Margaret MeadsWhat is regardedas naturalbehavior—”theright thing”– inone society isunknown or tabooin another.
What is Anthropology integrates the study of communication and language, Anthropology economics, political organization, religion, art, philosophy, education, medical and nutritional practices, social interaction, marriage, child•Is the science of people rearing, science and technology. and culture The term “anthropology” was first•Is a combination of two used in 1501 by German philosopher Greek roots, “anthropos,” Margaret Hundt. man and “logos,” an account or calculation.•Is the comparative and holistic study of man
It studies people as biological organisms. It studies the behaviorof people and the products of that behavior.
Anthropology History and Prospects 1 Historians of anthropology often claim that anthropology as a discipline originated MAN during, and due to, the period in history known as the Renaissance.
Anthropology History and Prospects 2 Herbert Spencer frequently mentioned on how environment Spencer produced variety in culture.
Anthropology History and Prospects 3 Morgan and Tylor discussed the Morgan diffusion of traits from one culture to and Tylor another.
Anthropology History and Prospects 4 Franz Boas, often called the Father of American Anthropology, introduced Franz Boas the modern emphasis of fieldworks in anthropology.
Anthropology History and Prospects 5 The practice of treating cultures as systematical wholes, parts of which were responsive to changes in other parts, known as FUNCTIONALISM was Durkheim and Brown developed by Emil Durkheim and A.R. Radcliffe –Brown.
Anthropology History and Prospects 6 STRUCTURALISM, pioneered by Claude Levi-Strauss, suggests Levi- Strauss that there is a limited number of ways in which culture can be organized.
Relation of Anthropology to Social Sciences Sociology and Anthropology are the closest kin among thesocial sciences. Their similarity is in the interest in social organization and behavior. Psychology and Anthropology are both concerned with behavior and hence have much in common.
Speech More than 80% languages and dialect of the Malayo Polynesian language family are spoken in the Philippines.Technology Manufacturing has become the Philippines main export gainer through technological application
ART •Phil. Literature in Spanish is small but of high quality. •In 19th century, principal portion of the arts was the Catholic Church. •The musical compositions of Antonio Molina, Eliseo Pajaro and Antonio Buenaventura embody native themes and rhythms in Western forms.
Mythology and Science •Indian influence has penetrated deep into the hearts of the Filipinos. •In science, Camellia was named after George Josef Kamel and Manuel Blanco’s Flora de Filipinos remains a standard work.
Mythology and Science•Marriage and Family life were highly regarded.•People entered into love pacts and sandugo.•The dowry or bigay-kaya system was also practiced.•The basic unit of society is called barangay.•A social class system existed: data, rulers or chiefmen,the maharlikas, noblemen, the serfs and commoners.•Most famous of the oral and written laws were Code ofSumakwel and Code of Calantiao
Property There are sharp diversionsSystem between rich and poor.Political The Philippines was aSystem gobernacion, administered by a governor. By the 19th century, a Filipino Warfare intellectual elite had begun to agitate reforms in both civil and ecclesiastical establishments.
Sociology By knowing and tracing the beginnings of our history andTechnology culture, we could easily understand the implication of the Philippine culture on Ideology education.
Sociology An improved understanding of ourselves mayTechnology enhance our ultimate capabilities to direct our futures. Ideology
Sociology Serve larger ends to know man’sTechnology problems and how to cope with them. Ideology