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Ct total eng_110822

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Ct total eng_110822

  1. 1. Qb amxqmy ^xvoxittijsm Qv{uzmxCbqtmxRW eHL,VHLtt@ eKF,VGJtt@ eKF,VKFtt kv{uzmxCzqtmx >O? ^pvzv msmkzxqk cwoxilm0cwoxilml n{ukzqvuy ymuyvx >P? zQ*ksukluo }x |o} K nsqs}|?ECEEEEF }x NNNNNN@ y{o|mkuo *ku~o?I Tsqs} O ECEEF }x NNNN@ Tqjmx vwzqk zR~su}Bsw [xnl~| mxvv~wsmk}sxw p~wm}sxw?Sxvv~wsmk}sxw vxnou@ ymuyvx zQ*ksukluo }x |o} }ro ]woBarx} x~}y~} }svo sw FEv|C?ECEF|omC }x NNCNN|omC@ >Q? RvvxCOxmi zYwm{ok|o mxw}km} mkykms}- }x JQ?SbaA Sb[ ao{so|@ ymuyvx zQ*ksukluo }x |o} Sx~w} a}k{} ^xsw}C?Yws}sku *ku~o@ >R? ^xv~qtqz* zYvy{x*on }x |ouom} vovx{- y{x}om}sxw p~wm}sxw sw }ro swnsmk}x{ ymuyvx zQnnon RQbSX mx~w}o{ p~wm}sxw?Sb[ ao{os|@ >S? zQnnon Sx~w}o{ cyBF D cyBG D Tx+wBF D Tx+wBG swy~} vxno| ^xmyy{xm ymuyvx zQnnon Sx~w}o{ b]bQZ D X]ZT xyo{k}sxw vxno| sw }ro swnsmk}x{ >T? zQnnon bsvo{ b]bQZ D X]ZT D ]w bsvo Ts|yuk- xyo{k}sxw vxno| sw }ro swnsmk}x{ `vzix* mukvlmx zQnnon bsvo{ YbG D VT D VTCF D YbW x~}y~} vxno| zQnnon bsvo{ {kwqo NNNCNNN| D NNNNvJN D NNNNNCNr >U? QvuumkzvxC avkrmz ^smiym xmil <Qi{zqvu nvx *v{x yinmz*< qu vwmxizqvu ; tiu{is jmnvxm {yquoB >V? bmtwB kvuzxvssmx0Wuzmoxizml lm|qkm tiuiomtmuz wxvoxit>RO_[iyzmx? >W? aa`C ^v}mx zTQ_[k|}o{ s| k sw}oq{k}on no*smo vkwkqovow} y{xq{kv px{ mxw*owsow} @ FCSO^opbn o`nbbj B kvuzxvssmx vkwkqovow} xp yk{kvo}o{| kwn v~u}syuo no*smo nk}k vxws}x{swqC zds|s} x~{ +ol|s}o ?+++Ck~}xwsm|Cmxv@ }x nx+wuxkn ~|o{ vkw~ku kwn sw}oq{k}on >X? Qv{uzmx no*smo vkwkqovow} y{xq{kvC @ Ekilqpbn olb`fcf`^pfkj ckn qofjd okcps^nb B Kpbi Tb`kiibjaba olb`fcf`^pfkj >Y? bqtmx Rnk`bookn KDO RE `kil^pf_hb `kilqpbn sfpe Kjpbh Rbjpfqi y kn ^_krb Qlbn^pfjd ouopbi Yfjakso >= 4 PV 4 ZR 4 Xfop^ 4 < TCO Qrbn 7:;OD >Z? ^iums J^na afog Qrbn 6ID kc ^r^fh^_hb ol^`b tmzmx XIC Qrbn 6579x<;= >[? Ekiiqjf`^pfkj lknp TU787 Ubnf^h lknp1 WUD lknp bikpvC awmmlC ^{sym tmzmx >?0]xlmxquo qunvxtizqvu Rqywsi* {uqz Qb J [ F^ H b >]? amuyvx kvuzxvssmx -O ypilml> ? wixz qy {woxilml vx illml n{ukzqvuB Ekiiqjf`^pfkj Dh^jg Pkjb >^? a}qzkpquo V TU9=: wv}mx y{wws* Rksbn oqllhu 9 6552795XCE :54;5Jv >_? 7 79XCE :54;5Jv 4 7929=XFE azmwwquo tvzvx = Rxq|mx = 7R Fq^h lnbobp Qvuzxvssmx Qqplqp 6R Ufjdhb lnbobp >`? UxiwpqkC x xjaf`^pkn Zvoqk wiums U FKP Y9=xJ9=ii Ufvb >a? [ FKP Y<7xJ8;ii Tqmsl umz}vxr O FKP Y<7xJ<7ii lm|qkm y9 Ffdfp pulb akbo jkp btfop >b? Ffdfp 9 >>>>-9 Ffdfp. ^xvl{kzqvu >>>>>>-; Ffdfp. fj peb fjaf`^pkn pulb3 yzvwwiom ; tvlmsy = Kpbi xmwsikmtmuz EV Ekqjpbn4Vfibn L2;
  2. 2. Qb amxqmy 0awmkqnqkizqvuy Ubnfbo Qba Qbf Qb[ Ffdfp I K K K Fq^h Rnbobp SbIaBG^22 SbKaBG^22 SbKgBG^22 SbK[BG^22 Okabh Ufjdhb Rnbobp SbIaBF^22 SbKaBF^22 SbKgBF^22 SbK[BF^22 Kjaf`^pkn B SbKaBY22 SbKgBY22 SbK[BY22 Ffdfp Ekqjp r^hqb FFvv FEvv FEvv FHvv Ufvb Rnbobp r^hqb Mvv Lvv Lvv Nvv Rksbn CE Rksbn FEEBGIEdQS JEDKEX. Uqllhu CE4FE Rksbn GIdQS JEDKEX. D GIBIMdTS Chhks^_hb rkhp^db n^jdb NE }x FFE= xp {k}on *xu}kqo?QS ^x+o{ }-yo@ Rksbn CE Rksbn [k,C FGdQ `kjoqi2 lpfkj CE4FE Rksbn QS O [k,C FEdQ D TS O [k,C Me O^t3 `kqjpfjd olbba aouom}kluo Fmy|A HEmy|A Ftmy|A Jtmy|A x{ FEtmy| Ofj3 fjlqp Ekqjpbn `o|o} swy~} O aouom}kluo Fv| x{ GEv| ofdj^h YQA YRA `UaUbA YXYRYbA RQbSX Vfibn YQA YRA `UaUb O aouom}kluo Fv| x{ GEv| sfape `UaUbO aouom}kluo Fv| x{ GEv| aouom}kluo *xu}kqo swy~} x{ xB*xu}kqo swy~} Kjlqp Bdxu}kqo swy~} O swy~} svyonkwmo s| JCIt5A >X> uo*ou O JBHEdTSA >Z> uo*ou O EBGdTS BxB*xu}kqo swy~}O |rx{}Bms{m~s} svyonkwmo O [k,C Ft5A `o|sn~ku *xu}kqo O [k,C GdTS Qjb2oekp kqplqp aouom}kluo ECEF| }x NNCNN| Ekjp^`p T~ku y{o|o} O a^ab?Fk@ GUQ T~ku y{o|o} O a^ab?Fk@ FUQA a^Tb?Fm@ FUQ Yfpekqp `ki3 kqplqp aswquo y{o|o} O a^Tb?Fm@ FUQ aswquo y{o|o} O a^Tb?Fm@ FUQ Ukhfa op^pb T~ku y{o|o} O F^ xyow mxuuom}x{ T~ku y{o|o}OH^ xyow mxuuom}x{ kqplqp aswquo y{o|o} O F^ xyow mxuuom}x{ aswquo y{o|o}OG^ xyow mxuuom}x{ Ekjpnkh kqplqp Ekjp^`p T~ku y{o|o} O a^ab?Fk@GUQ T~ku y{o|o}O a^ab?Fk@A a^Tb?Fm@ Eki3 kqplqp aswquo y{o|o} O a^Tb?Fm@FUQ aswquo y{o|o}O a^Tb?Fm@ Ukhfa op^pb T~ku y{o|o}O B T~ku y{o|o}OG^ xyow mxuuom}x{ kqplqp 3 aswquo y{o|o}OF^ xyow mxuuom}x{ aswquo y{o|o}OG^ xyow mxuuom}x{ Ekjp^`p E^l^`fpu GJEdQS JQ {o|s|}s*o uxkn GJEdQS HQ {o|s|}s*o uxkn GJEdQS JQ {o|s|}s*o uxkn kqplqp Ukhfa op^pb HEdTS [k,C FEEvQ [k,C kqplqp Gtpbnj^h objokn lksbn FGdTS /FE=A FEEvQ [k,C Obiknu nbpbjpfkj FE-ok{|?erow ~|swq wxwB*xuk}suo |ovsmxwn~m}x{ vovx{- }-yo@ `oyok} o{{x{A ao} o{{x{A *xu}kqo o{{x{A bovyo{k}~{o o{{x{ B ^x+o{ ] a}k{}O [k,C /ECEF= /ECEJ |omC Vfibn ^``qn^`u B asqwku a}k{}O [k,C /ECEF= /ECEH |omC Kjoqh^pfkj nbofop^j`b [swC FEE[5?JEEdTS [oqqo{@ Ffbhb`pnf` opnbjdpe GAEEEdQS JEDKEX. px{ Fvsw~}o Pkfob opnbjdpe /Gtd }ro |z~k{o +k*o wxs|o?y~u|o +sn}rOF4@ l- }ro wxs|o |sv~uk}x{ -CE Rksbn. Ob`e^jf`^h ECLJvv kvyus}~no k} p{oz~owm- xp FE }x JJX. sw okmr xp fA gA h ns{om}sxw| px{ F rx~{ Xf_n^pfkj O^hcqj`pfkj ECJvv kvyus}~no k} p{oz~owm- xp FE }x JJX. sw okmr xp fA gA h ns{om}sxw| px{ FE vsw~}o| Ob`e^jf`^h HEEvD|9?Qyy{x,C HEW@ H }svo| k} fA gA h ns{om}sxw Uek`g O^hcqj`pfkj FEEvD|9?Qyy{x,C FEW@ H }svo| k} fA gA h ns{om}sxw Tbh^u Ob`e^jf`^h [swC FEAEEEAEEE }svo| Nfcb `u`hb Ghb`pnf`^h [swC FEEAEEE }svo| Rnkpb`pfkj Y^KJ?V{xw} ykwou xwu-@ Ci_fbjp pbilbn^pqnb BFE }x JJ0A a}x{kqo }ovyo{k}~{o O BGJ }x KJ0 Ci_fbjp eqifafpu HJ }x MJ=`XA a}x{kqo r~vsns}- O HJ }x MJ=`X Cllnkr^h Wjfp sbfdep Qyy{x,C FJNq Qyy{x,C FINq Qyy{x,C GJHq 0Qvtt{uqkizqvu ywmkqnqkizqvu Rnkpk`kh [xnl~| `bc?FKls} S`S@ Ekjjb`pfkj ibpeka `aIMJ Cllhf`^pfkj op^ja^na Sxvyuskwmo +s}r UYQ `aIMJ Pqi_bn kc `kjjb`pfkjo HFA s} s| k*ksukluo }x |o} knn{o|| F }x FGL Ekiiqjf`^pfkj ibpeka Xkup T~yuo, Uuj`enkjkqo ibpeka Q|-wmr{xwx~| Ekiiqjf`^pfkj afop^j`b +s}rsw vk,C MEEvo}o{ Ekiiqjf`^pfkj olbba GAIEEDIAMEEDNAKEEDFNAGEEDHMAIEEly|?Vkm}x{- nopk~u} O NAKEEly|@ Tbolkjob s^fpfjd pfib J }x NNv|?Vkm}x{- nopk~u} O GEv|@ Up^np _fp Fls}?Vs,on@ F^p^ _fp Mls}|?Vs,on@ R^nfpu _fp xwoA U*owA ]nn?Vkm}x{- nopk~u} O xwo@ Upkl _fp FA Gls}?Vkm}x{- nopk~u} O Gls}@L2<
  3. 3. ^xvoxittijsm Qv{uzmxCbqtmx0Qvuumkzqvuy Pm kixmn{s zpiz kvuumkzqvuy ixm lqnnmxmuz jmz}mmu ; kvtt{uqkizqvu tvlms iul uvuAkvtt{uqkizqvu >O? ^pvzv msmkzxqk tvlms }pmu }qxquoB ymuyvx {Qb/aAF^/ {Qb/aAF^/b >P? Tqjmx vwzqk ymuyvx >Q? RvvxCOxmi ymuyvx `aHLI >R? ^xv~qtqz* ymuyvx >S? `SaWabWdS `SaWabWdS >-E? `SaWabWdS `SaWabWdS >-E? ^xmyy{xm ymuyvx {Qb/aAE^/ {Qb/aAE^/b >T? `vzix* mukvlmx >U? QvuumkzvxC avkrmz `aHLI >V? bmtwB kvuzxvssmx >W? aa`C `SaWabWdS Z]OR >-E? `SaWabWdS Z]OR >-E? ^v}mx kvuzxvssmx {QbJaA{/ {QbJaA{/b >X? Qv{uzmx >Y? bqtmx `aHLI >Z? ^iums tmzmx >-E? >-E? >[? bikpvC awmmlC ^{sym {QbJfAF^/ {QbJfAF^/b tmzmx >? Rqywsi* {uqz >]? amuyvx `aHLI kvuzxvssmx >^? a}qzkpquo wv}mx y{wws* >_? >-E? azmwwquo >-E? tvzvx = Rxq|mx = Qvuzxvssmx {QbJfAE^/ {QbJfAE^/b >`? UxiwpqkC Zvoqk wiums >a? Tqmsl umz}vxr `aHLI lm|qkm >b? ^xvl{kzqvu yzvwwiom tvlmsy = xmwsikmtmuz >-E? >-E? >-E?ax~{mo >-F?YXYRYb asqwku BQS ^x+o{O FEEBGIEdQS JEDKEX. BSx~w}o{ xyo{k}sxwO Yp YXYRYb |sqwku s| kyyusonA mx~w} swy~} +suu lo y{xrsls}onC BQSDTS ^x+o{O GIBIMdTSA GIdQS JEDKEX. Bbsvo{ xyo{k}sxwO Yp YXYRYb |sqwku s| kyyusonA }svo y{xq{o||swq +suu |}xyC?X]ZT@ L2=
  4. 4. Qb amxqmy Pm kixmn{s zpiz kvuumkzqvuy ixm lqnnmxmuz jmz}mmu ; kvtt{uqkizqvu tvlms iul uvuAkvtt{uqkizqvu tvlms }pmu }qxquoB {QbJfA{/ {QbJfA{/b `aHLI >-E? >-E? {QbJ[AF^/ {QbJ[AF^/b >-F? >-F? `aHLI >-E? >-E? {QbJ[AE^/ {QbJ[AE^/b >-F? >-F? `aHLI >-E? >-E? {QbJ[A{/ {QbJ[A{/b >-F? >-F? `aHLI >-E? >-E? >-E?ax~{mo >-F?YXYRYb asqwku BQS ^x+o{O FEEBGIEdQS JEDKEX. BSx~w}o{ xyo{k}sxwO Yp YXYRYb |sqwku s| kyyusonA mx~w} swy~} +suu lo y{xrsls}onC BQSDTS ^x+o{O GIBIMdTSA GIdQS JEDKEX. Bbsvo{ xyo{k}sxwO Yp YXYRYb |sqwku s| kyyusonA }svo y{xq{o||swq +suu |}xyC?X]ZT@L2>
  5. 5. ^xvoxittijsm Qv{uzmxCbqtmx0Rqtmuyqvuy >O? ^pvzv msmkzxqk {Qba amxqmy ymuyvx zDn^`gbp |9= 65 >5 zR^jbh `qp2kqp >P? Tqjmx Ofj3 :: vwzqk ymuyvx 053: 5 >Q? 9:3: RvvxCOxmi Ofj3 ;7 ymuyvx ;5 9: 9:3: 053: 5 >R? ^xv~qtqz* ymuyvx {Qbf amxqmy >S? =; zR^jbh `qp2kqp ^xmyy{xm ymuyvx <7 ; << Ofj3 >6 >T? 053; `vzix* 863: 5 mukvlmx Ofj3 95 85 8; ;=053< 5 >U? QvuumkzvxC avkrmz >V? Qb[ amxqmy =; bmtwB zR^jbh `qp2kqp kvuzxvssmx |<7 65 =: Ofj3 >6 >W? aa`C ^v}mx kvuzxvssmx ;= 053< 5 Ofj3 >6 >X? Qv{uzmx ;< 053< ;= 5 >Y? bqtmx -Wjfp?ii. >Z? ^iums0Txvuz wiums qlmuzqnqkizqvu tmzmx{Qba amxqmy {Qbf amxqmy {Qb[ amxqmy >[? bikpvC * 1 awmmlC ^{sym * 0 tmzmx ~ - * >? / + . Rqywsi* . 2 {uqz , , / + 0 - / } + . 1 , >]? - amuyvx 2 ~ 0 kvuzxvssmx Okabh Ee^jdba Pkpf`b 1 3 EV;[26R >^? EV;U26R RU7}RU Vebnb ^nb jk a}qzkpquo RU61 QWV6 wv}mx EV9U26R QWV7}QWV NGFo3 | 2 ~ * Qv{uz qulqkizvx>`ml ZSR? EV;O26R 2 [vlm rm* y{wws* 2Tqj ikab EV;[2x Vebnb ^nb jk 2 Du lnboofjd gbu ckn 8ob` -l^n^ibpbn obppfjd.4 :ob` -`kiiqjf`^pfkj. >_? fj TWP ikab1 fp ikrbo pk cqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab3 azmwwquo ? Ekqjp ikab2Kjaf`^pbo `kqjp r^hqb3 EV;U2x RU7}RU RU61 QWV6 tvzvx = Vfibn ikab2Kjaf`^pbo pfib lnkdnboofjd3 EV;O2x QWV7 NGFo3 2 Du lnboofjd gbu fj cqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab1 obhb`p cqj`pfkj obppfjd Rxq|mx = ikab3 Du lnboofjd gbu krbn 8 ob`31 fp ikrbo pk Tqj ikab3 Qvuzxvssmx 2Hqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab yVeb fjaf`^pkn pulb akbo jkp btfop fj EV9U ikabh3 2 Du lnboofjd gbu krbn 6 ob`3 fj cqj`pfkj obppfjd `eb`gfjd ikab1 >`? ? Kjaf`^pbo cqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab3 UxiwpqkC + ^xmymz |is{m qulqkizvx >fmssv}AUxmmu ZSR? fp ikrbo pk Tqj ikab3 Zvoqk 2Tqj ikab? Kjaf`^pbo lnbobp r^hqb3 ~ amz rm* wiums 2Hqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab? Kjaf`^pbo obppfjd r^hqb63 ? Vk bjpbn fjpk obppfjd r^hqb-RU61 RU7. `e^jdb op^pqo ^ja oefcp afdfp >a? , Ym* Zvkr ? Nfdepo sebj obppfjd gbu hk`g3 kc obppfjd r^hqb-RU61 RU7.3 Tqmsl ? Vk ab`nb^ob obppfjd r^hqb fj obppfjd r^hqb `e^jdb ikab1 `e^jdb umz}vxr - bpm vwmxizqvu vn kv{uzmx qulqkizvx lm|qkm obppfjd r^hqb fj cqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab1 ikrb aksj . bpm vwmxizqvu vn zqtmx qulqkizvx `eb`gba r^hqb fj cqj`pfkj obppfjd `eb`g ikab3 >b? VOT NGF ch^oebo sebj peb pfibn fo klbn^pfjd3 ^xvl{kzqvu ? Vk fj`nb^ob obppfjd r^hqb fj obppfjd r^hqb `e^jdb ikab1 `e^jdb yzvwwiom VOT NGF hfdepo sebj peb klbn^pfjd pfib opklo3 obppfjd r^hqb fj cqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab1 ikrb ql `eb`gba r^hqb fj tvlmsy = / Qpmkr wxmymz |is{m iul lqywsi* kpiuom vn qz xmwsikmtmuz cqj`pfkj obppfjd `eb`g ikab3 Du lnboofjd gbu krbn 6 ob`3 RU6 NGF hfdepo sebj `eb`gfjd kn `e^jdfjd peb obppfjd r^hqb63 fj Tqj ikab1 bjpbno fjpk cqj`pfkj obppfjd `eb`g ikab3 RU7 NGF hfdepo sebj `eb`gfjd kn `e^jdfjd peb obppfjd r^hqb73 | PObQV rm* 0 ]{zw{z>]cbE@ ]cbF? qulqkizvx Du lnboofjd gbu fj nqj ikab pk bjpbn fjpk DCVEJ `kqjpbn fjaf`^pfkj ikab3 QWV6 hfdepo sebj kqplqp6 fo kj3 QWV7 hfdepo sebj kqplqp7 fo kj3 3 PObQV v{zw{z qulqkizvx>`ml ZSR? 1 `mymz rm* } PObQV ymzzquo |is{m kpmkrquo iul kpiuoquo qulqkizvx Du lnboofjd gbu fj Tqj ikab1 peb `kqjp r^hqb fo fjfpf^hfvba ^ja kqplqp fo nbpqnjba3 >fmssv}AUxmmu ZSR? Du lnboofjd gbu fj DCVEJ `kqjpbn ikab1DCVEJ `kqjp r^hqb nbobpo3 Nfdepo sebj `eb`gfjd ^ja `e^jdfjd DCVEJ obppfjd r^hqb3 L265
  6. 6. Qb amxqmy 0Wuw{z kvuumkzqvuy {Pk2rkhp^db fjlqp-PRP. zUkhfa2op^pb fjlqp-Up^ja^na objokn ? PRP kqplqp pulb objokn. zEkjp^`p fjlqp Ekqjpbn4Vfibn Ekqjpbn4Vfibn Ekqjpbn4Vfibn Ubjokn EV Ubnfbo Ubjokn EV Ubnfbo EV Ubnfbo Dnksj Dnksj 067X 067X 067X >-E? :39g* >-E? :39g* :39g* Dh^`g Dh^`g >-F? Kjjbn `fn`qfp Kjjbn `fn`qfp Kjjbn `fn`qfp kc fjlqp l^np kc fjlqp l^np kc fjlqp l^np Dhqb Dhqb 5X 5X 5X -PRP kqplqp. -PRP klbj `khhb`pkn kqplqp. >-E?YQA YRDYXA `UaUbA YXYRYbA RQbSX `UaUb swy~} yk{} >-F?Sx~w}swq |yoonO F x{ HEmy| |o}}swq?Sx~w}o{@ {Xkhp^db fjlqp-RPR. zUkhfa2op^pb fjlqp-Up^ja^na objokn ? RPR kqplqp pulb objokn. zEkjp^`p fjlqp Ekqjpbn4Vfibn Ekqjpbn4Vfibn Ekqjpbn4Vfibn Ubjokn EV Ubnfbo Ubjokn EV Ubnfbo EV Ubnfbo Dnksj Dnksj >-F? 067X 067X 067X >-E? >-E? Dh^`g Kjjbn `fn`qfp Dh^`g Kjjbn `fn`qfp Kjjbn `fn`qfp kc fjlqp l^np kc fjlqp l^np kc fjlqp l^np :39g* :39g* :39g* Dhqb Dhqb 5X 5X 5X -RPR kqplqp. -RPR klbj `khhb`pkn kqplqp. >-E?YQA YRDYXA `UaUbA YXYRYbA RQbSX `UaUb swy~} yk{} >-F?Sx~w}swq |yoonO F x{ HEmy| |o}}swq?Sx~w}o{@ 0Wuw{z svoqk amsmkzqvugvA|vsziom quw{z>^?Cdvsziom quw{z>^^?h FC bro yx+o{ v~|} lo m~} xppC HC aouom} swy~} uxqsm l- ~|swq swy~} uxqsm |+s}mr?aeF@ GC To}kmr }ro mk|o p{xv }ro lxn-C sw|sno Sx~w}o{Dbsvo{C ?SbaA Sbg ao{so|@ zUbhb`p Pk2rkhp^db zUbhb`p rkhp^db fjlqp-PRP. fjlqp-RPR. + PRP RPR PRP RPR :@ < 6 B; @ B: GD bF ED dRQ O C= ]c Dt 9> ED b EF aS RS dO DV+ OQ ID DAFH QS RQ `S ED AJ Dd ED c` Dd O M `S a] 7? I Y] O L W dR 5 Dt G H A ED 9B8 [O V Q K C W ; G EF P FI bF J W FO DdOQ O ]c W F Ei EE , FI bE E FO DdOQ ]c Ei + /E^ob abp^`eibjp @EVU UbnfboB @EV[ UbnfboB @EVO UbnfboB Umqbbvb pks^na + ^ja lqhh pks^na , ^o oeksj fj lf`pqnb3 IC ^~|r k mk|o sw }ro xyyx|s}o ns{om}sxw xp GB8C JC brow kyyu- }ro yx+o{ }x Sx~w}o{Dbsvo{C ; ^smiym kpmkr qn zpm wv}mx qy k{z vnnBL266
  7. 7. ^xvoxittijsm Qv{uzmxCbqtmx0]{zw{z kvuumkzqvuy >O? ^pvzv msmkzxqk {Ekjp^`p kqplqp {Ukhfa2op^pb kqplqp ymuyvx Ekqjpbn4Vfibn Ekqjpbn4Vfibn >P? EV Ubnfbo EV Ubnfbo >-E? Tqjmx vwzqk ymuyvx Nk^a -0. Rksbn >Q? -Rksbn kc hk^a. ckn hk^a RvvxCOxmi -FE. ymuyvx Nk^a -2. >R? 1c|o y{xyo{ uxkn wx} }x o,moon }ro mkykms}-C 1c|o y{xyo{ uxkn kwn yx+o{ px{ uxkn wx} }x o,mo|| ]D]VV ^xv~qtqz* mkykms}-?HEdTS [k,C FEEvQ vk,C@ xp |xusn |}k}o x~}y~}C ymuyvx 1Ro |~{o wx} }x kyyu- {o*o{|o yxuk{s}- xp yx+o{C >-E?erow ~|o swn~m}s*o uxkn?`ouk- o}m@A |~{qo kl|x{lo{ >S? ^xmyy{xm ?TsxnoA *k{s|}x{ o}m@ v~|} lo mxwwom}on lo}+oow lx}r ymuyvx |sno| xp }ro uxknC >T? `vzix*0Tikzvx* lmni{sz mukvlmx R^n^ibpbn H^`pknu abc^qhp >U? QvuumkzvxC Kjlqp ikab w`x Wl4Fksj2E -gWIV. avkrmz Qqplqp ikab wagp_x H -Y. ERU wVbex 85`lo -NK. >V? bmtwB Kjaf`^pfkj ikab -fjaf`^pkn pulb.wWeo_x VQVCN -fafT^. kvuzxvssmx QWV7 wagfMx 655io -LKK. >W? QWV6 wagfLx Jkha -[a^W. aa`C ^v}mx Fb`fi^h lkfjp wWbx IIIIII Ekqjpbn kvuzxvssmx Ofj3 nbobp pfib wdefx 75io -MK. Kjlqp hkdf` weZx PRP -`b`. >X? Qv{uzmx Rnbo`^hb ab`fi^h lkfjp wejWbx ;Ffdfp pulb? IJIIIII1 9Ffdfp pulb? IJIII Rnbo`^hb r^hqb weV^x ;Ffdfp pulb?LJKKKKK1 9Ffdfp pulb?LJKKK Up^np Rkfjp obppfjd wefdfx KKKKKK >Y? bqtmx Ekqjpfjd ibiknu wWTfTx Ehb^n -V^d. Nk`g gbu w^aV]x Nk`g kcc -^JaYY. >Z? Rnbobp r^hqb 6 -RU6. 6555 -LKKK. ^iums tmzmx Rnbobp r^hqb 7 -RU7. :555 -PKKK. Vfib n^jdb -[agd4_`4eXV. ;Ffdfp pulb? 53556o2>>>3>>>o1 9Ffdfp pulb? 53556o2>3>>>o >[? bikpvC Wl4Fksj ikab -gIW. Wl -gb. awmmlC ^{sym Kjaf`^pfkj ikab-Kjaf`^pkn pulb. -Weo_. VQVCN -fafT^. tmzmx Obiknu lnkpb`pfkj-Kjaf`^pkn pulb. -WTfT. ENGCT -V^d. >? Rqywsi* Qqplqp ikab -agp_. QPF -a`W. {uqz QWV7 kqplqp pfib -agfM. Vfibn Jkha -[a^W. QWV6 kqplqp pfib -agfL. 655io -LKK. >]? amuyvx Kjlqp hkdf` -eZ. PRP-`b`. kvuzxvssmx Kjlqp ofdj^h pfib -nf. 75io -MK. >^? Nk`g gbu -^aV]. Nk`g kcc -^JaYY. a}qzkpquo wv}mx Rnbobp r^hqb 6 -RU6. 6555 -LKKK. y{wws* Rnbobp r^hqb 7 -RU7. :555 -PKKK. >_? azmwwquo Ekiiqjf`^pfkj ^aanboo -TWWd. 56 -KKL. Ekiiqjf`^pfkj tvzvx = Rxq|mx = Ekiiqjf`^pfkj olbba -Ube. >;55_lo -SQ. Qvuzxvssmx Ekiiqjf`^pfkj l^nfpu -bdfi. PQPG -`a`X. >`? UxiwpqkC Ekiiqjf`^pfkj opkl _fp -efb. 7 -M. Zvoqk wiums Tbolkjob s^fpfjd pfib -dehf. 75io -MK. >a? Ekiiqjf`^pfkj snfpfjd -Vamh. Gj^_hb -X`T. Tqmsl umz}vxr lm|qkm0Sxxvx lqywsi* >b? ^xvl{kzqvu yzvwwiom Gnnkn afolh^u Gnnkno Qqplqp op^pqo tvlmsy = Jks pk nbpqnj xmwsikmtmuz H^fhba fj a^p^ hk^afjd QHH Rksbn kj ^d^fj ckn btofpfjd obppfjd r^hqbo L267
  8. 8. Qb amxqmy 0]wmxizqvuy iul n{ukzqvuy >-E? Qpiuom vn `SaSb PObQV `SaSb wxmymz PObQV kv{uzmx `c 6ob`3 T{ukzqvu ymzzquo qulqkizqvu tvlm 6ob`3 kpmkr tvlm tvlm >-E? yDCVEJ `kqjpbn fo Qpiuom vn ^r^fh^_hb ckn PObQV EV;O26R47R kjhu3 ymzzquo |is{mB 8ob`3 :ob`3 8ob`3 >-E?Kc jk gbu fo pkq`eba ckn ;5 ob`31 peb `kqjpbn sfhh nbpqnj pk TWP ikab sfpekqp _bfjd nbopknba3 T{ukzqvu GymkBN Suzmxy quzv wixitmzmx E oxv{w ymzzquo tvlm IymkBN Suzmxy quzv wixitmzmx F oxv{w .Qpiuom vn wxmymz>Qv{uzmxCbqtmx? zU*ow sp mrkwqswq }ro y{o|o} *ku~oA swy~} xyo{k}sxw kwn x~}y~} mxw}{xu +suu mxw}sw~oC Yw knns}sxwA }ro y{o|o} *ku~o mx~un lo |o} }x E kwn E y{o|o} *ku~o }~{w| ]C Qmmx{nswq }x x~}y~} vxnoA y{o|o} *ku~o mx~un wx} lo |o} }x EC ?erow |o}}swq }x EA y{o|o} *ku~o <E< +suu puk|r H }svo|C@ LO LO LO KKKKKK KKKLRK KKKMKK Kj Tqj ikab1 fp bjpbno fjpk peb Veb lnbobp r^hqb fo obp pk ,6=5, Veb lnbobp r^hqb fo obp pk ,755, lnbobp r^hqb obppfjd ikab qofjd qofjd 1 ^ja gbuo1 pebj qofjd 1 ^ja gbuo1 pebj gbu3 ,RU6, NGF hfdepo ^ja cfnop lnboo gbu pk bjpbn fjpk peb lnboo gbu pk `kilhbpb RU7 afdfp kc lnbobp r^hqb ch^oebo3 RU7 obppfjd ikab3 obppfjd ^ja nbpqnj pk Tqj ikab3 1^{o|| to- }x |k*o |o} *ku~o kp}o{ mrkwqswq }ro |o}}swq *ku~oC browA s} vx*o| }x wo,} yk{kvo}o{ x{ {o}~{w| }x `c vxnoC Xx+o*o{A sp wx to- s| }x~mron px{ KE |omCA s} +suu {o}~{w }x `c vxno +s}rx~} loswq |k*onC .T{ukzqvu ymzzquo kpmkr tvlm zao}}swq *ku~o xp p~wm}sxw |o}}swq vxno mkw lo mxwps{von ~|swq }ro kwn to-|C .a}qzkpquo lqywsi* n{ukzqvu qu wxmymz qulqkizvx zao}}swq *ku~o F?^aF@ kwn |o}}swq *ku~o G?^aG@ k{o ns|yuk-on okmr }svo y{o||swq to- sw n~ku y{o|o} vxnouC ?Yw }svo{A s} s| k*ksukluo px{ a`WA a`kLA x{ a`kM x~}y~} vxnoC@ .`mymz zYw `~w vxno x{ p~wm}sxw |o}}swq vxnoA sp y{o||swq to- x{ kyyu-swq }ro |sqwku }x }ro `UaUb }o{vswku xw }ro lkmt |snoA y{o|ow} *ku~o +suu lo sws}skus.on kwn x~}y~} +suu vksw}ksw xpp |}k}~|C 0PObQV Qv{uzmx>Tvx QbJ[AE^//CQbJ[AF^// tvlms vus*? Yw RQbSX mx~w}o{ swnsmk}sxw vxnoA >RQbSX mx~w}o{ *ku~o> s| ns|yuk-on sw mx~w} swnsmk}x{ kwn >RQbSX mx~w}o{ |o}}swq *ku~o> s| ns|yuk-on sw y{o|o} swnsmk}x{C {Qpiuom vn PObQV ymzzquo |is{m Kc lnboofjd gbu fj Tqj ikab1 fp sfhh bjpbn fjpk DCVEJ `kqjpbn fjaf`^pfkj ikab3 K K DCVEJ r^hqb fo obp pk ,755, KKKKKK Kp bjpbno fjpk obppfjd r^hqb `e^jdb ikab KKKMKK qofjd 1 pebj lnboo ^ja gbu pk gbuo1 qofjd gbu3 `kilhbpb DCVEJ obppfjd -DC3U hfdepo1 cfnop afdfp kc r^hqb ^ja ikrb pk DCVEJ obppfjd r^hqb ch^oebo3. `kqjpbn fjaf`^pfkj ikab3L268
  9. 9. ^xvoxittijsm Qv{uzmxCbqtmx.PObQV Qv{uzmx vwmxizqvu >O? ^pvzv Rksbn QP msmkzxqk ymuyvx QHH >P? Rnbobp kqplqp Tqjmx vwzqk ymuyvx D^p`e Tbobp >Q? >>>>>> RvvxCOxmi ymuyvx D^p`e obppfjd r^hqb 5 >R? ^xv~qtqz* QP ymuyvx DC3Q NGF QHH QP >S? D^p`e kqplqp ^xmyy{xm QHH ymuyvx.PObQV Qv{uzquo vwmxizqvu >T? `vzix* mukvlmx zRQbSX mx~w}swq *ku~o s| swm{ok|swq ~w}su RQbSX {o|o|} |sqwku kyyusonC RQbSX mx~w}swq *ku~o +suu lo ms{m~uk}on +row s} s| x*o{ NNNNNNC >U? QvuumkzvxC F@RQbSX mx~w}swq xyo{k}sxw sw Sx~w}o{ O Sx~w}| }ro w~vlo{ xp {okmrswq |o}}swq *ku~o xp SbK[BF^22 avkrmz x{ {okmrswq n~ku |o}}swq *ku~o xp SbK[BG^22 G@RQbSX mx~w}swq xyo{k}sxw sw bsvo{O Sx~w}| }ro w~vlo{ xp {okmrswq |o}}swq }svoC >V? bmtwB ?Yw mk|o xp <Y^]< x~}y~} vxnoA mx~w} }ro w~vlo{ xp {okmrswq bCxpp |o}}swq }svo kwn bCxw |o}}swq }svoC@ kvuzxvssmx >W?.PObQV v{zw{z aa`C ^v}mx zYp swy~} |sqwku s| kyyuson +rsuo mrkwqswq RQbSX |o}}swq *ku~oA mx~w}swq xyo{k}sxw kwn x~}y~} mxw}{xu +suu kvuzxvssmx lo yo{px{vonC >X? zYp RQbSX mx~w} *ku~o oz~ku| }x RQbSX |o}}swq *ku~oA RQbSX x~}y~} +suu lo ] kwn vksw}ksw ] |}k}~| Qv{uzmx ~w}su RQbSX {o|o} |sqwku s| kyyusonC zerow }ro yx+o{ s| m~} xpp }row {o|~yyuson sw |}k}~| xp RQbSX x~}y~} s| ]A RQbSX x~y~} vksw}ksw| ] >Y? |}k}~| ~w}su RQbSX {o|o} |sqwku s| kyyusonC bqtmx.PObQV xmymz quw{z >Z? ^iums tmzmx zYp y{o||swq {o|o} l~}}xw x{ kyyu-swq }ro |sqwku }x RQbSX {o|o} }o{vswku xw }ro lkmt |sno ykwouA RQbSX mx~w}swq *ku~o +suu lo {o|o}C >[? bikpvC zerow RQbSX {o|o} s| kyyusonA RQbSX mx~w}swq *ku~o vksw}ksw| k} E kwn RQbSX x~}y~} vksw}ksw| sw }ro awmmlC ^{sym ]VV |}k}~|C tmzmx >? Rqywsi*.Owwsqkizqvu vn PObQV Qv{uzmx n{ukzqvu {uqz zQv{uzmx zbqtmx >]? Yw mk|oA y~} J y{xn~m}| sw k lx, }row ykmt }ro lx,o| +row Vsuu| vsut sw}x }ro lx}}uo px{ H|omC?|o}}swq }svo@ erow amuyvx kvuzxvssmx }ro- {okmro| }x GEEC JEE lx}}uo| k{o psuuonA RQbSX mx~w}swq psws|r ukvy s| u Sx~w}o{ y{o|o} |o}}swq *ku~oP<J<A }~{won xwC >^? RQbSX |o}}swq *ku~oP<GEE< ?ao}}swq }svo O H|omCA RQbSX |o}}swq *ku~o O JEE@ a}qzkpquo wv}mx u erow }ro mx~w} *ku~o xp mx~w}o{ {okmro| }x }ro y{o|o} y{wws* *ku~o <J<A }ro mxw}{xu x~}y~}?]cb@ +suu lo xwA kwn k} DCVEJ kqplqp Rnkaq`pfrfpu ? :55_kppbho >_? azmwwquo }rs| }svo }ro mx~w} *ku~o xp }ro RQbSX mx~w}o{ +suu Qlbn^pfkj r^hrb Ekjpnkh N^il kj sebj tvzvx = -Qlbj r^hrb fp fo `kilhbpba3 lo swm{ok|on l- <F<C bro mxw}{xu lx, +rsmr s| {omos*on ckn 8ob`3. kqplqp Rxq|mx = Qvuzxvssmx }ro mxw}{xu x~}y~} ?]cb@ {oyok}onu- mxw}{xu| mxw*o-x{ EV;O26R9 DCVEJ `kqjpfjd >`? }x vx*o }ro p~uu lx, kwn }x yukmo }ro wo,} ovy}- lx, cfjfoe h^il UxiwpqkC Ekjpnkh peb Zvoqk px{ |}kwnl-C erow }ro RQbSX mx~w} *ku~o {okmro| klbn^pfkj r^hrb wiums }x <GEE<A RQbSX x~}y~} +suu lo ]C brow }ro mxw}{xu Ekjpnkh _kt Dkpphb objofjd objokn >a? lx, |}xy| mxw*o-x{ kwn y{x*sno| k mxw}{xu |sqwku px{ Tqmsl ykmtswqC Ekqjp fjlqp DCVEJ kqplqp DCVEJ kqplqp umz}vxr lm|qkm h^il Ekjpnkh >b? kqplqp Ekjpnkh ofdj^h ^xvl{kzqvu ckn l^`gfjd yzvwwiom -QWV. tvlmsy = Ekjpnkh _kt Ekjpnkh ofdj^h xmwsikmtmuz EV;O26R9 ckn `kjrbukn Rnbobp r^hqb A : Vefna _kt Ub`kja _kt Hfnop _kt Eqnnbjp DCVEJ `kqjp r^hqb A 8 L269
  10. 10. Qb amxqmy 0Tsv} kpixz nvx n{ukzqvu ymzzquo tvlm `{u tvlm 8ob`3 8ob`3 :ob`3 8ob`3 R^n^ibpbn dnkql6 1 R^n^ibpbn dnkql7 -ZdoL. -ZdoM. Qv{uzmx yG bqtmx >Vag`? Ekqjpbn4Vfibn >f_X? -VIf. Qvtt{uqkizqvu yG yG Kjlqp ikab Vfib n^jdb Eki3 ^aanboo -`. -[agd4_`4eXV. -TWWd. yG y7 yG Qqplqp ikab Wl4Fksj ikab Eki3 olbba -agp _. -gIW. -Ube. Kjaf`^pfkj ikab y6 yG -Weo _. y6 y6 Kjaf`^pfkj ikab Eki3 l^nfpu yG -Weo_. -bdfi. O^t3`kqjpfjdolbba -Vbe. Obiknfvb Eki3 opkl _fp y7 yG `kqjpfjd r^hqb -efb. QWV7 kqplqp pfib -WTfT. yG T{ukzqvu ymzzquo tvlm -agfM. Qqplqp ikab Tbolkjob yG -agp_. s^fpfjd pfib QWV6 kqplqp pfib -deqf. yG -agfL. QWV7 kqplqp pfib yG -agfM. Eki3 snfpfjd Fb`fi^h lkfjp -Vamh. yG -Wb. QWV6 kqplqp pfib -agfL. Ofj3 nbobp pfib -def. y6? Kjaf`^pkn Kjlqp hkdf` y7? Qqplqp pulb -eZ. yGN Wn kpiuoquo zpm ymzzquo Kjlqp hkdf` |is{m vn n{ukzqvu@ ]cbE@ -e Z. Kjlqp ofdj^h pfib ]cbF }qss z{xu ]TT iul -G -nf. xmz{xu zv `{u tvlm@ zpmu Rnbo`^hb ab`fi^h wxmymuz |is{m xmymzyB lkfjp Nk`g gbu -ejWb. -^aV]. -G Rnbo`^hb r^hqb -eV^. yEkqjpbn 2Ufjdhb lnbobp ikabh e^o jk +QWV6 kqplqp obppfjd pfib+ obppfjd cqj`pfkj ikab -G ^ja +agpf+ fo afolh^uba fj +QWV7 kqplqp pfib+ obppfjd cqj`pfkj ikab3 Up^np Rkfjp r^hqb 2Kj `^ob kc W`1 W`IL kn W`IM fjlqp ikab1 pebnb fo jk +Up^np Rkfjp r^hqb+ obppfjd -efdf. cqj`pfkj ikab3 2Kj `^ob kc +Y+ kn +`+ kqplqp ikab1 pebnb fo jk +QWV7 kqplqp pfib+ obppfjd cqj`pfkj ikab3-Hftba pk JQNF. Obiknfvb 2Kj `^ob kc +e+1+f+ kn +W+ kqplqp ikab1 pebnb fo jk +QWV7 kqplqp pfib+ obppfjd `kqjpfjd r^hqb cqj`pfkj ikab3 -WTfT. yVfibn 2 Kj `^ob kc +Y^lL+1 +Y^lM+ kn +`fZ+ kqplqp ikab ^ja +a`W+1 +a`WL+1 +a`WM+ kqplqp ikab kc ofjdhb lnbobp ikabh1 +agpf+ fo afolh^uba fj +QWV7 Nk`g gbu kqplqp pfib+ cqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab ^ja pebnb fo jk +QWV6 kqplqp pfib+ -^aV]. cqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab3 2 Veb kqplqp ikabo bt`blp ckn a`W+1 +a`WL+1 +a`WM+ kja+1 +kja36+1+kja37+ ^ja +hjp37+ kqplqp ikab pebnb fo jk +QWV6 kqplqp pfib+ cqj`pfkj obppfjd ikab3 1Yp mrkwqswq |o}}swq *ku~o xp yk{kvo}o{ q{x~yFA ns|yuk- *ku~o kwn x~}y~} +suu lo sws}skus.oC 1^{o|| to- x*o{ H|omCDJ|omC sw `c vxno }x ow}o{ sw}x yk{kvo}o{ F q{x~yD yk{kvo}o{ G q{x~yC ^{o|| to- x*o{ H |omC sw p~wm}sxw |o}}swq vxno }x {o}~{w `c vxnoC 1Ywy~} xyo{k}sxw kwn x~}y~} mxw}{xu mkw lo |o} sw p~wm}sxw |o}}swq vxnoC 1Yp mrkwqswq |o} *ku~o xp -G vk{ton yk{kvo}o{| sw p~wm}sxw |o}}swq vxnoA ]cbF kwn ]cbG x~}y~} +suu lo }~{won ]VV kwn }row }ro m~{{ow} *ku~o s| {o|o}C 1^k{kvo}o{ G q{x~y s| wx} k*ksukluo }x wxwBmxvv~wsmk}sxw vxnou|CL26:

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