Gender/LGBT Issues presentation update 2


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Two sections out of four. DRWG 206 - Social Issues presentation.

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Gender/LGBT Issues presentation update 2

  1. 1. Domestic Violence
  2. 2. Key Elements <ul><li>Domestic abuse, also known as spousal abuse, occurs when one person in an intimate relationship or marriage tries to dominate and control the other person. Domestic abuse that includes physical violence is called domestic violence. </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic violence and abuse are used for one purpose and one purpose only: to gain and maintain total control over you. An abuser doesn’t “play fair.” Abusers use fear, guilt, shame, and intimidation to wear you down and keep you under their thumb. Your abuser may also threaten you, hurt you, or hurt those around you. </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic violence and abuse do not discriminate. It happens among heterosexual couples and in same-sex partnerships. It occurs within all age ranges, ethnic backgrounds, and financial levels. And while women are more commonly victimized, men are also abused—especially verbally and emotionally. </li></ul><ul><li>-Domestic abuse often escalates from threats and verbal abuse to physical violence and even murder. And while physical injury may be the most obvious danger, the emotional and psychological consequences of domestic abuse are also severe </li></ul>
  3. 3. Theories <ul><li>1. Men who battered women were mentally ill and that women who remained in violent relationships were also mentally ill. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Men battered because they learned this behaviour in their families. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Women suffered from a &quot;learned helplessness&quot; as a result of repeated battering, which prevented them from resisting the violence or leaving the relationship </li></ul><ul><li>4. Batterers follow a &quot;cycle of violence&quot; with intermittent violent and repentant episodes. </li></ul>
  4. 4. History <ul><li>During the 1960s, the women's liberation movement began drawing attention to violence committed against women, and the battered women's movement began to form. </li></ul><ul><li>At its core was the outrage of women who argued that individual cases of violence against women in the home added up to an enormous and unacceptable social problem. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of the 1970s, statistics proved that isolated cases of abuse were part of a shocking national problem. Victims became more visible; so, too, did the inadequacy of society's response. The battered women's movement emerged. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Domestic Violence in Canada-Power Dynamic <ul><li>Men vs Women </li></ul><ul><li>Estimates show that 248 of every 1,000 females and 76 of every 1,000 males are victims of physical assault and/or rape committed by their spouses. </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian research suggests 51% of women experience at least one episode of violence after the age of 16 </li></ul><ul><li>A 1999 survey reported that 8% of women married or in common-law unions had experienced violence from their partners within the previous 5 years and were abused more severely and repeatedly than men </li></ul><ul><li>Spousal violence makes up the single largest category of convictions involving violent offences in non-specialized adult courts in Canada over the five-year period 1997/98 to 2001/02. Over 90% of offenders were male. </li></ul><ul><li>Women are more likely to suffer abuse during pregnancy and following childbirth, following relationship termination, during partner intoxication, and following other stressful life events </li></ul><ul><li>One to two women are murdered by a current or former partner each week in Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical and sexual abuse costs Canada over $4 billion each year (factoring into account social services, criminal justice, lost employment days and health care interventions). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who are the stakeholders? <ul><li>Correctional Service of Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Correctional Programs National Family Violence Prevention Programs </li></ul><ul><li>The Correctional Service of Canada's (CSC) National Family Violence Prevention Programs are primarily focused on male offenders who have been abusive in their intimate relationships with female partners or ex-partners. </li></ul><ul><li>Two programs are delivered nationally; the High Intensity Family Violence Prevention Program (HIFVPP) and the Moderate Intensity Family Violence Prevention Program (MIFVPP). </li></ul><ul><li>Offenders are referred to the programs based on their risk level and demonstrated pattern of violence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Predictions for the future? <ul><li>Domestic violence is becoming less tolerated throughout Canada is taking action and emphasizing more prevention programs Evaluation of the High and Moderate Intensity Family Violence Prevention Programs </li></ul><ul><li>In 2004, the BC Institute against Family Violence conducted a comprehensive two-year evaluation of the Moderate and High Intensity Family Violence Prevention Programs. </li></ul><ul><li>There were a number of converging indicators that the Moderate and High Intensity Family Violence Prevention Programs are achieving the goals of reducing violence and abusive attitudes/behaviors. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What are some possible solutions? <ul><li>Realizing what an abusive relationship is and seek help Do you? </li></ul><ul><li>• feel afraid of your partner much of the time? • avoid certain topics out of fear of angering your partner? • feel that you can’t do anything right for your partner? • believe that you deserve to be hurt or mistreated? • wonder if you’re the one who is crazy? • feel emotionally numb or helpless? </li></ul><ul><li>Does your partner? Does your partner: • have a bad and unpredictable temper? • hurt you, or threaten to hurt or kill you? • threaten to take your children away or harm them? • threaten to commit suicide if you leave? • force you to have sex? • destroy your belongings? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Different perspective-Women abusing Men <ul><li>Virtually all sociological data shows women initiate domestic violence as often as men, that women use weapons more than men, and that 38% of injured victims are men </li></ul><ul><li>3 common reasons why women abuse men: </li></ul><ul><li>1. My partner wasn't listening to me; </li></ul><ul><li>2. My partner wasn't being sensitive to my needs </li></ul><ul><li>3. I wished to gain my partner's attention. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Artists <ul><li>Krzysztof Wodiczko </li></ul><ul><li>(born 1943, Warsaw, Poland) has been creating site-specific slide and video projections both within galleries and using architectural facades and monuments as backdrops for nearly thirty years. </li></ul><ul><li>These politically-charged works of art, which have been shown in over a dozen countries around the world, speak to issues of human rights, democracy, violence, alienation, and inhumanity </li></ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Nan Goldin </li></ul><ul><li>Photographer These snapshot aesthetic images depict drug use, violent, aggressive couples and autobiographical moments. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 12. Movies <ul><li>Shout </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Follows the story of Sam, who lost his sister as a result of DV, as he discovers the realities of DV through personal interviews with survivors, politicians, DV advocates, and others affected by the issue on a regular basis. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Power and Control: Domestic Violence in America&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>http:// =7v2LmM_FO-U </li></ul><ul><li>is a new documentary film about domestic abuse. The film offers a probing and intimate exploration of the troubling persistence of violence against women in America. </li></ul><ul><li>Girl Traumatically Injured By Domestic Violence Yet Still Maintains a High Self Esteem </li></ul><ul><li>http:// =O6E7PYC7YnU part 1 http:// = PnXgWUYGKOM part2 http:// =YjYfeO8dNBY part 3 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Questions <ul><li>1. HOW DOES SOMEONE BECOME AN ABUSER? </li></ul><ul><li>2. WHY DON'T VICTIMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE JUST LEAVE? </li></ul>
  14. 14. LGBT: Progression of Rights
  15. 15. Stonewall Riots <ul><li>On June 27th, 1969, frequently considered the first moment in American history where the homosexual minority fought back against government policies, the Stonewall Riots were the beginnings of the gay rights movement. </li></ul><ul><li>They took place at the Stonewall Inn, a bar owned by the mafia. </li></ul><ul><li>Most establishments didn’t welcome out gay persons, and establishments that had openly gay patrons were usually bars. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Police raids on such bars were a common occurrence, but that night the patrons of Stonewall had had enough and they started a riot in the streets. This riot became the catalyst for many activist events, and within 6 months two LGBT activist groups were formed in New York – Gay Liberation Front and Gay Activists Alliance - and three newspapers were created to address the issues of the gay community – Gay, Gay Power and Come Out! </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>In June 28th, 1970, on Christopher Street Liberation Day, marked the first anniversary of the Stonewall Riots and was the location of the very first gay pride march. The following year Pride marches occurred in cities such as Boston, Dallas, London and Paris. The year after that even more cities began to participate in the marches. </li></ul>
  18. 18. White Night Riots <ul><li>A decade later, in San Francisco, 1979, the White Night riots occurred due to the lenient sentencing of Dan White, who murdered the San Francisco Mayor George Moscone and Harvey Milk and was convicted of voluntary manslaughter, the lightest possible conviction that he could have been granted for his actions. Due to long standing conflicts with the San Francisco Police, the gay community had even more issues with Dan White being a former police officer. Demonstrations began peacefully in the city’s Castro district, but after it arrived at city hall the march quickly became violent. </li></ul>Harvey Milk
  19. 19. <ul><li>After the riot had been broken up (with injury on both the SFPD’s side and the rioters), the SFPD began to raid gay bars in the Castro, making arrests and beating the patrons in police gear. Following that night, the gay rights leaders refused to apologize for property damage and other events that had occurred, this definite show of strength from the community led to a gain in political power and the re-election Dianne Feistein, mayor, who appointed a gay-friendly chief of police.. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Mathew Shepherd Act <ul><li>In October 7th, 1998, a student at Wyoming University, Mathew Shepherd was tortured and then brutally murdered. Shortly after midnight, outside of a lounge in Laramie, Wyoming, Mathew Shepherd accepted a ride in a car from two men, Aaron McKinney and Russell Henderson. Mathew admitted to being gay, and because of that he was then robbed; pistol whipped, tortured and then was tied to a fence in the countryside, left to die. He was discovered alive, but due to the extent of his injuries, he died in intensive care. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Based on the assumption that Mathew Shepherd was targeted due to his sexual orientation, the murder led to a new request on a change in legislation that would address hate crimes based of sexual orientation, which was not covered under United States federal law or Wyoming state law, as crimes regarding orientation were not prosecutable as hate crimes. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Despite these hostile attitudes, “justified” physical abuse and the murders the LGBT community endured at its infancy (and even now), the community has grown bolder and strong with the need to protect themselves legally and physically. Most recent in these victories, and unfortunately an achievement that came at the cost of Mathew Shepherd’s life and acknowledgement of the abuse that society frequently turns a blind eye towards, The Mathew Shepherd act was adopted as an amendment on July 15th, 2009 and was passed by the Senate on October 22nd, 2009 and was signed into law on October 28th. </li></ul><ul><li>This act is another step forward to protecting the rights of individuals who are abused on basis of sexual orientation and gender identity, but they have unfortunately have come at a cost. </li></ul>
  23. 23. LGBT Artists <ul><li>Felix Partz, AA Bronson, Jorge Zontal: Canadian collective, they comprised the group General Idea, 1987 – 1994 their work addressed AIDS. </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Fung, video artist whose work explores queer sexuality, protocolonialism and diaspora of family/ </li></ul><ul><li>Shawna Dempsey and Lorri Millan, performance artists who address lesbian and feminist themes . </li></ul><ul><li>General Idea: Test Tube </li></ul><ul><li>AA Bronson: General Idea </li></ul>