãΠyŠ$t↔¯≈tƒ tΑ$s% ß⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ÏμøŠs9Î) šZuθó™uθsù u “O Adam! Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to the kingdom that never decays?” (Quran: 20/120) Satan was assuring them that if they ate the fruit from the prohibited tree, it would onlymaintain their youth and vitality and at the same time it will make them immortals: they wouldnever die! Satan added that this was the sole reason why both of them had been prohibited fromeating the fruits of that tree. Satan had always declared to be their faithful and a sincerely honestguide. Thus, Satan continued to mislead them with deception. Prophet Adam’s (AS) andHawwa’s inner desires urged them to live forever in the perpetual gardens of Paradise until theirheart could no longer resist the false temptation of being so close to the source of the youthfulimmortality and not grasp it! Their hearts kept on urging them to eat it; thus, overpowering thedecay of their bodies and their eventual death. Prophet Adam (AS) plucked the fruit, ate a morselof it, and gave the rest to Hawwa who consumed the balance. Contrary to the commonly advocated belief of the People of the Book and the widely professed andaccepted version of the Original Sin; Hawwa (Eve) is being summarily blamed and accused of inciting ProphetAdam (AS) to eat the fruit, “apple” is the most commonly used term, from the Prohibited Tree! The Holy Quranclearly stipulates and addresses Prophet Adam (AS) as the one who originated and committed this sin. ∩⊇⊄⊃∪ 4’n?ö7tƒ ω 77ù=ãΒρ Ï$ù#èƒø:$# Íοtyfx© 4’n?tã y7—9ߊr& ö≅yδ ãΠyŠ$t↔¯≈tƒ tΑ$s% ß⎯≈sÜø‹¤±9$# ÏμøŠs9Î) šZuθó™uθsù u But Satan whispered evil to him. He said, “O Adam! Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that never decays?” (Quran: 20/120) Thus, it is not Hawwa (Eve) who initiated and incited the committal of the sin; she did participate insharing and eating the fruit but she never initiated the action! It is therefore wrong for the women to accept thetheory of original sin and feel the much-maligned guilt of their personal responsibility for the exit of humanity fromParadise. However, the type of the fruit eaten has not been clearly identified! As soon as Prophet Adam (AS) and Hawwa tasted the fruit from the prohibited tree, theirnakedness, related to their private parts, became apparent to them. Both of them were ashamedand attempted covering their private parts with leaves from the tree. And then Allah (SWT)Called upon them,” Did I not forbid you that tree? And warned you that the Satan is an openenemy for you?” Prophet Adam (AS) bowed down in prostration, tearfully cried, and begged Allah (SWT)for forgiveness. ∩⊄⊂∪ z⎯ƒÎÅ£≈y‚ø9$# z⎯ÏΒ ¨⎦sðθä3uΖs9 $oΨôϑymös?uρ $uΖs9 öÏøós? óΟ©9 βÎ)uρ $uΖ|¡àΡr& !$oΨ÷Ηs>sß $uΖ−/u‘ Ÿω$s% Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You Forgive us not and Have no Mercy on us, surely we are of the lost. (Quran: 7/23) Allah (SWT) Accepted Prophet Adam’s (AS) repentance prayers, and Pardoned ProphetAdam (AS). After all, Allah (SWT) is known as the One Who Always Forgives by Acceptingrepentance, as He is the Most Merciful. This disobedience of Allah (SWT) by Prophet Adam (AS) and his wife deprived them oftheir abode in Paradise. Allah (SWT) Says in the Holy Quran:
  21. 21. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 21 ∩⊄∈∪ tβθã_tøƒéB $pκ÷]ÏΒuρ tβθè?θßϑ? $yγ‹Ïùuρ tβöθu‹øtrB $pκÏù tΑ$s% ∩⊄⊆∪ &⎦⎫Ïm 4’n<Î) ìì≈tFtΒuρ @s)tGó¡ãΒ ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû ö/ä3s9uρ ( Aρ߉tã CÙ÷èt7Ï9 ö/ä3àÒ÷èt/ (#θäÜÎ7÷δ$# tΑ$s% s “Go out of Paradise and down to the earth all of you, as enemies to each other –Adam. Hawwa and Satan-. Your abode on the earth will be as a dwelling and a place for enjoyment for a specific time. Therein you shall live, and therein you shall die, and from it you shall be resurrected again.” (Quran: 7/24-25) The angels and Azaazee, the Jinn, were ranked in their status to be close to Allah (SWT)in His Court. Both of these forms, one of rays and the other of fire, were in constant prayersthanking Allah (SWT). Being a leader of the creation of the Jinn and having been made of fire,Azaazee had developed a superiority complex and was expecting that Allah (SWT) would granthim the superior rank of being Allah (SWT)’s main representative in the universe. As Azaazeewas despaired and lost, he became Ibliss. When Allah (SWT) Injected His Spirit into the clayform and Ordered for all to prostrate, Azaazee, the Ibliss, refused to prostrate as he felt insulted,he then became Satan. Satan means the one who has intentionally changed the directions. Theexpulsion of Satan from Paradise was because of this refusal to comply with the command ofAllah (SWT). The command of prostration was to commemorate the origination and generation of abeing who would represent Allah (SWT) in the visible world. The aforementioned prostrationwas not meant to signify that Allah (SWT)’s human creation would be treated as another deity ora god worthy of prostration by all the other creations including the angels, and the Jinn. Allah (SWT) and Allah (SWT) is alone worthy of prostration. Nor was it meant to asktheir opinion or to take up their advice; Allah (SWT) is the creator and does not need any help.Allah (SWT) merely Advised them that He was creating a vicegerent, who would eventuallyinhabit the universe, and subsequently multiply thereupon. However, their abode on Earth willhave a lifespan as individually determined by Allah (SWT). They will die after completing theirlife terms and will be resurrected on Judgment Day. During an earlier incident, some nations of the Jinn population had revolted against thewishes and commandments of Allah (SWT). They had shed a lot of blood among themselves andwere responsible for an extensive damage in the universe. Angels, upon the directions fromAllah (SWT), rounded them up, and ejected the nation of the Jinn out of Paradise. The angelsthen threw this nation over the oceans. Azaazee had been spared because he had always obeyed Allah (SWT)’s commands andhad physically helped the angels in the crushing and the disposal of the rebellious Jinn. On the day Adam was created, Azaazee, then Ibliss, revolted and refused to prostrate!Thus he became Satan. Allah (SWT) was about to annihilate Satan forever, when Satan pleadedfor an extension of his life till the Day of Judgment; Allah (SWT) in His mercy Allowed him tolive and extended his life till Judgment Day; but Satan was prohibited from Paradise forever andwould never be allowed to enter Paradise again. However, this punishment and the sentence werebeyond his expectations and more to his surprise. Satan’s elements of the fire overtook the logics of comprehension, and produced anundesirable conclusion for him. Worst of all, for him, Satan refused to apologize for hisdisobedience. Satan could have asked for Allah (SWT)’s Mercy but he did not.
  22. 22. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 22 It was the day when the self-grandeur and the arrogance were born; and Allah (SWT)does not Approve of arrogance! Satan knew that the elements used in the birth of humanitythrough Prophet Adam (AS) did contain the ingredients that could be ignited from within toproduce an arrogant human being! This element of arrogance has been in use ever since; by all those who defy the laws ofAllah (SWT). Persons like Fir‘awn “Rameses”; all those persons who challenged the prophets oftheir times; the present day oppressors and dictators who think that their powers over theirsubjects are boundless, and that they are free to impose whatever cruelty they can over theirnations!y“#y‰èδ ì7©?$# Ç⎯ϑù “W‰èδ ©Íh_ÏiΒ Νà6¨ΖtÏ?ùtƒ $¨ΒÎ*ù ( Aρ߉ã CÙ÷èt7Ï9 öΝä3àÒ÷è/ ( $Jè‹ÏΗsd $yγ÷ΨÏΒ $sÜÎ7÷δ$# tΑ$s% ∩⊇⊄⊄∪ 3“y‰yδuρ Ïμø‹n=tã z>$tGsù …çμš/u‘ çμ≈t6tGô_$# §ΝèO y t y s s t tû©Í_s?÷|³ym zΟÏ9 Éb>‘ Α$s% ∩⊇⊄⊆∪ 4‘yϑôã& Ïπϑ≈uŠÉ)ø9$# Θöθtƒ …çνãà±øtΥuρ %Z3Ψ|Ê Zπt±ŠÏètΒ …ã&s! ¨βÎ*sù “Ìò2ÏŒ ⎯tã uÚôãr& ô⎯tΒuρ ∩⊇⊄⊂∪ 4’+ô±o„ Ÿωuρ ‘≅ÅÒtƒ Ÿξsù u t r y u w t sÏM≈tƒ$t↔Î/ .⎯ÏΒ÷σムöΝs9uρ t∃uó r& ô⎯Β “Ì“øgΥ y7Ï9≡x‹x.uρ ∩⊇⊄∉∪ 4©|¤Ψè? tΠöθu‹ø9$# y7Ï9≡x‹x.uρ ( $pκtJŠÅ¡uΖsù $uΖçF≈tƒ#u™ y7÷Gs?r& y7Ï9≡x‹x. tΑ$s% ∩⊇⊄∈∪ #ZÅÁt/ àMΖä. ô‰s%uρ 4‘yϑôãr& t w ∩⊇⊄∠∪ #’s+ö/r&uρ ‘‰x©r& ÍοtÅzFψ$# Ü>#x‹yès9uρ 4 ⎯ÏμÎn/u‘ But his Lord chose him for His Grace: He turned to him, and gave him guidance. Allah said,” but if, as is sure, there comes to you guidance from Me, whosoever follows my guidance, will not loose his way, nor fall into misery. But whosoever turns away from My Message, verily for him is a life narrowed down, and We Shall raise him up blind on the Day of Judgment.” He will say: “O my Lord! Why have you raised me up blind, while I had sight before?” Allah will Say: “Thus did you, when Our Signs came to you, disregard them: so will you, this day, be disregarded.” And thus do We recompense him who transgresses beyond bounds and does not believe in the Signs of his Lord: and the Penalty of the Hereafter is far more grievous and more enduring. (Quran: 20/122-127) Before the departure of Prophet Adam (AS) from Paradise, Allah (SWT) Educated andBriefed him about his duties and essential functions to enable him to lead his life in accordancewith the divine expectations. Prophet Adam (AS) was also provided with the seedlings of life-sustaining crops. Prophet Adam (AS) was advised and made aware that the life on earth wouldbe quite different from that of his life in Paradise. In Paradise, everything had been provided forhim. Whereas on the earth, he would be constantly facing conflicts and would have to strugglewith every task. His mind would be in conflict with his heart and his body would be put throughsevere tests. The process of struggle would be an ongoing routine; a new event would start fromwhere the last one finished. He would have to toil hard for sustenance. His body would needprotection and coverage from the elements surrounding him. He would have to breed andreproduce and look after and raise his protégées in accordance with the commands of Allah(SWT). His family would need his protection. Prophet Adam (AS) was made aware that mankindwould have the powers of superiority and mastery over all the other creatures of the earth. Most important were the struggles with the inner spirit and the open war with Satan.Satan would continue to tempt mankind and to lead them astray from the path of Allah (SWT).There would be consistent and numerous battles between good and evil. Those who followedAllah (SWT)’s path in accordance with the guidance delivered to them need not be fearful onJudgment Day; but those who disobeyed Allah (SWT) and followed the satanic rituals would befuel for the Fire of Hell along with their leader, Satan.
  23. 23. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 23 No conclusive evidence is available that can point towards the point of landings on Earthfor all the four involved elements, i.e. Prophet Adam (AS), Hawwa, Satan and, the serpent. Thestrongest convictions are that: • Prophet Adam (AS) fell in India. He had brought with him a black-stone from Paradise and some seedlings from the foods of Paradise. He continued to plant the seeds on his journey towards the valley of Makkah, in Arabia. Divine guidance was the principal element in his predestined meeting with Hawwa and the construction of a house of Allah (SWT), (Kaaba). • Hawwa fell in Africa, in the southern part of Ethiopia and started her journey northwards towards Arabia. • Satan was thrown towards the earth. He was provided with the ability to travel like wind and conceal himself from humanity. As a direct divine challenge to Satan, Satan was allowed to approach from every direction and stay close to humans. However, when a human bowed down in prostration or raised his arms in worship to Allah (SWT) (SWT), Satan would be prohibited from approaching in both of these directions. • The Serpent landed in Iran. While reflecting upon the occurrences of the recent events, Prophet Adam (AS) realizedthat Satan was indeed an enemy to him; Allah (SWT) Punishes disobedience and the way back toParadise is only gained by the full submission to the Will of Allah (SWT). Allah (SWT) AdvisedProphet Adam to consistently seek Allah (SWT)’s mercy and forgiveness. Eventually, Prophet Adam (AS) and Hawwa met each other at a place called Arafat, nearMakkah, and settled down near the hills of Suffaa and Murwaa. It is here that the black-stonefrom Paradise was installed as a foundation for the house of Allah (SWT), The Ka’bah.⎯ÏΒ ÏμŠÏù y‡tΡuρ çμ1§θ™ ¢ΟèO ∩∇∪ &⎦⎫Îγ¨Β &™!$¨Β ⎯ÏiΒ 7s#≈n=ß™ ⎯ÏΒ …ã&s#ó¡nΣ Ÿ≅yèy_ ¢ΟèO ∩∠∪ &⎦⎫ÏÛ ⎯ÏΒ Ç⎯≈|¡ΣM}$# t,ù=yz r&y‰t/uρ ( …çμs)n=yz >™ó©x« ¨≅ä. z⎯|¡ômr& ü“Ï%©!$# x y ∩®∪ šχρãà6ô±n@ $¨Β Wξ‹Î=s% 4 nοy‰Ï↔øùF{$#uρ t≈|Áö/F{$#uρ yìôϑ¡¡9$# ãΝä3s9 Ÿ≅yèy_uρ ( ⎯ÏμÏmρ•‘ Who made all things good which He created, and He began the creation of man from clay; Then He made his seed from a draught of despised semen fluid; Then He fashioned him and breathed into him of His Spirit and appointed hearing and sight and hearts. (Quran: 32/7-9) QABIL (CAIN) AND HABIL (ABEL). The miracle of first birth on the earth was witnessed by Prophet Adam (AS) andexperienced by Hawwa. Their first children were a set of twins, a male and a female. The malewas named QABIL (Cain). After some time, another set of twins was born; HABIL (Abel) andhis sister. The family enjoyed each other’s company and the bounties of the surroundings and thefruits of the earth. Qabil became the farmer and tilled the land. Habil became the shepherd andraised cattle. Upon attaining maturity, their natural desires for the opposite sex were awakened; Allah(SWT) had Proclaimed the manifests of procreations. Prophet Adam (AS) received revelations tomarry Qabil with the twin-sister of Habil; and Habil should marry the twin-sister of Qabil.While Habil accepted the proposal, Qabil refused to comply. His reason for refusal was that hisown twin-sister was more beautiful and he wanted her as his wife. Thus, Qabil rebelled againstAllah (SWT)’s command. This situation created a dilemma for Prophet Adam (AS). Prophet
  24. 24. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 24Adam (AS) wanted peace and harmony within the family; Allah (SWT)’s guidance was sought.Allah (SWT) Ordained that both the sons offer a sacrifice of their choice to Allah (SWT); Allah(SWT) will examine the quality of the sacrifice offered. The person whose offering was acceptedby Allah (SWT) would have his wishes prevail. Habil offered his best camel; Qabil presented his worst crop. Allah (SWT) RejectedQabil’s offering not only because of the quality of the sacrifice offered, but also because he haddisobeyed his father, and the Directive of Allah (SWT). This Revelation further inflamed Qabiland increased the gravity of his jealousy. His hopes of marrying his beautiful sister wereshattered. Qabil threatened Habil saying, “I will kill you! I refuse to see you happy and enjoyingyourself whilst my wishes have been denied!” Habil genuinely felt sorry for his brother and replied, “The right thing for you is to reflectand search for the reasons of your unhappiness. Seek the help from Allah. You know that AllahAccepts good deeds and prayers from those who serve and fear Him, not from those who rejectHis commands.” Habil was an intelligent, polite, and disciplined person. He was always prepared toperform as per the will of Allah (SWT). Qabil was the exact opposite. He was arrogant, selfishand refused to comply with the commands of Allah (SWT). Habil pleaded for reasoning with hisbrother. Qabil refused to abandon his arrogance and hatred of Habil. Habil advised him, “Mybrother, you are straying from the right path. Your anger is sinful. It would help you if yourepent to Allah and forget about your threats against me. On my part, I will entrust this matterentirely to Allah. The punishment of any sin will be borne by the sinner alone, and rememberthat Hell Fire is the reward of the wrong-doers.” Qabil refused to listen to the sermons and pleas of Habil. Qabil killed Habil by smashinghis head with a stone; Qabil had cruelly forsaken the ties of a close blood-relationship andignored natural brotherly love. Habil’s death was instantaneous. This was the first human death!The first human murder! And the first criminal act! Qabil did not know how to dispose of the body of Habil. He wandered about carrying thebody on his back. As time elapsed, his anger subsided, but the weight of the body started gettingheavier. At the same time, the stench from the body increased. He sat down under a tree with thebody of his brother on his shoulders. While he was resting in the shade of the tree, Allah (SWT)Intervened to show Qabil the proper way dispose of Habil’s remains. Two ravens appeared onthe ground near him and began fighting, resulting in the death of one. The victorious raven, usingits beak and claws, dug a hole in the ground, rolled over the body of the dead raven and coveredit with dust. Witnessing this episode, Qabil was overcome with shame, guilt, and remorse. “Woeunto me!” he exclaimed. “I had no foresight to do what this raven has done. I could not evendispose of the corpse of my brother!” Qabil then buried his brother. Habil became the first human to be buried. Allah (SWT) has Revealed in the Holy Quranz⎯ÏΒ ª!$# ã≅¬7s)tGƒ $yϑ¯Ρ) tΑ$s% ( y7¨Ψn=çFø%V{ tΑ$s% ÌyzFψ$# z⎯ÏΒ ö≅¬6s)tFムöΝs9uρ $yϑÏδωtnr& ô⎯ÏΒ Ÿ≅Îm6à)çFsù $ZΡ$t/öè% $t/§s% øŒÎ) Èd,ysø9$$Î/ tΠyŠ#u™ ó©o_ö/$# rt6Ρ öΝÍκön=tã ã≅ø?$#uρ t Î tr&þθç6s? βr& ߉ƒÍ‘é& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ∩⊄∇∪ t⎦⎫Ïϑn=≈yèø9$# ¡>u‘ ©!$# Ú’%s{r& þ’ÎoΤÎ) ( y7n=çFø%L{ y7ø‹s9Î) y“ωtƒ 7ÝÅ™$t6Î/ O$tΡr& !$tΒ ©Í_n=çFø)tGÏ9 x8y‰tƒ ¥’n<Î) |MÜ|¡0 .⎦È⌡s9 ∩⊄∠∪ t⎦⎫É)−Fßϑø9$# oš⎥⎪ÎÅ£≈sƒø:$# z⎯ÏΒ yxt6ô¹rù …ã&s#tGs)sù ÏμŠÅzr& Ÿ≅÷Fs% …çμÝ¡øtΡ …çμs9 ôMtã§θsÜsù ∩⊄®∪ t⎦⎫ÏΗÍ>≈©à9$# (#äτℜt“y_ y7Ï9≡sŒuρ 4 Í‘$¨Ψ9$# É=≈ysô¹r& ô⎯ÏΒ tβθä3tFsù y7ÏÿùSÎ)uρ ‘ÏϑøOÎ*Î/ s
  25. 25. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 25“Í‘≡uρésù É>#{äóø9$# #x‹≈yδ Ÿ≅÷WÏΒ tβθä.& ÷β& ßN÷“ftãr& #©tLn=÷ƒuθ≈tƒ tΑ$s% 4 Ïμ‹Åzr& nο™öθy™ ”Í‘≡uθムy#ø‹x. …çμtƒÎãÏ9 ÇÚö‘F{$# ’Îû ß]ysö7tƒ $/#{äî ª!$# y]yèt7sù ∩⊂⊃∪y r r y u ∩⊂⊇∪ t⎦⎫ÏΒω≈¨Ψ9$# z⎯ÏΒ yxt7ô¹sù ( ©År& nοu™öθy™ r Recite to them the truth of the story of the two sons of Adam. Behold! They each presented asacrifice (to Allah (SWT)); it was accepted from one, but not from the other. Said the latter: “Be sure I willslay you.” “Surely,” said the former, “Allah accepts of the sacrifice of those who are righteous. If you stretchyour hand against me to slay me, I shall not stretch my hand against you to slay you: for I do fear Allah, theCherisher of the Worlds. For me I intend to let you draw yourself my sin as well as yours, for you will beamong the Companions of the Fire, and that is the reward of those who do wrong.” The selfish soul of theother led him to the murder of his brother: he murdered him, and became one of the lost ones. The Allah sentthe raven, which scratched the ground, to show him how to hide his shame and his brother. “Woe is me!” saidhe, “was I not even able to be as this raven, and to hide the shame of my brother?” Then he became full ofregrets. (Quran: 5/27-31) Prophet Adam (AS) was grief-stricken due to the loss of his two sons; one was deadwhile the other had permitted himself to be taken over by Satan. Prophet Adam (AS) could onlyoffer prayers for his sons. Besides, he had to tend to himself and the rest of his family. His dutiesas a prophet were enhanced and increased with the expansion of his family and off-springs. Hehad twenty pairs of twins; that is twenty males and twenty females. The last child was a son whowas born alone. His sermons to his children and grandchildren relayed his own experiences, bothin Paradise and on Earth along with the warnings about the ever-present danger of Satan; whowould ambush humanity to lead them astray. By the time Prophet Adam (AS) grew old, his children had spread all over the earth.Near the time of his death, he appointed his last son, Prophet Shiith (SETH) (AS) as a successor,guiding him about the timings of the prayers from the movements of the sun and the appropriateacts of worship. Prophet Adam (AS) reassured his children that Allah (SWT) would Continue toSend His prophets. These prophets would have different names, and they would be fromdifferent tribes. Some of them would even perform miracles, but their message for the whole ofhumanity would always be: • Allah (SWT) was the only God worthy of worship! He had no partners or none was like Him. • The life on this earth would end in death, but they would be resurrected again on the Day of Judgment. • The life on this earth was only a test of the individual self. All their deeds and their worships would be recorded as every soul would have to explain for himself. • The reward for righteousness would be the permanent abode in Paradise; whereas those who follow Satan would be forever doomed in the Fires of Hell. Near the time of his death, Prophet Adam felt a hunger and craving for a specific food that hehad earlier tasted in Paradise. He described its shape and properties, asking his children to searchfor it and bring it to him if found. His children went out in search of the fruit of Paradise. Whilethey were busy in their search among the fruit trees, two strangers approached them. Thesestrangers questioned the children of the Prophet Adam (AS) about the nature of their search. Thechildren replied that they were looking for a specific kind of fruit as per the wishes of their ailingfather.
  26. 26. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 26 These strangers were the angels who had come to educate the children of Prophet Adam(AS) on how to dispose of human remains; once the Angel of Death had extracted the soul fromthe body. The angels advised those children to return to their father, for they must learn about thedisposition of the human body, as per the will of Allah (SWT). Moreover, it would be a requisitefor the rest of humanity to follow. The angels were carrying the shroud with them. When theyreached home, they found that Prophet Adam (AS) had already expired. The angels washed the body, wrapped it with the shroud, and buried it in the ground. Theangels then instructed those present that it was mandatory for humans to be buried in the ground,as shown to them, and that it was the proper way Allah (SWT) had Ordered them to follow.Those who were present and had witnessed the burial must advise the future generations about it. Since the major elements of humans were the clays from the surface of the earth, that iswhere the bodies should be finally disposed. ∩∈∈∪ 3“t÷zé& ¸οu‘$s? öΝä3ã_ÌøƒéΥ $pκ÷]ÏΒuρ öΝä.߉‹ÏèçΡ $pκÏùρ öΝä3≈oΨø)n=yz $pκ÷]ÏΒ u From the earth We created you, and into it We shall return you, and from it We shall bring you out once again. (Quran: 20/55) Major portion of the earth surface is made up of water; similarly, the human body alsocontains substantial quantities of water. Thus, it is permissible to bury a human at sea to avoidany undue decay of the human remains. After the death of Prophet Adam (AS), Prophet Shiith (AS) took over the responsibilitiesand the prophet hood.
  27. 27. AL-ISLAM: Inception to Conclusion 27PROPHET SHIITH (SHETH) AS Prophet Shiith was the third son of Prophet Adam (AS). When he was born, ProphetAdam was 130 years old. At the time of his death, Prophet Adam (AS) appointed Prophet Shiith(AS) as his successor and advised his children and descendants to follow him on the righteouspath and live in peace and harmony among them. However, some of his siblings and theirchildren had already started deviating from the right path. These were the followers of Satan. Allah (SWT) Conferred upon him the prophet hood and Revealed to him the first portionsof the scriptures. Of all the one hundred and four psalms, those have been sent down by Allah(SWT) fifty were sent down to Prophet Shiith. Prophet Shiith (AS) died when he was 912 yearsof age. For a period of about four centuries thereafter, a clan calling themselves Shithians werediscovered living in Egypt. Their belief was that Prophet Shiith (AS) had been a divineemanation. His son Prophet Anoush (AS) took over the mantle of prophet hood and was widelyknown and appreciated for his sermons that praised Allah (SWT).

×