Slavery In America by Rachel Cooperrider

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Slavery In America by Rachel Cooperrider

  1. 1. Slavery in America (1700-1770) Rachel Cooperrider
  2. 2. Why Slavery? <ul><li>To meet labor needs
  3. 3. Indentured servants no longer reliable
  4. 4. The establishment of the Royal African Company in 1672 </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Capture <ul><li>Bartering with African kingdom
  6. 6. Kidnapping
  7. 7. Journey back to the coast would take up to two months
  8. 8. Branding slaves before travel </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Journey to America <ul><li>The “middle passage”
  10. 10. Kept below deck with no fresh air
  11. 11. Threw sick slaves overboard
  12. 12. More than 1 in 4 captives died along the way </li></ul>
  13. 13. New Life in America <ul><li>Auctioned off in public squares
  14. 14. Inspection of teeth, underarms and genitals
  15. 15. Young men and women most valuable
  16. 16. Total journey from Africa to New World plantation took six months </li></ul>
  17. 17. Plantation Life <ul><li>Preserved several African traditions
  18. 18. Family life unpredictable
  19. 19. Slaves outnumbered colonists in South </li></ul>
  20. 20. Life in New England <ul><li>3% of population was African
  21. 21. Worked as field hands, on small farms, as house servants, or skilled artisans </li></ul>Life in Middle Colonies <ul><li>18% of population
  22. 22. Worked on small farms or in the cities </li></ul>
  23. 23. Racism <ul><li>Used as a legal device to maintain control as population grows
  24. 24. Interracial marriage is forbidden
  25. 25. Marriage and literacy outlawed
  26. 26. Overtime free blacks lost right to employ, hold office, bear arms, strike </li></ul>
  27. 27. Rebellion and Resistance <ul><li>Limited open resistance
  28. 28. Run away to swamps and mountains
  29. 29. Georgia set up to prevent runaways
  30. 30. Native Americans were given bounties for runaway slaves </li></ul>
  31. 31. Stono Rebellion <ul><li>Stono, South Carolina in 1739
  32. 32. Group of slaves stole firearms
  33. 33. Plan to go to Spanish Florida
  34. 34. Marched from house to house murdering slave owners and families
  35. 35. After 30 miles, the group was met by militias </li></ul>
  36. 36. In Response to Stono <ul><li>Negro Act </li><ul><li>S.C. State law forbidding slaves to grow their own food, assemble in groups, and learn to read </li></ul><li>Resulted in more legal action for slaves </li></ul>
  37. 37. The Growing Slave Population <ul><li>2,000 slaves brought over a year
  38. 38. Between 1680 and 1700 the transportation of slaves on an English ship rose from 5,000 to 20,000
  39. 39. By 1750, African Americans were 4/5ths of the population
  40. 40. In 1755, 80% of black population was mixed racial
  41. 41. 95% of colonial African slaves remained slaves for life </li></ul>
  42. 42. Slaves During the Revolutionary War <ul><li>Slaves gained freedom by joining state militias
  43. 43. Those who fought on American side were in the line of fire
  44. 44. Those who fought on British side were doing manual labor </li></ul>
  45. 45. Freed Slaves <ul><li>By 1770, there was around 40,000 free black slaves in the colonies </li><ul><li>Included runaways and black immigrants from West Indies </li></ul><li>Had certain social, economic, and legal restrictions
  46. 46. Status was one of uncertainty </li></ul>
  47. 47. Results of Slavery <ul><li>As population grew, so did restrictions
  48. 48. More racism
  49. 49. Caste-like system of segregation
  50. 50. Economic expansion </li></ul>
  51. 51. Bibliography <ul><li>Schultz, Kevin M. &quot;Expansion and Control, 1700-1763.&quot; Hist. Boston, MA: Wadsworth / Cengage Learning, 2012. 59-79. Print.
  52. 52. Google Images </li></ul>

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