ARTS OF ISLAM AND AFRICA
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
570 – Muhammad Born in Mecca
610 – Muhammad’s Revelation
622 – Muhammad Flees to Medina
(Hijra)
632 – Muhammad Dies
ORIGIN...
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
1st Pillar of Islam: Shahada
(Acceptance of God and Muhammad as his Prophet)
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
2nd Pillar of Islam: Salat
(Ritual prayer 5x daily)
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
3rd Pillar of Islam: Sawm
(Fasting & self control during blessed month of Ramadan)
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
4th Pillar of Islam: Zakat
(Giving 2.5% of savings to poor & needy)
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
5th Pillar of Islam: Hajj
(Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once)
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
• Star and Crescent symbol
• Not traditionally associated with Islam
• Islam instead associated with colors black, red, wh...
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
ORIGINS OF ISLAM
• Quran
• Koran
• Qu’ran
• Used calligraphy and intricite design instead of
pictures of people/animals
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
BOOK ART
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
Minaret – calls faithful to prayer 5x daily
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
• Mihrab – empty niche in far wall
• Far wall called qibla wall
• Indicates direction of Mecca
• Important because all Mus...
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
• Muqarnas
MOSQUES AND PALACES
• Horseshoe arch
• Also called Moorish arch
• Or Keyhole arch
• Extremely common in Islamic design
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
• Iwan – large vaulted chamber whose pointed archway is set in rectangular
frame with two minarets over its corners
• Iwan...
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
• Alhambra Palace in Granada, Spain
• One of few surviving Islamic Palaces
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
MOSQUES AND PALACES
• Kingdom of Kush/Nubia
• 3800 BC – 600 AD
• Very similar to Egypt
• 2x number of pyramids in Nubia vs. Egypt
NUBIA
NUBIA
NUBIA
“Land of the Bow”
NUBIA
NUBIA
NUBIA
• 1822: Tomb of Queen Amanishakheto
• Destroyed in 1832 by treasure hunters
NUBIA
NUBIA
NUBIA
• One of few treasures recovered from
Tomb of Queen Amanishakheto
• Ram’s head represents solar god
Amun
NUBIA
NUBIA
NUBIA
NUBIA
NUBIA
NUBIA
Aswan Low Damn
NUBIA
Construction of Aswan High Dam
NUBIA
NUBIA
Deconstruction of Abu Simbel, 1968
NUBIA
NUBIA
NUBIA
• Dihya – Berber Queen
• Great war leader
• Little actually known of her life
• Witch with gift of prophecy
• Freed her pe...
BERBER
BERBER
BERBER
• Great Friday Mosque,
Djenne, Mali
• Built between 1200-1330
• Rebuilt in 1907 in 13th
century style
• Sudano-Sahelian st...
BERBER
BERBER
BERBER
Nok art:
• Oldest known terracotta statue in Africa
south of Sahara
• Triangular “D-shaped” eyes
• Pierced eyes, nose, mou...
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
NOK
• Empire lasted nearly 600 years
• Kings of Benin viewed as sacred beings
• Each king would build an altar to his father
•...
BENIN
BENIN
• Queen Idia – First Queen mother of Benin
• FESTAC Mask
• Future Queen mothers called Iyoba
• Kings called Oba
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
BENIN
YORUBA
YORUBA
YORUBA
YORUBA
YORUBA
YORUBA
YORUBA
YORUBA
YORUBA
KONGO
• Nkondi
• Sub-class of minkisi
• Created by nganga
• Hunt down/attack witches and evil-doers
• Awaken/enrage them to acti...
KONGO
KONGO
KONGO
KONGO
KONGO
KONGO
KONGO
KONGO
KONGO
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Africa and islam

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Africa and islam

  1. 1. ARTS OF ISLAM AND AFRICA
  2. 2. ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  3. 3. 570 – Muhammad Born in Mecca 610 – Muhammad’s Revelation 622 – Muhammad Flees to Medina (Hijra) 632 – Muhammad Dies ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  4. 4. ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  5. 5. ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  6. 6. 1st Pillar of Islam: Shahada (Acceptance of God and Muhammad as his Prophet) ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  7. 7. 2nd Pillar of Islam: Salat (Ritual prayer 5x daily) ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  8. 8. 3rd Pillar of Islam: Sawm (Fasting & self control during blessed month of Ramadan) ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  9. 9. 4th Pillar of Islam: Zakat (Giving 2.5% of savings to poor & needy) ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  10. 10. 5th Pillar of Islam: Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca at least once) ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  11. 11. • Star and Crescent symbol • Not traditionally associated with Islam • Islam instead associated with colors black, red, white, or green ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  12. 12. ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  13. 13. ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  14. 14. ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  15. 15. ORIGINS OF ISLAM
  16. 16. • Quran • Koran • Qu’ran • Used calligraphy and intricite design instead of pictures of people/animals BOOK ART
  17. 17. BOOK ART
  18. 18. BOOK ART
  19. 19. BOOK ART
  20. 20. BOOK ART
  21. 21. BOOK ART
  22. 22. BOOK ART
  23. 23. BOOK ART
  24. 24. BOOK ART
  25. 25. BOOK ART
  26. 26. BOOK ART
  27. 27. BOOK ART
  28. 28. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  29. 29. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  30. 30. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  31. 31. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  32. 32. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  33. 33. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  34. 34. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  35. 35. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  36. 36. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  37. 37. Minaret – calls faithful to prayer 5x daily MOSQUES AND PALACES
  38. 38. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  39. 39. • Mihrab – empty niche in far wall • Far wall called qibla wall • Indicates direction of Mecca • Important because all Muslims are to face direction of Mecca during prayer MOSQUES AND PALACES
  40. 40. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  41. 41. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  42. 42. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  43. 43. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  44. 44. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  45. 45. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  46. 46. • Muqarnas MOSQUES AND PALACES
  47. 47. • Horseshoe arch • Also called Moorish arch • Or Keyhole arch • Extremely common in Islamic design MOSQUES AND PALACES
  48. 48. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  49. 49. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  50. 50. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  51. 51. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  52. 52. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  53. 53. • Iwan – large vaulted chamber whose pointed archway is set in rectangular frame with two minarets over its corners • Iwan marks entry to a royal reception hall in Persian Palaces • One iwan on each side of a mosque’s courtyard • Iwan directly across courtyard is qibla iwan MOSQUES AND PALACES
  54. 54. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  55. 55. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  56. 56. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  57. 57. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  58. 58. • Alhambra Palace in Granada, Spain • One of few surviving Islamic Palaces MOSQUES AND PALACES
  59. 59. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  60. 60. MOSQUES AND PALACES
  61. 61. • Kingdom of Kush/Nubia • 3800 BC – 600 AD • Very similar to Egypt • 2x number of pyramids in Nubia vs. Egypt NUBIA
  62. 62. NUBIA
  63. 63. NUBIA
  64. 64. “Land of the Bow” NUBIA
  65. 65. NUBIA
  66. 66. NUBIA
  67. 67. • 1822: Tomb of Queen Amanishakheto • Destroyed in 1832 by treasure hunters NUBIA
  68. 68. NUBIA
  69. 69. NUBIA
  70. 70. • One of few treasures recovered from Tomb of Queen Amanishakheto • Ram’s head represents solar god Amun NUBIA
  71. 71. NUBIA
  72. 72. NUBIA
  73. 73. NUBIA
  74. 74. NUBIA
  75. 75. NUBIA
  76. 76. Aswan Low Damn NUBIA
  77. 77. Construction of Aswan High Dam NUBIA
  78. 78. NUBIA
  79. 79. Deconstruction of Abu Simbel, 1968 NUBIA
  80. 80. NUBIA
  81. 81. NUBIA
  82. 82. • Dihya – Berber Queen • Great war leader • Little actually known of her life • Witch with gift of prophecy • Freed her people from a tyrant by marrying him then murdering him on their wedding night • Died in battle with sword in hand at age 127 BERBER
  83. 83. BERBER
  84. 84. BERBER
  85. 85. BERBER
  86. 86. • Great Friday Mosque, Djenne, Mali • Built between 1200-1330 • Rebuilt in 1907 in 13th century style • Sudano-Sahelian style BERBER
  87. 87. BERBER
  88. 88. BERBER
  89. 89. BERBER
  90. 90. Nok art: • Oldest known terracotta statue in Africa south of Sahara • Triangular “D-shaped” eyes • Pierced eyes, nose, mouth, ears • Elaborate hairstyles • Flared nostrils • Ears set back – low and small NOK
  91. 91. NOK
  92. 92. NOK
  93. 93. NOK
  94. 94. NOK
  95. 95. NOK
  96. 96. • Empire lasted nearly 600 years • Kings of Benin viewed as sacred beings • Each king would build an altar to his father • Ikegobo (Altar to the Hand) • Benin Palace attacked by British in 1897 • King’s son allowed to rebuild Palace in 1914 but artwork never returned • Figures often created in bronze, iron, and ivory BENIN
  97. 97. BENIN
  98. 98. BENIN
  99. 99. • Queen Idia – First Queen mother of Benin • FESTAC Mask • Future Queen mothers called Iyoba • Kings called Oba BENIN
  100. 100. BENIN
  101. 101. BENIN
  102. 102. BENIN
  103. 103. BENIN
  104. 104. BENIN
  105. 105. BENIN
  106. 106. BENIN
  107. 107. BENIN
  108. 108. BENIN
  109. 109. BENIN
  110. 110. BENIN
  111. 111. BENIN
  112. 112. BENIN
  113. 113. BENIN
  114. 114. BENIN
  115. 115. BENIN
  116. 116. BENIN
  117. 117. BENIN
  118. 118. BENIN
  119. 119. BENIN
  120. 120. BENIN
  121. 121. BENIN
  122. 122. BENIN
  123. 123. YORUBA
  124. 124. YORUBA
  125. 125. YORUBA
  126. 126. YORUBA
  127. 127. YORUBA
  128. 128. YORUBA
  129. 129. YORUBA
  130. 130. YORUBA
  131. 131. YORUBA
  132. 132. KONGO
  133. 133. • Nkondi • Sub-class of minkisi • Created by nganga • Hunt down/attack witches and evil-doers • Awaken/enrage them to action by driving nails and other pieces of iron into the figure • Ranges in size from tiny to life size • Mirrors allowed them to see enemies approaching and look into the afterworld KONGO
  134. 134. KONGO
  135. 135. KONGO
  136. 136. KONGO
  137. 137. KONGO
  138. 138. KONGO
  139. 139. KONGO
  140. 140. KONGO
  141. 141. KONGO
  142. 142. KONGO
  143. 143. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xIJ0ExRHsKo

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