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10.28.16 Licensing Your Research Data


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Issues to consider when moving beyond just making research data "available"--and actually licensing your research data. Why, when, and how should you license your research data?

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10.28.16 Licensing Your Research Data

  1. 1. Rachael G. Samberg 28 Oct. 2016
  2. 2. Courtesy CBS Television Distribution
  3. 3. •  Transparency •  Funder mandates •  Increase scholarly impact •  Downstream innovation •  Support the commons
  4. 4. Culprit Courtesy DGWildlife, vicious-squirrel-attacks-8-people-california-article-1.2454989
  5. 5. •  What agreements did you enter into? •  Employment agreements / works for hire •  UC Berkeley: © policies plus Academic Personnel Manual •  Grant terms / sponsored projects By Crisco 1492, CC-BY 2.0
  6. 6. •  How did you create the data? •  Licensed database? •  Website or repository? •  Other researchers’ work? •  Interviews & observations? By Nickomargolies, CC BY 2.5 I’m not as cute as I look
  7. 7. • Contracts •  EULAs / terms of use •  Employment contracts •  Funding agreements
  8. 8. • Copyright •  Exclusive rights, limited period of time •  Not facts/ideas, but not all facets of data sets “pure” facts
  9. 9. • Trade secrets •  Info derives $ value from not being generally known •  Must be subject to reasonable protection measures
  10. 10. • Privacy •  Core principal of ethical research and law of many countries •  Precautions to anonymize or protect enough to license reuse?
  11. 11. • “Sui generis” database rights (EU and South Korea) •  Property right rewarding effort in obtaining data •  Non-commercial exception •  An EU/SK-created database, used in EU/SK
  12. 12. • International variations • Separate issue of embargoes for future patents
  13. 13. • Protects of ideas, themselves. But… •  Facts vs. compilations •  Expressive & qualitative data •  (Thin) layers of protection for databases •  Expressive data •  Organizational structures •  Descriptive metadata
  14. 14. CC0 (Waiver) Public Domain (Label) CC-BY (License)
  15. 15. • Avoid ambiguity •  or if you can can à confusion •  License doesn’t cover facts, so what’s protected? •  Even CC-By doesn’t require attribution for non-© facts •  Scholarly norms suggest attribution regardless
  16. 16. Sample Repository Terms •  DataONE Dash = released to public domain under CC waiver (CC0) •  UC Dash = released under CC attribution license (CC-By)
  17. 17. Or, contact the RDM Consulting team at:
  18. 18. BioMed Central (2016). Policies – Open Data. Available at Briney, K., Goben, A., & Zilinski, L. (2015) Do you have an institutional data policy? A review of the current landscape of library data services and institituional data policies. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication, 3(2), eP1232, Carroll, M.W. (2015). Sharing research data and intellectual property law: A primer. PLOS Biol, 13(8): e1002235. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbiol.1002235. Fortney, K. (2016, Sep 8). Who ‘owns’ your data? Office of Scholarly Communication Blog, available at Fortney, K. (2016, Sep 15). CC By & data: Not always a good fit. Office of Scholarly Communication Blog, available at Levine, M. (2014). Copyright, open data, and the availability-usability gap, in Research Data Management: Practical Strategies for Information Professionals (J.M. Ray, ed.), Purdue, In.: Purdue University Press. Nimmer et al. (2015). Nimmer on Copyright, 8-4, Section 102. Open Knowledge Foundation (n.d.) Why open data? Available at RDA-CODATA Legal Interoperability Interest Group (2016 Oct 20). Legal interoperability of research data: Principles and implementation guidelines. Available at Smith M. (2014). Data governance: Where technology and policy collide, in Research Data Management: Practical Strategies for Information Professionals (J.M. Ray, ed.), Purdue, In.: Purdue University Press.