Essential Questions• 1  – What are ways readers construct meaning from    text?• 2  – How do readers determine the most im...
How do authors grab yourattention?• Use the organizational features and text structures and features  to construct meaning...
Strategy Lesson Plans• Inferencing  – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWSqxItd9SU
Excuse    Our center’s nose was runny.Cheer     Our forwards had the flu.          The guards were feeling          funny....
Text says…   This means…   My evidence is…   Important to the                                             author because…
• Determining Importance  – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KveNKQw9dd4Bring Your Own Lunchby Bruce Lansky             Don’...
The Principal Is Missing                                                             by Kenn NesbittThe principal is missi...
• Activating Schema• PowerPoint Presentation
Snow Day      Kenn Nesbitt“Snow day!”           Up hill                      went Fred.Fred said.            Down hill“All...
• Asking Questions  Describe the picture   Question I am         Answered in the text  or write the words     asking mysel...
Author’s Craft• Students’ Job is to read like a writer  – Understand text features  – Determine what’s important
Narrative Texts• Just as a woodworker uses many tools and  techniques to craft a piece of furniture, a skilled  author use...
– Setting   • Time and Place      –   Examples      –   Boston, Massachusetts, in 1809      –   lonely farmhouse on a dark...
• Characterization   – Characterization is the way in which authors convey information     about their characters. Descrip...
Literary Devices/Figurative Language• Literary devices are the tools and techniques of  language that authors use to conve...
Personification• What is it?   – Personification is a figure of speech that gives human qualities to     objects, animals,...
• "IM A LITTLE TEAPOT"               – Im a little teapot, short and stout.              Here is my handle, and here is my...
Idioms• Cat Got Your Tongue           – I was feeling shy when my uncle came.             "Has the cat got your tongue?" h...
All ears                    Can of wormsAnts in your pants          Cold feetArm and a leg               Crash a partyAt t...
Grab the bull by its hornsHead is in the clouds         Opening a can of worms                              Out on a limbH...
OnomatopoeiaWords that sound like theobjects or actions they refer to“A pesky mosquito buzzedaround my head.”
Crack an Egg       Flip it over,                   just like that.Crack an egg.      Press it down.Stir the butter.   Sque...
Text says…   This means…   The author used this device                           to…
Alliteration• Alliteration  – Repetition of words with the same beginning    sounds     • “Polly planted plenty of pretty ...
• Betty Botter by Mother Goose            – Betty Botter bought some butter,              but, she said, the butter’s bitt...
Text says…   This means…   The author used this device                           to…
Mood•   angry      friendly               fearful       mischievous   sad•   anxious               frustration   optimisti...
One-Way Ticketby Langston Hughes, 1949I pick up my life              But not South.And take it with me            I am fed...
Text says…   This means…   The author used this device                           to…
Simile• What is it?   – A simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison     between two unlike things and uses the ...
• FlintAn emerald is as green as grass,   Your TeethA ruby red as blood;               Your teeth are likeA sapphire shine...
Text says…   This means…   The author used this device                           to…
Additional Author’s CraftStrategies•   Voice•   Descriptive Language and Detail•   Strong Verbs•   Powerful Leads•   Authe...
Patterns• Readers select, apply, and self-monitor their use  of strategies in order to comprehend all types of  texts.• Wh...
GenresTraits for all Fiction:1. Characters – people or things such as animals2. Setting – real or invented3. Problem/Solut...
Story                      Author’s Craft  Tall Tale                  Story is usually tied to a Hyperboles               ...
R   F   Storye   i   Made up ora   c   imaginedl   ti   i   Stories involves   o   people and        situations sett   n  ...
Folklore is a collection of fictional tales aboutpeople and/or animals.Superstitions and unfounded beliefs are importantel...
Elements                     Characterization                     Characters are ordinary real people who could have lived...
Elements      Characters      Suspects are characters who may have caused the problem the mystery is      trying to solve....
Elements                  Advanced Technology like an alien or computer                  Future time setting – may even be...
Poetry                 Organization   ElementsCreates an emotional   Verse          Rhyme Schemeresponse               Sta...
Nonfiction Format   Interesting, inviting to the reader          Index          Glossary          Table of Contents       ...
Contents     Accurate             Timely             Includes excellent details to support the main idea             Organ...
Author’s Purpose: The author’s intent either to inform orteach someone about something, to entertain people, or topersuade...
Vocabulary• How is specific vocabulary placed in texts to capture  the reader’s attention and keep them reading?• What hel...
Fluency•   Fluent reading•   Accuracy•   Stamina•   Prosody
How do authors grab your attention
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How do authors grab your attention

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How do authors grab your attention

  1. 1. Essential Questions• 1 – What are ways readers construct meaning from text?• 2 – How do readers determine the most important information given to them by the author?
  2. 2. How do authors grab yourattention?• Use the organizational features and text structures and features to construct meaning from fiction and non-fiction text• Understand that not all ideas or features have equal importance.• Use schema, questioning, inferring, determining importance to be able to state the explicit main idea and to determine what the author felt was important – NOT what’s interesting to the reader• Use evidence from the text will display their thinking
  3. 3. Strategy Lesson Plans• Inferencing – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JWSqxItd9SU
  4. 4. Excuse Our center’s nose was runny.Cheer Our forwards had the flu. The guards were feeling funny. That’s why we lost toby you.Timothy Your team is overrated. WeTocher really didn’t try. Our coach was constipated. I’m telling you no lie. Now go and take a shower and hop back on your bus. You know we’ll beat you next time, so you’d best watch out for us!
  5. 5. Text says… This means… My evidence is… Important to the author because…
  6. 6. • Determining Importance – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KveNKQw9dd4Bring Your Own Lunchby Bruce Lansky Don’t eat school lunches— not even a lick. They might make you nauseous. They might make you sick. Just take a small bite and you’ll start to feel ill. If the veggies don’t get you, the meatloaf sure will.
  7. 7. The Principal Is Missing by Kenn NesbittThe principal is missing.He’s nowhere to be found. He isn’t in his closet.The teachers tried to page him, He’s not behind his door.and they’ve hunted all around. He isn’t underneath his desk or hiding in a drawer.He isn’t in the staff room. If you should see our principal,He isn’t in the gym, please send him back to school,and all the kids are wondering and tell him we apologize.just what’s become of him. We know that we were cruel.We’ve looked in every classroom. Please tell him that we miss him.We’ve peeked in every hall. We’re sorry we were mean.We even checked the bathrooms But tell him next Saint Patrick’s Dayand inspected every stall. he needs to wear some green.
  8. 8. • Activating Schema• PowerPoint Presentation
  9. 9. Snow Day Kenn Nesbitt“Snow day!” Up hill went Fred.Fred said. Down hill“All play. Fred sped. Sled streakedLet’s sled! on past.“No school! Mom shrieked, “Too fast!”Just snow. Snow blew.Way cool. “Can’t see!” Fred flew.Let’s go!” Hit tree.Fred ran Sled bent. Fred’s headin shed. got dent.Had plan. Poor Fred.Got sled. He cried. Now plays“Go slow,” inside snow days.Mom said.“I know,”said Fred.
  10. 10. • Asking Questions Describe the picture Question I am Answered in the text or write the words asking myself… from the text. Answered by researching My question was not answered
  11. 11. Author’s Craft• Students’ Job is to read like a writer – Understand text features – Determine what’s important
  12. 12. Narrative Texts• Just as a woodworker uses many tools and techniques to craft a piece of furniture, a skilled author uses tools and techniques of language and storytelling to craft a piece of writing.
  13. 13. – Setting • Time and Place – Examples – Boston, Massachusetts, in 1809 – lonely farmhouse on a dark night – Midwestern town during the Depression, the courthouse – time of day • Why is it important? – Setting provides a backdrop for the action. Think about setting not just as factual information but as an essential part of a storys mood and emotional impact. Careful portrayal of setting can convey meaning through interaction with characters and plot. • How do I create it? – To create setting, provide information about time and place and use descriptive language to evoke vivid sights, sounds, smells, and other sensations. Pay close attention to the mood a setting conveys.
  14. 14. • Characterization – Characterization is the way in which authors convey information about their characters. Descriptions of a characters appearance, behavior, interests, way of speaking, and other mannerisms are all part of characterization.• Why is it important? – Characterization is a crucial part of making a story compelling. In order to interest and move readers, characters need to seem real. Authors achieve this by providing details that make characters individual and particular. Good characterization gives readers a strong sense of characters personalities and complexities; it makes characters vivid, alive and believable.• How do I create it? – Create characterization by choosing details that make real or fictional characters seem life-like and individual.
  15. 15. Literary Devices/Figurative Language• Literary devices are the tools and techniques of language that authors use to convey meaning. Skilled use of literary devices brings richness and clarity to a text.• Figurative language or speech contains images. The writer or speaker describes something through the use of unusual comparisons, for effect, interest, and to make things clearer. The result of using this technique is the creation of interesting images.
  16. 16. Personification• What is it? – Personification is a figure of speech that gives human qualities to objects, animals, or ideas. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0TKJItZ_qkw• Why is it important? – Personification connects readers with the object that is personified. Personification can make descriptions of non-human entities more vivid, or can help readers understand, sympathize with, or react emotionally to non-human characters.• How do I do it? – Give human-like qualities or emotions to inanimate entities or non- human beings.
  17. 17. • "IM A LITTLE TEAPOT" – Im a little teapot, short and stout. Here is my handle, and here is my spout. When I spy a teacup, then I shout, Tip me over and pour me out! Poem Says… Personified Object Author used this device to…
  18. 18. Idioms• Cat Got Your Tongue – I was feeling shy when my uncle came. "Has the cat got your tongue?" he said. He must have meant, "Why arent you talking?" Because my tongue was still in my head.Poem Says… Real Meaning… Author used this device to…
  19. 19. All ears Can of wormsAnts in your pants Cold feetArm and a leg Crash a partyAt the end of your rope Cry your eyes outAxe to grind Don’t wash your dirty laundryBack to the drawing board in publicBarking up the wrong tree Down in the dumpsBetween the lines Eagle eyesBlood out of a stone Elephant in the roomBlow your stack Feeling BlueBone to pick Fifth wheelBull in a China shop Fish out of waterBy the skin of your teeth Go round in circles
  20. 20. Grab the bull by its hornsHead is in the clouds Opening a can of worms Out on a limbHeart of gold Piece of cakeHook, line, and sinker Pull someones legHorse of a different color Pull your weightIn the doghouse Rock the boatIt cost an arm and a leg See the lightJump the gun Stick out like a sore thumb Tall storyLike a fish needs a bicycle Thin-skinnedMake waves Thrilled to bitsMoney talks Walk on eggshells Written all over your face
  21. 21. OnomatopoeiaWords that sound like theobjects or actions they refer to“A pesky mosquito buzzedaround my head.”
  22. 22. Crack an Egg Flip it over, just like that.Crack an egg. Press it down.Stir the butter. Squeeze it flat.Break the yolk. Pop the toast.Make it flutter. Spread jam thin.Stoke the heat. Say the word.Hear it sizzle. Breakfasts in .Shake the salt,just a drizzle. by Denise Rodgers
  23. 23. Text says… This means… The author used this device to…
  24. 24. Alliteration• Alliteration – Repetition of words with the same beginning sounds • “Polly planted plenty of pretty pansies.” Daddys Gone A Hunting Bye, baby bunting, Daddys gone a - hunting, Gone to get a rabbit skin To wrap baby bunting in.
  25. 25. • Betty Botter by Mother Goose – Betty Botter bought some butter, but, she said, the butter’s bitter; if I put it in my batter it will make my batter bitter, but a bit of better butter will make my batter better. So she bought a bit of butter better than her bitter butter, and she put it in her batter and the batter was not bitter. So ’twas better Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter.
  26. 26. Text says… This means… The author used this device to…
  27. 27. Mood• angry friendly fearful mischievous sad• anxious frustration optimistic serious• calm scared funny patriotic• carefree gloomy peaceful shocked• careful happy pessimistic silly• cautious hopeful playful suspicious humorous proud terrified• cheerful joyful relaxed thoughtful• excited upbeat lonely worried
  28. 28. One-Way Ticketby Langston Hughes, 1949I pick up my life But not South.And take it with me I am fed upAnd I put it down in With Jim Crow laws,Chicago, Detroit, People who are cruelBuffalo, Scranton, And afraid.Any place that is Who lynch and run,North and East— Who are scared of meAnd not Dixie. And me of them.I pick up my life I pick up my lifeAnd take it on the train And take it awayTo Los Angeles, Bakersfield, On a one-way ticket—Seattle, Oakland, Salt Lake, Gone up North,Any place that is Gone out West,North and West— Gone!
  29. 29. Text says… This means… The author used this device to…
  30. 30. Simile• What is it? – A simile is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things and uses the words "like," "as." – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GkMKaGLmkzk• Why is it important? – Similes make descriptions vivid by comparing their subjects with known events or things. Effective similes help readers visualize what is being described.• How do I do it? – Create a comparison by using "like,“ or "as."
  31. 31. • FlintAn emerald is as green as grass, Your TeethA ruby red as blood; Your teeth are likeA sapphire shines as blue as stars;heaven;A flint lies in the mud. they come out atA diamond is a brilliant stone, night.To catch the worlds desire; They come back atAn opal holds a fiery spark; dawnBut a flint holds a fire. when theyre ready • Christina Rossetti to bite. 1830-1894 by Denise Rodgers
  32. 32. Text says… This means… The author used this device to…
  33. 33. Additional Author’s CraftStrategies• Voice• Descriptive Language and Detail• Strong Verbs• Powerful Leads• Authentic Examples or True Stories• Use of Effective Transitions• Integrating diagrams, charts, and tables with text• Identify the author’s purpose – persuade, entertain, inform
  34. 34. Patterns• Readers select, apply, and self-monitor their use of strategies in order to comprehend all types of texts.• What stays the same and what changes when I read different types of text?• Genres have different organizational features that hook, hold, and inform the reader.• How do readers determine the most important information given to them by the author?
  35. 35. GenresTraits for all Fiction:1. Characters – people or things such as animals2. Setting – real or invented3. Problem/Solution4. Events5. Theme/Author’s message Setting Characters Fantasy Imaginary Animals act like people Time is any time Characters can have special powers or no time Time travel is possible
  36. 36. Story Author’s Craft Tall Tale Story is usually tied to a Hyperboles group of people or Similes culture Metaphors The plot of the story is funny to show meaning and often exaggeratedFable Characters OtherFictional Story Main character is usually an Has a moral animal with human traits
  37. 37. R F Storye i Made up ora c imaginedl ti i Stories involves o people and situations sett n in a time or placei that does or couldc exist
  38. 38. Folklore is a collection of fictional tales aboutpeople and/or animals.Superstitions and unfounded beliefs are importantelements in the folklore tradition.
  39. 39. Elements Characterization Characters are ordinary real people who could have lived in the historical setting Characters are usually shaped by the setting Characters usually change as a result of the problem and must to be able to resolve itHistorical Fiction Setting Place is a particular historical geographical location Time is a particular historical period Plot Must be plausible and believable Usually problem or puzzling event as a result of the time or place in history for characters to resolve Reader/listener usually feel that the story really happened or could have happened Theme Life themes as well as good versus bad/evil
  40. 40. Elements Characters Suspects are characters who may have caused the problem the mystery is trying to solve. Detectives or investigators try to solve the mystery. Plot The plot is the story of the mystery. Usually there is: • A problem or puzzle to solve • Something that is missingMystery • A secret • An event that is not explained Clues Clues are hints that help the detectives and reader solve the mystery. They can be things people say or do or objects that are found. Most mystery plots use suspense. This means that the reader does not know the solution while he or she is reading the mystery. Distractions Distractions are things that lead an investigator off the path, including clues that do not add up to a solution but make the search longer.
  41. 41. Elements Advanced Technology like an alien or computer Future time setting – may even be in the past Has an alternate setting such as another planet Characters are aliens – humans may be on an alien planetScience Fiction Characters have strange powers Science is important Good verses evil Problem and Solution
  42. 42. Poetry Organization ElementsCreates an emotional Verse Rhyme Schemeresponse Stanza Rhythm Mood Symbolism Theme Imagery
  43. 43. Nonfiction Format Interesting, inviting to the reader Index Glossary Table of Contents Size of book, magazine, newspaper Photographs Vocabulary Title Subtitles Enumeration Time order Cause and effect Compare/Contrast Labels Maps Charts Graphs Captions
  44. 44. Contents Accurate Timely Includes excellent details to support the main idea Organized presentation of informationCharacters Real True-to-Life experiencesAuthor’s InformPurpose PersuadeThemeAuthor’sMessage
  45. 45. Author’s Purpose: The author’s intent either to inform orteach someone about something, to entertain people, or topersuade or convince their audience to do or not dosomething.Autobiography: The story of a person’s life written by himselfor herself. Usually written to share the author’s life lessonshe/she learned.Biography: The story of a person’s life written by someoneother than the subject of the work.
  46. 46. Vocabulary• How is specific vocabulary placed in texts to capture the reader’s attention and keep them reading?• What helps a reader understand words and phrases in a text?
  47. 47. Fluency• Fluent reading• Accuracy• Stamina• Prosody

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