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10.24.16 Copyright & Publishing Your Dissertation


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Workshop for PhD students introducing workflow for answering copyright and other legal questions as they prepare to publish their dissertations open access.

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10.24.16 Copyright & Publishing Your Dissertation

  1. 1. Copyright & Your Dissertation 24Oct2016 Rachael G. Samberg
  2. 2. Using content by or about other people? By Rachael G. Samberg
  3. 3. What’s the difference from the last slide? By Jojo V (Own work), CC BY-SA 4.0, available at
  4. 4. Non-Copyright Legal Questions —  Agreements with archives, privacy, etc.
  5. 5. Decisions as you submit (publish) online •  You own ©. Meaning? •  Should you register it? •  Do you need an embargo? •  Should you license your work?
  6. 6. The Workflow Questions?
  7. 7. What is copyright? Exclusive rights to certain uses for limited period of time
  8. 8. The Copyright Act: Reward of Exclusive Rights… —  Reproduction —  Derivative works —  Distribution —  Public performance —  Public display —  Public performance of sound recordings via digital audio transmission By Rachael G. Samberg
  9. 9. …for Limited Periods of Time —  Varies but at least author’s life + 70 years Within “protected” period, author’s permission needed to reproduce, display, perform, etc.
  10. 10. A Few Other © Prerequisites —  Must be authored, original, and fixed By Rachael G. Samberg —  Protects expressions, not ideas or facts Ghana’s GDP Ghana Statistical Service, “Gross Domestic Product 2016,” http://
  11. 11. Copyright & Underlying Work By Rachael G. Samberg
  12. 12. Works in Public Domain Not Protected Works by U.S. Federal Government Works whose copyright term has expired File:Britannica_Shakespeare_Droeshout_Engraving.jpg to-mars-next-steps-20151008_508.pdf
  13. 13. Statutory Exemptions —  Allow you to undertake exclusive rights: ¡ Without obtaining permission ¡ Without payment of license fee
  14. 14. Statutory Exemption: Fair Use 1. Purpose & character of use (commercial purposes less likely fair than nonprofit educational; whether use is “transformative” often dominates) 2. Nature of copyrighted work (more likely fair if you’re using factual/ scholarly work) 3. Amount and substantiality (size & importance of portion used in relation to whole) 4. Effect upon potential market (less likely fair if use is substitute for purchasing original) By Rachael G. Samberg
  15. 15. Is use fair? —  All four factors must be evaluated —  No statutory 10% rule —  Always fair to link, rather than include copy By Rachael G. Samberg
  16. 16. Still in ©, and beyond fair use? —  You need permission (license) —  Can be “pre-fab,” applied in advance by the author
  17. 17. How to apply all this when writing? USE WORKFLOW FOR EACH WORK YOU’RE USING CREATED BY SOMEONE ELSE
  18. 18. STEP 1: Do you need permission? Ø Has a license already been granted? Ø Is the work in the public domain? Ø Would publishing the content be fair use? If YES to any, skip to STEP 3.
  19. 19. Applying Step 1 2011 Don Quixote translation By Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra (Author), Tom Lathrop (Translator), Penguin Classics
  20. 20. Applying Step 1 By Aphelpsmd - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0,
  21. 21. STEP 2: Seek permission if needed Ø Research who holds copyright & send request. Ø Keep records for your files. Ø Ensure permission covers all intended uses. Ø Plan ahead.
  22. 22. Sample Permission Procedures
  23. 23. Finding Rights Holders
  24. 24. Sample Permission Request
  25. 25. STEP 3: Address non- © policy concerns Ø Concerns about rights of privacy or publicity? Ø Contractual limita7ons with archives or library special collec7ons?
  26. 26. Rights of Privacy —  Copyright protects copyright holders' property rights —  Privacy protects people who are subjects of works —  Expire at death —  Newsworthiness and permission are defenses
  27. 27. Rights of Publicity —  Right to control commercial use of identity —  Survive death —  Usually applicable only if commercial use
  28. 28. Contractual Limitations
  29. 29. STEP 4: Address publica.on issues Ø Should you register your copyright? Ø Can you publish open access immediately? Ø Need an embargo due to patent, privacy, etc.? Ø Do you want to license the use of your work?
  30. 30. By Rachael G. Samberg
  31. 31. Get Help
  32. 32. Check out the FAQs
  33. 33. rsamberg
  34. 34. Survey, pretty please!