Adhd

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  • http://adc.bmj.com/content/90/suppl_1/i2.full
  • http://www.nimh.nih.gov/science-news/2008/long-term-academic-effects-of-childs-adhd-may-extend-to-siblings.shtml
  • http://www.uptodate.com/contents/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-features-and-evaluation
  • http://millereducationalexcellence.com/adhd-add-autism-learning-disabilities/understanding-mental-skills-affected-by-add-adhd
  • Adhd

    1. 1. ADHDBy Regina Salice
    2. 2. ADHD• Attention Deficit Hyperactivity • According to the Learning Disorder Disabilities Association of America, it is estimated that• Affects children and adolescents between 3% to 5% of kids have and can continue into adulthood ADHD or approximately 2 million for some children in the United States.• It is the most common • Also, many children with neurobehavioral disorder among ADHD, approximately 20 to 30 children percent also have a specific learning disability.• Increased risk of childhood depression & anxiety disorders CITE: Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD). (n.d.). Retrieved 2011, from Learning Disabilities Association of America website: http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/teachers/understanding/adh d.asp
    3. 3. Symptoms For Children For Adults• Inattention • Anxiety• Hyperactivity • Procrastination• Impulsivity • Mood swings • Chronic boredom
    4. 4. Causes• Heredity• Chemical Imbalance• Brain Changes• Poor Nutrition, Infections and Substance Abuse• Exposure to Toxins• Injury to the Brain or a Brain Disorder
    5. 5. Effects on Student • Social problems • Sleep Issues• Low self esteem • Poor Handwriting• Learning disabilities • Disorganized• Academic struggles • Note taking, study• In ability to focus and pay skills, and time attention management
    6. 6. Effects on Family• Parental stress• Anxiety• Attention• Discipline• Finances
    7. 7. Effects on School• Most children with ADHD are educated in standard classrooms• Some are better in more structured environment.• Special education is a type of schooling that is tailored to meet the specific needs of children with learning disabilities or behavioral disorders• Not all children with ADHD qualify for special education Cite: Special Education For ADHD. (2011). Retrieved from Webmd website: http://www.webmd.com/add- adhd/ss/slideshow-adhd-in-children
    8. 8. Ability to Learn• Planning & Prioritizing • Self-Regulation of Affect• Time Management • Task Initiation• Organization • Disengaging Attention• Memory • Goal-Directed Persistence• Metacognition • Sustained Attention• Flexibility • Regulation of Processing Speed• Response Inhibition
    9. 9. Treatment: Medications Stimulants Non-Stimulants• Methylphenidate • Atomoxetine (brand (e.g., Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate) name: Strattera)• Dexmethylphenidate (e.g. Focalin) • Modafinil (brand name:• Amphetamine / Dextroamphetamine (e.g., Adderall, Dexedrine, Dextrostat Provigil) )• Lisdexamfetamine (e.g., Vyvanse)
    10. 10. Treatment AlternativesTherapy & Counseling• Monitor Behavior• Builds Strengths• Sets structure
    11. 11. Educational Trends• For students who have difficulty organizing time, materials and information, a variety of approaches can be used, including:• a quiet, uncluttered homework space;• alarm watch;• purchased texts that can be marked with a highlighter;• a homework assignment diary coordinated between home and school;• study skills instruction; and CITE: Accommodations, Techniques and Aids For Learning. (2011). Retrieved from Learning Disabilities• a personally-developed date-book or scheduler. Association of America website: http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/teac hers/understanding/accommodation s.asp
    12. 12. References• About AD/HD Causes and Brain Chemistry. (n.d.). Retrieved from National Resource Center on AD/HD website: http://www.help4adhd.org/en/about/causes• Accommodations, Techniques and Aids For Learning. (2011). Retrieved from Learning Disabilities Association of America website: http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/teachers/understanding/accommodations.asp• ADHD May Have Lingering Effects. (2012, October 16). Retrieved from CNN website: http://www.cnn.com/2012/10/16/health/adhd-long-term-effects/index.html• Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD). (n.d.). Retrieved 2011, from Learning Disabilities Association of America website: http://www.ldanatl.org/aboutld/teachers/understanding/adhd.asp• Fowler, M. (2002). ADHD: School Issues and Interventions. Retrieved from Family Education website: http://school.familyeducation.com/add-and-adhd/learning- disabilities/57658.html
    13. 13. CONT.• Harpin, V. A., Dr. (n.d.). The effect of ADHD on the life of an individual, their family, and community from preschool to adult life. Disease In Childhood, 90(1). Retrieved from http://adc.bmj.com/content/90/suppl_1/i2.full• How to treat AD/HD. (n.d.). Retrieved from National Center for Learning Disabilities website: http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/adhd-related-issues/adhd/how-to-treat-adhd• Miller, K., Dr. (2011). Understanding the Mental Skills Affected by ADD and ADHD. Retrieved from Miller Educational Excellence website: http://millereducationalexcellence.com/adhd-add-autism- learning-disabilities/understanding-mental-skills-affected-by-add-adhd• Sousa, D. A. (2007). How The Special Needs Brain Learns (Second ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.• Special Education For ADHD. (2011). Retrieved from Webmd website: http://www.webmd.com/add- adhd/ss/slideshow-adhd-in-children• Symptoms and Types. (n.d.). Retrieved from National Center for Learning Disabilities website: http://www.ncld.org/types-learning-disabilities/adhd-related-issues/adhd/adhd-general-information

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