Research on Teaching Reading

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Research on Teaching Reading

  1. 1. From the Annual review of applied linguistics <br />Grabe (2004)<br />Research On Teaching Reading<br />
  2. 2. Variables that impactreading instruction<br />Student proficiency<br />Age<br />L1/L2 relations<br />Motivation<br />Cognitive processing factors<br />Teacher factors<br />Curriculum and materials resources<br />Instructional setting<br />Institutional factors<br />
  3. 3. Abilities needed for effective reading comprehension<br /><ul><li>Word recognition fluency
  4. 4. Vocabulary learning
  5. 5. Background knowledge
  6. 6. Language knowledge
  7. 7. General comprehension skills</li></li></ul><li>Abilities needed for effective reading comprehension (continued)<br /><ul><li>Teach text structure and discourse organization
  8. 8. Promote the strategic reader
  9. 9. Build reading fluency and rate
  10. 10. Promote extensive reading
  11. 11. Intrinsic motivation for reading
  12. 12. A coherent curriculum </li></li></ul><li>Ensure Word Recognition Fluency<br />
  13. 13. Emphasize Vocabulary Learning and Create a Vocabulary Rich Environment<br />
  14. 14. Activate Background Knowledge in Appropriate Ways<br />
  15. 15. Ensure Effective Language Knowledge and General Comprehension Skills<br />
  16. 16. Comprehension Strategies to increase Reading Comprehension<br />Prior knowledge activation<br />Mental imagery<br />Graphic organizers<br />Text structure awareness<br />Comprehension monitoring<br />Question answering<br />Question generating<br />Mnemonic support practice<br />Summarization<br />
  17. 17. Teach Text Structure and Discourse Organizaion<br />
  18. 18. Promote the Strategic Reader Rather Than Teach Individual Strategies<br />
  19. 19. Combined-Strategies instruction for improving Reading Comprehension<br /><ul><li>KWL: Know, Want to Know, Learner
  20. 20. ETR: Experience – Text – Relate
  21. 21. QAR: Question – Answer – Response
  22. 22. DR – TA Directed Reading and Thinking Activities
  23. 23. Reciprocal Teaching</li></li></ul><li>Combined-Strategies instruction for improving Reading Comprehension (continued)<br /><ul><li>Collaborative Strategic Reading
  24. 24. Direct Explanation
  25. 25. Question the author
  26. 26. Transactional Strategies Instruction
  27. 27. Concept-Oriented Reading Instruction</li></li></ul><li>Build Reading Fluency and Rate<br />
  28. 28. Promote Extensive Reading <br />
  29. 29. Develop Intrinsic Motivation for Reading<br />
  30. 30. Plan a Coherent Curriculum for Student Learning<br />

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