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08.03.17 licensing research data for reuse


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This interactive workshop with exercises offers a comprehensive workflow for addressing copyright, contract, and other policy questions that arise when considering how and whether to license research data for reuse.

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08.03.17 licensing research data for reuse

  1. 1. Licensing Research Data for Reuse Rachael G. Samberg, JD, MLIS
  2. 2. Framing Problems Legal interoperability of research data: Principles and implementation guidelines. RDA-CODATA, 2016 An individual researcher may produce original data, but the rights are controlled by the employing institution. A researcher may combine many data sources, but one or more of those data sources have restrictions placed on them…and make the derivative dataset subject to the restrictions of the most restrictive data source.
  3. 3. We’ll Discuss ▪ Do we own our data? Can we share it? ▪ What can we use & publish from other people? ▪ How do we license our data for use by others? ▪ A workflow for answering these questions
  4. 4. Data Publishing vs. Data Licensing
  5. 5. Data Publishing
  6. 6. Data Licensing
  7. 7. “ Can’t I just cite data I’m using, or can’t someone just cite mine?
  8. 8. Attribution License Dan4thNicholas, CC-BY, Sakaki0214, CC-BY-NC-ND,
  9. 9. Why do we license?
  10. 10. ▪ Funder mandates ▪ Transparency & reproducibility ▪ Increase scholarly impact ▪ Downstream innovation ▪ Support the commons
  11. 11. The Licensing Workflow 1 2 3 What do we own? Where are we? Other policy concerns 4 Choose one (if you can)
  12. 12. 1. What do we own? 1
  13. 13. 1a. Copyright
  14. 14. Exclusive rights to make certain uses for limited period of time What is copyright?
  15. 15. Reward of Exclusive Rights ▪ Reproduction ▪ Derivative works ▪ Distribution ▪ Public performance ▪ Public display
  16. 16. …for limited periods of time Varies, but at least author’s life + 70 years Within “protected” period, author’s permission needed to reproduce, display, perform, etc.
  17. 17. A Few Other © Prerequisites Protects expressions, not ideas or facts Must be original, authored, and fixed By Rachael G. Samberg 74.3 × 94.3 cm
  18. 18. Works in Public Domain File:Britannica_Shakespeare_Droeshout_Engraving.jpg Works whose © has expiredWorks by U.S. Federal gov’t USGS, Brook Trout Occurrence in Acadia National Park
  19. 19. Limitations on Copyright ▪ Statutory exemptions ▫ Allow you to undertake exclusive rights ▸ without obtaining permission ▸ without payment of license fee
  20. 20. Statutory Exemption: Fair Use 1. Purpose & character of use (commercial purposes less likely fair than nonprofit educational; whether use is “transformative” often dominates) 2. Nature of copyrighted work (more likely fair if you’re using factual/ scholarly work) 3. Amount and substantiality (size & importance of portion used in relation to whole) 4. Effect on potential market (less likely fair if use is substitute for purchasing original)By Rachael G. Samberg
  21. 21. How copyright plays out for data ▪ Facts vs. compilations of facts ▪ Quantitative vs. qualitative data ▪ (Thin) layers of protection for databases ▫ Expressive data ▫ Organizational structures ▫ Descriptive metadata
  22. 22. 1b. What agreements have we entered into?
  23. 23. Role at institution Students vs. faculty vs. staff Employment agreements / works for hire Sponsored projects / grants
  24. 24. University of California
  25. 25. Source of Data Website or repository terms of use Database license agreement signed by institution Permission from other researchers
  26. 26. PubMed Central
  27. 27. 2. Where are we? 2
  28. 28. “Sui generis” database rights EU and S. Korea ▫  Property right rewarding effort in obtaining data ▫  Non-commercial exception ▫  An EU/SK-created database, used in EU/SK
  29. 29. 3. Other policy concerns 3
  30. 30. 3a. Personal Privacy & Confidential Information
  31. 31. 3b. Endangered Species By Ikiwaner - Own work, GFDL 1.2, https:// curid=8132599
  32. 32. 3c. Traditional Knowledge & Cultural Resources 2014/10/ayurveda1-2.jpg
  33. 33. 3d. Embargoes
  34. 34. 4. Choosing Licenses 4
  35. 35. CC0 (Waiver) Public Domain (Label) CC-BY (License) Use Standard Licenses Open Data Commons Creative Commons
  36. 36. Choosing Tips ▪ Avoid ambiguity or if you can can cause confusion ▪ Remember attribution vs. license distinction Scholarly norms suggest attribution, so you’re not “losing out” by going with CC0 instead
  37. 37. Sample Repository Terms ▪ DataONE Dash = released to public domain under CC waiver (CC0) ▪ UC Dash = released under CC attribution license (CC-By)
  38. 38. Exercise
  39. 39. Thanks! !! More publishing/lifecycle/your-data
  40. 40. Sources BioMed Central (2016). Policies – Open Data. Available at Briney, K., Goben, A., & Zilinski, L. (2015) Do you have an institutional data policy? A review of the current landscape of library data services and institutional data policies. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication, 3(2), eP1232, Carroll, M.W. (2015). Sharing research data and intellectual property law: A primer. PLOS Biol, 13(8): e1002235. doi: 10.1371/ journal.pbiol.1002235. Fortney, K. (2016, Sep 8). Who ‘owns’ your data? Office of Scholarly Communication Blog, available at Fortney, K. (2016, Sep 15). CC By & data: Not always a good fit. Office of Scholarly Communication Blog, available at Levine, M. (2014). Copyright, open data, and the availability-usability gap, in Research Data Management: Practical Strategies for Information Professionals (J.M. Ray, ed.), Purdue, In.: Purdue University Press. Nimmer et al. (2015). Nimmer on Copyright, 8-4, Section 102. Open Data Commons (n.d.) Public domain dedication and license. Available at Open Knowledge Foundation (n.d.) Why open data? Available at RDA-CODATA Legal Interoperability Interest Group (2016 Oct 20). Legal interoperability of research data: Principles and implementation guidelines. Available at Smith M. (2014). Data governance: Where technology and policy collide, in Research Data Management: Practical Strategies for Information Professionals (J.M. Ray, ed.), Purdue, In.: Purdue University Press.