Mexico City Green Plan


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Learn how ten million people in Mexico City came together to fight environmental damage, improve traffic congestion, improve air quality, open streets to bikes and pedestrians, and improve public health and civic pride.

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  • Mexico City Green Plan

    1. 1. Mexico City Population 19.2 million Land Area 1,499 sq km Source: Consejo Nacional de Población, 2006
    2. 3. Purpose <ul><li>To modify the course and redirect Mexico City in the path of sustainability. </li></ul>
    3. 4. Commitments <ul><li>Tangible environmental improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Social responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>World commitment </li></ul>
    4. 5. Principles <ul><li>Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Education </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency and Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Metropolitan Dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious Civic Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Polluter Pays </li></ul>
    5. 6. Comprehensive 1. of large scope; covering or involving much; inclusive 2. comprehending mentally; having an extensive mental range or grasp.
    6. 7. Challenges <ul><li>Urban mobility </li></ul><ul><li>Land conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of green spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking water demand </li></ul><ul><li>Water erosion </li></ul><ul><li>Air quality </li></ul><ul><li>Solid waste management </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul>
    7. 8. Focus Areas Water Air Climate Transportation Space Land Waste
    8. 9. Water <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To achieve water self-sufficiency and improve water management in Mexico City. </li></ul>
    9. 10. Goals <ul><li>To attain a balance of aquifer extraction and replenishment </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce residential water consumption </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce losses in water mains </li></ul><ul><li>To increase re0use and treatment of water </li></ul><ul><li>To create two lakeside parks </li></ul>
    10. 11. Strategies <ul><li>90% decrease of barren land by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Issue of a decree declaring 12 urban ravines as environmentally-valued areas </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease water demand by at least one cubic meter per second by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Complete replacement of damaged infrastructure by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Increase wastewater treatment from 2.5 to 7.2 cubic meters per second by 2012 </li></ul>
    11. 12. Air <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To control the most prevalent, noxious atmospheric pollutants (ozone and particulate matter), and to reduce emissions of toxic pollutants. </li></ul>
    12. 13. Goals <ul><li>To reduce emissions of pollutants </li></ul><ul><li>To increase both passenger and freight transportation efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>To enforce the actions proposed by transportation and energy plans, and to measure the benefits yielded by the Green Plan in terms of air quality </li></ul>
    13. 14. Strategies <ul><li>50% reduction of NOX and VOCs by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of 10,000 tons per year of industry-generated pollutants by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement of mandatory emissions testing for freight vehicles by 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Replacement of all taxis with less polluting units by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of ultra low sulfur diesel in public transportation starting in 2008-09 </li></ul><ul><li>Replacement of all government vehicles with less polluting fuel-efficient units by 2012 </li></ul>
    14. 15. Climate <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to foster the establishment of renewable energy markets, and to promote adaptations to climate change among the population. </li></ul>
    15. 16. Goals <ul><li>To deliver the Climate Change Action Plan for Mexico City </li></ul><ul><li>To endorse all actions proposed by the transportation, water, air, public spaces, waste and energy plans aimed at the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce Mexico City’s vulnerability to climate change by implementing measures that allow the general population to adapt to it </li></ul>
    16. 17. Strategies <ul><li>Development of actions by the forestry sector aimed at reducing levels of carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Use carbon bonds to reduce GHG emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Develop adaptive actions to avoid potential health and safety risks for the population </li></ul>
    17. 18. Transportation <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To recover streets and roads for efficient, non-polluting, mass transportation with properly trained drivers, and to promote non-motorized transportation. </li></ul>
    18. 19. Goals <ul><li>To encourage efficient, non-polluting, mass transportation with properly trained drivers; and to recover the streets and roads for the majority of the population </li></ul><ul><li>To reduce the number of vehicles in circulation </li></ul><ul><li>To offer incentives to those who use non-motorized transportation </li></ul><ul><li>To improve transit and traffic </li></ul><ul><li>To foster transit and pedestrian awareness culture aimed at a more harmonious coexistence Transportation </li></ul>
    19. 20. Strategies <ul><li>Increase subway coverage by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory school bus transportation for private schools by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation restrictions for taxis carrying no passengers </li></ul><ul><li>Create pedestrian-zones in historic downtowns areas </li></ul><ul><li>Bicycles should account for at least 5% of all individual trips made in the city prior to 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Build 4,000 kilometers of bicycle lanes by 2012 </li></ul>
    20. 21. Space <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To recover and create public spaces in order to transform Mexico City into a place suitable for social integration and capable of offering better habitability, comfort, and equity. </li></ul>
    21. 22. Goals <ul><li>To implement projects aimed at re-organizing and regulating large public spaces, designed according to sustainability and habitability criteria </li></ul><ul><li>To recover and improve existing public spaces in order to incorporate them into Integration and Development corridors for recreational and environmental purposes </li></ul><ul><li>To increase green areas and provide public spaces with outdoor furniture and greater accessibility </li></ul>
    22. 23. Strategies <ul><li>Implement a “ Clean Building Guarantee ” in all new service facilities by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Create a 36,000-square meter urban park in Iztapalapa by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Reach a target of nine square meters of green areas per inhabitant by creating new parks and corridors </li></ul>
    23. 24. Strategies <ul><li>Installation of 30,000 square meters per year of green roofs </li></ul>
    24. 25. Conservation Land <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To recover and create public spaces in order to transform Mexico City into a place suitable for social integration and capable of offering better habitability, comfort, and equity. </li></ul>
    25. 26. Fact <ul><li>60% of Mexico City is rural territory classified as conservation land. </li></ul>
    26. 27. Goal <ul><li>Zero human settlement growth in conservation lands </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration and preservation of ecosystems with high environmental value </li></ul><ul><li>Payment of environmental services as a mechanism to compensate for conservation costs </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of agricultural ecosystems and sustainable management of natural resources </li></ul>
    27. 28. Strategies <ul><li>Recovery and restoration over a six-year period of 150 illegally occupied high-value environmental sites </li></ul><ul><li>Reforestation and restoration of 3,000 hectares with 2.5 million plants per year </li></ul><ul><li>Assess option of using green taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Develop sustainable systems of land management and mining and/or quarrying by 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Relocation of 3,200 free-grazing heads of livestock to stable systems by 2012. </li></ul>
    28. 29. Waste <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><li>To implement comprehensive and sustainable management of solid waste </li></ul>
    29. 30. Goal <ul><li>Zero human settlement growth in conservation lands </li></ul><ul><li>Restoration and preservation of ecosystems with high environmental value </li></ul><ul><li>Payment of environmental services as a mechanism to compensate for conservation costs </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of agricultural ecosystems and sustainable management of natural resources </li></ul>
    30. 31. Strategies <ul><li>Sponsor a law initiative to regulate packing and packaging of products made/distributed in the Federal District </li></ul><ul><li>Increase organic waste recycling from 3% to 30% by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Increase inorganic waste recycling from 12% to 20% by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Use of waste for power generation by 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Construct a general waste management center by 2010 </li></ul>
    31. 32. Systemic 1. of or pertaining to a system. 2. Physiology, Pathology. (a) pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole. (b) pertaining to or affecting a particular body system.
    32. 33. Policy Instruments Mexico City Green Plan Implementation Environmental Technologies Cross-boundary Communication Funding Education International Cooperation Environmental Regulations Civic Participation
    33. 34. Participating Agencies <ul><li>Mexico City Major </li></ul><ul><li>Administration office </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Urban Development and Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Transit and Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Public Works and Services </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Public Security </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Public Health Services </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Social Development </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Rural Development and Equity for Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Economic Development </li></ul><ul><li>Secretary of Finances </li></ul><ul><li>Institute for Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient Use of Energy Coordinating Office </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico City Historic Downtown Authority </li></ul>
    34. 35. 2008 Road System Program <ul><li>This is the most ambitious and aggressive road system program in Mexico City to be undertake since the 1980’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Program will result in 360 kilometers of new roads, bridges, bypasses, main avenue connectors, highways, and overpasses. </li></ul><ul><li>Program investment is over 222 million pesos. </li></ul>
    35. 36. Climate Action Program 2008-2012 <ul><li>Goal is reduction of GHG emissions 12% from 1990 levels by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Program cost is 60 billion pesos ($5.9 million) </li></ul><ul><li>Program will be partially funded by the sale of carbon bonds </li></ul>
    36. 37. Climate Action Program
    37. 38. Integrative 1. to bring together or incorporate (parts) into a whole. 2. to make up, combine, or complete to produce a whole or a larger unit, as parts do. 3. to unite or combine.
    38. 39. Forest Owners <ul><li>Government hopes to pay commoners and peasants owners of forests for environmental services that support the conservation tasks. </li></ul>
    39. 40. Industry <ul><li>Regulations and incentives to encourage industry to redesign packing and crating materials using biodegradable and easily recyclable materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Tax incentives for waste reduction and recycling </li></ul>
    40. 41. Public Opinion <ul><li>A “ Green Survey ” was taken by more than one million residents. </li></ul>71.9% Adults 71.0% Ballots 21.3% Teenagers 27.5% Telephone 6.7% Children 2.0% Internet
    41. 42. Public Opinion <ul><li>Expansion of Metrobus and subway system 81% </li></ul><ul><li>Replacement of minibuses for clean units 89% </li></ul><ul><li>Use of clean energies in taxis 88% </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory school bus transportation 64% </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate Saturday circulation of private cars 71% </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery of public spaces and green areas 83% </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory verification of commercial vehicles 91% </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment facilities, pluvial absorption wells and lake recovery 94% </li></ul><ul><li>Severe penalties to protected areas trespassers 93% </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement on management of solid waste 92% </li></ul>Survey Results TOPIC APPROVAL
    42. 43. Public Opinion <ul><li>Children’s Survey Results </li></ul>Safe use of bicycles, skates and skateboards in the City 93.5% Separation of waste into organic and inorganic at home 57.0% Use of school bus transport 83.3% Proximity to parks 60.7% Water conservation 91.9% TOPIC APPROVAL
    43. 44. Accountable 1. subject to the obligation to report, explain, or justify something; responsible; answerable. 2. capable of being explained; explicable; explainable.
    44. 45. Green Plan Evaluation and Monitoring Board <ul><li>The Green Plan is a living instrument which must be permanently evaluated and enhanced. </li></ul><ul><li>Board includes a mix of government employees (mostly engineers), business representatives, interest groups, and academics. </li></ul>