Re-examining NATO-Russia Relations
THE ROLE OF VERIFIABLE MISSILE DEFENSETHE ROLE OF VERIFIABLE MISSILE DEFENSE
TRANSPAREN...
Outline
1. Why should NATO’s strategy for
BMD engagement with Russia
focus on transparency?focus on transparency?
2. What ...
Why Transparency?
Renewed Cooperation
Data fusion center Sharing telemetry
Integrating Russian technology
Operations planning center
Joint BMD analysis Observin...
Data fusion center Sharing telemetry
Integrating Russian technology
Operations planning center
Joint BMD analysis Observin...
Data fusion center Sharing telemetry
Integrating Russian technology
Operations planning center
Joint BMD analysis Observin...
We propose to
develop a
transparency regime
based upon a regular
exchange of
information about theinformation about the
cu...
The disagreements still
remain, but I agree, in
general, with President
Obama that what we
must and certainly canmust and ...
RUSSIAN PROPOSALS FOR MUTUALLY ACCEPTIBLE DECISIONS
9
CRITERIA LIST:
technical performances of BMD components (interceptor...
Lessons
1. Transparency is a prerequisite to serious
cooperation with Russia
2. High level agreement that transparency is ...
Confrontation
How Could Transparency Work?
Objectives
Provide verifiable political and technical
guarantees that BMD:
•Does not threaten strategic stability•Does not...
Key Elements
•Reciprocal exchanges of information on
missile defense capability
•Verification measures: NTM and
inspection...
Transparency Challenges
Verification
•BMD verification not comprehensively
explored
•Past proposals for BMD confidence-
building measures
•Past pr...
Reciprocity
•Same data sharing and verification
requirements
•Asymmetry in BMD deployments•Asymmetry in BMD deployments
Offense-Defense
•Russian military developments
•Possible changes to deterrence postures
•Link BMD transparency to INF•Link...
Re-examining BMD
Engagement with Russia
•Focus away from operational
coordination and toward a verifiable
transparency reg...
Ms Ivanka Barashka - ‘Re examining NATO and Russia Relations: The Role of Verifiable Missile Defence Transparency
Ms Ivanka Barashka - ‘Re examining NATO and Russia Relations: The Role of Verifiable Missile Defence Transparency
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Ms Ivanka Barashka - ‘Re examining NATO and Russia Relations: The Role of Verifiable Missile Defence Transparency

1,510 views

Published on

This is a presentation delivered by Ms Ivanka Barashka, at the RUSI Missile Defence Conference 2014

Published in: News & Politics
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ms Ivanka Barashka - ‘Re examining NATO and Russia Relations: The Role of Verifiable Missile Defence Transparency

  1. 1. Re-examining NATO-Russia Relations THE ROLE OF VERIFIABLE MISSILE DEFENSETHE ROLE OF VERIFIABLE MISSILE DEFENSE TRANSPARENCY Ivanka Barzashka RUSI Missile Defense Conference March 18, 2014
  2. 2. Outline 1. Why should NATO’s strategy for BMD engagement with Russia focus on transparency?focus on transparency? 2. What would a transparency regime look like? 3. What are the challenges?
  3. 3. Why Transparency?
  4. 4. Renewed Cooperation
  5. 5. Data fusion center Sharing telemetry Integrating Russian technology Operations planning center Joint BMD analysis Observing BMD tests Joint satellite development Options for “Cooperation” Joint satellite development Joint threat assessment Reciprocal declarations of capability Joint radar development Military exercises Verification of capability Early warning of missile launches
  6. 6. Data fusion center Sharing telemetry Integrating Russian technology Operations planning center Joint BMD analysis Observing BMD tests Joint satellite development Joint Operational Response Joint satellite development Joint threat assessment Reciprocal declarations of capability Joint radar development Military exercises Verification of capability Early warning of missile launches
  7. 7. Data fusion center Sharing telemetry Integrating Russian technology Operations planning center Joint BMD analysis Observing BMD tests Joint satellite development Preserving Strategic Stability Joint satellite development Joint threat assessment Reciprocal declarations of capability Joint radar development Military exercises Verification of capability Early warning of missile launches
  8. 8. We propose to develop a transparency regime based upon a regular exchange of information about theinformation about the current respective missile defence capabilities of NATO and Russia. Chicago Summit Declaration, May 2012
  9. 9. The disagreements still remain, but I agree, in general, with President Obama that what we must and certainly canmust and certainly can do in this area is make all our actions more open and transparent. President Vladimir Putin, July 2013
  10. 10. RUSSIAN PROPOSALS FOR MUTUALLY ACCEPTIBLE DECISIONS 9 CRITERIA LIST: technical performances of BMD components (interceptor’s speed, number of interceptors, radar range, control system capabilities etc.), deployment sites, capabilities for interception of various types of BMs at boost, midcourse and terminal phases of flight. joint familiarization with European BMD deployment plans and its implications for thejoint familiarization with European BMD deployment plans and its implications for the relevant strategic deterrence capabilities development of verification measures to assure security of strategic capabilities legally binding agreements defining mutual obligations of the pertinent parties to deploy a European BMD system providing equal security to all participants
  11. 11. Lessons 1. Transparency is a prerequisite to serious cooperation with Russia 2. High level agreement that transparency is a good thingthing 3. Characteristics of a mutually agreeable regime a. Legally binding b. Technical criteria c. Verification mechanism d. No limits to capability
  12. 12. Confrontation
  13. 13. How Could Transparency Work?
  14. 14. Objectives Provide verifiable political and technical guarantees that BMD: •Does not threaten strategic stability•Does not threaten strategic stability •Deployments correspond to stated threat
  15. 15. Key Elements •Reciprocal exchanges of information on missile defense capability •Verification measures: NTM and inspections •Verification measures: NTM and inspections •No limits to capability
  16. 16. Transparency Challenges
  17. 17. Verification •BMD verification not comprehensively explored •Past proposals for BMD confidence- building measures •Past proposals for BMD confidence- building measures •Experience with nuclear and conventional arms control
  18. 18. Reciprocity •Same data sharing and verification requirements •Asymmetry in BMD deployments•Asymmetry in BMD deployments
  19. 19. Offense-Defense •Russian military developments •Possible changes to deterrence postures •Link BMD transparency to INF•Link BMD transparency to INF compliance and non-deployment of new nuclear-capable missiles in Europe •Transparency should not jeapordize BMD capability
  20. 20. Re-examining BMD Engagement with Russia •Focus away from operational coordination and toward a verifiable transparency regime Transparency is a pre-requisite to•Transparency is a pre-requisite to serious cooperation •Transparency can help prevent arms races and de-escalate a crisis

×