It has bee suggested by Barthes that in reading a text, the importance is not in
the interpretation of the content but rather, in the appreciation of the
different elements which makes the story. Barthes presented 5 codes which
may be used:
•This code refers to mystery within a text. Clues are dropped, but no
clear answers are given
•Enigmas within the narrative make the audience want to know more
•The enigma code is used in the building up of anticipation which is not
directly answered but left to the audience to decide on their thoughts
on the storyline.
•When using it in media, its often seen as attractive because there is an
element of the audience getting drawn in. To many people, the
storyline may be evocative of events in their life and engaging, it may
produce more interest.
•This code contains sequential elements of action in the text
•Proairectic elements add suspense to the text
•This code refers to parts within the text that suggests or refers to
•Elements of the semantic code are called seme’s
•The seme has a connotative function in the text. It has an extra layer
of meaning in addition to its literal meaning.
•This code is about symbolism within a text
•It exercises opposites to show contrast and create greater meaning,
creating tension, drama and character development.
•The referential code refers to anything in the code that has an
existing accepted meaning, this may be scientific, historical,
sociological or in any accepted area.
•It may be argued that many forms of modern media include an
element of referential coding as it is this that leads to a loyal
audience as they recognise their own life's in the text.