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Food and nutrition situation in the Sahel and West Africa

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Food and Nutrition situation in the Sahel and West Africa by Issoufou Baoua, CILSS, RPCA restricted meeting, 2 April 2020

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Food and nutrition situation in the Sahel and West Africa

  1. 1. Videoconference, 2 April 2020 Restricted meeting Acute Food and Nutrition Insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa by BAOUA, Issoufou, CRA/CILSS
  2. 2. FOOD AND NUTRITION SITUATION IN THE SAHEL AND WEST AFRICA March – May 2020 & June – August 2020
  3. 3. Plan 1. Process 2. Overview on existing data 3. Outcomes on the zones classification 4. Population estimation per phase 5. Difficulties 6. recommendations
  4. 4. Analyisis ProcessCentre CILSS FAO IPC/GSU FEWS NET SCI PAM Période Bénin 2-6 mars 2020 Togo Mawuli A. Ghana Guinée Bissau Cameroun Ector S. H. Sylla M. Balise K Olo Sib Sierra Leone Martial S. T. Libéria Burkina Faso Djeneba T. Blaise K. Souleika A. 9-14 mars 2020 Cabo Verde Gambie Williams M. Mauritanie Niger Ector S. H. Abdou M. D. Marie N. Sénégal Martial S. T. Martin N. Tchad Laouali I Mariam K Côte d'Ivoire Abdallah S. Guinée Keita A. Mali Mawuli A. Demba T. Atsuvi 12 au 18 mars 2020 Nigéria* Baoua I. Amadou D. Abdou K. O. 2-14 Mars 2020
  5. 5. Data availability in March 2020 Liveliho od change Hasards&V ulnérability Availability Access Utilisation Stability FCS HDDS HHS Rsci HEA Proxy SDME MAG/PT MUAC ou IPC-AMN TBM TMM5 Gambie Nigéria Sénégal Sierra Léone Niger Tchad Burkina Faso Mali Cameroun Mauritanie Cote d'Ivoire Guinée Togo Bénin Guinée Bissau Ghana Cap Vert Libéria Food consommation Outcomes Contributing Factors Pays Nutrition Mortality
  6. 6. Data availability in March 2020 Use of Reach data and Land observatory Product as evidence to analyze the inaccessible area in Borno State of Nigeria 4 totally inaccessible LGAs where analyzed 1. Abadam 2. Marte 3. Guzamala 4. Kukawa Reach monitoring and survey in Borno State POT Taskforce : CILSS- SERVIR/USAID- JRC-WFP
  7. 7. Total analyzed Zones Mars – mai 2020 Juin – août 2020 Phase 1 555 515 Phase 2 268 321 Phase 3 75 128 Phase 4 1 7 Phase 5 0 0 Total zone 899 971 Countries not covered in March 2020 1. Cabo Verde 2. Mauritania 3. Liberia 4. Ghana 5. Guinea Bissau
  8. 8. March-May 2020 June-August 2020
  9. 9. Estimation of population for the current period March-May 2020 Country Total Population analyzed None/minimale Under-presur Crisis Emergency Catastrophe /Famine Totale en Phase 3 à 5 Togo 5 768 550 5 267 299 501 251 - - - - Benin 8 154 221 1 834 910 165 094 2 869 - - 2 869 Gambia 2 455 843 1 971 900 401 967 81 976 - - 81 976 Guinée 10 259 827 3 846 183 652 932 113 641 - - 113 641 Cote d'ivoire 6 181 235 5 042 597 909 086 229 552 - - 229 552 Senegal 16 705 590 13 779 903 2 489 037 436 650 - - 436 650 Chad 14 640 810 11 815 668 2 371 822 439 199 14 122 - 453 321 Mali 20 537 000 16 969 698 2 810 085 688 756 68 461 - 757 217 Sierra Leone 8 260 417 3 683 587 3 565 710 961 116 50 004 - 1 011 120 Burkina Faso 21 398 997 15 398 819 4 393 694 1 533 719 72 766 - 1 606 484 Niger 22 140 083 16 207 629 4 296 612 1 588 345 47 497 - 1 635 842 Nigeria 103 042 030 82 004 647 15 973 210 4 790 845 273 328 - 5 064 173 Total SWA 274 049 786 177 822 840 38 530 499 10 866 667 526 177 - 11 392 845 Cameroon 25 093 743 14 935 941 7 507 370 2 347 988 302 444 - 2 650 432 Total SWA & CMR 299 143 528 192 758 781 46 037 869 13 214 655 828 621 - 14 043 276
  10. 10. Country Total Population analyzed None/minimale Under-presur Crisis Emergency Catastrophe /Famine Total Pop in Phase 3 à 5 Togo 5 768 550 5 311 876 453 115 3 560 - - 3 560 Cabo Verde 481 155 405 622 65 521 10 012 - - 10 012 Benin 8 154 221 7 344 140 795 504 14 578 - - 14 578 Ghana 28 552 702 26 726 375 1 804 615 21 712 - - 21 712 Guinea_Bissau 1 298 279 913 459 317 053 67 767 - - 67 767 The Gambia 2 455 843 1 763 268 555 988 136 586 - - 136 586 Cote d'ivoire 6 181 235 5 111 105 901 732 168 398 - - 168 398 Guinea 10 259 827 8 573 522 1 419 134 267 170 - - 267 170 Mauritania 4 173 047 2 764 040 799 826 542 194 66 986 - 609 180 Senegal 16 705 590 12 468 577 3 470 287 757 851 8 874 - 766 725 Chad 14 640 810 10 543 253 3 080 199 882 474 134 884 - 1 017 358 Mali 20 537 000 15 541 372 3 654 887 1 210 866 129 874 - 1 340 741 Sierra Leone 8 260 417 2 912 022 4 043 410 1 231 462 73 523 - 1 304 985 Burkina 21 398 997 14 093 370 5 153 661 2 015 791 136 175 - 2 151 966 Niger 22 140 083 15 109 102 5 018 614 1 950 608 61 758 - 2 012 367 Nigeria 103 042 030 76 709 687 19 245 241 6 543 645 543 458 - 7 087 102 Total SWA 274 049 786 206 290 791 50 778 786 15 824 676 1 155 533 - 16 980 208 Cameroon 25 081 875 16 332 511 6 635 117 1 913 547 212 567 - 2 126 114 Total SWA & CMR 299 131 660 222 623 302 57 413 904 17 738 223 1 368 100 - 19 106 323 Estimation of population for the projected period June-August 2020
  11. 11. Tendance des populations en phase 3 à pire d’insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle au SAO
  12. 12. Situation per IGO, period of June to August 2020 134,2 Millions CILSS 255,3 Millions CEDEAO 102,2 Millions UEMOA None/Minimal Under-Presure Crisis Emergency Catastrophe/Famine 8,6 M en phase 3 + 15,4 M en Phase 3+ 6,5 M en Phase 3+
  13. 13. OVERALL 16 States and FCT
  14. 14. PROJECTED SITUATION: June – August 2020 CURRENT SITUATION: March – May 2020 None/Minimal Stress Crisis Emergency Catastrophe/Famine 103 Millions 103 Millions 5,1 M en phase 3 + 7,1 M en phase 3 +
  15. 15. 2,9 M en phase 3 + 3,7 M en phase 3 +
  16. 16. Specific Covid-19 situation, Insecurity and implication on Food security
  17. 17. Zones Under Phase 3 or 4 Sahel pastoral zone Limited/inaccessible pastoral area, crossroads of all risk and vulnerability SOURCES DES DONNÉES EXPLOITÉES AFRIQUE : http://news.aniamey.com/h/96965.html (COVID-19) Le bilan de cas d’infection au COVID-19 en Afrique de l’Ouest établi à 21h30 GMT du 30 mars 5 countries to monitor : 1. Burkina Faso 2. Nigéria 3. Ghana 4. Côte d’Ivoire 5. Sénégal
  18. 18. MAJORS DIFFICULTIES •Limited capacity on data collection in 5 particular countries : Benin, Cabo Verde, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Liberia •Covid 19 Limitation of displacement impacting the CH analysis facilitation and the consolidation done on line via Skype •Limited technical capacity on CH process.
  19. 19. CURRENT FNI KEY DRIVERS AT REGIONAL LEVEL • Insecurity issue : in the Lac Chad basin (Niger-Nigeria-Chad), the Liptaco Gourma zone : East and West-Niger, North Burkina Faso, South Mali, Northern and Centre Mali, Social conflict on natural resources control (Nigeria) ; • Population displacement because of the insecurity situation • Transhumance perturbation due to the conflict in ALG zone, Lake Chad Bassin and boarder of Niger and Nigeria (Maradi-Zamfara- Katsina States of Nigeria) • Biomass deficit : Niger, Senegal, Mauritania, Mali
  20. 20. CURRENT FNI KEY DRIVERS AT REGIONAL LEVEL • Unregular Market functioning in the zones affected by internal conflicts; • Economic shocks in Sierra Leone, Guinea, Gambia (Money depreciation) • Bad nutritional practices, persistence of U5 children acute malnutrition, shutting down of health centers and discontinuing of routine activities of management of acute malnutrition, gap of food consumption (quantity and quality) • Lack of incomes result of Nigeria boarder closing : Niger, Chad, Benin, Cameroon • + aggravating factors and upcoming impact of Covid 19 : impacts: boarder closing, restriction of population displacement, marketing disfunction, ….
  21. 21. •To countries and partners •Assist persons classify in crisis and emergency phases of CH by cash transfer programs, sales at moderate prices and immediate food assistance; •Continue interventions for prevention and management of acute malnutrition for children under 5 and pregnant and lactating women; •Monitor and undertake resilience actions or programs for population identify in phase "under pressure" and "minimum" to protect their livelihoods •Develop early warning mechanism focused on monitoring food crisis impacts due to Covid 19, armyworm and monitoring of locusts. Recommandations (1/2)
  22. 22. To the technical and financial partners : • Provide immediate humanitarian assistance and lean period for the people in food and nutrition insecurity, especially for people in crisis or emergency. • Improve the financing of Cadre Harmonisé – Coordination unit programme budget 2019-2021 with Financial gap : 1,6 M $ US; • Continue the technical and financial support to the collection of regular and reliable data to improve national analyzes of the Cadre Harmonisé. Recommandations (2/2)
  23. 23. THANKS FOR YOUR KIND ATTENTION

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