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Alternative and complementary system of health and therapies

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Alternative and complementary system of health and therapies

  1. 1. WELCOME
  2. 2. ALTERNATIVE AND COMPLEMENTARY SYSTEM IN HEALTH AND THERAPIES Presented by : Ms. Aruna Rachel. A Msc.(N) 1st Year
  3. 3. Introduction • Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) includes various healing process and therapies that originate from around that are not based on conventional western medicines , these therapies are called alternative medicines when they are used with conventional medicine.
  4. 4. Terminologies • HOLISM: The idea that the whole of the sick person including their body , mind and way of life , should be considered when treating them , and not the just the symptom of the diseases. • HUMANISM: A system of thought that considers the solving of human problems with the help of religious beliefs, it emphasizes the fact that basic nature of human is good . • BALANCE : A Situation in which different things exist in equal , correct or good amount. • ENERGY : The ability to put effort and enthusiasm into an activity , work etc. • HEALING : The process of returning to normal function after a period of disease or injury.
  5. 5. DEFINITIONS • Alternative medicine: Health as a balance body systems physical , emotional and spiritual environment involving the whole patient approach to holistic. • Complementary medicine: complementary and alternative medicine is a group of diverse medical and health care system, practices and products that are not generally considered part of conventional medicine.
  6. 6. Types of complementary and alternative medicines Alternative medical systems Biologically based treatments Mind body techniques Manipulative and body based methods Energy therapies
  7. 7. Alternative medical systems Ayurveda siddha Unani & TibbiHomeopathy Naturopathy
  8. 8. Alternative medical systems AYURVEDA is a system of healing based on homeopathy and naturopathy, with an extensive use of herbs.
  9. 9. • In Sanskrit , word ayurveda consists of the word ayes meaning life and veda meaning related to knowledge or science. • The aim is to remove the cause of disorders, prevent illness and harmonize body, mind and consciousness. Ayurveda aids is maintaing good health, increasing longevity and overall quality of life. Examples: • Terminalia arjuna • Black pepper And long pepper are combined with ginger
  10. 10. Siddha
  11. 11. Siddha • The siddha is a form of south indian tamil traditional medicine , the system is believed to be developed by the 9nath and 84 siddhas in the north and 18 siddhas in the south called siddhar. • Siddharas were the concept that a healthy body, the treatment in siddha medicines in aimed at keeping the three humours in equilibrium and maintenance of seven elements it is assumed that when the normal equilibrium of three humours vatha, pitha & kapha is distributed disease caused.
  12. 12. Unani and tibbi
  13. 13. Unani and tibbi • As an alternative form of medicine unani has found in favour in asia, especially in india. Unani they are considered to earth be a fire, water and in the human body. • The theory postulates the presence in the human body of phelgm , blood, yellow bile and black bile, its imbalance can result in disease.
  14. 14. Homeopathy
  15. 15. Homeopathy • It is a therapy based on the concept that disease can be treated with drugs (minute dose) . • Homeopathy developed is based on the principles that cures like, a substance that when it is given in minute doses.
  16. 16. NATUROPATHY Nutrition and Dietetic Fasting Structural Adjustment Hydrotherapy Healthy life style Education
  17. 17. Biologically based treatments • Herbal medicine: has always attracted some interest many well known drugs are plant dervied. • Eg; digoxin from foxglows and morphine from poppies • Nutritional therapy: antioxidant are also nutritional supplements which can remove free radicals from human body so as to prevent severe diseases like cancers
  18. 18. Mind Body Technique Meditations: In meditation people regulate their attention or systematically focus on particular aspects of inner or experience Relaxation technique : practice to relieve tension and strain . The specific techniques are aimed to reducing activity of the nervous that control the stress response. Guided imagery : imagnery involves the Use of mental images to promote relaxation and wellness , reduce pain or facilitate healing.
  19. 19. Hypnotherapy : in hypnotherapy people are guided into an advanced state of relaxation and heightened attention. It helpful many conditions in psychological factors can influcens phsical symptoms like phobia, asthma, headache HighBP
  20. 20. Qigong & tai chi • Chinese of exercise to keep the body mind healthy by doing daily exercises
  21. 21. Manipulative and body based methods • Yoga: The fundamental idea behind the practicte of yoga is to unite the individual self (jiva) with a supreme or pure consciousness (brahma) factual of yoga is Unification. – Physical posture – Breathing technique – Relaxation technique
  22. 22. BENEFITS OF YOGA
  23. 23. Chiropractice • It is useful in treating low back pain damage to cervical nerves damage. • Tai chi : It has been recently considered as an alternative method for blood pressure level
  24. 24. Energy therapies • Massage therapy: body tissues are manipulated promote wellness reducue pain and stress.
  25. 25. Energy therapies • Acupuncture: A therapy of chinese medicine which is accepted by world. inserting a needle underlying tissue , the procedure is not painful but cause tingling sensation.
  26. 26. Reflexology • Variant of massage therapy relies on manual pressure applied to a specific area of the foot.
  27. 27. Hand mediated bio field therapy • Therapeutic touch (TT) is a mostly secular variant of faith healing, started by dolarse Krieger in the early 1970’s.
  28. 28. OTHER THERAPIES
  29. 29. Widely used therapies • Bio electro magnetic therapy • Photo energy therapy • Detoxification therapy: in involves in the removal of toxic substances. – Detoxification therapy treatment: – X-ray taken blood samples – Colonic irrigation •
  30. 30. • Nutritional supplements • Benefits of detoxification • Avoid detoxification therapy • Animal assisted therapy • Horticultural therapy
  31. 31. Latest advancements in alternative therapies • Ozone therapy • Art therapy • Play therapy • Drum therapy
  32. 32. Conclusion • A lot of research is being done in this field and new drugs for treating more illness are being explore the side effects and resistance allopathy. Drug is becoming a human concern so people are turning to alternative approach, so the prospects of alternative approach is bright.
  33. 33. Bibliography • Shebeer . P. Basheer S. Yaseen “ A concise text book of advanced nursing practice,” first edition 2012 published by Emmess Medical publishers. Pg. no- 661-675 • Bawn M.M, Bergstorm, N.langston. N.F & Thomas.Z (1988). Physiological effects of human companion animal bonding, nursing research pg.no 126-130. • Nightingale F (1860) Notes on nursing new york Doves 1969
  34. 34. • Maraiah synder, Ruth lindquist, complementary/ Alternative therapies in nursing, 5th edition 2006 springer publishing company, newyork pg no 3-56 • Wright S.M(1987) The use of therapeutic touch in the management of pain nursing clinics of north America (22) 705-714 • Smith M.J (1972) paranormal effects on enzyme activity. Human dimension 1,12-15
  35. 35. • Anne. M.Barker. Advanced practice nursing first edition 2010. Baitut publisher 486-487 • http//. www. Alternative therapies.com • http//. www. Alternative and complementary medicines therapies. com

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