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Personal and Social Measures (Education)


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Personal and Social Measures (Education)

  1. 1. PERSONAL andSOCIALMEASURESBALDOVINO, Rubyrose C.MA Applied Linguistics
  3. 3. Approaches In Personality Assessment What IsPersonality Examples of Personality Tests
  4. 4. What is PERSONALITY? Typical or characteristic ways of how individuals behave. An early model of personality was posited by Greek philosopher Hippocrates.
  5. 5. Objective Personality Assessment DIRECT OBSERVATION SELF-REPORTING TECHNIQUES Casual Information Observation Autobiography Guided Observation Self-Expression/ Self-Description/ Self-Awareness Clinical Observation Questionnaire/ Structured Interview
  6. 6. Adjective Checklist Edwards PersonalityPersonality Preference Schedule Tests Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
  7. 7. AdjectiveChecklist Adjective Checklist • Consists of 300 adjectives and EPPS adjectival phrases commonly used to describe a person’s attributes. • It may be administered to an individual to elicit a self-evaluation or a characterization of someone else. MMPI-2 MBTI
  8. 8. AdjectiveChecklist Adjective Checklist Directions: These pages contain a list of 300 adjectives. Please read through them quickly and check each one you would consider to be self-descriptive. Do not worry about EPPS duplications, contradictions, and so forth. Work quickly and do not spent too much time on any one adjective. Try to be frank, and check the adjectives which describe you as you really are, not as you would like to be. Be sure to continue MMPI-2 through adjective number 300. MBTI
  9. 9. Adjective Adjective ChecklistChecklist 1. Absent-minded 2. Active 3. Adaptable 4. Adventurous EPPS 69. Distrustful 70. Dominant 71. Dreamy 72. Dull MMPI-2 137. Irresponsible 138. Irritable 139. Jolly 140. Kind MBTI
  10. 10. AdjectiveChecklist Edwards Personal EPPS Preference Schedule • A forced choice, objective, non- projective personality inventory, derived from the theory of H.A. Murray, whichMMPI-2 measures the rating of individuals in 15 normal needs or motives. MBTI
  11. 11. AdjectiveChecklist 1. Achievement 10. Abasement EPPS 2. Deference 11. Nurturance 3. Order 12. Change 4. Exhibition 13. Endurance 5. Autonomy 14. Heterosexuality 6. Affiliation 15. AggressionMMPI-2 7. Intraception 8. Succorance 9. Dominance MBTI
  12. 12. AdjectiveChecklist Minnesota Multiphasic EPPS Personality Inventory-2 • Most frequently used personality test. • Developed by Starke Hathaway and J.C. McKinley at the University of Minnesota in MMPI-2 the late 1930’s. • Contains 567 items and takes 60-90 minutes to complete MBTI
  13. 13. AdjectiveChecklist Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 EPPS 1. I have a good appetite. 2. I wake up fresh and rested in the morning. 3. My daily life is full of things that keeps me interested 4. No one seems to understand me. MMPI-2 5. I would like to be a singer. 6. I find it hard to keep my mind on a task or job. 7. I do not always tell the truth. 8. I am liked by most people who know me. MBTI
  14. 14. AdjectiveChecklist EPPS Myers-Briggs Type Indicator • Designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. • It uses the theories proposed by Carl Jung.MMPI-2 • Developed by Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers. • Dichotomies: Extraversion (E)- Introversion (I) Sensing (S)- Intuition (N) Thinking (T)- Feeling (F)MBTI Judgment (J)- Perception (P) SCOPE.doc
  15. 15. VALIDITY and RELIABILITY ADVANTAGE: Economical to administer DISADVANTAGE: Fluctuation of Scores DISADVANTAGE: They are fakable.
  16. 16. ProjectivePersonalityAssessment
  17. 17. What is a PROJECTIVE TEST? PROJECTIVE TESTS A personality test designed to let a person respond to an ambiguous stimuli. The responses are content analyzed for meaning. Allow subjects to express thoughts that originate in a deeper level.
  18. 18. Rorschach Inkblot TestRorschach Inkblot It was named after its creator, Hermann Rorschach. Test • The subject is shown a series of 10 irregular but symmetrical inkblots. ThematicApperception Test • The subject’s responses are analyzed in various ways.Draw-A-Person Test
  19. 19. CARD 1
  20. 20. CARD 2
  21. 21. CARD 3
  22. 22. CARD 4
  23. 23. CARD 5
  24. 24. CARD 6
  25. 25. CARD 7
  26. 26. CARD 8
  27. 27. CARD 9
  28. 28. CARD 10
  29. 29. Thematic Apperception TestRorschach Also known as Picture Interpretation Inkblot Technique was developed by Henry Murray Test and Christiana Morgana. It allows an individual to view ambiguous Thematic scenes of people, and is asked toApperception describe various aspects of the scene: • What has led up to the event shown Test • What is happening at the moment • What the characters are feeling and thinking • What the outcome of the story wasDraw-A-Person Test
  30. 30. Draw-A-Person TestRorschach Inkblot Also known as Goodenough Draw- A-Man Test, was developed by Test Florence Goodenough. Thematic • The examinee is provided with paperApperception and pencil and asked to draw a person. Test • Every aspect of the drawing is purported to have psychologicalDraw-A-Person significance. Test
  31. 31. Validity and Reliability Rorschach Thematic Draw-A- Inkblot Apperception Person Test Test TestExner Scoring System Defense Mechanisms Enrollment“The interpretation of Manual and Social Rorschach record is a Cognition and Relations The reliability of complex process. Proficiency scores tend to be as a Rorschach Validity is not relatively low, and administrator can be gained established for both the validities, within a few months. the Rorschach and although quite However, even those who the TAT, much less varied, are generally are able and qualified for newer projective near zero. usually remain in a learning stage for a no. of years” techniques.
  33. 33. What is SOCIOMETRY• It is the study of interrelationships among members of a group, that is, its social structure: how each other is perceived by the group.
  34. 34. The SOCIOGRAM• Also known as, friendship chart, is a diagram that allows the teacher to analyze the social make-up of the class.Students respond to a teacher-provided direction such as:• List two classmates with whom you would most like to sit• Write the name of the person with whom you would enjoy working on a project• If you were going on a vacation, which of your classmates would be nice to have along?
  35. 35. The GUESS WHO Technique• Each student is asked to list the student or students (if any) who match a series of brief descriptions that may include positive as well as negative descriptions.
  36. 36. The GUESS WHO Technique Below are some word pictures of members of your class. Read each statement and write down the names of the persons whom you think the descriptions fit.REMEMBER: One description may fit several persons. You may write as many names as you think belong under each.The same person may be nominated for more than one description.Write myself if you think the description fits you.If you cannot think of anyone to match a particular description, go on to next one.You will have as much time as you need to finish. Do not hurry.A series of behavior description will follow such as,• Someone who always seems rather sad, worried, or unhappy.• Someone who is very friendly, who is nice to everybody.sociometric.xlsx• Someone who has the most original or unusual ideas.
  37. 37. Reliability and ValidityConfidentiality of Information Members must know each other. Must be meaningful to students.