Point-in-Time Count

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An overview of results from San Diego's 2011 Point-in-Time Count.

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Point-in-Time Count

  1. 1. +San Diego County Homelessness Presentation to Mesa Democratic Club
  2. 2. Today’s Outline  About the Regional Task Force on the Homeless (RTFH)  About Homelessness – Locally and Nationally  The 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC)   Importance to San Diego County   County/City Counts   Unsheltered Survey Demographics  Addressing Homelessness In San Diego County
  3. 3. About the RTFH
  4. 4. National Perspective   671,859 Any Night in the USA   37% Families   63% Individuals   18% “Chronic   20% VeteransSource: National Alliance to End Homelessness (NAEH)
  5. 5. National Homelessness - 2010Percentage of National Homeless Population by State - 2010 Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR)
  6. 6. Obama Administration Unveils Federal Strategic Plan To Prevent And End Homelessness – June 2010Goals: Ending homelessness…2015: Chronic and Veterans2020: Families, Youth, andChildrenA roadmap for action byagencies and local/state partnersin the public and private sector. It is simply unacceptable for individuals, children, families and our nation’s Veterans to be faced with homelessness in this country. President Obama June18, 2009 Source: United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH)
  7. 7. State Plans To End HomelessnessSource: Institute for Children, Poverty, and Homelessness (ICPH) – March 2011 “Review of Statewide Plans”
  8. 8. Families•  600,000 families are homeless annually•  242,000 families homeless each night•  20% on public assistance - in their lifetime•  Usually due to some unforeseen financial crisis •  Inability to Find Affordable Housing •  Insufficiency of Subsidized Housing •  Loss of a Job or Work That Doesn’t Pay Enough to Afford Housing•  Most able to bounce back quickly, with little help •  Rent assistance •  Housing placement •  Job assistance
  9. 9. Youth•  A total of 939,903 students experiencing homelessness were enrolled in public schools in the 2009-2010 school year.•  Familial disruption: divorce, neglect, or abuse•  Large majority are short-term•  Small minority are long-term homeless: 50,000•  A particular challenge for several reasons •  Very little definitive data on the population •  Often don’t interact with standard homeless assistance programs or government agencies •  Solutions often not applicable to minors (who are, for example, ineligible to rent an apartment) •  Special challenges mean that solutions to youth homelessness require targeted innovation
  10. 10. San Diego County Office of Education Youth Homelessness In SD… •  Number of homeless children in California (292,624) •  California Rank - 49TH •  7,587 youth reported as runaways in SD County (2008) •  85 beds for homeless youth on their own in our region Number of homeless children and youth served during 09-10 school year Source: San Diego County Office of Education - Foster Youth Services and Homeless Education Programs
  11. 11. Veterans•  Department of Veterans Affairs estimates •  131,000 homeless veterans (2009) •  20% of the entire homeless population•  Often due to war-related issues •  Physical disability •  Mental anguish •  Post-traumatic stress •  Many find difficulty readjusting to civilian life •  Translates into unsafe behaviors, including addiction, abuse, and violence
  12. 12. Veterans•  San Diego County is home to more ‘recently returned’ veterans than anywhere else in the country•  San Diego County: 27,080 (48.3% higher than L.A. County)•  Los Angeles County: 14,000 (next highest in the country) Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) – 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) ‘Unsheltered Survey’ – 740 Surveys
  13. 13. Veteran Homelessness In San Diego County Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Data Sheltered Unsheltered Total Of All Year At PITC ‘Street’ Counted Homeless 2010 792 1,096 1,888 22.5% 2011 756 893 1,649 17.5% -36 -203 -239   5% Reduction In Past Year   New Targeted Services…Source:  Regional  Task  Force  on  the  Homeless  (www.RTFHSD.org)    
  14. 14. Military Service Era 35.3% Since 1991… 12.9% Middle East Conflicts Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) – 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) ‘Unsheltered Survey’ – 740 Surveys
  15. 15. Legislation CA State Policy Issues  Status of Redevelopment  AB 221 – The Housing and Emergency Shelter Trust Fund Acts of 2002 and 2006: Supportive Housing  AB 1111 – Debt Collection: Homeless Youth  AB 483 – Housing Finance  SB 450 – Redevelopment  CA State Assembly Select Committee on Homelessness
  16. 16. Overview Of Findings and Analysis
  17. 17. The Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Process1.  Count Unsheltered Jan 282.  Count Sheltered Jan 283.  ‘Count’ Results Made Public Feb 74.  Survey Unsheltered (10% minimum) Feb 105.  Survey Data Input/Validation Mar 106.  Analysis Completed Apr 157.  Reporting To HUD May 318.  Sharing Results / Educating Public May…
  18. 18. Why Is Counting Important?   HUD Mandate   Understanding   National Effort – Results to HUD   The PITC enables us to answer critical questions…   Federal funds to regions based   Who, Where, Why, and What it upon need and performance takes to end homelessness.   Data… Understanding…   Understanding… Knowledge…  Knowledge   Action   Detailed Analysis   Targeted Services   In-Depth Reports   Collaboration   Shared Information   Measurable Results   Awareness… Action …   Prevent/Alleviate/End
  19. 19. Covering San Diego County•  605 Census Tracts•  4,526 Square Miles•  2,000 Miles of Roads•  2010 Census: 3,095,313•  Population •  More than 20 States •  The fifth most-populous County in USA•  550 PITC Volunteers (Teams of 2 or 3) •  Most Ever (400 in 2010)
  20. 20. Not Counted…  Hidden Homeless   Camping on private property   In unconverted garages, garden sheds, etc   Doubled up due to economic hardship (individual or family living in housing with other family, friends, and others)  Other Homeless   Residential alcohol drug treatment centers   Jails, detention centers   Hospital and Emergency rooms 
  21. 21. Homelessness In San Diego County Point-In-Time Counts Since 20082008 – 7,5822009 – 7,892 - up 4.1%2010 – 8,574 – up 7.9%2011 – 9,020 – up 5.9% - up 19% since 2008 2011 (Unsheltered) = 4,981 (4,599 in 2010) – up 8.3% 2011 (Sheltered) = 4,039 (3,918 in 2010) – up 3.1% Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) – 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) ‘Unsheltered Survey’ – 740 Surveys
  22. 22. Manual Digitizing Features of theCensus Tracts
  23. 23. San Diego CountyBy ‘Region’ …NC Coastal 737NC Inland 946San Diego 5,895East County 802South County 640 Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) Regional Task Force on the Homeless (RTFH) • www.RTFHSD.org
  24. 24. San Diego County Unincorporated Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) – 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC)
  25. 25. Data from Point-In-Time Counts (PITC) Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) – 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC)
  26. 26. City of San Diego Neighborhoods are based upon policingand community services areas. Area Ind Veh HB Total Central 809 216 232 1257 37.3% West 454 410 104 968 28.7% Northern 240 212 54 506 15.0% Mid-City 113 54 12 179 5.3% Southern 56 104 12 172 5.1% Eastern 21 82 8 111 3.3% Northeastern 70 14 4 88 2.6% Southeastern 58 26 4 88 2.6% Total 3369 100% Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Unsheltered Count Only
  27. 27. City of San Diego Bay Ho, Bay Park, Carmel Valley, (Northern) Clairemont Mesa East West, Del Mar Heights, La Jolla, La Jolla Village, Mission Beach, Mission Bay Park, North City, North Clairemont, Pacific Beach, Torrey Pines, Torrey Preserve, and University City Individual 240 Vehicle 212 Hand-Built 54 Total 506 Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Unsheltered Count Only
  28. 28. City of San Diego Black Mountain Ranch, Carmel (Northeastern) Mountain, Miramar, Miramar Ranch North, Mira Mesa, Rancho Bernardo, Rancho Encantada, Rancho Peñasquitos, Sabre Springs, Scripps Ranch, Sorrento Valley, and Torrey Highlands Individual 70 Vehicle 14 Hand-Built 4 Total 88 Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Unsheltered Count Only
  29. 29. City of San Diego Burlingame, Hillcrest, La Playa, Linda (Western) Vista, Loma Portal, Midtown, Midway District, Mission Hills, Mission Valley West, Morena, North Park, Ocean Beach, Old Town, Point Loma Heights, Roseville-Fleetridge, Sunset Cliffs, University Heights, and Wooded Area Individual 454 Vehicle 410 Hand-Built 104 Total 968 Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Unsheltered Count Only
  30. 30. City of San Diego Allied Gardens, Birdland, Del (Eastern) Cerro, Grantville, Kearny Mesa, Lake Murray, Mission Valley East, San Carlos, Serra Mesa, and Tierrasanta Individual 21 Vehicle 82 Hand-Built 8 Total 111 Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Unsheltered Count Only
  31. 31. City of San Diego Adams North, Azalea/Hollywood Park, (Mid-City) Castle, Cherokee Point, Chollas Creek, Colina Del Sol, College East West, Corridor, El Cerrito, Fairmont Park, Fox Canyon, Gateway, Islenair, Kensington, Normal Heights, Oak Park, Ridgeview/ Webster Rolando, Redwood Village, Swan Canyon, Talmadge, and Teralta East West Individual 111 Vehicle 52 Hand-Built 10 Total 173 Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Unsheltered Count Only
  32. 32. City of San Diego Balboa Park, Barrio Logan, Core- (Central) Columbia, Cortez, East Village, Gaslamp, Golden Hill, Grant Hill, Harborview, Horton Plaza, Little Italy, Logan Heights, Marina, Park West, Sherman Heights, South Park, and Stockton Individual 809 Vehicle 216 Hand-Built 232 Total 1257 Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Unsheltered Count Only
  33. 33. City of San Diego Alta Vista, Bay Terrace, (Southeastern) Broadway Heights, Chollas View, Emerald City, Encanto, Jamacha, Lomita, Lincoln Park, Mountain View, Mt. Hope, Paradise Hills, Shelltown, Skyline, Southcrest, and Valencia Park Individual 58 Vehicle 26 Hand-Built 4 Total 88 Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Unsheltered Count Only
  34. 34. City of San Diego (Southern) •  Border •  Egger Highlands •  Nestor •  Ocean Crest •  Otay Mesa Individual 56 •  Palm City Vehicle 104 Hand-Built 12 •  San Ysidro Total 172 •  Tijuana River Valley Source: Regional Task Force on the Homeless (www.RTFHSD.org) 2011 Point-In-Time Count (PITC) Unsheltered Count Only

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