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02.16.17 Licensing Your Research Data for Reuse


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Presentation on how, when, and why to license your research data for reuse by others. Addresses copyright, contractual, and other considerations when choosing between and applying licenses.

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02.16.17 Licensing Your Research Data for Reuse

  1. 1. Licensing Research Data for Reuse Rachael G. Samberg Scholarly Communica5on Officer dirkcuys, CC-BY-SA, h2ps://
  2. 2. Data Publishing h2ps://
  3. 3. Data Licensing Rachael G. Samberg, CC-BY-NC-SA
  4. 4. A9ribu5on License Dan4thNicholas, CC-BY, h2ps:// Sakaki0214, CC-BY-NC-ND, h2ps://
  5. 5. Why should we ever license data? Licensed iStock illustraUon 495294038
  6. 6. •  Transparency •  Funder mandates •  Increase scholarly impact •  Downstream innovaUon •  The commons Licensing supports…
  7. 7. •  What agreements did you enter into? –  Student vs. Faculty –  Employment agreements / works for hire •  UC Berkeley: © policies plus Academic Personnel Manual –  Grant terms / sponsored projects –  Website / database terms of use –  License from other researcher What can you license?
  8. 8. •  How does copyright affect licensing rights? – What is copyright? • Exclusive rights, limited period of Ume • Protects expression and not facts/ideas. No “sweat of the brow” reward. • But not all facets of data sets are “pure” facts. What can you license?
  9. 9. –  Facts vs. compilaUons –  Expressive & qualitaUve data –  (Thin) layers of protecUon for databases •  Expressive data •  OrganizaUonal structures •  DescripUve metadata How copyright plays out for data…
  10. 10. •  “Sui generis” database rights (EU and S. Korea) – Property right rewarding effort in obtaining data – Non-commercial excepUon – An EU/SK-created database, used in EU/SK Other issues to consider
  11. 11. •  Trade secrets – Info derives $ value from not being generally known – Must be subject to reasonable protecUon measures •  Privacy – Core principal of ethical research and law of many countries – PrecauUons to anonymize or protect enough to license reuse? Other issues to consider
  12. 12. By H. Zell - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, In Context: Crepidula Fornicata Larval Development
  13. 13. BioData Retrieval Invertebrate Results Data Set Description, Example: Licensing Federally-Funded Data Agreement with publisher BioMed Central journals means: CC0 waiver for all published data. Funder agreement with NIH means: Author chooses license but must be open
  14. 14. By Glenda Green (Own work) [CC BY 3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons Example: Licensing Non-Fed-Funded Data
  15. 15. Rachael G. Samberg, CC-BY-NC-SA How to License Your Data h2ps://, CC0
  16. 16. CC0 (Waiver) Public Domain (Label) CC-BY (License) Sample Op5ons
  17. 17. •  Avoid ambiguity or if you can can à confusion •  License doesn’t cover facts, so what’s protected? •  Even CC-By doesn’t require a2ribuUon for non-© facts, so what are you gaining? •  Scholarly norms suggest a2ribuUon, so you’re not “losing out” by going with CC0 instead Choosing
  18. 18. •  DataONE Dash = released to public domain under CC waiver (CC0) •  UC Dash = released under CC a2ribuUon license (CC-By) Sample Repository Terms
  19. 19. Or, contact the RDM ConsulUng team at: Talk it through
  20. 20. BioMed Central (2016). Policies – Open Data. Available at h2ps:// Briney, K., Goben, A., & Zilinski, L. (2015) Do you have an insUtuUonal data policy? A review of the current landscape of library data services and insUUtuional data policies. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communica;on, 3(2), eP1232, h2p:// Carroll, M.W. (2015). Sharing research data and intellectual property law: A primer. PLOS Biol, 13(8): e1002235. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbiol.1002235. Fortney, K. (2016, Sep 8). Who ‘owns’ your data? Office of Scholarly Communica;on Blog, available at h2p:// Fortney, K. (2016, Sep 15). CC By & data: Not always a good fit. Office of Scholarly Communica;on Blog, available at h2p:// Levine, M. (2014). Copyright, open data, and the availability-usability gap, in Research Data Management: Prac;cal Strategies for Informa;on Professionals (J.M. Ray, ed.), Purdue, In.: Purdue University Press. Nimmer et al. (2015). Nimmer on Copyright, 8-4, SecUon 102. Open Knowledge FoundaUon (n.d.) Why open data? Available at h2ps:// Pechenik, J, & Tyrell, A. (2015). Larval diet alters larval growth rates and post-metamorphic performance in the marine gastropod Crepidula fornicata, Marine Biology, 162:1597-1610. RDA-CODATA Legal Interoperability Interest Group (2016 Oct 20). Legal interoperability of research data: Principles and implementaUon guidelines. Available at h2ps:// Smith M. (2014). Data governance: Where technology and policy collide, in Research Data Management: Prac;cal Strategies for Informa;on Professionals (J.M. Ray, ed.), Purdue, In.: Purdue University Press. Sources