NLS Flood February 2009  Rab Jackson Preservation and Conservation Manager National Library of Scotland
NLS Flood <ul><li>Thursday 26 February at 6:30pm a flooding incident occurred </li></ul><ul><li>Fault with sprinkler pipe ...
<ul><li>Emergency Evacuation Plan was instigated </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Recovery Plan instigated to include protection...
Damage to Collections
<ul><li>Some 4000 books affected by the flood </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of manuscript items were laid out to dry </li></...
<ul><li>516 Items required conservation treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Boxing of collections protected items from flood </li>...
Drying methods <ul><li>Interleaving </li></ul><ul><li>Air drying  </li></ul><ul><li>Wind Tunnels  </li></ul><ul><li>Materi...
Damage to Building
<ul><li>Some 25,000 litres of water cascaded through the building </li></ul><ul><li>Water entered from level 12 and cascad...
Residual Moisture Investigation <ul><li>Consultant engaged to establish damage </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture mapping of affec...
Residual Moisture Investigation <ul><li>There was water damage from level 12 through to ground floor </li></ul><ul><li>Flo...
Residual Moisture Investigation <ul><li>High moisture levels could lead to potential problems of infestation by microorgan...
Recommendations <ul><li>Dry out masonry to acceptable levels </li></ul><ul><li>Use oil filled radiators and oscillating fa...
Recommendations <ul><li>Closely monitor flood damaged areas for mould infestation </li></ul><ul><li>Closely monitor enviro...
Discovery of Toxic Mould <ul><li>Toxic mould (Stachybotrys chartarum) </li></ul><ul><li>Confined to level 8 strongroom are...
Discovery of Toxic Mould <ul><li>Dr Singh recommended a specialist company expert in toxic mould removal to remediate the ...
Action taken <ul><li>Company established plan to remove the mould and reinstate the affected area </li></ul>
Risk assessment <ul><li>Toxic mould presented an obvious health risk which could only get greater if not treated </li></ul...
Action taken <ul><li>Fire retardant polythene enclosure constructed to encompass the areas of contamination </li></ul><ul>...
Action taken <ul><li>Operatives were required to wear specialist respiratory protective equipment providing organic and du...
Action taken <ul><li>All contaminated flooring and walls were removed and sprayed with the mould remover before being doub...
Action taken <ul><li>Once all mould contamination had been removed the area was then subject to two atmospheric decontamin...
What Cost? <ul><li>Equipment - £67K </li></ul><ul><li>Stock - £10K </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation staff time – 800 hours <...
What Cost? <ul><li>John Murray Archive Exhibition – closed for 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>JMA Remedial works - £25K </li><...
Lessons Confirmed <ul><li>Mss and rare books staff to assist – keeping items in order </li></ul><ul><li>More extension cab...
Lessons confirmed <ul><li>More staff training – setting up tables </li></ul><ul><li>Medical conditions of volunteer staff ...
Lessons Confirmed <ul><li>Boxing of collections proved invaluable </li></ul><ul><li>Facility to cover book shelves quickly...
Lessons Confirmed <ul><li>Protect collections in advance of building works </li></ul><ul><li>Staff and Fire Brigade tours ...
Lessons Confirmed <ul><li>Regular checks of disaster response supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Annual training on use of disaste...
Offers of assistance <ul><li>The National Archives of Scotland – took up the offer of two NAS conservators to assist with ...
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Ifla October 2009

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Ifla October 2009

  1. 1. NLS Flood February 2009 Rab Jackson Preservation and Conservation Manager National Library of Scotland
  2. 2. NLS Flood <ul><li>Thursday 26 February at 6:30pm a flooding incident occurred </li></ul><ul><li>Fault with sprinkler pipe in Reprographics room on Level 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Water from sprinkler flowing out of 4” pipe at 3000 litres per minute </li></ul><ul><li>6 to 8 minutes to isolate water with approximately 25,000 litres of water infiltrating floors </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Emergency Evacuation Plan was instigated </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Recovery Plan instigated to include protection of collections and removal of flood water from building </li></ul>
  4. 4. Damage to Collections
  5. 5. <ul><li>Some 4000 books affected by the flood </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of manuscript items were laid out to dry </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of air drying material in reading room </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>516 Items required conservation treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Boxing of collections protected items from flood </li></ul>
  7. 7. Drying methods <ul><li>Interleaving </li></ul><ul><li>Air drying </li></ul><ul><li>Wind Tunnels </li></ul><ul><li>Material with coated paper were bagged and frozen </li></ul>
  8. 8. Damage to Building
  9. 9. <ul><li>Some 25,000 litres of water cascaded through the building </li></ul><ul><li>Water entered from level 12 and cascaded to level 2 ground floor </li></ul>
  10. 10. Residual Moisture Investigation <ul><li>Consultant engaged to establish damage </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture mapping of affected areas took place </li></ul><ul><li>Residual moisture measured </li></ul><ul><li>Mycoflora and environmental monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Contact samples of moulds </li></ul>
  11. 11. Residual Moisture Investigation <ul><li>There was water damage from level 12 through to ground floor </li></ul><ul><li>Floor coverings were lifted to determine residual moisture at surface and 40mm depth </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture levels high </li></ul>
  12. 12. Residual Moisture Investigation <ul><li>High moisture levels could lead to potential problems of infestation by microorganisms to books </li></ul>
  13. 13. Recommendations <ul><li>Dry out masonry to acceptable levels </li></ul><ul><li>Use oil filled radiators and oscillating fans to introduce gentle heating and ventilation </li></ul>
  14. 14. Recommendations <ul><li>Closely monitor flood damaged areas for mould infestation </li></ul><ul><li>Closely monitor environmental conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Install Air movers on all floors </li></ul>
  15. 15. Discovery of Toxic Mould <ul><li>Toxic mould (Stachybotrys chartarum) </li></ul><ul><li>Confined to level 8 strongroom area </li></ul><ul><li>Infected area was sealed </li></ul><ul><li>Boxed material was vacuumed and moved to a holding area </li></ul><ul><li>PPE was worn at all times </li></ul>
  16. 16. Discovery of Toxic Mould <ul><li>Dr Singh recommended a specialist company expert in toxic mould removal to remediate the area </li></ul>
  17. 17. Action taken <ul><li>Company established plan to remove the mould and reinstate the affected area </li></ul>
  18. 18. Risk assessment <ul><li>Toxic mould presented an obvious health risk which could only get greater if not treated </li></ul><ul><li>Danger of infecting the collections </li></ul><ul><li>Danger of infecting the building </li></ul>
  19. 19. Action taken <ul><li>Fire retardant polythene enclosure constructed to encompass the areas of contamination </li></ul><ul><li>Shelving was removed before cleaning and reinstatement </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke extraction fans provided adequate negative pressure to suppress spores </li></ul>
  20. 20. Action taken <ul><li>Operatives were required to wear specialist respiratory protective equipment providing organic and dust protection </li></ul><ul><li>Affected areas were treated with ‘Jati’ mould remover </li></ul><ul><li>Further one metre of flooring was removed to ensure mould had not spread </li></ul>
  21. 21. Action taken <ul><li>All contaminated flooring and walls were removed and sprayed with the mould remover before being double bagged </li></ul><ul><li>The waste was carefully removed at set times to reduce the contact with staff and keeping to routes avoiding contact with collection material </li></ul>
  22. 22. Action taken <ul><li>Once all mould contamination had been removed the area was then subject to two atmospheric decontaminations using the mould remover through an atomising device </li></ul><ul><li>This was to ensure that any airborne spores were removed </li></ul><ul><li>Finally the area was then cleared of plant and materials and subject to a final clean </li></ul>
  23. 23. What Cost? <ul><li>Equipment - £67K </li></ul><ul><li>Stock - £10K </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation staff time – 800 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Flooring - £12K </li></ul><ul><li>Rebuilding of walls - £6K </li></ul><ul><li>Service delivery – Backlogs </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation - ??? </li></ul>
  24. 24. What Cost? <ul><li>John Murray Archive Exhibition – closed for 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>JMA Remedial works - £25K </li></ul><ul><li>Specialists consultants - £108K </li></ul><ul><li>Legal costs - £10K </li></ul><ul><li>Overtime claimed - £6K </li></ul><ul><li>Final outturn – estimate……. </li></ul><ul><li>£250K excluding staff time! </li></ul>
  25. 25. Lessons Confirmed <ul><li>Mss and rare books staff to assist – keeping items in order </li></ul><ul><li>More extension cables and power points required at our drying facility </li></ul><ul><li>Project Managers and contract staff – be firm with requirements when building work is taking place </li></ul>
  26. 26. Lessons confirmed <ul><li>More staff training – setting up tables </li></ul><ul><li>Medical conditions of volunteer staff should be known </li></ul><ul><li>Items in disaster store rooms need to be logically listed with the list visible for all to see when entering the room </li></ul>
  27. 27. Lessons Confirmed <ul><li>Boxing of collections proved invaluable </li></ul><ul><li>Facility to cover book shelves quickly in the event of an incident </li></ul>
  28. 28. Lessons Confirmed <ul><li>Protect collections in advance of building works </li></ul><ul><li>Staff and Fire Brigade tours of building </li></ul><ul><li>Not too many volunteers on site </li></ul>
  29. 29. Lessons Confirmed <ul><li>Regular checks of disaster response supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Annual training on use of disaster response equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Take locks off sprinkler zones </li></ul>
  30. 30. Offers of assistance <ul><li>The National Archives of Scotland – took up the offer of two NAS conservators to assist with the aftermath of the flood </li></ul><ul><li>National Museum of Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>The British Library </li></ul>

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