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Tuberculosis presentation

My Powerpoint on Tuberculosis, includes:

What is the incidence and prevalence?
What are the symptoms?
How is it diagnosed?
How is it treated?
What are the treatment guidelines?

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Tuberculosis presentation

  1. 1. Tuberculosis By Hari Mitra, Melvin Young, Kristin Do, & Robert Reza
  2. 2. Incidence and Prevalence <ul><li>Over 9 million new cases and 2 million deaths per year worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>1/3rd of the world’s population is infected with M. tuberculosis </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberculosis remains one of the top three killers </li></ul><ul><li>In the U.S.- estimated that 10-15 million people are infected </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less than 15,000 cases in US per year </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Picture courtesy of ref. 6
  4. 4. Causes <ul><li>Mycobacterium tuberculosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly aerobic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infects lungs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divides every 15-20 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to be digested by microphages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very resistant to many disinfectants, acid, alkali, drying, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contagious, spread through air by inhalation of airborne bacteria from infected </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to contract with weak immune system </li></ul>
  5. 5. Symptoms <ul><li>Cough (with bloody sputum), loss of appetite, fever, loss of energy/weight, night sweats, SOB </li></ul><ul><li>Could spread to other parts of the body causing other symptoms </li></ul>
  6. 6. Diagnosed <ul><li>Skin test </li></ul><ul><li>Chest X-rays </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of sputum </li></ul>
  7. 7. Treatment/Prevention <ul><li>Positive Skin Test, Negative X-Ray: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antibiotic: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Isoniazid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Positive Skin Test, Positive X-Ray: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antibiotics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Isoniazid, Rifampin, Ethambutol, Pyrazinamide </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Prevention: BCG Vaccine </li></ul>
  8. 8. Before and After
  9. 9. Stop TB Partnership <ul><li>Launched by WHO (World Health Org.) in 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>Its aim is to realize the goal of eliminating TB as a public health problem and, ultimately, to obtain a world free of TB comprised of many organizations and international countries </li></ul>
  10. 10. References <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>All pictures from: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  11. 11. Questions